Almond, GA and Verba, S (1963) The Civic Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Andersen, C, Jensen, PH and Nielsen, KN (2006) Arbejde eller efterløn? Copenhagen: Frydenlund.
Andersen, JG (2005) Citizenship, unemployment and welfare policy. In Andersen, JG, Guillemard, AM, Jensen, PH and Pfau-Effinger, B (eds), The Changing Face of Welfare. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 75‒92.
Atchley, R (1989) A continuity theory of normal ageing. The Gerontologist 29, 183‒190.
Behncke, S (2012) Does retirement trigger ill health? Health Economics 21, 282‒300.
Bingley, P, Gupta, ND and Pedersen, PJ (2007) Fiscal implications of reforms in retirement systems in Denmark. In Gruber, J and Wise, DA (eds), Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Fiscal Implications of Reform. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp. 119‒154.
Blau, DM (2007) Retirement and Consumption in a Life Cycle Model. Bonn: The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Available at http://ftp.iza.org/dp2986.pdf.
Bourdieu, P and Wacquant, LJD (1992) An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Casey, B and Laczko, F (1989) Early retired or long-term unemployed? Work, Employment & Society 3, 509‒526.
Chan, J and Chan, E (2006) Reconsidering social cohesion: developing a definition and analytical framework for empirical research. Social Indicators Research 75, 273‒302.
Coe, NB and Zamarro, G (2011) Retirement effects on health in Europe. Journal of Health Economics 30, 77‒86.
Coile, C (2004) Retirement incentives and couples’ retirement decisions. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 4, 1‒30.
Damman, M, Henkens, K and Kalmijn, M (2015) Missing work after retirement: the role of life histories in the retirement adjustment process. The Gerontologist 55, 802‒813.
Dave, D, Rashad, I and Spasojevic, J (2008) The effects of retirement on physical and mental health outcomes. Southern Economic Journal 75, 497‒523.
de Vroom, B and Guillemard, AM (2002) From externalisation to integration of older workers: institutional changes at the end of the worklife. In Andersen, JG and Jensen, PH (eds), Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 183‒207.
Ebbinghaus, B (ed.) (2011) The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ebbinghaus, B and Hofäcker, D (2013) Reversing early retirement in advanced welfare economies: a paradigm shift to overcome push and pull factors. Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft 38, 807‒840.
Emmenegger, P, Marx, P and Schraff, D (2015) Labour market disadvantage, political orientations and voting: how adverse labour market experiences translate into electoral behaviour. Socio-economic Review 13, 189‒213.
Featherstone, M and Hepworth, M (1995) Images of positive ageing. In Featherstone, M and Wernick, A (eds), Images of Ageing. London: Routledge, pp. 29‒47.
Fraser, N (2003) Social justice in the age of identity politics: redistribution, recognition and participation. In Fraser, N and Honneth, A (eds), Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange. London: Verso, pp. 7‒109.
Giddens, A (1994) Beyond Left and Right. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Gruber, J and Wise, DA (1999) Social Security and Retirement Around the World. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Hallberg, D, Johansson, P and Josephson, M (2015) Is an early retirement offer good for your health? Quasi-experimental evidence from the army. Journal of Health Economics 44, 274‒285.
Hamermesh, D (1984) Life-cycle effects on consumption and retirement. Journal of Labor Economics 2, 353‒370.
Hershey, DA and Henkens, K (2014) Impact of different types of retirement transitions on perceived satisfaction with life. The Gerontologist 54, 232‒244.
Hofäcker, D (2010) Older Workers in a Globalizing World: An International Comparison of Retirement and Late-career Patterns in Western Industrialised Countries. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Ilmarinen, J (2001) Ageing workers in Finland and in the European Union: their situation and the promotion of their working ability, employability and employment. The Geneva Papers 26, 623‒641.
Immergut, EM, Anderson, KM and Schulze, I (eds) (2007) The Handbook of West European Pension Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Isin, EF and Turner, BS (2007) Investigating citizenship: an agenda for citizenship studies. Citizenship Studies 11, 5‒17.
Iversen, T and Rosenbluth, F (2008) Work and power: the connection between female labor force participation and female political representation. Annual Review of Political Science 11, 479‒495.
Jahoda, M (1982) Employment and Unemployment: A Social Psychological Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Janoski, T (1998) Citizenship and Civil Society: A Framework of Rights and Obligations in Liberal, Traditional, and Social Democratic Regimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jensen, PH and Øverbye, E (eds) (2013) Down and Out – or Free at Last? Berlin: Logos Verlag.
Jensen, PH and Pfau-Effinger, B (2005) Active citizenship: the new face of welfare. In Andersen, JG, Guillemard, AM and Pfau-Effinger, B (eds), The Changing Face of Welfare. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 1‒14.
Johansson, H and Hvinden, B (2007) What do we mean by active citizenship? In Hvinden, B and Johansson, H (eds), Citizenship in Nordic Welfare States. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 32‒49.
