Skip to main content Accessibility help

Artificial insemination of farmed fallow deer (Dama dama): fixed-time insemination at a synchronized oestrus

  • G. W. Asher (a1), J. L. Adam (a1), R. W. James (a1) and D. Barnes (a1)


Two trials were conducted in 1986 on artificial insemination of female fallow deer at fixed intervals from the cessation of oestrous synchronization treatment. Semen had been collected previously from mature bucks by electroejaculation and extended in sodium citrate/egg yolk diluent.

In the first trial involving a comparison of the fertilization rates of fresh and frozen-thawed semen delivered intravaginally, 57 does each received a single intravaginal progesterone-releasing device (CIDRtype S, Carter Holt Harvey Plastic Products Group Ltd, Hamilton, NZ) for a 14-day period early in the 1986 breeding season. All does were inseminated intravaginally with either fresh (no. = 26) or frozenthawed (no. = 31) semen (85 × 106 motile spermatozoa per inseminate) at 48 h after CIDR removal. The apparent conception rates for the two types of semen were 65·4% and 64·5% respectively (P > 0·1) and the actual fawning rates were 500% and 48·4% respectively (P > 0·1).

In the second trial involving an investigation of the feasibility of laparoscopic intrauterine insemination, 55 does were synchronized as for the first trial. At 56 to 58 h from CIDR removal, the does were anaesthetized and laparoscopically inseminated with frozen-thawed semen (85 × 106 motile spermatozoa per animal) by direct injection into both uterine horns. Anaesthesia was reversed immediately following artificial insemination. The apparent conception rate was 47·3% and the actual fawning rate was 41·8%.

Data from both trials indicate that reasonable fawning rates can be obtained for artificially inseminated fallow deer. Between 11 and 25% of does expected to fawn did not and this may represent embryonic mortality attributable to the method of oestrus/ovulation synchronization.



Hide All
Asher, G. W. 1985. Oestrous cycle and breeding season of farmed fallow deer, Dama dama. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 75: 521529.
Asher, G. W. 1986. Studies on the reproduction of farmed fallow deer, Dama dama. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
Asher, G. W. 1987. Conception rates, gestation length, liveweight changes and serum progesterone concentrations during the breeding season and pregnancy of farmed female fallow deer, Dama dama. Proceedings of the 4th Australasian Association of Animal Production Animal Science Congress, Hamilton, New Zealand, p. 247.
Asher, G. W. and Adam, J. L. 1985. Reproduction of farmed red and fallow deer in northern New Zealand. In Biology of Deer Production (ed. Fennessy, P. F. and Drew, K. R.), The Royal Society of New Zealand, Bulletin 22, pp. 217224.
Asher, G. W., Adam, J. L., Otway, W., Bowmar, P., Van Reenan, G., Mackintosh, C. G. and Dratch, P. 1988. Hybridisation of Pere David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) by artificial insemination. Journal of Zoology, London. In press.
Asher, G. W., Barrell, G. K. and Peterson, A. J. 1986. Hormonal changes around oestrus of farmed fallow deer, Dama dama. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 78: 487496.
Asher, G. W., Day, A. M. and Barrell, G. K. 1987. Annual cycle of liveweight and reproductive changes of farmed male fallow deer (Dama dama) and the effect of daily oral administration of melatonin in summer on the attainment of seasonal fertility. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 79: 353362.
Chaplin, R. E. and White, R. W. 1972. The influence of age and season on the activity of the testes and epididymides of the fallow deer, Dama dama. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 30: 361369.
Chapman, D. I. and Chapman, N. 1975. Fallow Deer: their History, Distribution and Biology. Terence Dalton, Lavenham, UK.
Dott, H. M. and Utsi, M. N. P. 1973. Artificial insemination of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). Journal of Zoology, London 170: 505508.
Haigh, J. C. 1984. Artificial insemination of two whitetailed deer. Journal of the American Veterinary and Medical Association 185: 14461447.
Haigh, J. C., Shadbolt, M. P. and Glover, G. J. 1984. Artificial insemination of wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Louisville, Kentucky, USA, p. 173.
Krzywinski, A. and Jaczewski, Z. 1978. Observations on the artificial breeding of red deer. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 43: 271287.
Maxwell, W. M. C. 1984. Current problems and future potential of artificial insemination programmes. In Reproduction in Sheep (ed. Lindsay, D. R. and Pearce, D. T.), pp. 291298. Australian Academy of Science. Canberra.

Artificial insemination of farmed fallow deer (Dama dama): fixed-time insemination at a synchronized oestrus

  • G. W. Asher (a1), J. L. Adam (a1), R. W. James (a1) and D. Barnes (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed