Altman, GA (1991) Practical Statistics for Medical Reserch. London:Chapman & Hall.
Asberg, M, Montgomery, SA, Perris, C, Schalling, D and Sedvall, G (1978) A comprehensive psychopathological rating scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Supplement, Suppl 271, 5–27.
Brennan, AR and Arnsten, AF (2008) Neuronal mechanisms underlying attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: the influence of arousal on prefrontal cortical function. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1129, 236–245.
Brioschi, A, Gramigna, S, Werth, E, Staub, F, Ruffieux, C, Bassetti, C, Schluep, M and Annoni, JM (2009) Effect of modafinil on subjective fatigue in multiple sclerosis and stroke patients. European Neurological 62, 243–249.
Burstein, ES, Carlsson, ML, Owens, M, Ma, JN, Schiffer, HH, Carlsson, A and Hacksell, U (2011) II. In vitro evidence that (−)-OSU6162 and (+)-OSU6162 produce their behavioral effects through 5-HT2A serotonin and D2 dopamine receptors. Journal of Neural Transmission 118, 1523–1533.
Cantor, JB, Gordon, W and Gumber, S (2013) What is post TBI fatigue? NeuroRehabilitation 32, 875–883.
Carlsson, ML, Burstein, ES, Kloberg, A, Hansson, S, Schedwin, A, Nilsson, M, Rung, JP and Carlsson, A (2011) I. In vivo evidence for partial agonist effects of (−)-OSU6162 and (+)-OSU6162 on 5-HT2A serotonin receptors. Journal of Neural Transmission 118, 1511–1522.
Carlsson, ML, Carlsson, A and Nilsson, M (2004) Schizophrenia: from dopamine to glutamate and back. Current Medicinal Chemistry 11, 267–277.
Chaudhuri, A and Behan, PO (2004) Fatigue in neurological disorders. Lancet 363, 978–988.
Deluca, J (2005) Fatigue as a Window to the Brain. London: The MIT Press.
Ellis, D, Kaplane, E and Kramer, JH (2001) Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System – D-KEFS. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Gefvert, O, Lindström, LH, Dahlbäck, O, Sonesson, C, Waters, N, Carlsson, A and Tedroff, J (2000) (−)-OSU6162 induces a rapid onset of antipsychotic effect after a single dose. A double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study. Scandinavian Society for Psychopharmacology 41st annual meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 93–94.
Glader, EL, Stegmayr, B and Asplund, K (2002) Poststroke fatigue: a 2-year follow-up study of stroke patients in Sweden. Stroke 33, 1327–1333.
Hodges, JL Jr and Lehmann, EL (1983) Hodges-lehmann estimators. In: Kotz, S, Johnson, NL and Read, CB (eds), Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Holbrook, M and Skilbeck, CE (1983) An activities index for use with stroke patients. Age Ageing 12, 166–170.
Hollander, M and Wolfe, DA (1999) Nonparametric Statistical Methods. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Jha, A, Weintraub, A, Allshouse, A, Morey, C, Cusick, C, Kittelson, J, Harrison-Felix, C, Whiteneck, G and Gerber, D (2008) A randomized trial of modafinil for the treatment of fatigue and excessive daytime sleepiness in individuals with chronic traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 23, 52–63.
Johansson, B, Berglund, P and Ronnback, L (2009) Mental fatigue and impaired information processing after mild and moderate traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury 23, 1027–1040.
Johansson, B, Carlsson, A, Carlsson, ML, Karlsson, M, Nilsson, MK, Nordquist-Brandt, E and Ronnback, L (2012) Placebo-controlled cross-over study of the monoaminergic stabiliser (−)-OSU6162 in mental fatigue following stroke or traumatic brain injury. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 24, 266–274.
Johansson, B and Ronnback, L (2014) Evaluation of the mental fatigue scale and its relation to cognitive and emotional functioning after traumatic brain injury or stroke. International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 2, 2–7.
