Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A damage mechanics model for low-velocity impact damage analysis of composite laminates

  • N. Li (a1), P.H. Chen (a1) and Q. Ye (a1)

Abstract

A method was developed to predict numerically the damage of composite laminates with multiple plies under low-velocity impact loading. The Puck criterion for 3D stress states was adopted to model the intralaminar damage including matrix cracking and fibre breakage, and to obtain the orientation of the fracture plane due to matrix failure. According to interlaminar delamination mechanism, a new delamination criterion was proposed. The influence of transverse and through-thickness normal stress, interlaminar shear stress and damage conditions of adjacent plies on delamination was considered. In order to predict the impact-induced damage of composite laminates with more plies quickly and efficiently, an approach, which can predict the specific damage of several plies in a single solid element, was proposed by interpolation on the strains of element integration points. Moreover, the proposed model can predict specific failure modes. A good agreement between the predicted delamination shapes and sizes and the experimental results shows correctness of the developed numerical method for predicting low-velocity impact damage on composite laminates.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
1. Hull, D. and Shi, Y.B. Damage mechanism characterization in composite damage tolerance investigations, Composite Structures, 1993, 23, pp 99120.
2. Hou, J.P., Petrinic, N. and Ruiz, C. Prediction of impact damage in composite plates, Composites Science and Technology, 2000, 60, pp 273281.
3. Hou, J.P., Petrinic, N. and Ruiz, C. Delamination criterion for laminated composites under low-velocity impact, Composites Science and Technology, 2000, 60, pp 20692074.
4. Chang, F.K. and Chang, K.Y. A progressive damage model for laminated composites containing stress concentrations, J. Composite Materials, 1987, 21, pp 834855.
5. Hinton, M.J., Kaddour, A.S. and Soden, P.D. A comparison of the predictive capabilities of current failure theories for composite laminates judged against experimental evidence, Composites Science and Technology, 2002, 62, pp 17251797.
6. Soden, P.D., Kaddour, A.S. and Hinton, M.J. Recommendations for designers and researchers resulting from the world-wide failure exercise, Composites Science and Technology, 2004, 64, pp 589604.
7. Knops, M. Failure Analysis of Failure in Fiber Polymer Laminates: The Theory of Alfred Puck, 2008, Springer, Germany.
8. Faggiani, A. and Falzon, B.G. Predicting low-velocity impact damage on a stiffened composite panel, Composites: Part A, 2010, 41, pp 737749.
9. Shi, Y., Swait, T. and Soutis, C. Modelling damage evolution in composite laminates subjected to low velocity impact, Composite Structures, 2012, 94, pp 29022913.
10. Raimondo, L., Iannucci, L. and Robinson, P. A progressive failure model for mesh size independent FE analysis of composite laminates subject to low-velocity impact damage, Composites Science and Technology, 2012, 72, pp 624632.
11. Turon, A., Davila, C.G. and Camanho, P.P. An engineering solution for using coarse meshes in the simulation of delamination with cohesive zone models, NASA/TM-2005-213547, 2005, Hampton, Virginia, USA.
12. Choi, H.Y., Downs, R.J. and Chang, F.K. A New Approach Toward Understanding Damage Mechanisms and Mechanics of Laminated Composites due to Low-velocity Impact, Part I, J. Composite Materials, 1991, 25, pp 9921011.
13. Choi, H.Y., Downs, R.J. and Chang, F.K. A new approach toward understanding damage mechanisms and mechanics of laminated composites due to low-velocity impact, part II, J. Composite Materials, 1991, 25, pp 10121038.
14. Her, S.C. and Liang, Y.C. The finite element analysis of composite laminates and shell structures subjected to low velocity impact. Composite Structures, 2004, 66, pp 277285.
15. Bouvet, C., Castanie, B. and Bizeul, M. Low velocity impact modelling in laminate composite panels with discrete interface elements, Int. J. Solids and Structures, 2009, 46, pp 28092821.
16. Deuschle, H.M. 3D Failure Analysis of UD Fiber Reinforced Composites: Puck's Theory within FEA, 2010, University Stuttgart, Germany.
17. Kim, E.H., Rim, M.S. and Lee, I. Composite damage model based on continuum damage mechanics and low velocity impact analysis of composite plates, Composite Structures, 2013, 95, pp 123134.
18. Feng, D. and Aymerich, F. Finite element modelling of damage induced by low-velocity impact on composite laminates, Composite Structures, 2014, 108, pp 161171.
19. Camanho, P.P. and Matthews, F.L. A progressive damage model for mechanically fastened joints in composite laminates, J. Composite Materials, 1999, 33, pp 22482280.
20. Puck, A., Kopp, J. and Knops, M. Guidelines for the determination of the parameters in Puck's action plane strength criterion, Composites Science and Technology, 2002, 62, pp 371378.
21. ABAQUS. ABAQUS Version 6.14, 2014, Dessault Systemes. Providence, Rhode Island, US.
22. Li, X., Hallett, S.R. and Wisnom, M.R. Predicting the effect of through-thickness compressive stress on delamination using interface elements, Composites: Part A, 2008, 39, pp 218230.
23. Zhang, X., Bianchi, F. and Liu, H. Predicting low-velocity impact damage in composites using a cohesive fracture model, Aeronautical J., 2012, 116, pp 13671381.
24. Aymerich, F., Dore, F. and Priolo, P. Prediction of impact-induced delamination in cross-ply composite laminates using cohesive interface elements, Composites Science and Technology, 2008, 68, pp 23832390.
25. Zhang, J. and Zhang, X. Simulating low-velocity impact induced delamination in composites by a quasi-static load model with surface-based cohesive contact, Composite Structures, 2015, 125, pp 5157.
26. Wang, R.P., Chen, P.H. and Shen, Z. Damage resistance analysis of composite laminates subjected to quasi-static indentation, Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2008, 25 (3), pp 149153. (In Chinese).

Keywords

A damage mechanics model for low-velocity impact damage analysis of composite laminates

  • N. Li (a1), P.H. Chen (a1) and Q. Ye (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed