Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Palaeoecological and archaeological evidence for human occupance in southwest Turkey: the Beyşehir occupation phase

  • W. J. Eastwood (a1), N. Roberts (a2) and H. F. Lamb (a3)

Extract

The mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean have a long history of human occupation and exploitation of the natural environment (Grenon, Batisse 1989; McNeil 1992). Whilst the reconstruction of vegetation and human-induced landscape change is primarily based upon pollen analysis and other palaeoecological methods, the history of human occupation relies heavily upon archaeology, including field survey information and excavation reports. Both palaeoecology and archaeology are supplemented by historical accounts, especially for later periods, and when these data sources are combined they have the potential to provide a much fuller picture of settlement and landscape change than the reliance on a single source (Wagstaff 1985). There are, however, problems and limitations associated with each of the different data sources.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Atherden, M. A., Hall, J. A. 1999, in press: ‘Human impact on vegetation in the White mountains of Crete since AD 500The Holocene 9, 2: 183193
Behre, K.-E. 1981: ‘The interpretation of anthropogenic indicators in pollen diagramsPollen et Spores 23: 235247
Behre, K.-E. 1988: ‘The role of man in European vegetation history’ in Huntley, B., IIIWebb, T. (eds), Vegetation History, Handbook of Vegetation Science 7. Dordrecht: 633672
Bottema, S. 1995: ‘East is East and West is West?’ Rede uitgesproken bij het aanvaarden van het ambt van bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Rijksuniversiteit Leiden
Bottema, S., Woldring, H. 1984: ‘Late Quaternary vegetation and climate of Southwest Turkey IIPalaeohistoria 26: 123149
Bottema, S., Woldring, H. 1990: ‘Anthropogenic indicators in the pollen record of the Eastern Mediterranean’ in Bottema, S., Entjes-Nieborg, G., van Zeist, W. (eds) Man's role in the shaping of the Eastern Mediterranean landscape. Rotterdam: 231264
Bottema, S., Woldring, H., Aytuǧ, B. 1986: ‘Palynological investigations on the relations between prehistoric man and vegetation in Turkey: The Beyşehir Occupation Phase’ Proceedings of the 5th Optima Congress, September 1986. Istanbul: 315328
Bottema, S., Woldring, H., Aytuğ, B. 1993: ‘Late Quaternary vegetation history and climate in northern TurkeyPalaeohistoria 35/36: 1372
Coulton, J. J. 1988: ‘Balboura SurveyAnnual report of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara 40: 1315
Davis, P. H. (ed) 19651988: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vols 1–10. Edinburgh
Dearing, J. A. 1986: ‘Core correlation and the total sediment influx’ in Berglund, B. E. (ed), Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. Chichester: 247272
Eastwood, W. J. 1997: The palaeoecological record of Holocene environmental change in Southwest Turkey (unpublished PhD Thesis). University of Wales, Aberystwyth.
Eastwood, W. J., Pearce, N. J. G., Westgate, J. A., Perkins, W. T. 1998: ‘Recognition of Santorini (Minoan) tephra in lake sediments from Gölhisar Gölü, Southwest Turkey by laser ablation ICP-MSJournal of Archaeological Science 25: 677687
Eastwood, W. J., Pearce, N. J. G., Westgate, J. A., Perkins, W. T.Lamb, H. F., Roberts, N. in press: ‘Geochemistry of Santorini tephra in lake sediments from Southwest Turkey’ Global and Planetary Change 429
Eastwood, W. J., Roberts, N., Lamb, H. F., Tibby, J. 1999: ‘Holocene environmental change in southwest Turkey: a palaeoecological record of lake and catchment-related changesQuaternary Science Reviews 18, 4–5: 671695
Einarsson, T. 1986: ‘Tephrochronology’ in Berglund, B. E. (ed), Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology. Chichester: 329342
Eisma, D. 1978: ‘Stream deposition and erosion by the eastern shore of the Aegean’ in: Brice, W. C. (ed), The environmental history of the Near and Middle East since the last Ice Age. London: 6781
Grenon, M., Batisse, M. 1989: Futures for the Mediterranean Basin: The Blue Plan. Oxford
Hall, A. S. 1968: ‘Notes and inscriptions from eastern PisidiaAnatolian Studies 18: 5792
Hall, A. S. (1994) ‘Sinda’ in French, D. H. (ed), Studies in the history and topography of Lycia and Pisidia. In memoriam A. S. Hall (British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Monograph 20). London: 4852
Hanfmann, G. M. A., Meirse, W. E. (eds) 1983: Sardis from prehistoric to Roman times. Cambridge
Iversen, J. 1973: ‘The development of Denmark's nature since the last glacialDanmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse, V Raekke 7–C: 1126
Jahns, S. 1993: ‘On the Holocene vegetation history of the Argive Plain (Peleponnese, southern Greece)Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 2: 187203
Knox, R. W. O'B. 1993: ‘Tephra layers as precise chronostratigraphical markers’ in Hailwood, E. A., Kidd, R. B. (eds), High Resolution Stratigraphy (Geological Society Special Publication No 70). London: 169186
Le Houérou, H. N. 1981: ‘Impact of man and his animals on Mediterranean vegetation’ in di Castri, F., Goodall, D. W., Specht, R. L. (eds), Mediterranean type shrublands (Ecosystems of the World II). Amsterdam: 479521
McNeil, J. R. 1992: The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History. Cambridge
Planhol, X. de 1965: ‘Les nomades, la steppe et la forêt en AnatolieGeographische Zeitschrift 53: 101116
Roberts, N. 1990: ‘Human-induced landscape change in south and southwest Turkey during the later Holocene’ in Bottema, S., Entjes-Nieborg, G., van Zeist, W. (eds), Man's role in the shaping of the Eastern Mediterranean landscape. Rotterdam: 5367
Roberts, N., Boyer, P., Parish, R. 1996: ‘Preliminary results of geoarchaeological investigations at Çatalhöyük’ in Hodder, I. (ed), On the surface: Çatalhöyük 1993–95 (Çatalhöyük Project Volume 1, British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara Monograph 22). London: 1940
Roberts, N., Butlin, R. A. 1995: ‘Ecological relations in historical times: an introduction’ in Butlin, R. A., Roberts, N. (eds) Ecological relations in historical times: Human impact and adaption. London: 114
Roberts, N., Eastwood, W. J., Lamb, H. F., Tibby, J 1997: ‘The age and causes of mid-Holocene environmental change in Southwest Turkey’ in Dalfes, H. N., Kukla, G., Weiss, H. (eds), Third millennium BC climatic change and old world collapse (NATO ASI Series, Volume 149). Berlin, Heidelberg: 409429
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P. J. 1993: ‘Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration programRadiocarbon 35: 215230
Sullivan, D. G. 1989 Human-induced vegetation change in western Turkey: Pollen evidence from central Lydia (unpublished PhD Thesis). University of California, Berkeley
Sullivan, D. G. 1988: ‘The discovery of Santorini Minoan tephra in western TurkeyNature 333: 552554
Sullivan, D. G. 1990: ‘Minoan tephra in lake sediments in Western Turkey, dating the eruption and assessing the atmospheric dispersal of the ash’ in Hardy, D. A., Renfrew, A. C. (eds), Thera and the Aegean World III: Vol. 3 - Chronology (Proceedings of the International Conference, Third International Congress on Thera and the Aegean World). London: 114119
Tauber, H. 1965: ‘Differential pollen dispersal and the interpretation of pollen diagramsDanmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse II 89: 169
Trabaud, L. 1981: ‘Man and fire: Impacts on Mediterranean vegetation’ in di Castri, F., Goodall, D. W., Specht, R. L. (eds) Mediterranean type shrublands (Ecosystems of the World II). Amsterdam: 523537
van Geel, B., Coope, G. R., Van der Hammen, T. 1989: ‘Palaeoecology and stratigraphy of the lateglacial type section at Usselo (The Netherlands)Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 60: 25129
van Zeist, W., Bottema, S. 1991: ‘Late Quaternary vegetation of the Near East’ in Beihefte zum Tubinger Atlas des vorderen orients. Reihe A (Naturwissenscaften) Nr. 18. Wiesbaden: 156
van Zeist, W., Woldring, H., Stapert, D. 1975: ‘Late Quaternary vegetation and climate of southwestern TurkeyPalaeohistoria 17: 55143
Waelkens, M., Paulissen, E., Vanhaverbeke, H., Öztürk, I., De Cupere, B., Ekinci, H., A., , Vermeersch, P., Poblome, J., Degeest, R. 1997: ‘The 1994 and 1995 surveys on the territory of Sagalassos’ in Waelkens, M., Poblome, J. (eds), Sagalassos IV. Report on the Fifth Excavation Campaign of 1994 (Acta Archaeological Lovaniensia Vol 9). Leuven: 11102
Waelkens, M. et al. 1999: ‘Man and Environment in the territory of Sagalassos, a classical city in southwest TurkeyQuaternary Science Reviews 18, 4–5: 697709
Wagstaff, M. 1985: The evolution of Middle Eastern Landscapes. An outline to AD 1840. London
Woodward, J. 1995: ‘Patterns of erosion and suspended sediment yield in Mediterranean river basins’ in Foster, I. D. L., Gurnell, A. M., Webb, B. W. (eds), Sediment and Water Quality in River Catchments. Chichester: 365389

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Palaeoecological and archaeological evidence for human occupance in southwest Turkey: the Beyşehir occupation phase

  • W. J. Eastwood (a1), N. Roberts (a2) and H. F. Lamb (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.