Johansson, B and Ronnback, L (2015) Novel computer tests for identification of mental fatigue after traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation 36, 195–202.
Johansson, B, Starmark, A, Berglund, P, Rodholm, M and Ronnback, L (2010) A self-assessment questionnaire for mental fatigue and related symptoms after neurological disorders and injuries. Brain Injury 24, 2–12.
Johansson, B, Wentzel, AP, Andrell, P, Odenstedt, J, Mannheimer, C and Ronnback, L (2014) Evaluation of dosage, safety and effects of methylphenidate on post-traumatic brain injury symptoms with a focus on mental fatigue and pain. Brain Injury 28, 304–310.
Kaiser, PR, Valko, PO, Werth, E, Thomann, J, Meier, J, Stocker, R, Bassetti, CL and Baumann, CR (2010) Modafinil ameliorates excessive daytime sleepiness after traumatic brain injury. Neurology 75, 1780–1785.
Kloberg, A, Constantinescu, R, Nilsson, MK, Carlsson, ML, Carlsson, A, Wahlstrom, J and Haghighi, S (2014) Tolerability and efficacy of the monoaminergic stabilizer (−)-OSU6162 (PNU-96391A) in Huntington’s disease: a double-blind cross-over study. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 26, 298–306.
Lahti, RA, Tamminga, CA and Carlsson, A (2007) Stimulating and inhibitory effects of the dopamine “stabilizer” (−)-OSU6162 on dopamine D2 receptor function in vitro. Journal of Neural Transmission 114, 1143–1146.
Lundberg, T, Tedroff, J, Waters, N, Sonesson, C and Carlsson, A (2002) Safety of early clinical experience with (−)-OSU6162, a dopaminergic stabilizer with antipsychotic properties. SCNP 43rd Annual and 2nd Mediterranean Meeting, Juan-les-Pins, France. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 24.
Madisons, S (2003) Läsdiagnos. Lund: Läs och skrivcentrum.
Nilsson, MKL, Zachrisson, O, Gottfries, CG, Matousek, M, Peilot, B, Forsmark, S, Schuit, RC, Carlsson, ML, Kloberg, A and Carlsson, A (2018) A randomised controlled trial of the monoaminergic stabiliser (−)-OSU6162 in treatment of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 30, 148–157.
Reitan, RM and Wolfson, D (1985) The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery, Theory and Clinical Interpretation. Tucson, AZ: Neuropsychology Press.
Rodriguez, CA, Azie, NE, Adams, G, Donaldson, K, Francom, SF, Staton, BA and Bombardt, PA (2004) Single oral dose safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of PNU-96391 in healthy volunteers. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 44, 276–283.
Rung, JP, Rung, E, Helgeson, L, Johansson, AM, Svensson, K, Carlsson, A and Carlsson, ML (2008) Effects of (−)-OSU6162 and ACR16 on motor activity in rats, indicating a unique mechanism of dopaminergic stabilization. Journal of Neural Transmission 115, 899–908.
Schuling, J, de Haan, R, Limburg, M and Groenier, KH (1993) The frenchay activities index. Assessment of functional status in stroke patients. Stroke 24, 1173–1177.
Svanborg, P and Asberg, M (1994) A new self-rating scale for depression and anxiety states based on the comprehensive psychopathological rating scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 89, 21–28.
Tolboom, N, Berendse, HW, Leysen, JE, Yaqub, M, van Berckel, BN, Schuit, RC, Ponsen, MM, Bakker, E, Hoetjes, NJ, Windhorst, AD, Carlsson, ML, Lammertsma, AA and Carlsson, A (2015) The dopamine stabilizer (−)-OSU6162 occupies a subpopulation of striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptors: an [(11)C]raclopride PET study in healthy human subjects. Neuropsychopharmacology 40, 472–479.
Wechsler, D (2003) WAIS III: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Third Edition. Swedish Version, 3rd Edn.Stockholm: Pearson Assessment.