Alfano, Michael C. 1980 Nutrition in Dental Caries. In The Biologic Basis of Dental Caries, edited by Menaker, Lewis, pp. 343–364. Harper and Row, Hagerstown, MD.
Andrews, IVWyllys, E., Simmons, Michael P., Wing, Elizabeth S., and Wyllys, E.Andrews, V. 1975 Excavations of an Early Shell Midden on Isla Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Middle American Research Institute Publication 31, pp. 147–197. Tulane University, New Orleans.
Bibby, Basil G. 1961 Cariogenicity of Foods. Journal of the American Medical Association 177(5):112–117.
Brothwell Don, R. 1981 Digging Up Bones. British Museum of Natural History, London.
Buikstra, Jane E., and Ubelaker, Douglas H. 1994 Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Arkansas Archaeological Survey Research Series No. 44, Fayetteville.
Carr, H. Sorayya 1986 Preliminary Results of Analysis of Fauna. In Archaeology at Cerros, Belize, Central America, Volume 1: An Interim Report, edited by Robertson, Robin A. and Freidel, David A., pp. 127–146. Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas.
Chase, Diane Z., and Chase, Arlen F. 1996 Maya Multiples: Individuals, Entries, and Tombs in Structure A34 at Caracol. Latin American Antiquity 7:61–79.
Cliff, Maynard, and Crane, Cathy 1989 Changing Subsistence Economy at a Late Preclassic Maya Community. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia and Isaac, Barry, pp. 295–324. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
Coyston, Shannon, White, Christine D., and Schwarcz, Henry P. 1999 Dietary Carbonate Analysis of Bone and Enamel from Two Sites in Belize. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 221–243. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Cucina, Andrea, Blos, Vera Tiesler, and Sosa, Thelma Sierra 2003 Sex Differences in Oral Pathologies at the Late Classic Maya Site of Xcambó, Yucatán. Dental Anthropology 16(2):45–51.
Dickel, David N. 1991 Descriptive Analysis of the Skeletal Collection from the Prehistoric Manasota Key Cemetery, Sarasota County, Florida (8SO1292). Florida Archaeological Reports No. 22. Bureau of Archaeological Research, Division of Historical Resources, Florida Department of State, Tallahassee.
Dobney, Keith, and Brothwell, Don 1987 A Method for Evaluating the Amount of Dental Calculus on Teeth from Archaeological Sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 14:343–351.
Driessens, F.C.M., and Verbeeck, R.M.H. 1989 Possible Pathways of Mineralization of Dental Plaque. In Recent Advances in the Study of Dental Calculus, edited by ten Cate, J.M., pp. 7–17. IRL Press, Oxford.
Emery, Kitty F. 1999 Continuity and Variability in Postclassic and Colonial Animal Use at Lamanai and Tipu, Belize. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 61–81. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Evans, David T. 1973 A Preliminary Evaluation of Tooth Tartar among the Preconquest Maya of the Tayasal Area, El Peten, Guatemala. American Antiquity 38:489–493.
Glassman, David M., and Garber, James F. 1999 Land Use, Diet, and Their Effects on the Biology of the Prehistoric Maya of Northern Ambergris Cay, Belize. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 151–167. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Goldaracena, P., Rey, R., and Martinez, C. 1984 Dental Caries and Chewing Side Preference in Maya Indians. Journal of Dental Research 63:182.
Goodman, Alan H., Martin, Debra L., Armelagos, George J., and Clark, George A. 1984 Indications of Stress from Bone and Teeth. In Paleopathology at the Origins of Agriculture, edited by Cohen, Mark N. and Armelagos, George J., pp. 13–49. Academic Press, New York.
Hamblin, Nancy L. 1984 Animal Use by the Cozumel Maya. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Hammond, R., and McCullagh, Patrick S. 1978 Quantitative Techniques in Geography: An Introduction, 2nd ed.Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Hillson, Simon 1996 Dental Anthropology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kennedy, G.E. 1983 Skeletal Remains from Sarteneja, Belize. In Archaeological Excavations in Northern Belize, Central America, edited by Sidrys, Raymond V., pp. 353–372. Institute of Archaeology, Los Angeles.
Lange, Frederick W. 1971 Marine Resources: A Viable Subsistence Alternative for the Prehistoric Lowland Maya. American Anthropologist 73:619–639.
Lentz, David L. 1999 Plant Resources of the Ancient Maya: The Paleoethnobotanical Evidence. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 3–18. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Lieverse, Angela R. 1999 Diet and the Aetiology of Dental Calculus. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 9:219–232.
Owen, Lovejoy C. 1985 Dental Wear in the Libben Population: Its Functional Pattern and Role in the Determination of Adult Skeletal Age at Death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68:47–56.
Lyons, Kendra 2001 Parrotfishes, Snappers, Snooks, and Manatee: Good Food at Wild Cane Cay. Paper presented at Maya Archaeology Night, Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, November 7.
