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Sembiran and Pacung on the north coast of Bali: a strategic crossroads for early trans-Asiatic exchange

  • Ambra Calo (a1), Bagyo Prasetyo (a2), Peter Bellwood (a3), James W. Lankton (a4), Bernard Gratuze (a5), Thomas Oliver Pryce (a6), Andreas Reinecke (a7), Verena Leusch (a8), Heidrun Schenk (a7), Rachel Wood (a9), Rochtri A. Bawono (a10), I Dewa Kompiang Gede (a11), Ni L.K. Citha Yuliati (a11), Jack Fenner (a1), Christian Reepmeyer (a1), Cristina Castillo (a12) and Alison K. Carter (a13)...

Abstract

Studies of trade routes across Southeast Asia in prehistory have hitherto focused largely on archaeological evidence from Mainland Southeast Asia, particularly the Thai Peninsula and Vietnam. The role of Indonesia and Island Southeast Asia in these networks has been poorly understood, owing to the paucity of evidence from this region. Recent research has begun to fill this void. New excavations at Sembiran and Pacung on the northern coast of Bali have produced new, direct AMS dates from burials, and analytical data from cultural materials including pottery, glass, bronze, gold andsemi-precious stone, as well as evidence of local bronze-casting. This suggests strong links with the Indian subcontinent and Mainland Southeast Asia from the late first millennium BC, some 200 years earlier than previously thought.

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*Author for correspondence (Email: ambra.calo@anu.edu.au)

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