Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Study of glacier meltwater resources in China

  • Yang Zhenniang (a1) and Hu Xiaogang (a1)

Abstract

Glacier meltwaters are an important component of surface water resources in western China. Based on glacier inventories, the total glacier area in China is 5.87 x 104km2, the second largest for an Asian country. The total storage of water in glaciers is about 5132 x 103 km3, and the mean annual amount of glacier melt runoff is about 5.64 x 1010m3, o r 2% of the total surface water resources of China. From the late 1950s to the present, measurements have been undertaken of about twenty mountain glaciers, and data on hydrology and meteorology obtained. The relationship between heat balance and glacier ablation has been investigated but for glacierized areas where there are no data, ice-melt runoff can be estimated from climatic data. Runoff of glacier meltwater decreases with increasing aridity of the climate. The impact of glacier meltwater on the regimes of mountain streams in different environments are described in this paper.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Study of glacier meltwater resources in China
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Study of glacier meltwater resources in China
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Study of glacier meltwater resources in China
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bai, Chongyuan Jinhua, Zhang 1980. Some features of radiation and heat balance of Batura Glacier. Beijing, Science Press, 5782.
Hu, Xiaogang Nianjie, Li. 1989. A stochastic meltwater runoff model of Heigou Glacier No. 8 in the southern slope of Mt Bogda. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 11(3), 279286. [In Chinese with English abstract.]
Huang, Maohuan Zuozhe, Sun 1982. Some flow characteristics of continental-type glaciers in China. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 4(2), 3545. [In Chinese with English abstract.]
Kang, Ersi 1983. Glacial meltwater runoff on north flank of Mt Bogda in Tien Shan and its contribution to river flow. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 5(3), 113122. [In Chinese with English abstract.]
Khodakov, V.G. 1975. Glaciers as water resource indicators of the glacial areas of the USSR. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 104 (General Assembly of Moscow 1971 — Snow and Ice), 2229.
Jouguam, Kou Yongliang, Zhang 1985. Radiation heat balance and water vapour transfer in Mt Tuomuer district. In Glaciology and meteorology in Tuomuer mountain region. Ürümqi, Publishing House of Xinjiang, 120142.
Li, Jijun Zhen, Benxing 1982. The characteristics of modern glaciers in Qjnghai-Xizang Plateau. Bulletin of Glaciology and Geocryology (Glaciology). In Proceedings of the Symposium on Glaciology and Cryopedology held by the Geographical Society of China. Beijing, Science Press, 1417. [In Chinese.]
Ren, Binghui 1988. Present variation of modern glaciers in China. In Shi, Yafeng, ed. An introduction to the glaciers in China. Beijing, Science Press, 171186. [In Chinese.]
Shi, Yafeng Jijun, Li 1981. Glaciological research of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau in China. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Vol. 2. Beijing, Science Press; New York, Gordon and Breach, 15891597.
Shi, Yafeng Zichu, Xie 1964. The basic characteristics of modern glaciers in China. J. Geogr., 30(3), 183208. [In Chinese.]
Chunglung, Wang Yangxin, Deng Xiangyin, Zeng 1982. Water and heat conditions ofglacier development in Guxiang maritime glacier in Tibet. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology. Academia Sinica. Memoirs 3, 8290. [In Chinese.]
Xie, Weirong Meishang, Cao 1965. The preliminary result of measuring snow evaporation in Ürümqi Glacier No. 1, Tien Shan. In Shi, Yafeng ed. Research of Glaciers and Hydrology. Beijing, Science Press, 1224. [In Chinese.]
Zichu, Xie Zhen, Benxing 1982. The distribution, features and variations of glaciers in China. Bulletin of Glaciology and Geocryology (Glaciology). In Proceedings of the Symposium on Glacioloey and Cryopedology held by the Geographical Society of China. Beijing, Science Press, 13.
Yang, Zhenniang 1981. Basic characteristics of runoff in contemporary glaciated areas of China. Sci. Sin., Ser. B, 24(10), 14181430.
Yang, Zhenniang 1988. Glacier melt runoff and its compensating effect on mountain streams of China. In Shi, Yafeng, ed. An introduction to the glaciers in China. Beijing, Science Press, 187202.
Yang, Zhenniang, ed.1991. Glacier water resources of China. Lanzhou, Science and Technology Publishing House of Gansu, 3945. [In Chinese.]
Zeng, Mingxian Guangrong, Dong 1966. Radiation and heat balance during the glacier ablation period of Qieerganbulage Glacier of Muztagata. In Proceedings of the Arid Region Conference of the Geography Society of China. Beijing, Science Press, 97100. [In Chinese.]
Zeng, Qunzhu Youguan, Kou 1975. Heat balance during glacier ablation in Rongbuk Glacier. In A report of the 1966-68 Scientific Expedition to the Mt Qomolangma Region. Glaciology and Geomorphology. Beijing, Science Press, 5264. [In Chinese.]
Zeng, Qunzhu Meisheng, Cao Xuezhi, Feng 1984. Study on spectral reflection characteristics of snow, ice and water of northwest China. Sci. Sin., Ser. B, 27(6), 647656. [In Chinese.]

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Study of glacier meltwater resources in China

  • Yang Zhenniang (a1) and Hu Xiaogang (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.