Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Proximate and ultimate causes of punishment and strong reciprocity

  • Pat Barclay (a1)

Abstract

While admirable, Guala's discussion of reciprocity suffers from a confusion between proximate causes (psychological mechanisms triggering behaviour) and ultimate causes (evolved function of those psychological mechanisms). Because much work on “strong reciprocity” commits this error, I clarify the difference between proximate and ultimate causes of cooperation and punishment. I also caution against hasty rejections of “wide readings” of experimental evidence.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barclay, P. (2010) Reputation and the evolution of generosity. Nova Science Publishers.
Barclay, P. (2011) The evolution of charitable behaviour and the power of reputation. In: Applied evolutionary psychology, ed. Roberts, C., pp. 149–72. Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. (1976/2006) The selfish gene (30th Anniversary edition). Oxford Paperbacks. (Original work published in 1976).
Kiyonari, T. & Barclay, P. (2008) Free-riding may be thwarted by second-order rewards rather than punishment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 95(4):826–42.
Mook, D. (1983) In defense of external invalidity. American Psychologist 38:379–87.
Tinbergen, N. (1968) On war and peace in animals and man. Science 160:1411–18.
West, S. A., El, Mouden, C. & Gardner, A. (2011) Sixteen common misconceptions about the evolution of cooperation in humans. Evolution and Human Behavior 32(4):231–62.
West, S. A., Griffin, A. S. & Gardner, A. (2007b) Social semantics: Altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:415–32.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed