An approximate method is presented for estimating the normal-force and pitching-moment characteristics (including the effects of wing-body interference) of wings mounted on bodies. A pair of wings placed side by side can be specified which, when operating at a certain angle of attack different from the geometrical angle of attack, have the same aerodynamic properties as the wings in the presence of the body. The equivalent wings and effective angle of attack are determined, and these enable the wing-body normal force and pitching moment to be estimated for wing-body combinations at angles of attack up to 90°. Comparisons made with the results of a specially conducted series of experiments on rectangular and delta planform wing-body combinations have provided gratifying supporting evidence for the theory.
Estimates are also made of the normal force and pitching moment produced by two cone-cylinder bodies over the angle of attack range 0° to 90°. These estimates, when added to the wing-body normal-force and pitching-moment estimates, have resulted in a set of longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics which are generally close to those found experimentally. The method appears to have application in the preliminary design phase for slewing missiles.