Johnson, P and Falkingham, J (1992) Ageing and Economic Welfare. London: Sage.
Kim, JE and Moen, P (2002) Retirement transitions, gender, and psychological well-being: a life-course, ecological model. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 57, 212‒222.
Kohli, M and Rein, M (1991) The changing balance of work and retirement. In Kohli, M, Rein, M, Guillemard, AM and van Gunsteren, H (eds), Time for Retirement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1‒35.
Korpi, W (1983) The Democratic Class Struggle. Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Laczko, F, Dale, A, Arber, S and Gilbert, GN (1988) Early retirement in a period of high unemployment. Journal of Social Policy 17, 313‒333.
Larsen, CA (2013) The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lash, S (2003) Reflexivity as non-linearity. Theory, Culture & Society 20, 49‒57.
Lister, R (2002) Citizenship and changing welfare states. In Andersen, JG and Jensen, PH (eds), Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 39‒57.
Lister, R (2004) Citizenship and gender. In Nash, K and Scott, A (eds), The Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 323‒332.
Lister, R (2007) Inclusive citizenship: realizing the potential. Citizenship Studies 11, 49‒61.
Marshall, TH (1950) Citizenship and Social Class and Other Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moen, P (1996) A life course perspective on retirement, gender, and wellbeing. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 1, 131‒144.
Mood, C (2009) Logistic regression: why we cannot do what we think we can do, and what we can do about it. European Sociological Review 6, 67‒82.
Osberg, L (1993) Is it retirement or unemployment? Induced ‘retirement’ and constrained labour supply among older workers. Applied Economics 25, 505‒519.
Palier, B (ed.) (2010) A Long Goodbye to Bismarck? The Politics of Welfare Reform in Continental Europe. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Pollock, PH (1983) The participatory consequences of internal and external efficacy: a research note. The Western Political Quarterly 36, 400‒409.
Powell, M (2002) The hidden history of social citizenship. Citizenship Studies 6, 229‒244.
Radl, J (2013) Labour market exit and social stratification in Western Europe: the effects of social class and gender on the timing of retirement. European Sociological Review 29, 654‒668.
Reday-Mulvey, G (2005) Working Beyond 60: Key Policies and Practices in Europe. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rothstein, B (2011) Creating a sustainable solidaristic society: a manual. University of Gothenburg, QoG Working Paper 2011:7.
Scherger, S, Nazroo, J and Higgs, P (2011) Leisure activities and retirement: do structures of inequality change in old age? Ageing & Society 31, 146‒172.
Siegrist, J and Wahrendorf, M (2009) Quality of work, health, and retirement. The Lancet 374, 1872‒1873.
Stockemer, D and Byrne, M (2012) Women's representation around the world: the importance of women's participation in the workforce. Parliamentary Affairs 65, 802‒821.
Sweetman, C, Rowlands, J and Abou-Habib, L (2011) Introduction to citizenship. Gender & Development 19, 347‒355.
Taylor-Gooby, P (2008) Social Citizenship Under Pressure. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Turner, BS (1997) Citizenship studies: a general theory. Citizenship Studies 1, 5‒18.
van den Berg, TIJ, Elders, LAM and Burdorf, A (2010) Influence of health and work on early retirement. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 52, 576‒583.
van den Bogaard, L, Henkens, K and Kalmijn, M (2016) Retirement as a relief? The role of physical job demands and psychological job stress for effects of retirement on self-rated health. European Sociological Review 32, 295‒306.
Väre, M (2006) Spousal effect and timing of retirement. Journal of Agricultural Economics 57, 65‒80.
Vickerstaff, S, Loretto, W and White, P (2007) The future for older workers: opportunities and constraints. In Loretto, W, Vickerstaff, S and White, P (eds), The Future for Older Workers: New Perspectives. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, pp. 203‒226.
von Nordheim, F (2004) Responding well to the challenge of an ageing and shrinking workforce: European Union policies in support of member state efforts to retain, reinforce and re-integrate older workers in employment. Social Policy & Society 3, 145‒153.
Walker, A (1982) The social consequences of early retirement. The Political Quarterly 53, 73‒86.
Walker, A (1985) Early retirement: release or refuge from the labour market. The Quarterly Journal of Social Affairs 1, 211‒229.
Wang, M (2007) Profiling retirees in the retirement transition and adjustment process: examining the longitudinal change patterns of retirees’ psychological well-being. Journal of Applied Psychology 92, 455‒474.
Wang, M, Olson, DA and Shultz, KS (2013) Mid and Late Career Issues: An Integrative Perspective. New York, NY: Routledge.
Westholm, A, Montero, JR and van Deth, JW (2007) Introduction: Citizenship, involvement and democracy in Europe. In van Deth, JW, Montero, JR and Westholm, A (eds), Citizenship and Involvement in European Democracies. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, pp. 1‒32.
World Bank (1994) Averting the Old Age Crisis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.