Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Intra- and interspecific competition between biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Spain

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

S. Pascual
Affiliation:
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agrariay Alimentaria, Plant Protection Department, Carretera de la Coruña Km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
C. Callejas
Affiliation:
Department of Genetics, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), collected from the islands of Tenerife and Majorca respectively, were exposed to competition conditions on tomato cv. Marmande in the laboratory. Both biotypes were established in single and mixed cultures at different densities. Increased mortality of biotype Q females and immature instars was observed together with a lower rate of fecundity and progeny size compared to biotype B, when reared in single or mixed cultures. The female:male sex ratio of F1 individuals of biotype Q was higher in single than in mixed cultures. However, the sex ratio of F1 individuals of biotype B was the same in single and mixed cultures, suggesting reproductive interference. Whitefly density did not affect interspecific interactions. It had a moderate effect on developmental rate of both biotypes, and on mortality of immature instars and progeny size of biotype B only. The results indicate that under laboratory conditions the studied biotype B should displace biotype Q.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2004

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Adán, A., Ronda, M., Cifuentes, D., Cenis, J.L. & Beitia, F. (1999) Estudio en laboratorio del cruzamiento de dos biotipos de Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius, 1889) presentes en España. p. 27 in Resúmenes del Congreso Nacional de Entomología Aplicada. VII Jornadas Científicas de la Sociedad Española de Entomología Aplicada, Aguadulce, Spain, 8–12 November–12 1999 Junta de Andalucía Consejería de Agricultura y PescaGoogle Scholar
Agnew, P., Hide, M., Sidobre, C. & Michalakis, Y. (2002) A minimalist approach to the effects of density-dependent competition on insect life-history traits. Ecological Entomology 27, 396402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anon. (1999) Bemisia tabaci. Distribution maps of plant pests no. 284. Wallingford, Oxon, CAB International.Google Scholar
Bellows, T.S., Perring, T.M., Gill, R.J. & Headrick, D.H. (1994) Description of a species of Bemisia (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 87, 195206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernstein, C., Heizmann, A. & Desouhant, E. (2002) Intraspecific competition between healthy and parasitised hosts in a host–parasitoid system: consequences for life-history traits. Ecological Entomology 27, 415423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, J.K., Frohlich, D.R. & Rosell, R.C. (1995) The sweetpotato or silverleaf whiteflies: biotypes of Bemisia tabaci or a species complex? Annual Review of Entomology 40, 511534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrne, D.N. & Bellows, T.S. (1991) Whitefly biology. Annual Review of Entomology 36, 431457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrne, D.N. & Miller, W.B. (1990) Carbohydrate and amino acid composition of phloem sap and honeydew produced by Bemisia tabaci. Journal of Insect Physiology 36, 433439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Barro, P.J. & Hart, P.J. (2000) Mating interactions between biotypes of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Australia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 103112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Denno, R.F., McClure, M.S. & Ott, J.R. (1995) Interspecific interactions in phytophagous insects: competition re-examined and resurrected. Annual Review of Entomology 40, 297331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elbert, A. & Nauen, R. (2000) Resistance of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) to insecticides in southern Spain with special reference to neonicotinoids. Pest Management Science 56, 6064.3.0.CO;2-K>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, A.E.I., Hartley, S.E. & Young, M. (2000) Direct and indirect competitive effects of foliage feeding guilds on the performance of the birch leaf-miner Eriocrania. Journal of Animal Ecology 69, 165176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gómez-Menor, J. (1943) Contribución al conocimiento de los Aleyródidos de España. (Hem. Homoptera). 1 a nota. Eos 19, 173209.Google Scholar
Gonzáles, W.L., Fuentes-Contreras, E. & Niemeyer, H.M. (2002) Host plant and natural enemy impact on cereal aphid competition in a seasonal environment. Oikos 96, 481491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guirao, P., Beitia, F. & Cenis, J.L. (1997) Biotype determination of Spanish populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 87, 587593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Higuchi, R. (1989) Simple and rapid preparation of samples for PCR. pp. 3138in Erlich, H.A. (Ed.) PCR technology. New York, Stockton Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karban, R. (1986) Interspecific competition between folivorus insects on Erigeron glaucus. Ecology 67 10631072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lacasa, A., Sánchez, J.A.Gutiérrez, L., Contreras, J., Guirao, P., Ros, C., Molina, J., Lorca, M. & Hita, I. (1993) Dinámica poblacional de Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) y evolución de la incidencia del TYLCV en cultivos de tomate de murcia. El virus del rizado amarillo (hoja en cuchara) del tomate (TYLCV) y su vector Bemisia tabaci 35–46 in Murcia, Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Agricultura y Agua Región de MurciaGoogle Scholar
