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Non-antibiotic approaches for disease prevention and control in beef and veal production: a scoping review

  • Lee V. Wisener (a1) (a2), Jan M. Sargeant (a1) (a2), Annette M. O'Connor (a3), Terri L. O'Sullivan (a1), Scott A. McEwen (a1), Andrea Nwosu (a1) and Tanya M. Rossi (a1)...

Abstract

Livestock producers are encouraged to reduce the use of antibiotics belonging to classes of medical importance to humans. We conducted a scoping review on non-antibiotic interventions in the form of products or management practices that could potentially reduce the need for antibiotics in beef and veal animals living under intensive production conditions. Our objectives were to systematically describe the research on this broad topic, identify specific topics that could feasibly support systematic reviews, and identify knowledge gaps. Multiple databases were searched. Two reviewers independently screened and charted the data. From the 13,598 articles screened, 722 relevant articles were charted. The number of relevant articles increased steadily from 1990. The Western European research was dominated by veal production studies whereas the North American research was dominated by beef production studies. The interventions and outcomes measured were diverse. The four most frequent interventions included non-antibiotic feed additives, vaccinations, breed type, and feed type. The four most frequent outcomes were indices of immunity, non-specific morbidity, respiratory disease, and mortality. There were seven topic areas evaluated in clinical trials that may share enough commonality to support systemic reviews. There was a dearth of studies in which interventions were compared to antibiotic comparison groups.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Lee V. Wisener, Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, OntarioN1G 2W1, Canada. E-mail: lwisener@uoguelph.ca

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Non-antibiotic approaches for disease prevention and control in beef and veal production: a scoping review

  • Lee V. Wisener (a1) (a2), Jan M. Sargeant (a1) (a2), Annette M. O'Connor (a3), Terri L. O'Sullivan (a1), Scott A. McEwen (a1), Andrea Nwosu (a1) and Tanya M. Rossi (a1)...

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