1House of Commons Health Select Committee. Report on the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Hospitalizes Patients. TSO (The Stationary Office), 2005.
2Heit, JA. Epidemiology of venous thromboembolism. Nat Rev Cardiol 2015; 12(8): 464–74.
3National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Venous Thromboembolism: Reducing the Risk. Reducing the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism (Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism) in Patients Admitted to Hospital. . NICE, 2013.
4National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Venous Thromboembolism in Over 16s: Reducing the Risk of Hospital-Acquired Deep Vein Thrombosis or Pulmonary Embolism. . NICE, 2018.
5Ishida, T, Katagiri, T, Uchida, H, Takeuchi, H, Sakurai, H, Watanabe, K, et al. Incidence of deep vein thrombosis in restrained psychiatric patients. Psychosomatics 2014; 55(1): 69–75.
6Delluc, A, Montavon, S, Canceil, O, Carpentier, M, Nowak, E, Mercier, B, et al. Incidence of venous thromboembolism in psychiatric units. Thromb Res 2012; 130(6): e283–8.
7Lacut, K, Le Gal, G, Couturaud, F, Cornily, G, Leroyer, C, Mottier, D, et al. Association between antipsychotic drugs, antidepressant drugs and venous thromboembolism: results from the EDITH case-control study. Fundam Clin Pharmacol 2007; 21(6): 643–50.
8Hagg, S, Spigset, O, Soderstrom, TG. Association of venous thromboembolism and clozapine. Lancet 2000; 355(9210): 1155–6.
9Kortepeter, C, Chen, M, Knudsen, JF, Dubitsky, GM, Ahmad, SR, Beitz, J. Clozapine and venous thromboembolism. Am J Psychiatry 2002; 159(5): 876–7.
10Tunç, S, Başbuğ, HS. An unusual complication of a long-acting injectable antipsychotic: deep venous thrombosis caused by olanzapine pamoate. Psychiatry Clin Psychopharmacol 2018; 28(2): 211–4.
11Dickson, BC, Pollanen, MS. Fatal thromboembolic disease: a risk in physically restrained psychiatric patients. J Forensic Leg Med 2009; 16(5): 284–6.
12Laursen, SB, Jensen, TN, Bolwig, T, Olsen, NV. Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism following physical restraint. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2005; 111(4): 324–7.
13Lazarus, A. Physical restraints, thromboembolism, and death in 2 patients. J Clin Psychiatry 2001; 62(3): 207–8.
14Ramirez, M, Imaz, H, Ruiz, JH. Thromboembolism after physical restraint. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2001; 104(6): 473–4.
15Goldhaber, SZ. Risk factors for venous thromboembolism. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010; 56(1): 1–7.
16Loi, S, Chiu, E. Medical comorbidity in psychogeriatric patients. Curr Opin Psychiatry 2011; 24(4): 355–8.
17Goh, AM, Westphal, A, Daws, T, Gascoigne-Cohen, S, Hamilton, B, Lautenschlager, NT. A retrospective study of medical comorbidities in psychogeriatric patients. Psychogeriatrics 2016; 16(1): 12–9.
19Ellis, N, Quraishy, M, Grubb, CM, Codling, D, Harrison, J. Student psychiatry audit and research collaborative (SPARC): A new UK initiative to improve recruitment in psychiatry. Eur Psychiatry 2017; 41: S735–6.
20Sharif, B, Lundin, RM, Morgan, P, Hall, JE, Dhadda, A, Mann, C, et al. Developing a digital data collection platform to measure the prevalence of sepsis in Wales. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2016; 23(6): 1185–9.
21Choudry, A, Job, S. EPA-1006 – an audit into venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk assessment. a potential silent killer in old age psychiatry. Eur Psychiatry 2014; 29: 1.
22Zornberg, GL, Jick, H. Antipsychotic drug use and risk of first-time idiopathic venous thromboembolism: a case-control study. Lancet 2000; 356(9237): 1219–23.
23Vinogradova, Y, Coupland, C, Hippisley-Cox, J. Use of combined oral contraceptives and risk of venous thromboembolism: nested case-control studies using the QResearch and CPRD databases. BMJ 2015; 350: h2135.
24Heit, JA, Silverstein, MD, Mohr, DN, Petterson, TM, O'Fallon, WM, Melton, LJ III. Risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a population-based case-control study. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160(6): 809–15.
25Tsuda, N, Sako, A, Okamoto, S, Adachi, H, Hayakawa, T, Makino, K, et al. A significant association between physical restraint and the development of venous thromboembolism in psychiatric patients. Int J Cardiol 2012; 57(3): 442–3.
26De Hert, M, Einfinger, G, Scherpenberg, E, Wampers, M, Peuskens, J. The prevention of deep venous thrombosis in physically restrained patients with schizophrenia. Int J Clin Pract 2010; 64(8): 1109–15.
27Heit, JA, O'Fallon, WM, Petterson, TM, Lohse, CM, Silverstein, MD, Mohr, DN, et al. Relative impact of risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a population-based study. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162(11): 1245–8.
28Kulmala, J, Nykanen, I, Manty, M, Hartikainen, S. Association between frailty and dementia: a population-based study. Gerontology 2014; 60(1): 16–21.
29Hunt, IM, Windfuhr, K, Shaw, J, Appleby, L, Kapur, N. Ligature points and ligature types used by psychiatric inpatients who die by hanging: a national study. Crisis 2012; 33(2): 87–94.