Luft, P.A., Paine, T.D. & Redak, R.A. (2001) Limiting the potential for intraspecific competition: regulation of Trioza eugeniae oviposition on unexpanded leaf tissue. Ecological Entomology 26, 395403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mattson, W.J., Haack, R.A., Lawrence, R.K. & Herms, D.A. (1989) Do balsam twig aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) lower tree susceptibility to spruce budworm? Canadian Entomologist 121, 93103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moran, N.A. & Whitham, T.G. (1990) Interspecific competition between root-feeding and leaf-galling aphids mediated by host-plant resistance. Ecology 71, 10501058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naranjo, S.E. (1995) Sampling Bemisia for research and pest management applications. pp. 209224 in Gerling, D., Mayer, R.T., (eds) Bemisia 1995: taxonomy, biology, damage, control and management. Andover, Hants Intercept Ltd.Google Scholar
Nauen, R., Stumpf, N. & Elbert, A. (2002) Toxicological and mechanistic studies on neonicotinoid cross resistance in Q-type Bemisia tabaci. Pest Management Science 58, 868875.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nava-Camberos, U., Riley, D.G. & Harris, M.K. (2001) Density-yield relationships and economic injury levels for Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in cantaloupe in Texas. Journal of Economic Entomology 94, 180189.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nombela, G., Beitia, F.Muñiz, M. (2001) A differential interaction study of Bemisia tabaci Q-biotype on commercial tomato varieties with and without the Mi resistance gene, and comparative host responses with the B-biotye. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 98, 339344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oliveira, M.R.V., Henneberry, T.J. & Anderson, P. (2001) History, current status, and collaborative research projects for Bemisia tabaci. Crop Protection 20, 709723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perring, T.M. (1996) Biological differences of two species of Bemisia that contribute to adaptative advantage. Bemisia 1995: taxonomy, biology, damage, control and management 3–16 Gerling, D., Mayer, R.T. Andover, Hants Intercept LtdGoogle Scholar
Perring, T.M., Cooper, A.D., Rodriguez, R.J., Farrar, C.A. & Bellows, T.S. (1993) Identification of a whitefly species by genomic and behavioural studies. Science 259, 7477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perring, T.M., Farrar, C.A. & Cooper, A.D. (1994) Mating behaviour and competitive displacement in whiteflies. p. 25 in Henneberry, T.J., Toscano, N.C., Faust, R.M. & Coppedge, J.R. (eds) A S-125Google Scholar
Petersen, M.K. & Hunter, M.S. (2001) Variation in the outcome of competition between two aphid species on pecan: plants matter more than predators. Oikos 92, 107118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Razvi, S.A., Azam, K.M. & Zouba, A. (2000) Screening of tomato cultivars against whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and tomato leaf curl virus. Shashpa 7, 143149.Google Scholar
Reitz, S.R. & Trumble, J.T. (2002) Competitive displacement among insects and arachnids. Annual Review of Entomology 47, 435465.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rochart, J., Vanlerberghe-Masutti, F., Chavigny, P., Boll, R. & Lapchin, L. (1999) Inter-strain competition and dispersal in aphids: evidence from a greenhouse study. Ecological Entomology 24, 450464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schuster, D.J., Stansly, P.A. & Polston, J.A. (1996) Expressions of plant damage by Bemisia. pp. 153165 in Gerling, D., & Mayer, R.T. (eds) 1995: taxonomy, biology, damage, control and management. Andover, Hants Intercept Ltd.Google Scholar
Settle, W.H. & Wilson, L.T. (1990) Invasion by the variegated leafhopper and biotic interactions: parasitism, competition, and apparent competition. Ecology 71, 14611470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simon, B., Moriones, E., Soria, C., Beitia, F., Bosco, D. & Cenis, J.L. (1999) Variación genética de poblaciones de Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) en la cuenca del Mediterráneo occidental. p. 20 in Resúmenes del Congreso Nacional de Entomología Aplicada. VII Jornadas Científicas de la Sociedad Española de Entomología Aplicada, Aguadulce, Spain, 8–12 November 1999–12 Junta de Andalucía Consejería de Agricultura y PescaGoogle Scholar
Williams, J.G.K., Kubelik, A.R., Livak, K.J., Rafalski, J.A. & Tingey, S.V. (1990) DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Research 18, 65316532.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 91 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-898fc554b-8ljtz Total loading time: 0.642 Render date: 2021-01-26T04:07:44.723Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Intra- and interspecific competition between biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Spain
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Intra- and interspecific competition between biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Spain
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Intra- and interspecific competition between biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Spain
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *