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Self-image and intergenerational relationships as correlates of life satisfaction in Chinese older adults: will gender make a difference?

  • XUE BAI (a1) (a2), YU GUO (a3) and YUAN YUAN FU (a4)


Promoting life satisfaction in later life has long been both a policy and practice challenge. This study examined the association between older adults' self-image and life satisfaction, and that between their intergenerational relationships and life satisfaction. Given that sources of wellbeing for older men and women may vary due to socially constructed realities in early life, gender differences were also investigated in the correlates of life satisfaction. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted in 2014 with a sample of 1,099 older adults aged 60 years and over from four cities in China. Findings of this study showed that older adults’ self-image and intergenerational relationships were significantly associated with their life satisfaction after controlling for certain socio-demographic characteristics, and health and self-care ability. The correlates of life satisfaction were shown to differ between older men and women. Programmes and Services should be developed for older adults to explore and identify positive aspects of themselves, to improve their relationships with their adult children, and to foster a more positive image of ageing in wider society. In addition, service providers should take gender differences in correlates of life satisfaction into account in service and intervention programme development.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Xue Bai, GH338, Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Yu Guo, Room 227, Qiushi Building, Renmin University, 59 Zhongshancun Street, Beijing, China. E-mail:;


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Self-image and intergenerational relationships as correlates of life satisfaction in Chinese older adults: will gender make a difference?

  • XUE BAI (a1) (a2), YU GUO (a3) and YUAN YUAN FU (a4)


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