Skip to main content Accessibility help
The Resources of the Past in Early Medieval Europe
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    van Hoof, Lieve and van Nuffelen, Peter 2017. The Historiography of Crisis: Jordanes, Cassiodorus and Justinian in mid-sixth-century Constantinople. Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 107, Issue. , p. 275.


Book description

This volume analyses the importance of history, the textual resources of the past and the integration of Christian and imperial Rome into the cultural memory of early medieval Europe within the wider question of identity formation. The case studies in this book shed new light on the process of codification and modification of cultural heritage in the light of the transmission of texts and the extant manuscript evidence from the early middle ages. The authors demonstrate how particular texts and their early medieval manuscript representatives in Italy, Francia, Saxony and Bavaria not only reflect ethnic, social and cultural identities but themselves contributed to the creation of identities, gave meaning to social practice, and were often intended to inspire, guide, change, or prevent action, directly or indirectly. These texts are shown to be part of a cultural effort to shape the present by restructuring the past.


‘This coherent collection focuses on the collection, formation, and management of the distant (classical and patristic) and the more recent past through processes of selective transmission, suppression, and rewriting of this heritage in the early Middle Ages. They are an important contribution to our understanding of the importance of biblical and patristic texts and the core significance of the Eusebius-Jerome tradition to create useful cultural memories, but also the malleability of these texts at the hands of authors and compilers.’

Patrick J. Geary - Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

‘This wide-ranging collection of essays is an important contribution by medievalists to the conceptual debates about cultural and collective memory more commonly conducted with reference to later centuries. It will be of great value to all those interested in text history as well as historical writing in the early Middle Ages.’

Julia Smith - University of Glasgow

‘As ample a subject as ‘the resources of the past’ spanning the fourth century to the eleventh is appropriately given a team-treatment in this timely and stimulating volume. The authors, ranging from doctoral students to some senior figures in the field, bring richly varied resources of their own to bear. They tackle many texts, ranging from fairly obscure to much-studied, finding and testing new approaches. The effect is one of illumination across the earlier medieval period.’

Jinty Nelson - King’s College London

‘This book gives us an exciting and creative rereading of the issues involved in how to use the concept of cultural memory in actual historical analysis. It will be a new starting-point for medieval debate.’

Chris Wickham - University of Oxford

‘The natural complement to Hen and Innes’ volume The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 2000), The Resources of the Past in Early Medieval Europe focuses more tightly on which, whether, and why, quarries of past knowledge were used, and how this knowledge was transformed in the process of its appropriation and transmission. Moving from inference to implication, the collection’s contributors demonstrate that such transformations were not the accidents of mindless copyists stolidly passing along an unbidden bequest, but the product of deliberate, considered choices about the past made for present and future needs. [This book] forcefully reminds us that to view a profile of Carolingian culture we must simultaneously see it as Janus-faced and take it at face value.’

Courtney M. Booker - University of British Columbia

'This innovative and stimulating volume offers a remarkable synthesis of the research directions pursued by its senior contributors over the last two decades. Yet most importantly, this volume demonstrates how a careful study of minor texts and their manuscript transmission can contribute to the social and political history of the early medieval west by diving deeper into Carolingian cultural practices.'

Warren Pezé Source: Early Medieval Europe

'Over the course of four thematic sections (‘Learning Empire’, ‘The Biblical Past’, ‘Changing Senses of the Other from the Fourth to the Eleventh Century’ and ‘The Migration of Cultural Traditions in Early Medieval Europe’), the fifteen essays in this collection provide case studies of the ways in which early medieval authors drew upon the textual resources of the past to inform the present.'

Scott G. Bruce Source: The Journal of Ecclesiastical History

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

Page 1 of 2

Page 1 of 2



  • Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek

    • Hist. 3 (olim E.3.14)

  • Berlin, Staatsbibliothek

    • Phillipps 1885

    • Phillipps 1896

  • Bern, Burgerbibliothek

    • 219

    • 363

  • Brussels, Bibliothèque royale

    • lat. 9403

  • Cambrai, Bibliothèque municipale

    • 624 (684)

  • Chartres, Bibliothèque municipale

    • 10

  • Einsiedeln, Stiftsbibliothek

    • 347 (975)

  • Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

    • San Marco 38

  • Geneva, Bibliothèque publique et universitaire

    • lat. 50

  • Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek

    • Pal. lat. 864

  • Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek

    • Aug. XVIII

    • Aug. CXI

    • Fragm. Aug. CIV

  • Leiden, Universiteitsbibliotheek

    • Scaliger 14

    • VLQ 63

    • VLQ 110

    • VLQ 110A

  • London, British Library

    • Cotton Tiberius A.XV

  • Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana

    • 490

  • Metz, Bibliothèque municipale

    • lat. 236 (destroyed)

  • Milan, Archivio Capitolare della Basilica di Sant’Ambrogio

    • M 7

    • M 15

  • Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, I 1 sup.

