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The use of reproductive and molecular biotechnology in Animal Genetic Resources management - a global overview1

  • D. Pilling (a1), R. Cardellino (a1), M. Zjalic (a1), B. Rischkowsky (a1), K.A. Tempelman (a1) and I. Hoffmann (a1)...


As part of the country-driven strategy for the management of animal genetic resources, FAO invited 188 countries to participate in the preparation of the First Report on the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources. Utilizing the information provided in the 148 country reports ready for analysis in July 2005, this paper presents a global overview of the state of capacity and utilization of reproductive and molecular biotechnologies in the management of animal genetic resources. Regional descriptions outline the distribution of different biotechnologies, along with a discussion of the species and breed focus of their use, and stakeholder involvement in service delivery. Unsurprisingly, there is a big gap in biotechnology use between developed and developing countries, with artificial insemination being the technology most widely applied in developing countries. More complex technologies such as embryo transfer and molecular tools, are even less common in developing countries. Use of biotechnologies is in general biased towards cattle, and examples of the application of biotechnologies in the management of locally adapted breeds are limited. Most developing countries express the wish to increase the utilization of biotechnologies. However, in many cases clear plans for incorporating technologies into animal genetic resource management are lacking.

Como parte de la estrategia de liderazgo de los países en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos, la FAO invitó 188 países a participar en la preparación del Primer Informe sobre la situación mundial de los recursos zoogenéticos. Utilizando la información proporcionada por los 148 informes nacionales listos para analizar en julio del 2005, este artículo presenta una visión global de la capacidad y utilización des las biotecnologías reproductivas y moleculares en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos. Las descripciones regionales evidencian la distribución de las distintas biotecnologías junto con una discusión sobre especies y razas focalizada sobre su uso, así como la implicación de los ganaderos en la entrega de servicios. Se comprueba sin sorpresa que existe una gran diferencia en la utilización de la biotecnología entre países desarrollados y en desarrollo. Tecnologías más complejas, tales como la transferencia de embriones y herramientas moleculares son incluso menos comunes en los países en desarrollo. La utilización de biotecnologías está orientada hacia los bovinos y los ejemplos de aplicación de biotecnologías en la gestión de razas locales adaptadas es muy limitado. Muchos de los países en desarrollo solicitan un aumento en la utilización de las biotecnologías. Sin embargo, en muchos casos existe una escasez de planes efectivos para la incorporación de nuevas tecnologías en la gestión de los recursos zoogenéticos.



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