Skip to main content Accessibility help
Cambridge University Press
Online publication date:
January 2023
Print publication year:
Online ISBN:

Book description

In the seventeenth century, Veracruz was the busiest port in the wealthiest colony in the Americas. People and goods from five continents converged in the city, inserting it firmly into the early modern world's largest global networks. Nevertheless, Veracruz never attained the fame or status of other Atlantic ports. Veracruz and the Caribbean in the Seventeenth Century is the first English-language, book-length study of early modern Veracruz. Weaving elements of environmental, social, and cultural history, it examines both Veracruz's internal dynamics and its external relationships. Chief among Veracruz's relationships were its close ties within the Caribbean. Emphasizing relationships of small-scale trade and migration between Veracruz and Caribbean cities like Havana, Santo Domingo, and Cartagena, Veracruz and the Caribbean shows how the city's residents – especially its large African and Afro-descended communities – were able to form communities and define identities separate from those available in the Mexican mainland.


‘In this deeply researched and original book, Joe Clark argues for a distinct Mexican-Caribbean urban history. Africans and their descendants formed the majority population of seventeenth century Veracruz; Clark sheds light on their social, cultural, and economic roles in Veracruz and the circum-Caribbean networks of Havana and Cartagena. An important contribution to Mexican, Caribbean, and Atlantic World histories.’

Jane Landers - author of Atlantic Creoles in the Age of Revolutions

‘This richly documented history of Veracruz gives new meaning to the bound waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Joe Clark demonstrates the utility of seeing beyond the lines drawn on imperial maps to understand the web of relations that connected Afro-diasporic communities. It is an exceptional achievement.’

Tatiana Seijas - author of Asian Slaves in Colonial Mexico: From Chinos to Indians

‘This excellent, long-awaited study breaks new ground by examining seventeenth-century Mexico in relation to the Spanish Caribbean. Creatively employing an impressive range of disparate sources, Clark opens multiple new ways of envisioning early colonial Veracruz as a Black and Caribbean space.’

David Wheat - author of Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570–1640

‘…Clark has produced a dynamic history of seventeenth-century Veracruz. Crucially, by moving beyond the geographic framings privileged by elites, he demonstrates the importance of regional, granular perspectives for uncovering the experiences of individuals, especially those of African descent, within a multifaceted Caribbean world.’

Casey Schmitt Source: Hispanic American Historical Review

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Save to Kindle
  • Save to Dropbox
  • Save to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.