  • Monte Cassino, Biblioteca della Badia

    • 302

  • Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek

    • Clm 4592

    • Clm 6376

    • Clm 6383

    • Clm 14276

    • Clm 14277

    • Clm 14423

    • Clm 14469

    • Clm 14645

    • Clm 14854

    • Clm 19415

    • Clm 29041

  • Oxford, Bodleian Library

    • Auct. T.II

  • Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF)

    • lat. 1668

    • lat. 2316

    • lat. 2443

    • lat. 5018

    • lat. 6400 B

    • lat. 7906

    • lat. 10399

    • lat. 10400

    • lat. 12205

    • lat. 12527

    • lat. 12634

    • lat. 17654

    • lat. 17655

    • lat. 18282

  • St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek

    • 130

    • 569

    • 622

    • 908

  • St Petersburg, Rossiǐskaya natsional’naya biblioteka

    • lat. F.v.I.11

    • lat. Q.v.I.15

    • lat. Q.v.IV.5

    • lat. Q.v.IX

  • Troyes, Bibliothèque municipale

    • 802

  • Valenciennes, Bibliothèque municipale

    • 95

  • Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV)

    • Pal. lat. 170

    • Pal. lat. 207

    • Pal. lat. 814

    • Pal. lat. 822

    • Pal. lat. 829

    • Pal. lat. 920

    • Pal. lat. 1753

    • Reg. lat. 76

    • Reg. lat. 1709A

    • Reg. lat. 2077

    • Vat. lat. 1340

    • Vat. lat. 1348

    • Vat. lat. 1610 or 6010???

