Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-4rdrl Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-15T23:48:53.707Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Method and matter in the social sciences: Umbilically tied to the Enlightenment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 September 2015

Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, 3498838 Haifa, Israel.benny@psy.haifa.ac.ilhttp://hevra.haifa.ac.il/~psy/index.php/en/faculty?id=112

Abstract

This commentary deals with the nonconformity of academics and the ethos of social science. Academics in all fields deviate from majority norms in politics and religion, and this deviance may be essential to the academic mind and to academic norms. The Enlightenment legacy inspires both methods and subject matter in academic work, and severing ties with it may be impossible.

Type
Open Peer Commentary
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ament, W. S. (1927) Religion, education, and distinction. School and Society 26:399406.Google Scholar
Beit-Hallahmi, B. (2015) Psychological perspectives on religion and religiosity. Routledge.Google Scholar
Bello, F. (1954) The young scientists. Fortune 49:142–43.Google Scholar
Cardiff, C. F. & Klein, D. B. (2005) Faculty partisan affiliation in all disciplines: A voter-registration study. Critical Review 17:237–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cartwright, D. (1979) Contemporary social psychology in historical perspective. Social Psychology Quarterly 42:8293.Google Scholar
Ecklund, E. H. (2010) Science vs. religion: What scientists really think. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Ecklund, E. H. & Park, J. Z. (2009) Conflict between religion and science among academic scientists? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:276–92.Google Scholar
Ecklund, E. H. & Scheitle, C. P. (2007) Religion among academic scientists: Distinctions, disciplines, and demographics. Social Problems 54:289307.Google Scholar
Eiduson, B. (1962) Scientists: Their psychological world. Basic Books.Google Scholar
Eiduson, B. & Beckman, L., eds. (1973) Science as a career choice: Theoretical and empirical studies. Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Elchardus, M. & Spruyt, B. (2009) The culture of academic disciplines and the sociopolitical attitudes of students: A test of selection and socialization effects. Social Science Quarterly 90:445–60.Google Scholar
Feist, G. J. (2006) The psychology of science and the origins of the scientific mind. Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Granger, M. D. & Price, G. N. (2007) The tree of science and original sin: Do Christian religious beliefs constrain the supply of scientists? Journal of Socio-economics 36:144–60.Google Scholar
Greeley, A. M. (1963) Influence of the “Religious Factor” on career plans and occupational values of college graduates. American Journal of Sociology 68:658–71.Google Scholar
Greeley, A. M. (1973) The “Religious Factor” and academic careers: Another communication. American Journal of Sociology 78:1247–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greeley, A. M. (1977) The American Catholic. Basic Books.Google Scholar
Greeley, A. M. (1990) The Catholic myth. Scribner's.Google Scholar
Gross, N. & Fosse, E. (2012) Why are professors liberal? Theory and Society 41:127–68.Google Scholar
Gross, N. & Simmons, S. (2006) Americans' attitudes toward academic freedom and liberal “bias” in higher education. Working Paper, May 22, 2006. Harvard University and George Mason University.Google Scholar
Gross, N. & Simmons, S. (2009) The religiosity of American college and university professors. Sociology of Religion 70:101–29.Google Scholar
Hardy, K. R. (1974) Social origins of American scientists and scholars. Science 185:497506.Google Scholar
Highton, B. (2009) Revisiting the relationship between educational attainment and political sophistication. Journal of Politics 71:1564–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoge, D. R. & Keeter, L. G. (1976) Determinants of college teachers' religious beliefs and participation. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 15:221–35.Google Scholar
Hollinger, D. A. (1996) Science, Jews, and secular culture: Studies in mid-twentieth century American intellectual history. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Klein, D. B. & Stern, C. (2009) By the numbers: The ideological profile of professors. In: The politically correct university: Problems, scope, and reforms, ed. Maranto, R., Redding, R. E. & Hess, F. M., pp. 1533. AEI Press.Google Scholar
Klein, D. B. & Western, A. (2005) Voter registration of Berkeley and Stanford faculty. Academic Questions 18:5365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Larson, E. J. & Witham, L. (1998) Leading scientists still reject God. Nature 394:313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lehman, H. C. & Witty, P. A. (1931) Scientific eminence and church membership. Scientific Monthly 33:544–49.Google Scholar
Lerner, M. J. (1980) The belief in a just world: A fundamental illusion. Plenum Press.Google Scholar
Leuba, J. H. (1916) The belief in God and immortality: A psychological, anthropological and statistical study. Sherman, French.Google Scholar
Lipset, S. M. (1982) The academic mind at the top: The political behavior and values of faculty elites. Public Opinion Quarterly 46:143–68.Google Scholar
Merton, R. K. (1942/1973) The normative structure of science. In: The sociology of science: Theoretical and empirical investigations, ed. Merton, R. K., pp. 223280. University of Chicago Press. (Original work published in 1942).Google Scholar
Roe, A. (1952) The making of a scientist. Dodd, Mead.Google Scholar
Sherkat, D. E. (2011) Religion and scientific literacy in the United States. Social Science Quarterly 92:117.Google Scholar
Woessner, M. & Kelly-Woessner, A. (2009) Left pipeline: Why conservatives don't get doctorates. In: The politically correct university: Problems, scope, and reforms, ed. Maranto, R., Redding, R. E. & Hess, F. M., pp. 3859. American Enterprise Institute/AEI Press.Google Scholar