Skip to main content Accessibility help

Effects of temperature on development and seasonality of Eudocima salaminia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in eastern Australia

  • D. P. A. Sands (a1), M. Schotz (a1) and A. S. Bourne (a2)


The durations for development for immature stages of the fruit piercing moth, Eudocima salaminia (Cramer), were determined at constant temperatures ranging from 15°C to 27°C and at ambient temperatures at a field site in southeastern Queensland over a 16 month period. At constant temperatures average heat requirements for: 50% eclosion of eggs were 62.4 day-degrees above 11°C, development of larvae to pupation were 246 day-degrees above 12°C, development of pupae to eclosion were 233 day-degrees above 12°C. For each stage there was no difference between day-degrees calculated at constant temperatures or at those in the field indicating no diapause in the immature stages. For adults, temperatures below 16°C during the activity period after dusk prevented feeding, mating and oviposition. Failure of E. salaminia to overwinter in south-eastern Australia in most years, was explained by the effects of low temperatures on egg hatch, larval, pupal and adult survival, reduced adult feeding, mating and cessation of oviposition.


Corresponding author

CSIRO Division of Entomology, Private Bag No 3, Indooroopilly, Queensland 4068, Australia.


Hide All
Baptist, B.A. (1944) The fruit-piercing moth (Othreis fullonia L.) with special reference to its economic importance. Indian Journal of Entomology 6, 113.
Bänziger, H. (1982) Fruit piercing moths (Lep., Noctuidae) in Thailand: a general survey and some new perspectives. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft 55, 213240.
Dallwitz, M.J. & Higgins, J.P. (1978) User's guide to DEVAR. A computer program for estimating development rate as a function of temperature. CSIRO, Australia. Division of Entomology Report No 2.
Fay, H.A.C. (1987) Fruit-piercing moth. Newsletter of the Rare Fruits Council of Australia Incorporated 42, 1719.
Holloway, J.D. (1979) A survey of the Lepidoptera, biogeography and ecology of New Caledonia. 588 pp. The Hague, Junk.
Kumar, K & Lal, S.N. (1983) Studies on the biology, seasonal abundance and host-parasite relationships of fruit sucking moth Othreis fullonia (Clerck) in Fiji. Fiji Agricultural Journal 46, 7177.
Moore, F. (1881) VI. On the genera and species of the lepidopterous subfamily Ophiderinae inhabiting the Indian region. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 11, 6375.
Moss-Robinson, I. (1968) Fruit-sucking moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Australian Zoologist 14, 290293.
Sands, D.P.A. (1990) Plant/insect interactions – food webs and breeding systems, pp. 8897in Webb, L.J. & Kikkawa, J. (Eds) Australian tropical rainforests: science – values – meaning. Melbourne, CSIRO.
Sands, D.P.A. & Broe, R. (in press) Prospects for biological control of the fruit piercing moth, Othreis fullonia (Clerck) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Proceedings of the Agricultural Development in the American Pacific, Crop Protection Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii 18–19 May 1989.
Sands, D.P. A. & Schotz, M. (1989) Advances in research on fruit piercing moths of subtropical Australia, pp. 378383in, Battan, D. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th. Australasian Conference Tree and Nut Crops, Lismore NSW, Australia 14–20 August 1988. Exotic fruit growers Association, Lismore, NSW.
Wilson, A.G.L., Lewis, T. & Cunningham, R.B. (1979) Overwintering and spring emergence of Heliothis armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Namoi Valley, New South Wales. Bulletin of Entomological Research 69, 97109.

Effects of temperature on development and seasonality of Eudocima salaminia (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in eastern Australia

  • D. P. A. Sands (a1), M. Schotz (a1) and A. S. Bourne (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed