Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The influence of β-carotene supplementation on β-carotene concentration in the corpus luteum and on hormone concentration in the plasma of heifers

  • G. Flachowsky (a1), M. Schlenzig (a2), Brigitta Kirsche (a2) and P. Lebzien (a1)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of different levels of β-carotene supplements on the β-carotene concentration in the corpus luteum and on hormone concentrations in the plasma of heifers. 32 heifers (average body weight: 371 kg) were fed a low carotene diet (< 1 mg per kg DM) for 120 days. The heifers were divided into four groups according to body weight and age and supplied with 0, 100, 200 or 300 mg β-carotene per animal and day. Heifers were artifically inseminated after day 60 of the experiment and were slaughtered after day 120 of the experiment. Carotene concentration in the corpus luteum (2.3, 27, 50 and 81 μg/g for 0, 100, 200 and 300 mg β-carotene per animal per day), in plasma and in ovary was significantly influenced with increased carotene supplements. LH-concentration of plasma decreased and β-oestradiol-concentration increased with carotene supplementation. High concentrations of β-carotene in the corpus luteum and ovaries of cattle seem to act as a depot which is available when high vitamin A requirements during ovulation have to be met.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Akordor, F.Y., Stone, J.B., Swalton, J., Leswe, K.E., Buchanan-Smith, J.G. (1986): Reproductive performance of lactating holstein cows fed supplemented β-carotene. Journal of Dairy Science 69, 21732180.
Bonomi, A., Quarantelli, A., Sabbidni, A., Superchi, P. (1994): Inclusion of protected beta-carotene in diets of dairy cows. Effect on productivity and reproductive efficiency: experimental contribution. Rivista di Scienza dell’ Alimentazione 23,233249.
Ducker, H.J., Yarrow, N.H., Bloomfield, G.Ä., Edwards-Webb, J.D. (1984): The effect of β-carotene on fertility of dairy heifers receiving maize silage. Animal Production 39, 1925
Folman, Y., Ascarelli, I., Kraus, D., Barash, H. (1987): Adverse effect of β-carotene in the diet on fertility of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 70, 357365
Iwanska, S., Strusinska, D. (1997): The effect of beta-carotene and vitamins A, D3 and E on some reproductive parameters in cows. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 45, 95107
Kirsche, B., Schlenzig, M., Ochrimenko, W.I., Flachowsky, G. (1987): Influence of β-carotene supplementation on carotene content of ovaries of heifers. Archives of Animal Nutrition 37, 995999
Kuhn, R., Brockmann, H. (1932): Bestimmung von Karotinoden [Estimation of carotene]. Hoppe-Seilers-Zeitschrift physiologische Chemie 206,4145
Kramer, H.K. (1992): Die Wirkungsweise des beta-Carotins am Ovar des Rindes [Mode of action of beta-carotene in the bovine ovary] - Übersichten zur Tierernädhrung 20, 123133
Rosival, I., Lazar, J., Tuckova, M., Toth, G., Rhzikova, A., Posivak, J., Bugarsky, A., Hlinka, D. (1987): Beta-carotene, vitamin A and vitamin E contents of corpora lutea and folliculor fluid in physiological and hormonally influenced estrous cycle in cows. Proceedings of the Symposium “Vitamine und Ergotropika” Reinhardsbrunn, 28.-30.09.1987, 5458
Schweigert, F.J. (1998): Vitamin A: Stoffwechsel, Genexpression und embryonale Entwicklung [Vitamin A: Metabolism, genexpression and embryonic development]. Übersichten zur Tiererndhrung 26, 124
Sklan, D. (1983): Carotene clearance activity on the corpus luteum of cattle. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 53,2328
Tekpetey, F.R., Palmer, W.M., Ingallis, J.R. (1987): Seasonal variation in serum β-carotene and vitamin A and their association with postpartum reproductive performance of holstein cows. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 67,491
Vencl, B., Simak, P., Tluchor, V. (1988): Effects of synthetic beta-carotene and vitamin A supplementation on the fertility of dairy cows. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica 20, 233240
Weiss, W.P. (1998): Requirements of fat-soluble vitamins for dairy cows. A review. Journal of Dairy Science 81, 24932501

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The influence of β-carotene supplementation on β-carotene concentration in the corpus luteum and on hormone concentration in the plasma of heifers

  • G. Flachowsky (a1), M. Schlenzig (a2), Brigitta Kirsche (a2) and P. Lebzien (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.