Magennis, Ann L. 1999 Dietary Change of the Lowland Maya Site of Kichpanha, Belize. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 133–150. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Márquez Morfín, Lourdes 1991 La dieta maya prehispanica en la Costa Yucateca. Estudio de Cultura Maya 18:359–394.
Márquez, Lourdes, Peraza, María E., Gamboa, José, and Miranda, Teresa 1982 Playa del Carmen: Una población de la Costa Oriental en el postclásico un estudio osteológico. Colección Científica, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico City.
Massey, Virginia K., and Steele, D. Gentry 1997 A Maya Skull Pit from the Terminal Classic Period, Colha, Belize. In Bones of the Maya: Studies of Ancient Skeletons, edited by Whittington, Stephen L. and Reed, David M., pp. 62–77. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
McKillop, Heather 1984 Ancient Maya Reliance on Marine Resources: Analysis of a Midden from Moho Cay, Belize. Journal of Field Archaeology 11:25–35.
McKillop, Heather 1985 Prehistoric Exploitation of the Manatee in the Maya and Circum-Caribbean Areas. World Archaeology 16:338–353.
McKillop, Heather 1987 Wild Cane Cay: An Insular Classic Period to Postclassic Period Maya Trading Station. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara; University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.
McKillop, Heather 1989 Coastal Maya Trade: Obsidian Densities at Wild Cane Cay, Belize. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia and Isaac, Barry, pp. 19–53. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
McKillop, HeatherResearch in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
McKillop, Heather 1994 Ancient Maya Tree Cropping: A Variable Subsistence Adaptation for the Island Maya. Ancient Mesoamerica 5:129–40.
McKillop, Heather 1996a Prehistoric Maya Use of Native Palms: Archaeobotanical and Ethnobotanical Evidence. In The Managed Mosaic: Ancient Maya Agriculture and Resource Use, edited by Fedick, Scott L., pp. 278–294. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
McKillop, Heather 1996 Ancient Maya Trading Ports and the Integration of Long-Distance and Regional Economies. Ancient Mesoamerica 7:49–62.
McKillop, Heather 2002 Salt, White Gold of the Ancient Maya. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
McKillop, Heather 2004 The Classic Maya Trading Port of Moho Cay. In The Ancient Maya of the Belize Valley, edited by Garber, James F., pp. 256–272. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
McKillop, Heather 2005 In Search of Maya Sea Traders. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.
McKillop, Heather, and Winemiller, Terance 2004 Quantitative and GIS Spatial Analysis of Shell from Frenchman's Cay, Belize. In Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Method and Theory, edited by Emery, Kitty F., pp. 57–80. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, Monograph 51. University of California, Los Angeles.
McKillop, Heather, Martin, Mirtha, and Dinh, Mai 1997 Maya Molluscs as Indicators of Sea-Level Rise, Subsistence, and Trade in South-Coastal Belize. Paper presented at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Nashville, April 4.
McKillop, Heather, Magnoni, Aline, Watson, Rachel, Asher, Shannon, Winemiller, Terance, and Tucker, Bryan 2004 The Coral Foundations of Coastal Maya Architecture. In Archaeological Investigations in the Eastern Maya Lowlands, Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology, vol. 1, edited by Awe, Jamie, Morris, John, and Jones, Sherilyne, pp. 347–358. Institute of Archaeology, Belmopan, Belize.
Meiklejohn, Christopher, Schentag, Catherine, Venema, Alexandra, and Key, Patrick 1984 Socioeconomic Change and Patterns of Pathology and Variation in the Mesolithic and Neolithic of Western Europe: Some Suggestions. In Paleopathology at the Origins of Agriculture, edited by Cohen, Mark N. and Armelagos, George J., pp. 75–100. Academic Press, Orlando, FL.
Miksicek, Charles H. 1991 The Natural and Cultural Landscape of Preclassic Cuello. In Cuello: An Early Maya Community in Belize, edited by Hammond, Norman, pp. 70–84, Cambridge University Press, New York.
Mock, Shirley B. 1994 The Northern River Lagoon Site (NRL): Late to Terminal Classic Maya Settlement, Salt-Making, and Survival on the Northern Belize Coast. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin; University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.
Molnar, Stephen 1971 Human Tooth Wear, Tooth Function and Cultural Variability. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 34:175–90.
Moore, W.J., and Corbett, M. Elisabeth 1975 Distribution of Dental Caries in Ancient British Populations III: The 17th Century. Caries Research 9:163–175.
Peña Saint, Martin F. 1985 Nutricion entre los mayas prehispanicos: Un estudio osteobiografico. Cuicuilco 4(16):5–16.