    • Vat. lat. 3764

    • Vat. lat. 5704

  • Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

    • lat. 169

  • Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

    • lat. 522

    • lat. 614

    • lat. ser. nov. 3644

  • Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek

    • Cod. Weiss 34

    • Guelf. 532 Helmstedt

Primary sources

Abbo of Fleury, Epitome de XCI Romanorum Pontificum Vitis, ed. L.-M. Gantier, L’abrégé du Liber pontificalis d’Abbon de Fleury (vers 950–1004): une histoire des papes en l’an mil (Louvain la Neuve, Leuven and Brussels, 2004)
Acts of the Second Council of Nicaea, Sessions 1–3, ed. E. Lamberz, ACO, ser. 2, III, vol. 1 (Berlin, New York, 2008)
Adam of Bremen, Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum, ed. W. Trillmich and R. Buchner, Quellen des 9. und 11. Jahrhunderts zur Geschichte der hamburgischen Kirche und des Reiches (Darmstadt, 1961), pp. 137–500; trans. F. J. Tschan and T. Reuter, The History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen (Chichester, 2002)
Alcuin, De fide Sanctae Trinitatis et de incarnatione Christi. Quaestiones de Sancta Trinitate, ed. E. Knibbs and E. A. Matter, CCCM 249 (Turnhout, 2012)
Alcuin, Epistolae, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Epp. IV (Berlin 1895), pp. 1–481
Alcuin, Vita Willibrordi, ed. W. Levison, MGH SRM 7 (Hanover, 1920); trans. C. H. Talbot, ‘The life of Saint Willibrord’, in T. F. X. Noble and T. Head (eds.), Soldiers of Christ, pp. 189–211
Altfrid, Vita Liudgeri, ed. W. Diekamp, Die Vitae Sancti Liudgeri (Münster, 1881)
Ambrose, Epistulae et acta, ed. O. Faller and M. Zelzer, Sancti Ambrosi Opera, CSEL 82, 4 vols. (Vienna, 1968–1996); (partly) trans. J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz, Ambrose of Milan: Political Letters and Speeches, Translated Texts for Historians 43 (Liverpool, 2005)
Andreas of Bergamo, Historia, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SRL 1 (Hanover, 1878), pp. 220–30
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 6 MS D, ed. D. N. Dumville and G. P. Cubbin (Woodbridge, 1996)
Annales Bertiniani, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SRG 5 (Hanover 1883)
Annales Guelferbytani, ed. G. H. Pertz, MGH SS 1 (Hanover 1826), pp. 19–46
Annales Laureshamenses, ed. E. Katz, Annalium Laureshamensium editio emendata secundum codicem St. Paulensem, Seperatabdruck vom Jahresbericht des öffentlichen Stifts-Untergymnasiums der Benedictiner zu St. Paul (St Paul, 1889)
Annales Mettenses priores, ed. B. von Simson, MGH SRG 10 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1905); trans. P. Fouracre and R. A. Gerberding, ‘“Annales Mettenses priores” (the earlier Annals of Metz)’, in Fouracre and Gerberding (eds.), Late Merovingian France, pp. 330–70
Annales Mosellani, ed. I. M. Lappenberg, MGH SS 16 (Hanover, 1859), pp. 491–99
Annales Petaviani, ed. G. H. Pertz, MGH SS 1 (Hanover, 1826), pp. 7–18
Annales Regni Francorum, ed. F. Kurze, MGH SRG 6 (Hanover, 1895); ed. and trans. R. Rau, AQ 5 (Darmstadt, 1987); trans. B. W. Scholz and B. Rogers, ‘Royal Frankish Annals’, in Scholz and Rogers (eds.), Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard’s Histories (Ann Arbor, 1970), pp. 35–125
Andreas of BergamoRevised’ version of the Annales regni Francorum, ed. F. Kurze, Annales qui dicuntur Einhardi, MGH SRG 6 (Hanover, 1895); ed. and trans. R. Rau, AQ 5 (Darmstadt, 1987)
Annales Sancti Amandi, ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS 1 (Hanover, 1826), pp. 6–14
Annals of Massay, ed. P. Labbé, Novae bibliothecae manuscriptorum librorum (Paris, 1657), vol. II, pp. 733–6
Annals of Ulster, ed. S. Mac Airt and G. Mac Niocaill (Dublin, 1983)
Asconius, Tiberius Catius, Sili Italici Punica, ed. J. Delz, BT (Leipzig, 1987)
Astronomer, Vita Hludowici imperatoris, ed. E. Tremp, MGH SRG 64 (Hanover, 1995); trans. Noble, Charlemagne, pp. 226–302
Augustine of Hippo, Confessionum libri XIII, ed. L. Verheijen, CCSL 27 (Turnhout, 1981)
Augustine of HippoDe ciuitate Dei, ed. B. Dombart and A. Kalb, CCSL47–8 (Turnhout, 1955)
Augustine of HippoDe doctrina Christiana, ed. J. Martin, CCSL 32 (Turnhout, 1962)
Augustine of HippoEpistulae 124–184, ed. A. Goldbacher, CSEL 44 (Vienna, 1904)
Augustine of HippoSermones, ed. G. Morin, Sancti Augustini Sermones post Maurinos reperti, Miscellanea Agostiniana 1 (Rome, 1930)
Bede, Chronica, ed. T. Mommsen, MGH AA 13 (Berlin, 1898), pp. 223–333
Bede, De temporibus, ed. C. W. Jones (Cambridge, 1943)
Bede, De temporum ratione, ed. C. W. Jones, Bedae opera didascalia 2, CCSL 123B, (Turnhout, 1997); trans. F. Wallis, Bede: The Reckoning of Time, Translated texts for Historians 29 (Liverpool, 1999)
Bede, Epistola ad Ecgbertum Episcopum, ed. C. Grocock and I. N. Wood, The Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow (Oxford, 2013), pp. 123–62
Bede, Historia Abbatum, ed. C. Grocock and I. N. Wood, The Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow (Oxford, 2013), pp. 21–76
Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, ed. and trans. B. Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 1969)
Bede, In Ezram et Neemiam, ed. D. Hurst, CCSL 119A (Turnhout, 1969); trans. S. DeGregorio, Bede: On Ezra and Nehemiah, Translated Texts for Historians 47 (Liverpool, 2006)
Bede, In Genesim, ed. C. W. Jones, Bedae Venerabilis Opera, Pars ii: Opera Exegetica, vol. I: Libri quatuor in principium genesis usque ad nativitatem Isaac et eiectionem Ismahelis adnotationum, CCSL 118A; trans. C. B. Kendall, Bede On Genesis, Translated Texts for Historians, 48 (Liverpool, 2008)
Bede, In primam partem Samuhelis, ed. D. Hurst, CCSL 119 (Turnhout, 1962)
Bede, Vita Sancti Cuthberti Auctore Beda, in Two Lives of Saint Cuthbert, ed. B. Colgrave (Cambridge, 1940)
Bede, Vita sancti Cuthberti metrica, ed. W. Jaager, Bedas metrische Vita sancti Cuthberti (Leipzig, 1935)
Boniface, Epistolae, ed. M. Tangl, MGH Epp. Sel. I (Berlin, 1916); trans. E. Emerton, The Letters of Saint Boniface: translated by Ephraim Emerton with a new Introduction and Bibliography by Thomas F. X. Noble (New York, 2000)
Bruno of Merseburg, Historia de bello Saxonico, ed. W. Wattenbach, MGH SRG 15 (Hanover, 1880)
Caesarius of Arles, Sermones, ed. G. Morin, Sermones ex integro a Caesario compositi uel ex aliis fontibus hausti, CCSL 103–4 (Turnhout, 1953)
Candidus presbyter, Epistola ad amicum, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Epp. IV (Berlin, 1895), pp. 557–61
Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae, ed. A. Boretius, MGH Capit. I (Hanover, 1883), pp. 68–70; trans. King, Charlemagne, pp. 205–8
Cassiodorus, Institutiones, ed. R. A. B. Mynors, Cassiodori Senatoris Institutiones: Edited from the manuscripts (Oxford, 1937); trans. J. W. Halporn and M. Vessey, Cassiodorus: ‘Institutions of Divine and Secular Learning’ and ‘On the Soul’, Translated Texts for Historians 42 (Liverpool, 2004)
Cassiodorus, Laudes, ed. L. Traube, MGH AA 12 (Berlin, 1894)
Cassiodorus, Ordo Generis, ed. J. O’Donnell, Cassiodorus, appendix 1
Cassiodorus, Variae, ed. A. J. Fridh, Variarum libri XII. De anima, CCSL 96 (Turnhout, 1973); trans. S. J. B. Barnish, Translated Texts for Historians 12 (Liverpool, 1992)
Cassiodorus-Epiphanius, Historia ecclesiastica tripartita, ed. W. Jacob and H. Hanslik, CSEL 71 (Vienna, 1972)
Charlemagne, Admonitio generalis, ed. H. Mordek, K. Zechiel-Eckes and M. Glatthaar, Die Admonitio generalis Karls des Großen, MGH Fontes iuris 16 (Hanover, 2012); trans. King, Charlemagne, pp. 209–20
Charlemagne, Epistolae, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Epp. IV (Berlin, 1895), pp. 528–66
Cicero, Marcus Tullius, De officiis, ed. C. Atzert, BT 48 (Leipzig, 1963)
Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Pro M. Aemilio Scauro oratio, ed. E. M. Olechowska, BT 25a (Leipzig, 1984)
Clausula de unctione Pippini, ed. A. J. Stoclet, ‘La “clausula de unctione Pippini regis”: mises au point et nouvelles hypthèses’, Francia 8 (1980), 1–42
Codex Carolinus, ed. W. Gundlach, MGH Epp. III (Berlin, 1891), pp. 469–657
Collectio canonum Hibernensis, ed. H. Wasserschleben, Die irische Kanonensammlung, 2nd edn (Leipzig, 1885)
Commemoratio genealogiae domni Karoli gloriosissimi imperatoris, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS, 13 (Hanover, 1881), pp. 245–6
Concilia aevi Karolini, ed. A. Werminghoff, MGH Conc. II (Hanover and Leipzig, 1906–8)
Concilium Constantinopolitanum a. 553, vol. I, ed. J. Straub, ACO 4, 1 (Berlin, 1971)
Concilium Lateranense a. 649, ed. R. Riedinger, ACO, series 2, vol. I (Berlin 1984)
Concilium Romanum a. 769, ed. A. Werminghoff, MGH Conc. II, 1, Concilia aevi Karolini (Leipzig, 1906), pp. 74–92
Constitutum Constantini, ed. H. Fuhrmann, Das Constitutum Constantini (Konstantinische Schenkung), Fontes iuris 10 (Hanover, 1968)
Council of Douzy a.871, ed. W. Hartmann, MGH Conc. IV (Hanover, 1998), pp. 410–572
Cyprian, De Lapsis, ed. M. Bévenot, CCSL 3 (Turnhout, 1972), pp. 221–42
Dares Phrygius, Historia de origine Francorum, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRM 2 (Hanover, 1888), pp. 194–200
De conversione Saxonum carmen, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Poet. I (Berlin, 1881), pp. 380–81
De vita et meritis sancti Ambrosii, ed. P. Courcelle, Recherches sur saint Ambroise. ‘Vies’ anciennes, culture, iconographie (Paris, 1973), pp. 51–121
Dhuoda, Liber manualis, ed. P. Riché, Manuel pour mon fils: Liber manualis, Sources chrétiennes 225 (Paris, 1975)
Die Urkunden der Arnulfinger, ed. I. Heidrich (Bad Münstereifel, 2001)
Diplomata Caroli Magni, ed. E. Mühlbacher et al., MGH DD Kar. 1 (Hanover, 1906)
Diplomata Pippini, ed. E. Mühlbacher, MGH DD Kar. 1 (Hanover, 1906)
Einhard, Translatio sancti Petri et Marcellini, ed. Georg Waitz, MGH SS 15 (Hanover, 1888), pp. 238–64
Einhard, Vita Karoli Magni, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH SRG 25 (Hanover, 1911); trans. D. Ganz, Two Lives of Charlemagne: Einhard and Notker the Stammerer (London, 2008)
