Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Foresight has to pay off in the present moment1

  • George Ainslie (a1)

Abstract

Foresight requires not only scenarios constructed from memories, but also adequate incentive to let these scenarios compete with current rewards. This incentive probably comes from the efficacy of the scenarios in occasioning present emotions, which depends not on their accuracy per se but on their uniqueness as compared with other possible occasions for emotion.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Ainslie, G. (2001) Breakdown of will. Cambridge University Press.
Ainslie, G. (2006) Motivation must be momentary. In: Understanding choice, explaining behaviour, ed. Elster, J., Gjelsvik, O., Hylland, A. & Moene, K., pp. 924. Unipub Forlag.
Berridge, K. C. & Robinson, T. (1998) What is the role of dopamine in reward: Hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience Brain Research Reviews 28:309–69.
McClure, S. M., Laibson, D. I., Loewenstein, G. & Cohen, J. D. (2004) The grasshopper and the ant: Separate neural systems value immediate and delayed monetary rewards. Science 306:503–07.
Millar, A. & Navarick, D. J. (1984) Self-control and choice in humans: Effects of video game playing as a positive reinforcer. Learning and Motivation 15:203–18.
Mischel, H. N. & Mischel, W. (1983) The development of children's knowledge of self-control strategies. Child Development 54:603–19.
Navarick, D. J. (1982) Negative reinforcement and choice in humans. Learning and Motivation 13:361–77.
Retherford, R. D. & Sewell, W. H. (1989) How intelligence affects fertility. Intelligence 13:169–85.
Rhue, J. W. & Lynn, S. J. (1987) Fantasy proneness: The ability to hallucinate “as real as real.” British Journal of Experimental and Clinical Hypnosis 4:173–80.
Shefrin, H. M. & Thaler, R. H. (1988) The behavioral life-cycle hypothesis. Economic Inquiry 26:609–43.
Simon, J. L. (1995) Interpersonal allocation continuous with intertemporal allocation: Binding commitments, pledges, and bequests. Rationality and Society 7:367430.
Tolman, E. C. (1939) Prediction of vicarious trial and error by means of the schematic sowbug. Psychological Review 46:318–36.

Foresight has to pay off in the present moment1

  • George Ainslie (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed