Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Effects of X-Ray Optics on Residual Stress Measurements in Steel

  • Chester F. Jatczak (a1) and Harald H. Boehm (a1)

Abstract

The effects of various combinations of divergence, receiving and Soller slits on x-ray measurements were investigated for Siemens-Halske and General Electric diffractometers. Influences of the following factors which also affect accuracy and precision of x-ray R.S. results were determined in addition: (a) parafocus versus stationary detector focusing geometry, (b) method of peak location, (c) LPA intensity correction, (d) diffractometer electronic stability and (e) elastic constants.

The optimum choiees of beam optics and factors (a-e) were defined with regard to aecuraey, precision and minimurn time for stress deterniination, on sharp and broad line speeimens of soft (annealed) and hardened steel and of annealed Cr-powder.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Barrett, C.S., Structure of Metals, (1952), p. 316, McGraw-Hill.
2. Christenson, A. L. and Rowland, E. S., “X-Ray Measurements of Residual Stress in Hardened High Carbon Steel,” Trans. ASM, 45, (1953), p. 638.
3. Cullity, B. D., Elements of Diffraction, (1959), 436, Addison-Wes1ey.
4. Hauk, V., “Present State of the Determination of Stresses by X-Ray Investigation,” Archiv, Eisenhuttenwessen, 38, (1967), p. 233.
5. Koistinen, D. P. and Marburger, R. E., “Calculating Peak Positions in X-Ray R.S. Measurements on Hardened Steel,” Trans. ASM, 51, (1959), p. 537.
6. Macherauch, E., “X-Ray Stress Analysis,” Proc. Soc. Exp. Mechanics, 23, (1966), p. 140.
7. TR-182, “Measurement of Stress by X-Rays,” Soc. Automotive Engineers, Div. 4, (1952), SAE, New York.
8. Taira, S., Arima, J. and Shiroyama, T., Journal Soc. Mat. Sci., Japan, 12, No. 123, (1963), p. 865, ‘'Measurement of Elastic Constants by X-Ray Methods”.
9. Hayashi, K., “X-Ray Inv. on Lattice Strain and Deformation of Polycrystalline Metals,” Doctor Engr. Thesis, Kyoto Univ., (1970).
10. Taira, S and Yoshioka, Y., “X-Ray Investigation of the Residual Stress of Metallic Materials,” Journal Soc. Mat. Sci., Japan, 13, No. 135, (1964), p. 949.
11. Shiraiwa, T and Sakamoto, Y., “X-Ray Stress Measurement and Its Application to Steel,” Sumitomo Search No. 7, May, 1972.
12. Fukura, J and Fujiwara, H., “Evaluation of Various Techniques of X-Ray Stress Measurement With the Diffractometer,” Journal Soc. Mat. Sci., Japan, 15, No. 159, (1966), p. 825.
13. Fukura, J and Fujiwara, H., “Developments in X-Ray Stress Measurements,” Bulletin Faculty Engr., Tokushima Univ., 7, No. 1, (1970).
14. H. S. 182, J784, “Residual Stress Measurement by X-Ray Diffraction,” Soc. Autom. Engr., (1971), SAE, New York.
15. Ogilvie, R. E., “Stress Measurement With the X-Ray Spectrometer,” M.S. Thesis, Mass. Inst. Tech., (1952).
16. Parrish, W and Van Olphen, H., “X-Ray Diffractometry for Complex Powder Patterns,” Prog. Anal. Chem., 1, (1968), Plenum Press.
17. Jatczak, C and Zantopulos, H., “Systematic Errors in Residual Stress Measurements Due to Specimen Geometry,” Adv. in X-Ray Analysis, 14, (1970), Plenum Press, p. 360.
18. Muro, H., Sadaoka, J. and Tokoda, M., “Examination of Correction Factors in X-Ray Residual Stress Measurements of Hardened Steel,” Journal Society Mat. Science, 15, No. 159, 1966.
19. Aoyama, S., Satta, K and Tada, M., “The Effect of Setup Errors on the Accuracy of Stress Measured With the Parallel Beam Diffractometer,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci., Japan, 17, No. 183, 1968, p.1071.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed