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Influence of temperature on the development, reproduction and longevity of Ceratothripoides claratris (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on tomatoes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007


W.T.S.D. Premachandra
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Diseases and Plant Protection, University of Hanover, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hanover, Germany Department of Zoology, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka
C. Borgemeister
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Diseases and Plant Protection, University of Hanover, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hanover, Germany
A. Chabi-Olaye
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Diseases and Plant Protection, University of Hanover, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hanover, Germany International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Humid Forest Ecoregional Centre, B.P. 2008 (Messa), Yaoundé, Cameroon
H.-M. Poehling
Affiliation:
Institute of Plant Diseases and Plant Protection, University of Hanover, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hanover, Germany
Corresponding

Abstract

Ceratothripoides claratris (Shumsher) is a serious pest attacking tomatoes in Thailand. Temperature-dependent development of C. claratris was studied at seven constant temperatures, i.e. 22, 25, 27, 30, 34, 35 and 40°C. Pre-adult survivorship was greatest (95%) at 25 and 30°C and shortest at 22°C. Egg-to-adult time decreased within the range of 20 to 30°C and at 34°C it started to increase. The lower thermal threshold for egg-to-adult development was estimated at 16 and 18°C by linear regression and the modified Logan model, respectively. The optimum temperature for egg-to-adult development was estimated at 32–33°C by the modified Logan model. The influence of temperature on reproduction and longevity of C. claratris was determined at 25, 30 and 35 and 40°C. Both inseminated and virgin females failed to reproduce at 40°C. Virgin females produced only male offspring, confirming arrhenotoky. The sex ratio of the offspring of fertilized females was strongly female-biased, except at 25°C. Mean total fecundity per female and mean daily total fecundity per female were highest for both virgin and inseminated females at 30°C. Female longevity was longest at 25°C and shortest at 40°C. Male longevity was longest at 30°C and shortest at 40°C. The net reproductive rate (R0) and intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) was greatest at 30°C while, mean generation time (G) and the doubling time (t) were highest at 25°C. The finite rate of increase (λ) was fairly constant (1.1–1.5 days) over the three temperatures tested. The pest potential of C. claratris for tropical Asia is discussed.


Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2004

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Influence of temperature on the development, reproduction and longevity of Ceratothripoides claratris (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on tomatoes
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