Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Comparison of Friesian, Canadian Hereford × Friesian and Simmental × Friesian steers for growth and carcass composition

  • M. G. Keane (a1) and G. J. More O'Ferrall (a1)

Abstract

One hundred and twenty spring-born steers comprised of 40 Friesians (FR), 40 Canadian Hereford × Friesians (HF) and 40 Simmental × Friesians (SM) were reared together from shortly after birth to slaughter after a mean period of 740 days. During the finishing winter there was a 3 (breed types) × 2 (3 and 6 kg supplementary concentrates per head daily with grass silage ad libitum) × 2 (222- and 225-day finishing periods) factorial arrangement of treatments. One side from each of 96 carcasses (eight per treatment) was completely separated into bone, muscle, intermuscular fat and subcutaneous fat and a 10th rib sample of m. longissimus was chemically analysed.

Carcass weights per day of age and carcass weights were 404, 433 and 449 (s.e. 4·6) g and 301, 320 and 330 (s.e. 3·4) kg for FR, HF and SM, respectively. Corresponding proportions of carcass muscle were 602, 577 and 628 (s.e. 4·8) g/kg. FR and HF had similar proportions of their total muscle in the hindquarter, whereas SM had more of their muscle in the hindquarter. M. longissimus lipid concentrations for FR, HF and SM were 36, 39 and 26 (s.e. 1·96) g/kg. Increasing supplementary concentrate level from 3 to 6 kg/day increased side weight by 7 kg, of which proportionately 0·48 was fat. Extending the finishing period from 121 to 225 days increased side weight by 22 kg of which proportionately 0·45 was fat. Both the higher concentrate level and the longer finishing period reduced carcass muscle and bone proportions, and increased carcass fat proportion. Allometric regression coefficients for side muscle, bone and fat weights on side weight were 0·75, 0·51 and 2·13, respectively. It was calculated that FR, HF and SM would have similar carcass fat proportions at approximate carcass weights of 320, 290 and 380 kg, respectively.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Andersen, B. B., Liboriussen, T., Kousgaard, K. and Buchter, L. 1977. Crossbreeding experiment with beef and dual-purpose sire breeds on Danish dairy cows. III. Daily gain, feed conversion and carcass quality of intensively fed young bulls. Livestock Production Science 4: 1929.
Baker, R. L., Carter, A. H., Morris, C. A. and Johnson, D. L. 1990. Evaluation of eleven cattle breeds for crossbred beef production: performance of progeny up to 13 months of age. Animal Production 50: 6377.
Berg, R. T., Andersen, B. B. and Liboriussen, T. 1978a. Growth of bovine tissues. 1. Genetic influences on growth patterns of muscle, fat and bone in young bulls. Animal Production 26: 245258.
Berg, R. T., Andersen, B. B. and Liboriussen, T. 1978b. Growth of bovine tissues. 2. Genetic influences on muscle growth and distribution in young bulls. Animal Production 27: 5161.
Berg, R. T., Andersen, B. B. and Liboriussen, T. 1978c. Growth of bovine tissues. 3. Genetic influences on patterns of fat growth and distribution in young bulls. Animal Production 27: 6370.
Berg, R. T., Andersen, B. B. and Liboriussen, T. 1978d. Growth of bovine tissues. 4. Genetic influences on patterns of bone growth and distribution in young bulls. Animal Production 27: 7177.
Central Statistics Office (Dublin). 1991. Statistical Bulletin 66: 259.
De Boer, H., Dumont, B. L., Pomeroy, R. W. and Weniger, J. H. 1974. Manual on E.A.A.P. reference methods for the assessment of carcass characteristics in cattle. Livestock Production Science 1: 151164.
Department of Agriculture and Food. 1991. Cattle artificial insemination service — insemination by breeds for 12 months. Department of Agriculture and Food, Dublin.
Drennan, M. J. and Keane, M. G. 1987. Responses to supplementary concentrates for finishing steers fed silage. Irish Journal of Agricultural Research 26: 115127.
Ferrell, C. L., Kohlmeier, R. H., Crouse, J. D. and Glimp, H. 1978. Influence of dietary energy, protein and biological type of steer upon rate of gain and carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 46: 255270.
Flynn, A. V. 1981. Systems of beef production from dairy herd calves. In Calf to Beef. Handbook series No. 17, pp. 13An Foras Taluntais, Dublin.
Flynn, A. V. 1985. Beef production from Friesian calves. Veterinary Update 1: 3436.
Geay, Y. and Robelin, J. 1979. Variation of meat production capacity in cattle due to genotype and level of feeding: genotype-nutrition interaction. Livestock Production Science 6: 263276.
Keane, M. G., Allen, P., Connolly, J. and More O'Ferrall, G. J. 1991. Chemical composition of carcass soft tissues of serially slaughtered Hereford × Friesian, Friesian and Charolais × Friesian steers finished on two diets differing in energy concentration. Animal Production 52: 93104.
