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Open Access Policy

This journal publishes all content as Open Access. It also allows authors to make their work freely available to others in a numbers of ways, both before and after publication.


A preprint is an early version of an article prior to the version accepted for publication in a journal. This journal allows preprints to be posted anywhere at any time, including before submission to the journal. For more information, see our full preprint policy.

Open Access

This journal is a wholly Open Access journal. It provides authors with options to make their article open access in two different ways.

(1) All articles are published as Gold Open Access under a Creative Commons license, enabling anyone to access and redistribute the content and, depending upon the license, re-use the content in new or derivative works with attribution. The terms of re-use for Gold Open Access content are stated in the copyright line. There is no charge for publishing articles Open Access.

 (2) Under the journal’s Green Open Access policy, authors can archive a pre-final version of their article in institutional or non-commercial subject repositories, or on their personal or departmental websites, under certain conditions. This allows authors to comply with the open access mandates of many funders and institutions before the final article is published as Gold Open Access. For more details, see the journal’s full policy.

Social Sharing

Journals participating in Cambridge Core Share allow a read-only version of a final published PDF (the Version of Record) to be shared and easily accessed by anyone. Core Share links, and Core Share PDFs containing the links, can be freely shared on social media sites and scholarly collaboration networks to enhance both the impact and discoverability of research. Core Share can be useful for articles that are published under a Creative Commons license that does not allow commercial re-use (such as CC-BY-NC-ND).

Click here to see if this journal is taking part.