page 191 note a Stow's Survey, edit. 1613, p. 408.
page 191 note b See them represented in the Gentleman's Magazine for April 1831, p. 295.
page 191 note c Plate XLIV. figure 8.
page 192 note d Varying from ten to fourteen inches in diameter.
page 192 note e It might be expected that the Roman Potter's ware found at St. Michael's would be greatly mingled with that of the middle age. I found, however, only one fragment which I could certainly say was such, and this appears to be of the thirteenth century, and is very remarkable. It bears a shield impressed with three chevrons, the Arms of Clare, and appears to have been also covered (perhaps ornamentally, and not heraldically) with fleurs-de-lys. Few earthen vessels of the gothic age are, I believe, known; metal, wood, and leather being a that time extensively employed in those for household purposes. Of the earthenware of the sixteenth century (which may be reckoned the first of the modern era) we discover many relics; particularly vessels decorated with bearded heads. One of these, in my possession, a bottle found on the site of the old Boar's-head Tavern, in Eastcheap, has a venerable bearded visage on the neck, and underneath, a shield, bearing on a pale three mascles, below which is the date 1594.
page 192 note f “In the year of grace one thousand five hundred thirty and one the course thereof was found by a man that digged gravel thereof to mend the high way. It was in this place (St. Alban's) eighteen foot broad. The yellow gravell that was brought thither in carts 2000 years passed, remained fresh and strong,” &c—Holinshed's Description of Britaine, p. 112. folio edit.
page 192 note g One of these tiles, in my possession, very much resembles in form an oblong Roman shield having an umbo in the centre; see the Sketch. They are very rudely formed, and are probably the work of the Britons when they were beginning to adopt the Roman arts and customs. See on that subject Tacitus in vit. Agricolae. Edit. Elzvir, p. 731.
page 192 note h Edit. 1613, p. 324.
page 192 note i Annal. lib. xiv. Edit. Elzvir, p. 362.
page 193 note k Billingsgate, Dowgate. It is coincidentally remarkable that the entrances in the cliffs to the Isle of Thanet from the sea-ward, are called gates. Westgate, Kingsgate, Margate, Kamsgate, &c.
page 194 note l Andrian, act i, seen. 2.
page 194 note m Tectura augustum, ingens, centum sublime columnis
Urbe fuit summa. Virg. Æn. lib. vii, line 169.
—Vicina astris Erycino in vertice sedes,
Fundatur Veneri Idaliae. Ib. lib. v, line 759.
page 194 note n Several pieces of this pavement have been preserved by Simon Johnson, of 41, Joiner Street, St. Olave's, an intelligent labourer employed in the works.
page 196 note o Arcliaeologia, vol. viii.
page 196 note p On an altar discovered at Shields is carved a sacrificial vase containing five sprigs of ivy. See Gibson's Caraden, p. 783. A piece of Samian ware from St. Michael's has a moulding impressed with a running pattern of the flowers of the lily.
page 196 note q Od. vii, lib. 2.
page 196 note r Od. xxxvi, lib. 1.
page 197 note s Od. xxiii, lib. 3.
page 197 note t Sat. vii.
page 197 note u Nat. Hist. lib. xxxv, cap. 46.
page 197 note y See their communications to Mr. Gough and Dr. Combe in Archeeol. vol. viii. pp. 116, 127.
page 198 note z Antiq. Rutup. p. 133.
page 199 note a See Plin. Nat. Hist. lib. xiv, cap. 27.