Keane, M. G. and Drennan, M. J. 1980. Effects of diet type and feeding level on performance, carcass composition and efficiency of Friesian steers serially slaughtered. Irish journal of Agricultural Research 19: 5366.
Keane, M. G. and Drennan, M. J. 1987. Lifetime growth and carcass composition of heifers and steers non-implanted or sequentially implanted with anabolic agents. Animal Production 45: 359369.
Keane, M. G. and Drennan, M. J. 1990. Two year old beef production from Friesian and Friesian cross steers. Beef series No. 9, Teagasc, Dublin.
Keane, M. G., More O'Ferrall, G. J. and Connolly, J. 1989. Growth and carcass composition of Friesian, Limousin × Friesian and Blonde d'Aquitaine × Friesian steers. Animal Production 48: 353365.
Keane, M. G., More O'Ferrall, G. J., Connolly, J. and Allen, P. 1990. Carcass composition of serially slaughtered Friesian, Hereford × Friesian and Charolais × Friesian steers finished on two dietary energy levels. Animal Production 50: 231243.
Kempster, A. J., Avis, P. R. D. and Smith, R. J. 1976. Fat distribution in steer carcasses of different breeds and crosses. 2. Distribution between joints. Animal Production 23: 223232.
Kempster, A. J., Cook, G. L. and Southgate, J. R. 1982. A comparison of the progeny of British Friesian dams and different sire breeds in 16- and 24-month beef production systems. 2. Carcass characteristics, and rate and efficiency of meat gain. Animal Production 34: 167178.
Kempster, A. J., Cook, G. L. and Southgate, J. R. 1988. Evaluation of British Friesian, Canadian Holstein and beef breed × British Friesian steers slaughtered over a commercial range of fatness from 16-month and 24-month beef production systems. 2. Carcass characteristics and rate and efficiency of lean gain. Animal Production 46: 365378.
Kempster, A. J., Cuthbertson, A. and Harrington, G. 1976. Fat distribution in steer carcasses of different breeds and crosses. 1. Distribution between depots. Animal Production 23: 2534.
Kempster, A. J., Cuthbertson, A. and Jones, D. W. 1977. Bone weight distribution in steer carcasses of different breeds and crosses, and the prediction of carcass bone content from the bone content of joints. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 89: 675682.
Kempster, A. J., Cuthbertson, A. and Smith, R. J. 1976. Variation in lean distribution among steer carcasses of different breeds and crosses. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 87: 533542.
More O'Ferrall, G. J. and Keane, M. G. 1990. A comparison for live weight and carcass production of Charolais, Hereford and Friesian steer progeny from Friesian cows finished on two energy levels and serially slaughtered. Animal Production 50: 1928.
Morris, C. A., Baker, R. L., Carter, A. H. and Hickey, S. M. 1990. Evaluation of eleven cattle breeds for crossbred beef production: carcass data from males slaughtered at two ages. Animal Production 50: 7992.
Muck, R. E., O'Kiely, P. and Moran, J. 1990. Low pH grass silage. Animal Production Research Report, 1989/90, p. 77. Teagasc, Dublin.
Riordan, E. B. and Mellon, K. 1978. Beef carcass classification as an aid to prediction of carcass value. Irish Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology 7: 932.
Riordan, E. B., Schwer, S. J. and Godson, C. 1978. Beef cuts code: specifications for cutting and trimming of beef. An Foras Taluntais, Dublin.
Seebeck, R. M. and Tulloh, N. M. 1968. Developmental growth and body weight loss of cattle. II. Dissected components of the commercially dressed and jointed carcass. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 19: 477495.
Smith, G. M., Laster, D. B., Cundiff, L. V. and Gregory, K. E. 1976. Characterization of biological types of cattle. II. Postweaning growth and feed efficiency of steers. Journal of Animal Science 43: 3747.
Southgate, J. R., Cook, G. L. and Kempster, A. J. 1982. A comparison of the progeny of British Friesian dams and different sire breeds in 16- and 24-month beef production systems. 1. Live-weight gain and efficiency of food utilization. Animal Production 34: 155166.
Southgate, J. R., Cook, G. L. and Kempster, A. J. 1988. Evaluation of British Friesian, Canadian Holstein and beef breed × British Friesian steers slaughtered over a commercial range of fatness from 16-month and 24-month beef production systems. 1. Live-weight gain and efficiency of food utilization. Animal Production 46: 353364.
Wilson, R. K. and O'Kiely, P. 1990. A note on the chemical composition of Irish farm silage 1985–1988. Irish Journal of Agricultural Research 29: 7175.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed