Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-qn7h5 Total loading time: 0.384 Render date: 2022-09-27T01:39:01.943Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Proximate and ultimate causes of punishment and strong reciprocity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2012

Pat Barclay
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, East Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada. barclayp@uoguelph.cahttp://www.uoguelph.ca/nacs/page.cfm?id=229

Abstract

While admirable, Guala's discussion of reciprocity suffers from a confusion between proximate causes (psychological mechanisms triggering behaviour) and ultimate causes (evolved function of those psychological mechanisms). Because much work on “strong reciprocity” commits this error, I clarify the difference between proximate and ultimate causes of cooperation and punishment. I also caution against hasty rejections of “wide readings” of experimental evidence.

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Barclay, P. (2010) Reputation and the evolution of generosity. Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
Barclay, P. (2011) The evolution of charitable behaviour and the power of reputation. In: Applied evolutionary psychology, ed. Roberts, C., pp. 149–72. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dawkins, R. (1976/2006) The selfish gene (30th Anniversary edition). Oxford Paperbacks. (Original work published in 1976).Google Scholar
Kiyonari, T. & Barclay, P. (2008) Free-riding may be thwarted by second-order rewards rather than punishment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 95(4):826–42.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mook, D. (1983) In defense of external invalidity. American Psychologist 38:379–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tinbergen, N. (1968) On war and peace in animals and man. Science 160:1411–18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
West, S. A., El, Mouden, C. & Gardner, A. (2011) Sixteen common misconceptions about the evolution of cooperation in humans. Evolution and Human Behavior 32(4):231–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
West, S. A., Griffin, A. S. & Gardner, A. (2007b) Social semantics: Altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:415–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Proximate and ultimate causes of punishment and strong reciprocity
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Proximate and ultimate causes of punishment and strong reciprocity
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Proximate and ultimate causes of punishment and strong reciprocity
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *