Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of parity and physiological state on intake, milk production and blood parameters in lactating mares differing in body size

  • M. Doreau (a1), S. Boulot (a1) and W. Martin-Rosset (a2)

Abstract

Voluntary food intake, milk production and blood characteristics were measured in mares between the 3rd month before foaling and the first 5 weeks of lactation. The effect of breed during pregnancy was determined using 15 light mares and eight heavy mares (522 and 763 kg live weight (LW) after foaling respectively). The effect of parity was studied on light mares (seven were primiparous and eight were multiparous). In lactation, only four primiparous and four multiparous light mares were retained. Diet consisted of 900 g hay and 100 g concentrates per kg and was offered ad libitum. Voluntary food intake in pregnancy was higher for heavy mares than for light mares: 15·2 v. 10·3 kg dry matter (DM) daily. This difference was explained by differences in LW, since DM intake was the same when expressed as a fraction of LW or metabolic weight (M). Energy and nitrogen supply exceeded requirements, in the same way for light and heavy mares. No significant variations in blood measurements were observed between light and heavy mares, except for glucose. Primiparous mares ate less DM than multiparous mares in pregnancy: 9·7 v. 10·8 kg DM (P > 0·05), significantly so relative to LW and M. DM intake per kg LW or M depended on the parity. This difference had no effect on blood measurements, except for acetate. During lactation, no other differences in voluntary food intake were observed with regard to parity, whatever the week of lactation. Milk yield was higher for multiparous mares than for primiparous mares (16·6 v. 14·6 kg daily). Gross energy of milk varied according to a similar pattern, principally because of variations in fat concentration (20·2 v. 16·5 g/kg for multiparous and primiparous mares respectively). Energy balance was significantly more positive for multiparous than for primiparous mares.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alaguzhin, A. 1974. [Variations in milk production of Lokai mares throughout lactation]. Trudy Tadzhikistii Sel'skokzyaistevennyi Institut 19: 216226.
Bines, J. A. 1976. Regulation of food intake in dairy cows in relation to milk production. Livestock Production Science 3: 115128.
Boulot, S. and Doreau, M. 1986. Evolution of voluntary intake in the mare during late pregnancy and early lactation, effect of the diet. Proceedings of 37th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, Budapest, Hungary, Horse Commission. Session 1, 13p.
Doreau, M. and Boulot, S. 1989a. Recent knowledge on mare milk production: a review. Livestock Production Science 22: 213235.
Doreau, M. and Boulot, S. 1989b. Methods of measurement of milk yield and composition in nursing mares: a review. LeLait 69: 159171.
Doreau, M., Boulot, S., Barlet, J. P. and Patureau-Mirand, P. 1990a. Yield and composition of milk from lactating mares: effect of lactation stage and individual differences. journal of Dairy Research 57: 449454.
Doreau, M., Boulot, S., Martin-Rosset, W. and Dubroeucq, H. 1986. Milking lactating mares using oxytocin: milk volume and composition. Reproduction Nutrition Developpement 26:111.
Doreau, M. and Dussap, G. 1980. Estimation de la production laitière de la jument allaitante par marquage de l'eau corporelle du poulain. Reproduction Nutrition Developpement 20:18831892.
Doreau, M., Martin-Rosset, W. and Barlet, J. P. 1981a. Variations au cours de la journée des teneurs en certains constituants plasmatiques chez la jument poulinière. Reproduction Nutrition Développement 21:117.
Doreau, M., Martin-Rosset, W. and Barlet, J. P. 1981b. Variations de quelques constituants plasmatiques chez la jument allaitante en fin de gestation et en début de lactation. Annales de Recherches Vétérinaires 12: 219225.
Doreau, M., Moretti, C. and Martin-Rosset, W. 1990b. Effect of quality of hay given to mares around foaling on their voluntary intake and foal growth. Annales de Zootechnie 39:125131.
Duncan, P. and Gleize, J. C. 1985. Nutrition and growth of horses in a Mediterranean wetland, the Camargue. Proceedings of 36th Annual Meeting of European Association for Animal Production, Kallithea, Greece. Horse Commission. Session III. 11p.
Gibbs, P. D., Potter, G. D., Blake, R. W. and McMullan, W. C. 1982. Milk production of quarter horse mares during 150 days of lactation. Journal of Animal Science 54: 496499.
Gutmann, I. and Bergmeyer, H. U. 1974. Urea. In Methods of enzymatic analysis 2nd ed., (ed. Bergmeyer, H. U.), Vol. 4, pp. 17911801. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim and Academic Press, New York.
Guynn, R. W. and Veech, R. L. 1975. Enzymatic determination of acetate. In Methods in Enzymology (ed. Lowenstein, J. M.), vol. 35, part B, pp. 302307. Academic Press, New York.
Jarrige, R. and Martin-Rosset, W. 1984. Le cheval. reproduction, selection, alimentation, exploitation. INRA Publications, Versailles.
Marlow, C. H. B., Van der Tonder, E. M., Hayward, F. C., Van der Merwe, S. S. and Price, L. E. G. 1983. A report on the consumption, composition and nutritional adequacy of a mixture of lush green perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata) fed ad libitum to thoroughbred mares. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 54: 155157.
Martin-Rosset, W., Doreau, M., Boulot, S. and Miraglia, N. 1990. Influence of level of feeding and physiological state on diet digestibility in light and heavy breed horses. Livestock Production Science 25: 257264.
Morand-Fehr, P. 1981. Caractéristiques comportementales et digestives des chevres. In Nutrition and systems of goat feeding (ed. Morand-Fehr, P., Bourbouze, A. and Simiane, M. De), pp. 2145. ITOVIC-INRA International Symposium, Tours.
Neseni, R., Flade, E., Heidler, G. and Steger, H. 1958. Milchleistung und Milchzusammensetzung von Stuten im Verlaufe der Laktation. Archiv fur Tierzucht 1: 91129.
Pagan, J. D. and Hintz, H. F. 1986. Equine energetics. I. Relationship between body weight and energy requirements in horses. Journal of Animal Science 63: 815821.
Reyne, Y., Prudhon, N., Debicki, A. M. and Goussopoulos, J. 1977. Caractéristiques des consommations d'aliments solide et liquide chez la lapine gestante puis allaitante nourrie ad libitum. Annales de Zootechnie 27: 211223.
Rittenhouse, L. R., Johnson, D. E. and Borman, M. M. 1982. A study of food consumption rates and nutrition of horses and cattle. Final Report to US Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Colorado State University.
Rogalski, M. 1977 [Behaviour of animals kept on pasture]. Rocznicki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu 78:141.
Sasimowski, E. and Budzynski, M. 1981. [Horse nutrition]. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Lesne, Warszawa.
Sasimowski, E., Budzynski, M., Jelen, B., Kapron, M., Dziedzic, R., Sapula, M., Seweryn, A. and Slomka, Z. 1979. [Observation on the behaviour of horses in condition of a free-run stable and the fodder consumption when offered ad libitum]. Prace i Materialy Zootechniczne 20: 6986.
Tissier, M., Robelin, J., Purroy, A. and Geay, Y. 1978. Extraction et dosage automatique rapide de l'eau lourde dans les liquid es biologiques. Annales de Biologie Animate, Biochimie, Biophysique 18: 12231228.
Tissier, M., Thériez, M. and Molénat, G. 1975. Evolution des quantités d'aliments ingérées par les brebis à la fin de la gestation et au début de lactation. Incidences sur leur performances. Annales de Zootechnie 24: 711727.
Trinder, P. 1969. Determination of glucose oxydase with an alternative oxygen acceptor. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 6: 2427.
Trout, D. L., Estes, E. H. and Friedberg, S. J. 1960. Titration of free fatty acids of plasma: a study of current methods and new modification. Journal ofLipid Research 1:199202.
Williamson, D. H. and Mellanby, J. 1974. D (-) Beta-hydroxybutyrate. In Methods of enzymatic analysis 2nd ed. (ed. Bergmeyer, H. U.), vol 4, pp. 18361839. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim and Academic Press, New York.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed