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The Impact of Policy Changes on Milk and Beverage Consumption of Texas WIC Children

  • Ariun Ishdorj and Oral Capps

Abstract

Major changes in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food packages that were implemented in 2009 included reductions in the amount of milk and 100% juices, as well as the removal of whole milk from food packages. In analyzing the effect of these changes on the beverage consumption of Texas WIC children ages two to four, we found a significant decrease in the amount of whole milk consumed, and this decrease was partially offset by the increase in the amount of lower-fat milks consumed. Intakes of both desirable and undesirable nutrients from milk were decreased.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence: Ariun Ishdorj ■ AGLS 345Department of Agricultural EconomicsTexas A&M UniversityCollege Station TX 77843-2124 ■ Phone: 979.845-6322 ■ Email aishdorj@tamu.edu.

Footnotes

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This research was funded through a Research Innovation and Development Grant in Economics (RIDGE) Center for Targeted Studies award from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service, administered through the Southern Rural Development Center at Purdue University under award No. 8000056289. The open access publishing fees for this article have been covered by the Texas A&M University Open Access to Knowledge Fund (OAKFund), supported by the University Libraries and the Office of the Vice President for Research.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or views of any sponsoring agencies.

Footnotes

References

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