Skip to main content Accessibility help

Crustacean zooplankton communities in 13 lakes of Yunnan-Guizhou plateau: Relationship between crustacean zooplankton biomass or size structure and trophic indicators after invasion by exotic fish

  • Nichun Guo (a1), Min Zhang (a1), Yang Yu (a1), Shanqing Qian (a1), Daming Li (a1) and Fanxiang Kong (a1)...


We investigated crustacean zooplankton communities and their relationships to environmental factors in 13 lakes of Yunnan-Guizhou plateau to determine whether there is a consistent relationship between trophic indicators and crustacean zooplankton biomass or size structure. The lakes showed a wide range of trophic status, with total phosphorus (TP) ranging from 0.013 to 0.268 mg.L−1, and chlorophyll a from 0.9 to 76.26 μg.L−1. Continuous stocking with exotic planktivorous fish had taken place on a wide scale in these plateau lakes. About 36 species of Crustacea were found, of which Cladocera were represented by 20 taxa (12 genera), and Copepoda by 16 taxa (13 genera). Canonical correspondence analysis partitioned these species into two clusters. Physicochemical features and food-webs of different lakes seemed to be the key factors determining zooplankton species composition and distribution patterns. Between the 13 lakes, there was no significant relationship between cladocerans and chlorophyll a suggesting phytoplankton biomass was little controlled by macrozooplankton. The positive correlation between chlorophyll a and copepods suggested the high copepods biomass or size structure caused by the invasion of exotic planktivorous fish had a negative effect on water quality.


