page 2 note 1 Kaberry, P. M., ‘Traditional Politics in Nsaw’, Africa, October 1959, pp. 366–83.
page 3 note 1 The Roman Catholic Mission has adopted tshong as a means of organizing Christian women for mission work.
page 5 note 1 Kaberry, P. M., ‘Report on Farmer–Grazier relations and the Changing Pattern of Agriculture Nsaw’ (mimeographed), 1959, p. 5. Copies may be consulted at the International African Institute, the Royal Anthropological Institute, and the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, Oxford.
page 6 note 1 Emonts, Joh., Ins Steppen- und Bergland Innerkameruns, Aachen, 2nd ed. 1927, p. 284.
page 6 note 2 An unassisted Nsaw married woman in 1945 farmed about 14 acres of which nearly 1 acre was under grain. The average maize yield per acre was 7 vegati (595 1b. approx.) or 21 smaller baskets (ankem), a unit used in calculating tribute. The average acre yield for guineacorn was 12 vegati (1,020 1b. approx.), or 36 ankem. (See P. M. Kaberry, Women of the Grassfields, H.M.S.O., 1952, pp. 104–6.) Sub-chiefs also presented smaller quantities of groundnuts where these were grown. In addition, they presented one or more women to be wives of the Fon, and boys for service in ngwerong. When the women died, they were replaced.
page 6 note 3 Those who wished to have a case tried in takibu presented a fowl and a calabash of wine. The fowl was retained by the Fon, while the wine refreshed the councillors.
page 7 note 1 German military penetration of Nsaw is described in Das Deutsche Kolonialblatt, in particular Bd. xvii, 1906; Zimmermann, O., Durch Busch und Steppe; vom Campo bis zum Schari, 1892–1902, Berlin, 1909; and in Emonts, op. cit. The best exposition of German native administration in English is to be found in Rudin, Harry R., Germans in the Cameroons, 1884–1914, London, 1938, which contains a bibliography of German sources.
page 8 note 1 W. M. Bridges, ‘Banso Re-Assessment Report’, 1934 (MS.), paras. 156–8; Emonts, op. cit., p. 190.
page 9 note 1 A similar system of tax-collection is described by M. l'Administrateur Ripert (1923) in Delarozière, Études camerounaises, nos. 27–28, 1949, pp. 137–8.
page 9 note 2 For discussion of the doctrines underlying direct taxation see SirLugard, F., Political Memoranda (No. 5), 1918; Annual Reports of H.M. Government to the League of Nations, 1921–38; Annual Report of the Southern Provinces of Nigeria, 1927 and 1928; Report of the Commission of Enquiry into the recent disturbances in Owerri and Calabar Provinces, 1930; SirCameron, D., The Principles of Native Administration and their Application, 1934; SirBourdillon, Bernard, The Apportionment of Revenues and Duties as between the Central Government and the Native Administrations, 1939; Phillipson, S., Administrative and Financial Procedure under the New Constitution: Financial Relations between the Government of Nigeria and the Native Administrations, 1947, pp. 47–58.
page 9 note 3 See Moberly, F. J., Military Operations: Togoland and Cameroons, 1938.
page 10 note 1 Joh. Emonts, op. cit., pp. 76–93.
page 12 note 1 Rittmeister von Stetten, Deutsches Kolonialblatt, Bd. vi, 1895, pp. 159 ff.; Moseley, L. H., Regions of the Benue, Geog. J. vi, 1899, p. 633; Glauning, Hauptmann, Deutsches Kolonialblatt, Bd. xvii, 1905–6, p. 237.
page 12 note 2 On an earlier occasion in 1924, to make up a tax-deficit, the Fon had organized convoys of kola to Ibi, 200 miles away, where nuts reached 3s. to 5s. a hundred.
page 13 note 1 W. M. Bridges, op. cit., para. 170.
page 15 note 1 In 1954 the two amfoomi were also for the same reason appointed members of the new Nsaw Advisory Council.