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Prediction of asymptotic rates of response from selection on multiple traits using univariate and multivariate best linear unbiased predictors

  • B. Villanueva (a1), N. R. Wray (a1) and R. Thompson (a2)

Abstract

Predicted rate of genetic response for multiple trait breeding objectives from multivariate analyses is compared with that from univariate analyses for a range of breeding schemes, A selection index that approximates a multipl trait best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) animal model is utilized. Changes in genetic parameters due to linkage disequilibrium generated by selection are accounted for. This study shows that asymptotic response in the aggregate breeding value, and its component traits, to selection on multivariate predictions, can easily be calculated from first generation responses, which use ancestral information. For two-path breeding schemes with equal accuracy for males and females, proportional reductions in responses depend only on selection intensity. In general, benefit from multivariate over univariate analyses is slightly smaller at the asymptote than in the first generation. Multivariate analyses give substantially more response than univariate analyses on untransformed data, when correlations between traits are high and when genetic and phenotypic correlations have opposite signs. The advantage of multivariate analyses decreases with increasing family size. When three random factors (additive genetic, common and individual environmental effects) are included in the model, the benefit of multivariate analysis is negligible if univariate analyses are performed on canonical traits. In this case, the advantage of multivariate analyses is never higher than 1% for all cases studied. These results are of particular relevance to the design of genetic evaluation programmes.

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References

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Keywords

Prediction of asymptotic rates of response from selection on multiple traits using univariate and multivariate best linear unbiased predictors

  • B. Villanueva (a1), N. R. Wray (a1) and R. Thompson (a2)

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