Corresponding author


Hide All
[1] Amarasinghe, P.B., Vijverberg, J. and Boersma, M., 1997. Production biology of copepods and cladocerans in three south-east Sri Lankan low-land reservoirs and its composition to other tropical freshwater bodies. Hydrobiologia , 350, 145162.
[2] Arcifa, M.S., 1984. Zooplankton composition of ten reservoirs in southern Brazil. Hydrobiologia , 113, 137145.
[3] Attayde J.L. and Bozelli R.L., 1998. Assessing the indicator properties of zooplankton assemblages to disturbance gradients by canonical correspondence analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 55, 1789–1797.
[4] Auer B., Elzer U. and Arunt H., 2004. Comparison of pelagic food webs in lakes along a trophic gradient and with seasonal aspects: Influence of resource and predation. J. Plankton Res., 26, 6, 697–709.
[5] Benndorf J., 1987. Food web manipulation without nutrient control: A useful strategy in lake restoration? Schweiz. Z. Hydrol., 49, 237–248.
[6] Benndorf, J., Wissel, B., Sell, A.F., Hornig, U., Pitter, P. and Bing, W., 2000. Food web manipulation by extreme enhancement of piscivory: an invertebrate predator compensates for the effects of planktivorous fish on a plankton community. Limnologica , 30, 235245.
[7] Benndorf J., Bing W., Koop J. and Neubauer I., 2002. Top-down control of phytoplankton: The role of time scale, lake depth and trophic state. Freshwat. Biol., 47, 2282–2295.
[8] Blumenshine, S.C. and Hambright, K.D., 2003. Top-down control in pelagic systems: A role for invertebrate predation. Hydrobiologia , 491, 347356.
[9] Brooks, J.L. and Dodson, S.I., 1965. Predation, body size, and composition of plankton. Science , 150, 2835.
[10] Carpenter, S.R., Kitchell, J. and Hodgson, J.R., 1985. Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience , 35, 10, 634638.
[11] Chiang S.C. and Du N.S., 1979. Fauna Sinica, Crustacea, freshwater Cladocera; Beijing: Science Press, Academia Sinica.
[12] Currie D.J., Christie P.D. and Chapleau F., 1999. Assessing the strength of top-down influences on plankton abundance in unmanipulated lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56, 427–436.
[13] Elser J.J. and Goldman C.R., 1991. Zooplankton effects on phytoplankton in lakes of contrasting trophic status. Limnol. Oceanogr., 36, 1, 64–90.
[14] Gulati, R.D., 1990. Zooplankton structure in the Loosdrecht lakes in relation to trophic status and recent restoration measures. Hydrobiologia , 191, 173188.
[15] Hairston N.G., Smith F.E. and Slobodkin L.B., 1960. Community structure, population control, and competition. Am. Nat., 94, 421–425.
[16] Havens K.E., 2002. Zooplankton structure and potential food web interactions in the plankton of a subtropical chain-of-lakes. Sci. World J., 2, 926–942.
[17] Havens K.E., East T.L., Marcus J., Essex P., Bolan B., Raymond S. and Beaver J.R., 2000. Dynamics of the exotic Daphnia lumholtzii and native macro-zooplankton in a subtropical chain-of-lakes in Florida, USA. Freshwat. Biol., 45, 21–32.
[18] Huang X.F., 1999. Survey, observation and analysis of lake ecology; Beijing: Standards Press of China.
[19] Iglesias C., Mazzeo N., Goyenola G., Fosalba C., Mello F.T.D., García S. and Jeppesen E., 2008. Field and experimental evidence of the effect of Jenynsia multidentata, a small omnivorous-planktivorous fish, on the size distribution of zooplankton in subtropical lakes. Freshwat. Biol., 53, 1797–1807.
[20] Kasprzak P. and Koschel R., 2000. Lake trophic state, community structure and biomass of crustacean plankton. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 27, 773–777.
[21] Liu Z.W., 2001.The introduction of icefish, Neosalanx taihuensis Chen in China with several reference to the subtropical lakes of Yunnan Plateau (southwest China). Ver. Int. Ver. Limnol., 27, 3877–3880.
[22] Mazumder A., 1994. Phosphorus-chlorophyll relationship under contrasting zooplankton community structure: potential mechanisms. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 51, 401–407.
[23] McCauley E. and Kalff J., 1981. Empirical relationships between phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass in lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 38, 458–463.
[24] McQueen D.J., Post J.R. and Mills E.L., 1986. Trophic relationships in freshwater pelagic ecosystems. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 43, 1571–1581.
[25] Mehner, T., Padisak, J., Kasprzak, P., Koschel, R. and Krienitz, L., 2008. A test of food web hypotheses by exploring time series of fish, zooplankton and phytoplankton in an oligo-mesotrophic lake. Limnologica , 38, 179188.
[26] Pace M.L., 1986. An empirical analysis of zooplankton community size structure across lake trophic gradients. Limnol. Oceanogr., 31, 45–55.
[27] Patalas K., 1971. Crustacean plankton communities in forty-five lakes in the Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario. J. Fish. Res. Boar. Can., 28, 231–244.
