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Square pegs into round holes: a critique of Neeley & Barton

  • A. Nigel Goring-Morris (a1)

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The Levantine Epipalaeolithic, c. 20,000–10,000 BP, represents one of the most intensively studied periods in prehistoric research in the past 30 years, with literally hundreds of sites being discovered and many systematically investigated. The researchers involved come from a diverse range of backgrounds and national 'schools', and include American, Australian, British, French and Israeli scholars. Some, myself included, see its variability in chipped stone tool morphology, techniques of manufacture and specific means of hafting to reflect, in addition to functional factors, the stylistic traditions of specific groups in the landscape (Bar-Yosef 1991a; Goring-Morris 1987; 1995). This evidence is further bolstered by chrono-stratigraphy, settlement patterns, inter- and intra-site organization and patterning, as well as other material culture residues (Goring-Morris 1989a; 1989b; 1991).

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Bar-Yosef, O. 1991b. Stone tools and social context in Levantine prehistory, in Clark, G.A. (ed.), Perspectives on the past: theoretical biases on Mediterranean hunter-gatherers: 371-95. Philadelphia (PA): University of Pennsylvania Press.
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Goring-Morris, A.N. 1987. Ai the edge: Terminal Pleistocene hunter-gatherers in the Negev and Sinai. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series S361.
Goring-Morris, A.N. 1989a. Sociocultural aspects of marine mollusc use in the Terminal Pleistocene in the Nogev and Sinai, in Hayes, C. III & Ceci, L. (ed.), Proceedings of the 1986 shell bead conference: 175-88. New York (NY): Rochester Museum & Science Museum. Research Records 20.
Goring-Morris, A.N. 1989b. Developments in Torminal Pleistocene hunter-gatherer socio-cultural systems: a perspective from the Negev and Sinai deserts, in Horshkovitz, I. (ed.), People and culture in change 1: 728. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series S508.
Goring-Morris, A.N. 1990. Trends in the spatial organization of Terminal Pleistocene hunter-gatherer occupations as viewed from the Negev and Sinai, in Cauvin, M.-C., Aurencho, O. & Sanlavillc, P. (ed.), Colloque préhistoire Levant H: Les processus de changements culturels: 231-44. Paris: CNRS.
Goring-Morris, A.N. 1991. The Harifian of the Southern Levant, in Bar-Yosef, O. & Valla, F.R. (ed.), The Natufian culture in the Levant: 173216. Ann Arbor (MI): International Monographs in Prehistory.
Goring-Morris, A.N. 1995. Complex hunter-gatherers at the end of the Paleolithic: 20,000-10,000 BP, in Levy, T.E. (ed.), The archaeology of society in the Holy Land: 141–68. London: Leicester University Press.
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Square pegs into round holes: a critique of Neeley & Barton

  • A. Nigel Goring-Morris (a1)

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