Epitaphium Arsenii, ed. E. Dümmler, Radbert’s Epitaphium Arsenii, in: Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin, Abhandlungen der historisch-philologischen Klasse (1900), pp. 18–98
Ermoldus Nigellus, In honorem Hludovici imperatoris, ed. E. Faral, Ermold le Noir: Poème sur Louis le Pieux et épitres au roi Pépin (Paris, 1964); trans. Noble, Charlemagne, pp. 127–86
Eusebius-Jerome, Chronicon, ed. R. Helm and T. Mommsen, Eusebius Werke, vol. VII.1: Die Chronik des Hieronymus (Leipzig, 1913)
Eusebius-Rufinus, Historia ecclesiastica, ed. E. Schwartz and T. Mommsen, Eusebius Werke, vol. II.1–2: Die Kirchengeschichte (Leipzig, 1903–1909, 2nd. edn Berlin, 1999); trans. P. R. Amidon, The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia: Books 10 and 11 (Oxford, 1997)
Eutropius, Breviarium ab urbe condita, ed. C. Santini (Stuttgart, 1992); trans. Bird, Eutropius
Frechulf of Lisieux, Histories, ed. M. I. Allen, Frechulfi Lexoviensis episcopi opera omnia, 2 vols., CCCM169–169A (Turnhout, 2002), vol. II
Fredegar, Chronicae, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRM 2 (Hanover, 1888), Chronicarum quae dicuntur Fredegarii Scholastici libriIV cum Continuationibus, MGH SRM 2 (Hanover, 1888); ed. and trans. J. M. Wallace-Hadrill, The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with its Continuations (London, 1960)
Fulgentius of Ruspe, Epistolae, ed. J. Fraipont, CCSL 91 (Turnhout, 1968)
Fulgentius of RuspeGenealogia Karolorum, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS 13 (Hanover, 1871)
Gildas, De Excidio Britonum, ed. K. George, Studies in Celtic History 26 (Woodbridge 2009)
Gregory the Great, De Moralia in Job, ed. M. Adriaen, CCSL143–143B (Turnhout, 1979–1985); trans. J. H. Parker and J. Rivington, Morals on the Book of Job (Oxford, 1844–50)
Gregory the GreatEpistolae, ed. D. Norberg, Gregorii magni registrum epistularum, CCSL 140 and 140A (Turnhout, 1982)
Gregory the GreatRegistrum epistolarum, ed. P. Ewald and L. M. Hartmann, MGH Epp. I–II, 2nd edn (Berlin, 1957)
Gregory of Tours, De virtutibus sancti Martini, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRM 1.2 (Hanover, 1885), pp. 134–211
Gregory of Tours, Decem libri historiarum, ed. B. Krusch and W. Levison, MGH SRM 1.1 (Hanover, 1937); trans. L. Thorpe, Gregory of Tours. The History of the Franks (Harmondsworth, 1974)
Helmold of Bosau, Cronica Slavorum, ed. B. Schmeidler, MGH SRG 32 (Hanover, 1909)
Hincmar of Rheims, De divortio Lotharii regis et Theutbergae reginae, ed. L. Böhringer, MGH Conc. IV, Suppl. 1 (Hanover, 1992)
Hincmar of Rheims, De fide Carolo regi servanda, PL 125, cols. 961–84
Hincmar of Rheims, De ordine palatii, ed. T. Gross and R. Schieffer, MGH Fontes iuris 3 (Hanover, 1980)
Historia Augusta, ed. E. Hohl, Scriptores Historiae Augustae (Leipzig, 1965)
Horace, Carmina, ed. D. R. Shackleton Bailey, BT 1234, 4th edn (Leipzig, 2008), pp. 1–134
Hraban Maur, De honorem parentum et subiectione filiorum, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Epp. V, no. 15, pp. 403–15
Hrabanus Maurus, Epistolae, ed. E. Dümmler, MGH Epp. v (Berlin, 1899) pp. 379–516
Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum, ed. G. H. Pertz, MGH Capit. 1 (Hanover 1831), pp. 19–20; ed. and trans. Dutton, Carolingian Civilization, p. 3
Isidore of Seville, Chronica, ed. T. Mommsen, MGH AA 11 (Berlin, 1894); ed. J. C. Martin, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica, CCSL 112 (Turnhout, 2003)
Isidore of Seville, De ecclesiasticis officiis, ed. C. W. Lawson, CCSL 113 (Turnhout, 1989); trans. T. L. Knoebel, Isidore of Seville: De ecclesiasticis officiis, Ancient Christian Writers 61 (Mahwah, NJ, 2008)
Itinerarium Einsidlense, ed. G. Walser, Die Einsiedler Inschriftensammlung und der Pilgerführer durch Rom (Codex Einsidlensis 326) (Stuttgart, 1987)
Jerome, De viris illustribus, ed. E. C. Richardson, Hieronymus, Liber De viris inlustribus: Gennadius Liber De viris inlustribus Hieronymus, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 14 (Leipzig, 1896)
Jerome, Hebraicae quaestiones in libro Geneseos, ed. P. de Lagarde, CCSL 72 (Turnhout, 1959)
Jonas of Bobbio, Vita Columbani, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRG 37 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1905)
Jonas of Orléans, Admonitio 2, ed. H. H. Anton, Fürstenspiegel des frühen und hohen Mittelalters (Darmstadt, 2006), pp. 47–99
Jonas of Orléans, De institutione laicali, PL 106, cols. 121–278
Jonas of Orléans, De institutione regia, ed. and trans. A. Dubreucq, Jonas d’Orléans: Le metier de Roi (‘De institutione regia’) (Paris, 1995)
Jonas of Orléans, Epistola concilii Aquisgranensis ad Pippinum regem directum, ed. A. Werminghoff, MGH Conc. II/2 (Hanover, 1908) 724–67
Jordanes, De origine actibusque Getarum, ed. F. Giunta and A. Grillone, Iordanis de origine actibusque Getarum (Rome, 1995); ed. T. Mommsen, MGH AA 5.1, Iordanis Romana et Getica (Munich, 1982) pp. 53–138
Jordanes, Romana, ed. T. Mommsen, MGH AA 5.1, Iordanis Romana et Getica (Munich, 1982), pp. 1–52
Junillus, Instituta regularia divinae legis, ed. Kihn, Theodor von Mopsuestia, pp. 465–528; ed. and trans. Maas, Exegesis and Empire, pp. 118–235
Leiden Glossary, A Late Eighth-Century Latin–Anglo-Saxon Glossary Preserved in the Leiden University Library, ed. J. H. Hessels (Cambridge, 1906)
LeoIV, Epistolae selectae, ed. A. de Hirsch-Gereuth, MGH Epp. V, Karolini Aevi III (Berlin, 1899), pp. 585–612
Lex Frisionum, ed. K. A. Eckhardt and A. Eckhardt, MGH Fontes iuris 12 (Hanover, 1982)
Liber Diurnus, ed. H. Foerster, Liber Diurnus Romanorum Pontificum (Bern, 1958)
Liber historiae Francorum, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRM 2 (Hanover, 1888); trans. B. S. Bachrach, Liber Historiae Francorum (Lawrence, KA, 1973)
Liber pontificalis, ed. L. Duchesne, Le ‘Liber pontificalis’: texte, introduction et commentaire, 2 vols. (Paris, 1886–92; 2nd edn. with vol. III ed. C. Vogel, Paris 1955–7); trans. Davis, The Book of Pontiffs (Lives 1–90) and Lives of the Eighth-Century Popes (Lives 91–9)
Liberatus of Carthage, Breviarium causae Nestorianorum et Eutychianorum, ed. E. Schwartz, ACO 2.5 (Berlin, 1936), pp. 21–2
Livy, Ab urbe condita libri, ed. G. Weissenborn and M. Müller, BT 1486–89 (Leipzig, 1932–9)
Louis the Pious, Ad archiepiscopos epistolae, ed. A. Boretius, MGH Capit. 1 (Hanover, 1883), no. 169, pp. 338–42
Lucan, De bello civili libri X, ed. D. R. Shackleton Bailey, Bibliotheca scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana, vol. 1502 (Leipzig, 2013)
Lucan, Pharsalia, ed. and trans. J. Duff (London, 1928)
Lupus of Ferrières, Epistolae, ed. L. Levillain, Loup de Ferrières: Correspondance (Paris, 1927–35); trans. G. W. Regenos, The Letters of Lupus of Ferrières (The Hague, 1966)
Martianus Capella, De nuptiis Philogiae et Mercurii, ed. A. Dick (Stuttgart, 1969)
Maximus of Turin, Sermones collectio antiqua, nonnullis sermonibus extravagantibus adiectis, ed. A. Mutzenbecher, CCSL 23 (Turnhout, 1962)
Nithard, Historiae, ed. G. H. Pertz and E. Müller, MGH SRG 44 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1907)
Notitiae ecclesiarum Urbis Romae: de locis sanctis martyrum quae sunt foris civitatis Romae, ed. R. Valentini and G. Zucchetti, Codice topografico della Città di Roma, Fonti per la storia d’Italia (Rome, 1942), vol. II, 72–99, 106–31
Orosius, Historiae adversus paganos, ed. K. Zangemeister (Hildesheim, 1967); ed. and trans. Marie-Pierre Arnaud-Lindet, Orose: Histoires (contra les Païens) (Paris, 1990–1); trans. A. T. Fear, Orosius, Seven Books of History against the Pagans (Liverpool, 2008)
Paschasius Radbertus, Expositio in Lamentationes, ed. B. Paulus, Pascasii Radberti Expositio in Lamentationes Hieremiae libri quinque, CCCM 85 (Turnhout, 1988)
Passio Leudegarii et martyris Augustodunensis, ed. B. Krusch, MGH SRM 5 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1910), pp. 249–362; trans. Fouracre and Gerberding, Late Merovingian France, pp. 193–253
Paul the Deacon, Gesta episcoporum Mettensium, ed. G. H. Pertz, MGH SS 2 (Hanover, 1829); ed. D. Kempf, Paul the Deacon. Liber de episcopis Mettensibus (Dallas, 2013)
Paul the Deacon, Historia Langobardorum, ed. L. Bethmann and G. Waitz, MGH SRL (Hanover, 1878), pp. 12–187
Paul the Deacon, Historia Romana, ed. A. Crivellucci (Roma 1914); ed. Hans Droysen, MGH SRG 49 (Berlin, 1879)
Paulinus of Milan, Vita Sancti Ambrosii Mediolanensis Episcopi, ed. A. A. R. Bastiaensen, Vita di Cipriano, Vita di Ambrogio, Vita di Agostino (Milan, 1975), pp. 51–125
Paulinus of Périgueux, De Vita Sancti Martini, ed. M. Petschenig, CSEL 16 (Vienna, 1888), pp. 16–159
Philostorgius, Church History, trans. P. Heather and J. Matthews, The Goths in the Fourth Century, Translated Texts for Historians 10 (Liverpool, 1991), pp. 134–5
Pliny the Elder, Naturalis historia, ed. and trans. H. Rackham, W. H. S. Jones and D. E. Eichholz (London, 1938–63)
Possidius, Vita Augustini, ed. A. A. R. Bastiaensen, Vita di Cipriano, Vita di Ambrogio, Vita di Agostino (Milan, 1975), pp. 127–241
Procopius, Bella, ed. H. Dewing, Procopius: History of the Wars (Harvard, 1919)
Preceptum: 789 October 23, Milano, ed. A. R. Natale, Il Museo Diplomatico dell’Archivio di Stato di Milano (Milan, 1970), no. 30
Preceptum: 790, April, Worms, ed. A. R. Natale, Il Museo Diplomatico dell’Archivio di Stato di Milano (Milan, 1970), no. 31
Procopius, Anekdota, ed. J. Haury, Procopii Caesariensis opera omnia, vol. III: Historia quae dicitur arcana, Bibliotheca scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum Teubneriana 1976–64 (Leipzig, 1963); trans. G. A. Williamson, Procopius: Secret History (Harmondsworth, 1966)
Pseudo-Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus, ed. Franz Pichlmayr, Sexti Aurelii Victoris Liber de Caesaribus. Praecedunt Origo gentis Romanae et Liber de viris illustribus urbis Romae: subsequitur Epitome de Caesaribus (Leipzig, 1911); ed. M. Festy, Pseudo-Aurélius Victor: Abrégé des Césars (Paris, 1999)