[28] Pinto-Coelho R.P., Pinel-Alloul B.P., Méthot G. and Havens K.E., 2005. Crustacean zooplankton in lakes and reservoirs of temperate and tropical regions: Variation with trophic status. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 62, 2, 348–361.
[29] Qin J.H., Xu J. and Xie P., 2007. Diet overlap between the endemic fish Anabarilius grahami (Cyprinidae) and the exotic noodlefish Neosalanx taihuensis (Salangidae) in Lake Fuxian, China. J. Freshw. Ecol., 22, 3, 365–370.
[30] Radke R. and Kahl U., 2002. Effects of a filter-feeding fish [silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.)] on phyto- and zooplankton in a mesotrophic reservoir: Results from an enclosure experiment. Freshwat. Biol., 47, 2337–2344.
[31] Schulz M., Kasprzak P., Anwand K. and Mehner T., 2003. Diet composition and food preference of vendace (Coregonus albula (L.)) in response to seasonal zooplankton succession in Lake Stechlin. Arch. Hydrobiol. Special Issues Adv. Limnol., 58, 215–226.
[32] Shapiro J., Lamarra V. and Lynch M., 1975. Biomanipulation: an ecosystem approach to lake restoration. In: Brezonik R.L. and Fox J.L. (eds.), Water quality management through biological control, University of Florida, Gainesville, Report No. ENV-07-75-1, 85–96.
[33] Shen J.R., 1979. Fauna Sinica, Crustacea, freshwater Copepoda; Beijing: Science Press, Academia Sinica.
[34] Slusarczyk M., 1997. Impact of fish predation on a small-bodied cladoceran: Limitation or stimulation? Hydrobiologia, 342/343, 215–221.
[35] Sommer U., Gliwicz Z.M., Lampert W. and Duncan A., 1986. The PEG-model of seasonal succession of planktonic events in freshwaters. Arch. Hydrobiol., 106, 422–477.
[36] Sommer U., Sommer F., Santer B., Jamieson C., Boersma M., Becker C. and Hansen T., 2001. Complementary impact of copepods and cladocerans on phytoplankton. Ecol. Lett., 4, 545–550.
[37] Stemberger R.S. and Miller K., 2003. Cladoceran body length and Secchi disk transparency in northeastern U.S. lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 60, 1477–1486.
[38] Swadling, K.M., Pienitz, R. and Nogrady, T., 2000. Zooplankton community composition of lakes in the Yukon and Northwest Territories (Canada): Relationship to physical and chemical limnology. Hydrobiologia , 431, 211224.
[39] Taylor W.D. and Carter J.C.H., 1997. Zooplankton size and its relationship to trophic status in deep Ontario lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 54, 2691–2699.
[40] Ter Braak C.J.F., 2004. Biometris – quantitative methods in the life and earth sciences, Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands.
[41] Tessier A.J. and Horwitz R.J., 1990. Influence of water chemistry on size structure of zooplankton assemblages. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 47, 1937–1943.
[42] Wang S., Xie P., Wu S. and Wang H., 2007a. Crustacean zooplankton size structure in aquaculture lakes: Is larger size structure always associated with higher grazing pressure? Hydrobiologia, 575, 203–209.
[43] Wang, S., Xie, P., Wu, S. and Wu, A., 2007b. Crustacean zooplankton distribution patterns and their biomass as related to trophic indicators of 29 shallow subtropical lakes. Limnologica , 37, 242249.
[44] Wissel B., Freier K., Müller B., Koop J. and Benndorf J., 2000. Moderate planktivorous fish biomass stabilizes biomanipulation by suppressing large invertebrate predators of Daphnia. Arch. Hydrobiol., 149, 177–192.
[45] Xie, P. and Chen, Y.Y., 2001. Invasive carp in China's plateau. Science , 294, 9991000.
[46] Xie P. and Wu L., 2002. Enhancement of Moina micrura by the filter-feeding silver and bighead carps in a subtropical Chinese lake. Arch. Hydrobiol., 154, 2, 327–340.
[47] Yang, Y.F., Huang, X.F. and Liu, J.K., 1999. Long-term changes in crustacean zooplankton and water quality in a shallow, eutrophic Chinese lake densely stocked with fish. Hydrobiologia , 391, 195203.
[48] Zhang, X., Xie, P., Hao, L., Chen, F.Z., Li, Y.L., Li, S.X., Guo, N.C. and Qin, J.H., 2005. Present status and changes of the phytoplankton community after invasion of Neosalanx tailhuensis since 1982 in a deep oligotrophic plateau lake, Lake Fuxian in the subtropical China. J. Environ. Sci. , 17, 3, 389394.
[49] Zhuang Y.L., Feng Z.H. and Li J.H., 1996. Study on the ecological reproduction of Neosalanx taihuensis in Yunnan plateau. J. Hydroecol., 83, 16–20.


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Crustacean zooplankton communities in 13 lakes of Yunnan-Guizhou plateau: Relationship between crustacean zooplankton biomass or size structure and trophic indicators after invasion by exotic fish

  • Nichun Guo (a1), Min Zhang (a1), Yang Yu (a1), Shanqing Qian (a1), Daming Li (a1) and Fanxiang Kong (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.