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We consider a convex Lagrangian
quadratic at infinity with
and such that the 1-form
is not closed. We show that for every number
, there is a contractible (nonconstant) periodic orbit with action
. We also obtain estimates of the period and energy of such periodic orbits.
Given a vector field on a manifold
, we define a globally conserved quantity to be a differential form whose Lie derivative is exact. Integrals of conserved quantities over suitable submanifolds are constant under time evolution, the Kelvin circulation theorem being a well-known special case. More generally, conserved quantities are well behaved under transgression to spaces of maps into
. We focus on the case of multisymplectic manifolds and Hamiltonian vector fields. Our main result is that in the presence of a Lie group of symmetries admitting a homotopy co-momentum map, one obtains a whole family of globally conserved quantities. This extends a classical result in symplectic geometry. We carry this out in a general setting, considering several variants of the notion of globally conserved quantity.
We consider the quasi-periodic Fermi–Ulam ping-pong model with no diophantine condition on the frequencies and show that typically the set of initial data which leads to escaping orbits has Lebesgue measure zero.
We use Hamiltonian Floer theory to recover and generalize a classic rigidity theorem of Ekeland and Lasry. That theorem can be rephrased as an assertion about the existence of multiple closed Reeb orbits for certain tight contact forms on the sphere that are close, in a suitable sense, to the standard contact form. We first generalize this result to Reeb flows of contact forms on prequantization spaces that are suitably close to Boothby–Wang forms. We then establish, under an additional nondegeneracy assumption, the same rigidity phenomenon for Reeb flows on any closed contact manifold. A natural obstruction to obtaining sharp multiplicity results for closed Reeb orbits is the possible existence of fast closed orbits. To complement the existence results established here, we also show that the existence of such fast orbits cannot be precluded by any condition which is invariant under contactomorphisms, even for nearby contact forms.
In this paper, we propose a new energy-preserving scheme and a new momentum-preserving scheme for the modified regularized long wave equation. The proposed schemes are designed by using the discrete variational derivative method and the finite volume element method. For comparison, we also propose a finite volume element scheme. The conservation properties of the proposed schemes are analyzed and we find that the energy-preserving scheme can precisely conserve the discrete total mass and total energy, the momentum-preserving scheme can precisely conserve the discrete total mass and total momentum, while the finite volume element scheme merely conserve the discrete total mass. We also analyze their linear stability property using the Von Neumann theory and find that the proposed schemes are unconditionally linear stable. Finally, we present some numerical examples to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes.
In this paper the fractional Euler-Lagrange equation is considered. The fractional equation with the left and right Caputo derivatives of order α ∈ (0,1] is transformed into its corresponding integral form. Next, we present a numerical solution of the integral form of the considered equation. On the basis of numerical results, the convergence of the proposed method is determined. Examples of numerical solutions of this equation are shown in the final part of this paper.
Volume-preserving algorithms (VPAs) for the charged particles dynamics is preferred because of their long-term accuracy and conservativeness for phase space volume. Lie algebra and the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff (BCH) formula can be used as a fundamental theoretical tool to construct VPAs. Using the Lie algebra structure of vector fields, we split the volume-preserving vector field for charged particle dynamics into three volume-preserving parts (sub-algebras), and find the corresponding Lie subgroups. Proper combinations of these subgroups generate volume preserving, second order approximations of the original solution group, and thus second order VPAs. The developed VPAs also show their significant effectiveness in conserving phase-space volume exactly and bounding energy error over long-term simulations.
We propose and analyse a method based on the Riccati transformation for solving the evolutionary Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation arising from the dynamic stochastic optimal allocation problem. We show how the fully nonlinear Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation can be transformed into a quasilinear parabolic equation whose diffusion function is obtained as the value function of a certain parametric convex optimization problem. Although the diffusion function need not be sufficiently smooth, we are able to prove existence and uniqueness and derive useful bounds of classical Hölder smooth solutions. Furthermore, we construct a fully implicit iterative numerical scheme based on finite volume approximation of the governing equation. A numerical solution is compared to a semi-explicit travelling wave solution by means of the convergence ratio of the method. We compute optimal strategies for a portfolio investment problem motivated by the German DAX 30 index as an example of the application of the method.
A celebrated theorem in two-dimensional dynamics due to John Franks asserts that every area-preserving homeomorphism of the sphere has either two or infinitely many periodic points. In this work we re-prove Franks’ theorem under the additional assumption that the map is smooth. Our proof uses only tools from symplectic topology and thus differs significantly from previous proofs. A crucial role is played by the results of Ginzburg and Kerman concerning resonance relations for Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms.
The classical variational analysis of curvature energy functionals, acting on spaces of curves of a Riemannian manifold, is extremely complicated, and the procedure usually can not be completely developed under such a degree of generality. Sometimes this difficulty may be overcome by focusing on specific actions in real space forms. In this note, we restrict ourselves to quadratic Lagrangian energies acting on the space of closed curves of the 2-sphere. We solve the Euler–Lagrange equation and show that there exists a two-parameter family of closed critical curves. We also discuss the stability of the circular critical points. Since, even for this class of energies, the complete variational analysis is quite involved, we use instead a numerical approach to provide a useful method of visualization of relevant aspects concerning uniqueness, stability and explicit representation of the closed critical curves.
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