Pseudo-Isidor, Decretals, ed. Karl-Georg Schon, (retrieved 10 April 2014); ed. Paul Hinschius, Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae (Leipzig, 1863)
Pseudo-Methodius, Apocalypsis, ed. W. J. Aerts and G. A. A. Kortekaas, Die Apokalypse des Pseudo-Methodius: Die ältesten griechischen und lateinischen Übersetzungen, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Subsidia 97 (Leuven, 1998)
Reference Bible – Das Bibelwerk. Pauca problesmata de enigmatibus ex tomis canonicis. Praefatio et libri de Pentateucho Moysi, ed. Gerard MacGinty, CCCM 173, Scriptores Celtigenae 3 (Turnhout, 2000)
Regino of Prüm, Chronicon cum continuation Treverensi, ed. F. Kurze, MGH SRG 50 (Hanover, 1890); trans. S. MacLean, History and Politics in Late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe: The Chronicle of Regino of Prüm and Adalbert of Magdeburg (Manchester and New York, 2009)
Regino of Prüm, De Synodalibus Causis et Disciplinis Ecclesiasticis, ed. F. G. A. Wasserschleben (Leipzig, 1840; repr. Graz, 1964)
Relatio episcoporum (829), ed. A. Boretius and V. Krause, MGH Capit. II (Hanover, 1897), pp. 26–51
Rimbert, Vita Anskarii, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SRG 55 (Hanover, 1977)
Rufinus, Historia ecclesiastica, see Eusebius-Rufinus
Sallustius Crispus, Catilina, Iugurtha, Fragmenta ampliora, ed. A. Kurfess, BT 1763 (Leipzig, 1991)
Sedulius Scottus, Carmina, ed. L. Traube, MGH Poet. 3 (Berlin, 1896), pp. 151–237
Sedulius ScottusCollectaneum miscellaneum, ed. Dean Simpson, CCCM 67 (Turnhout, 1988)
Sedulius ScottusDe rectoribus Christianis, ed. and trans. R. W. Dyson, Sedulius Scottus. De rectoribus Christianis: on Christian Rulers (Woodbridge, 2010); ed. and trans. H. H. Anton, Fürstenspiegel des frühen und hohen Mittelalters. Specula principum ineuntis et progredientis medii aevi, Ausgewählte Quellen zur Deutschen Geschichte des Mittelalters. Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gedächtnisausgabe; 45 (2006) pp. 100–48
Socrates of Constantinople, Historia ecclesiastica, ed. and trans. P. Maraval and P. Périchon, Socrate de Constantinople, Histoire ecclésiastique, Sources Chrétiennes 477, 493, 505, 506 (2004–2007); trans. P. Schaff, Socrates, Sozomenus: Church Histories, Post-Nicene Fathers 2 (Buffalo, NY, 1890)
Solinus, Collectanae Rerum Memorabilium, ed. T. Mommsen, C. Iulii Solini collectanea rerum memorabilium, 2nd edn (Berlin, 1895)
Sozomen, Historia ecclesiastica, ed. and trans. Sozomène, Histoire ecclésiastique, ed. A.-J. Festugière, B. Grillet and G. Sabbah, Sources Chrétiennes 306, 418, 495, 516 (Paris, 1983–2008); trans. P. Schaff, Socrates, Sozomenus: Church Histories, Post-Nicene Fathers 2 (Buffalo, NY, 1890)
Suetonius, De vita Caesarum, ed. M. Ihm (Berlin and Leipzig, 1967)
Sulpicius Severus, Epistola ad Aurelium (II), ed. J. Fontaine, Sulpicius Severus: Vie de Saint Martin, Sources Chrétiennes 133 (Paris, 1967), pp. 324–34
Sulpicius Severus, Epistola ad Bassulam (III), ed. J. Fontaine, Sulpicius Severus: Vie de Saint Martin, Sources Chrétiennes 133 (Paris, 1967), pp. 334–44
Tacitus, De origine et situ Germanorum liber, ed. A. Önnerfors, (Stuttgart, 1983)
Theodoret of Cyrus, Historia ecclesiastica, ed. and trans. J. Bouffartigue, L. Parmentier, G. C. Hansen, P. Carnivet and A. Martin, Théoderet de Cyr, Histoire ecclésiastique, Source Chrétiennes 501, 530 (Paris, 2006–9)
Theodoret of CyrusTranslatio S. Alexandri, ed. G. H. Pertz, MGH SS 2 (Hanover, 1829), pp. 673–681
Valerius Maximus, Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri IX, ed. J. Briscoe, BT (Leipzig, 1998)
Vegetius, De re militari, ed. and trans. L. F. Stelten, Flavius Vegetius Renatus: Epitoma rei militaris, American university studies 11 (New York, 1990)
Venantius Fortunatus, Vita Hilarii, ed. B. Krusch, MGH AA 4.2 (Berlin, 1885), pp. 1–11
Victor of Tununna, Chronica, ed. and trans. A. Placanica, Chiesa e impero nell’età di Giustiniano (Florence, 1997)
Virgil, Eclogues, Georgics, Aeneid, ed. R. H. Fairclough and G. P. Goold (Cambridge, MA, 1999–2000)
Vita Caesarii ep. Arelatensis, ed. G. Morin, Sancti Caesarii episcopi Opera omnia, vol. II (Maredsous, 1942), pp. 291–345
Vita Ceolfridi, ed. C. Grocock and I.N. Wood, The Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow (Oxford, 2013), pp. 77–122
Vita Gaudentii, ed. S. Gavinelli, ‘Per una edizione della “Vita Sancti Gaudentii”: i codici carolingi’, Hagiographica, 8 (2001), 35–86
Vita Gregorii, ed. S. E. Mosford, ‘A critical edition of the Vita Gregorii Magni by an anonymous member of the community of Whitby’, PhD thesis, Univerity of Oxford, 1989
Vita Rimberti, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SRG 55 (Hanover, 1977)
Vita Vulframni, ed. W. Levison, MGH SRM 5 (Hanover, 1910)
Wigbod, Quaestiones in Octateuchum, PL 96, cols. 1103–68
Willibald, Vita Bonifatii, ed. W. Levison, MGH SRG 57 (Hanover, 1905); trans. in Noble and Head (eds.), Soldiers of Christ, pp. 107–40

