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Issues in neo- and paleoneurology of language

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 February 2010

Harry J. Jerison
Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024 and Department of Psychology, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, England.
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Wilkins and Wakefield's hypothesis that language is fundamentally a cognitive rather than cominunicational adaptation is reasonable, but there are flaws in their anatomical and fossil evidence. Their analysis of reorganization also needs clarification. Finally, the origin of language ability must have occurred with australopithecine rather than habiline adaptations on entry into the novel hominid adaptive zone.

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