Powis, Terry, Stanchly, Norbert, Lentz, David, White, Christine, Awe, Jaime, Healy, Paul F., and Longstaffe, Fred 1999 A Reconstruction of Middle Formative Diet and Subsistence from the Periphery of Cahal Pech, Belize. Antiquity 73:364–376.
Saul, Frank P. 1972 The Human Skeletal Remains of Altar de Sacrificios: An Osteobiological Analysis. Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 63, No. 2. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Saul, Frank P. 1973 Disease in the Maya Area. In The Classic Maya Collapse, edited by Culbert, T. Patrick, pp. 301–324. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Saul, Frank P. 1975 Human Remains from Lubaantun. In Lubaantun: A Classic Maya Realm, by Hammond, Norman, pp. 389–410. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology 30. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Saul, Frank P., and Saul, Julie M. 1991 The Preclassic Population of Cuello. In Cuello: An Early Maya Community in Belize, by Hammond, Norman, pp. 134–158. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Saul, Julie M., and Saul, Frank P. 1997 The Preclassic Skeletons from Cuello. In Bones of the Maya: Studies of Ancient Skeletons, edited by Whittington, Stephen L. and Reed, David M., pp. 28–50. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Schwartz, Jeffrey H. 1995 Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis. Oxford University Press, New York.
Seidemann, Ryan M. 1999 Descriptive Analysis of Maya Skeletal Remains from Fighting Conch Mound, Wild Cane Cay, Belize. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
Seidemann, Ryan M., Stojanowski, Christopher M., and Sondergaard, Ericka L. 1999 The Generalization of the Average Preservation Index (API) to Fragmentary and Commingled Skeletal Assemblages. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Chicago, March 26.
Shaw, Leslie C. 1995 Analysis of Faunal Materials from Ek Luum. In Maya Maritime Trade, Settlement, and Populations on Ambergris Caye, Belize, edited by Guderjan, Thomas H. and Garber, James F., pp. 175–181. Labyrinthos Press, Lancaster, CA.
Shaw, Leslie C. 1999 Social and Ecological Aspects of Preclassic Maya Meat Consumption at Colha, Belize. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 83–100. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Soams, J.V., and Southam, J.C. 1993 Oral Pathology, 2nd ed.Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Stojanowski, Christopher M., Seidemann, Ryan M., and Doran, Glen H. 2002 Differential Skeletal Preservation at Windover Pond: Causes and Consequences. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119:15–26.
Storey, Rebecca 1992 The Children of Copan: Issues in Paleopathology and Paleodemography. Ancient Mesoamerica 3:161–167.
Storey, Rebecca 1999 Late Classic Nutrition and Skeletal Indicators at Copán, Honduras. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet, edited by White, Christine D., pp. 169–179. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Tykot, Richard H., Van der Merwe, Nicholas J., and Hammond, Norman 1996 Stable Isotope Analysis of Bone Collagen, Bone Apatite, and Tooth Enamel in the Reconstruction of Human Diet: A Case Study from Cuello, Belize. In Archaeological Chemistry V, edited by Orna, Mary V., pp. 355–365. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.
White, Christine D. 1986 Paleodiet and Nutrition of the Ancient Maya at Lamanai, Belize: A Study of Trace Elements, Stable Isotopes, Nutritional and Dental Pathologies. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
White, Christine D. 1988 Diet and Health in the Ancient Maya at Lamanai. In Diet and Subsistence: Current Archaeological Perspectives, edited by Kennedy, Brenda E. and Lemoine, Genevieve M., pp. 288–296. Archaeology Association, University of Calgary.
White, Christine D. 1994 Dietary and Dental Pathology and Cultural Change in the Maya. In Strength in Diversity: A Reader in Physical Anthropology, edited by Herring, Ann and Chan, Leslie, pp. 279–302. Canadian Scholar's Press, Toronto.
White, Christine D. (editor) 1999 Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
White, Christine D., and Schwarcz, Henry P. 1989 Ancient Maya Diet: As Inferred from Isotopic and Elemental Analysis of Bone. Journal of Archaeological Science 16:451–474.
Whittington, Stephen L. 1999 Caries and Antemortem Tooth Loss at Copan: Implications for Commoner Diet. In Reconstructing Ancient Maya Diet White, Christine D., pp. 151–167. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Whittington, Stephen L. 2003 Analysis of Human Skeletal Material Excavated by Guillemin. In Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Iximché, by Nance, C. Roger, Whittington, Stephen L., and Borg, Barbara E., pp. 241–304. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
Whittington, Stephen L., and Reed, David M. 1997 Commoner Diet at Copan: Insights from Stable Istopes and Porotic Hyperostosis. In Bones of the Maya: Studies of Ancient Skeletons, edited by Whittington, Stephen L. and Reed, David M., pp. 157–170. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Wright, Lori, and White, Christine D. 1996 Human Biology in the Classic Maya Collapse: Evidence from Paleopathology and Paleodiet. Journal of World Prehistory 10:147–198.