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X-Ray Diffraction Studies Under Non-Ambient Conditions: Application to Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide Solid Lubricants

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 March 2019

E. F. Skelton
Affiliation:
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375-5000
A. W. Webb
Affiliation:
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375-5000
M. W. Schaefer
Affiliation:
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375-5000
D. Schiferl
Affiliation:
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545
A. I. Katz
Affiliation:
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545
H. D. Hochheimer
Affiliation:
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545
S. B. Qadri
Affiliation:
Sachs/Freeman Associates, Bowie, MD 20715
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Extract

During the past quarter-century, the field of high pressure research has undergone a quiet revolution. This has resulted from the creation and development of the diamond-anvil cell (DAC). Because diamonds are the hardest known materials, the highest static pressures can be attained and indefinitely held in these devices, recent pressure records have surpassed 400 GPa.

Type
IX. High Temperature and Non-Ambient Powder Diffraction Applications
Copyright
Copyright © International Centre for Diffraction Data 1986

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References

1. Jayaraman, A., “Diamond Anvil Cell and High Pressure Physical Investigations”, Rev. Mod. Phys. 55: 65 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2. Moss, W.C., Hallquist, J.O., Reichlin, R., Goettel, K.A., and Martin, S., “Finite Element Analysis of the Diamond Anvil Cell: Achieving 4.6 Mbar”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48: 1258 (1986).Google Scholar
3. Xu, J.A., Mao, H.K., and Bell, P.M., “High Pressure Ruby and Diamond Fluorsstnence: Observations at 0.21 to 0.55 Terapascal”, Science 232: 1404 (1986).Google Scholar
4. Gilfrich, J.V., Skelton, E. F., Nagel, D.J., Webb, A.W., Qadri, S.B., and Kirkland, J.P., “X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis Osing Synchrotron Radiation”, Adv. X-Ray Ana J. 26: 313 (1983).Google Scholar
5. Skelton, E.F., High-Pressure Research with Synchrotron Radiation, “ Physics Today 37(9):44 (1984).Google Scholar
6. Webb, A.W., Gubser, D.U., and Towle, L.C., “Cryostat for Generating Pressures to 100 Kilobar and Temperatures to 0.03 K.” Rev. Sei. Instrum. 47: 59 (1976).Google Scholar
7. Ming, L.C. and Bassett, W.A., “Laser Heafcing in the Diamond Anvil Press Up to 2000°C Sustained and 3000°C Pulsed at Pressures öp to 260 Kilobars”, Rev. Sei. Instrum. 45: 1115 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8. Schiferl, D., Fritz, J.N., Katz, A.I., M. Schaefer, Skelton, E.F., Qadri, S.B., Ming, L.C., and Manghnani, M.H., “Ultra-High Temp¬erature Diamond-Anvil Cell for X-Ray Diffraction: Application to the Comparison of the Gold and Tungsten High Temperature/ High Pressure Scales”, to be, published in High Pressure Research in Geophysics, edited by S. Akimoto and Manghnani, M.H. (1986).Google Scholar
9. Merrill, L. and Bassett, W.A., “Miniature Diamond Anvil Cell for Single Crystal X-Ray Diffraction Studies”, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45: 290 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10. Kirby, R.K., Hahn, T.A., and Rothrock, B.D., in American Institute of Physica Handbook, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972), 4124.Google Scholar
11. Skelton, E.F., Qadri, S.B., Webb, A. w., Lee, C.W., and Kirk-land, J.P., “Improved System for Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction with Synchrotron Radiation”, Rev. Sei. Instrum. 54: 403 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
12. Sfcelton, E.F., Ayers, J.D., Elara, W.T., Francavilla, T.L., Vold, C.L., Webb, A.W., Wolf, S.A., Qadri, S.B., Manghnani, M.H., Ming, L.C., Balogh, J.,, Huang, C.Y., Schiferl, D., and Lacoe, R.C., “Recent Advances in a Facility for High-Pressure Structural Studies ösing Synchrotron Radiation”, High Tetnp.-High Press. 16: 527 (1984).Google Scholar
13. Decker, D.L., “High-Pressure Equation of State for NaCl, KC1, and CsCl”, J. Appl. Phys. 42: 3239 (1971).Google Scholar

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X-Ray Diffraction Studies Under Non-Ambient Conditions: Application to Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide Solid Lubricants
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