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On the relationship between local stresses and strains in Arctic pack ice

  • W. B. Tucker (a1), D. K. Perovich (a1), M. A. Hopkins (a2) and W. D. Hibler (a2)

Abstract

Local ice strains and in situ ice stresses were simultaneously measured on the Coordinated Eastern Arctic Experiment (CEAREX). The experiment took place in the fall of 1988 and was centered about an ice-strengthened ship moored to a multi-year floe in the pack ice northeast of Spitsbergen. During the period of data collection, which extended from early October to late November, the ship and the ice surrounding it drifted from 82°40′N, 32°32′E to 78°54′N, 31°27′E.

As soon as ice temperatures were low enough to permit installation, stress sensors were placed at four sites, two sites on each of two adjacent multi-year floes. Principal stress components and the principal stress direction were determined at each sensor. At the same time, microwave transponders, capable of measuring ice deformation to accuracies better than 1 m, were positioned within 1 km of the stress sensors and provided an approximation of the local strain field.

What makes this joint dataset particularly interesting is that it includes some large ridging events and a particularly large event which terminated the experiment when the multi-year floes in the local area were broken into small fragments. A wide range of ice stresses was measured during the period. The largest compressive stresses, about 250 kPa, were measured by the near-surface sensors. Although sensors in different locations responded differently to ice movement, the large events were common to all shallow sensors.

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References

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On the relationship between local stresses and strains in Arctic pack ice

  • W. B. Tucker (a1), D. K. Perovich (a1), M. A. Hopkins (a2) and W. D. Hibler (a2)

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