Skip to main content Accessibility help

Cognitive architectures combine formal and heuristic approaches

  • Cleotilde Gonzalez (a1) and Christian Lebiere (a2)


Quantum probability (QP) theory provides an alternative account of empirical phenomena in decision making that classical probability (CP) theory cannot explain. Cognitive architectures combine probabilistic mechanisms with symbolic knowledge-based representations (e.g., heuristics) to address effects that motivate QP. They provide simple and natural explanations of these phenomena based on general cognitive processes such as memory retrieval, similarity-based partial matching, and associative learning.



Hide All
Anderson, J. R. (2007) Using brain imaging to guide the development of a cognitive architecture. In: Integrated models of cognitive systems, ed. Gray, W. D., pp. 4962. Oxford University Press.
Anderson, J. R. & Lebiere, C. (1998) The atomic components of thought. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Anderson, J. R. & Lebiere, C. (2003) The Newell Test for a theory of cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26:587640.
Gonzalez, C. (2013). The boundaries of Instance-Based Learning Theory for explaining decisions from experience. pp. 73–98. In Decision making: Neural and behavioural approaches. Vol. 202. ed. Pammi, V. S. C. & Srinivasan, N., Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-444-62604-2.
Gonzalez, C. & Dutt, V. (2011) Instance-based learning: Integrating decisions from experience in sampling and repeated choice paradigms. Psychological Review 118(4):523–51.
Lejarraga, T., Dutt, V. & Gonzalez, C. (2012) Instance-based learning: A general model of repeated binary choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 25(2):143–53.
Marewski, J. N. & Mehlhorn, K. (2011) Using the ACT-R architecture to specify 39 quantitative process models of decision making. Judgment and Decision Making 6(6):439519.
Marewski, J. N. & Schooler, L. J. (2011) Cognitive niches: An ecological model of strategy selection. Psychological Review 118(3):393437.
Newell, A. (1990) Unified theories of cognition. Harvard University Press.
Schooler, L. J. & Hertwig, R. (2005) How forgetting aids heuristic inference. Psychological Review 112(3):610–28.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Cognitive architectures combine formal and heuristic approaches

  • Cleotilde Gonzalez (a1) and Christian Lebiere (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.