Secondary literature

Abramowski, L., ‘Die Zitate in den Schriften “In Defensione Trium Capitulorum” des römischen Diakons Pelagius’, Vigiliae Christianae 10 (1956), 185–6
Aerts, W. J, and G. A. A. Kortekaas, Die Apokalypse des Pseudo-Methodius: Die ältesten griechischen und lateinischen Übersetzungen, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Subsidia 97 (Leuven, 1998)
Airlie, S., ‘The aristocracy in the service of the state in the Carolingian period’, in Airlie, Pohl and Reimitz (eds.), Staat, pp. 93–112
Airlie, S.,‘ Narratives of triumph and rituals of submission: Charlemagne’s mastering of Bavaria’, TRHS, series IV, 9 (1999), 93–119
Airlie, S.,‘ The palace of memory: the Carolingian court as political centre’, in S. Rees Jones, R. Marks and A. Minnis (eds.), Courts and Regions in Medieval Europe (York, 2000), pp. 1–20
Airlie, S.,‘ Semper fideles? Loyauté envers les Carolingiens comme constituant de l’identité aristocratique’, in R. le Jan (ed.), La Royauté et les élites dans l’Europe Carolingienne (début duIXe siècle aux environs de 920) (Lille, 1997), pp. 129–43
Airlie, S.,‘ Towards a Carolingian aristocracy’, in Becher and Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel, pp. 109–27
Airlie, S.,‘ The world, the text and the Carolingian: aristocratic and masculine identities in Nithard’s Histories’, in Wormald and Nelson (eds.), Lay Intellectuals, pp. 51–77
Airlie, S., W. Pohl and H. Reimitz, Staat im frühen Mittelalter, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 11 (Vienna, 2006)
Allen, M. I., Frechulfi Lexoviensis episcopi opera omnia, 2 vols., CCCM169–169A (Turnhout, 2002), vol. I
Allen, M. I.,‘ Fréculf de Lisieux: l’histoire de l’Antiquité comme témoignage de l’actualité’, Tabularia: sources écrites de la Normandie médiévale 8 (2008), 59–79
Allen, M. I.,‘ Universal history 300–1000: origins and western developments’, in D. Mauskopf Deliyannis (ed.), Historiography in the Middle Ages (Leiden, 2003), pp. 17–42
Allen, P., and B. Neil, Maximus the Confessor and his Companions: Documents from Exile, Oxford Early Christian Texts (Oxford, 2003)
Althoff, G., ‘Der Sachsenherzog Widukind als Mönch auf der Reichenau. Ein Beitrag zur Kritik des Widukind-Mythos’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien 17 (1983), 251–79
Amidon, P. R., The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia: Books 10 and 11 (Oxford, 1997)
Anton, H. H., Fürstenspiegel und Herrscherethos in der Karolingerzeit, Bonner Historische Forschungen 32 (Bonn, 1968)
Anton, H. H.,‘ Zum politischen Konzept karolingerscher Synoden und zur karolingisher Brüdergemeinschaft’, Historisches Jahrbuch 99 (1979), 55–132
Archer, M., Culture and Agency: The Place of Culture in Social Theory (Cambridge, 1988)
Aris, M. A. and S. Bullido del Barrio (eds.), Hrabanus Maurus in Fulda. Mit einer Hrabanus Maurus-Bibliographie (1979–2009), Fuldaer Studien 13 (Frankfurt am Main, 2010)
Assmann, A., Cultural Memory and Western Civilization: Functions, Media, Archives (Cambridge, 2011)
Assmann, A., Erinnerungsraüme. Formen und Wandlungen des kulturellen Gedächtnisses (Munich, 1999)
Assmann, J., Cultural Memory and Early Civilization: Writing, Remembrance, and Political Imagination (Cambridge, 2011)
Assmann, J., Das kulturelle Gedächtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und politische Identität in frühen Hochkulturen (Munich, 1992)
Assmann, J. and J. Czaplicka, ‘Collective memory and cultural identity’, New German Critique 65 (1995), 125–33
Baldovin, J. F., The Urban Character of Christian Worship: The Origin, Development and Meaning of Stational Liturgy, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 228 (Rome, 1987)
Barnish, S. J. B., ‘The work of Cassiodorus after his conversion’, Latomus 48 (1989), 157–87
Barth, K., The Humanity of God, trans. T. Wieser and J. N. Thomas (Louisville, 1960)
Bartlett, R. J., Gerald of Wales: A Voice of the Middle Ages (Stroud, 2006)
Bartlett, R. J.,‘ Symbolic meanings of hair in the Middle Ages’, TRHS 4 (1994), 43–60
Bastiaensen, A. A. R., ‘Les Vocables “perfidus” et “perfidia” et leur application aux juifs dans la chrétienté latine des premiers siècles’, The Journal of Eastern Christian Studies 60 (2008), 215–29
Bauer, F. A., Das Bild der Stadt Rom im Frühmittelalter: Papststiftungen im Spiegel des Liber Pontificalis von Gregor dem Dritten bis zu Leo dem Dritten, Palilia/Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Rom 14 (Wiesbaden, 2004)
Bauer, F. A.,‘ Sankt Peter: Erinnerungsort in Spätantike und Frühmittelalter’, in E. Stein-Hölkeskamp and K. J. Hölkeskamp (eds.), Erinnerungsorte der Antike: Die römische Welt (Munich, 2006), pp. 626–41
Bauer, F. A.,‘ Die Stadt Rom im Spiegel spätantiker und frühmittelalterlicher Beschreibungen’, in H.-U. Cain, A. Haug and Y. Asisi (eds.), Das antike Rom und sein Bild (Berlin/Boston, 2011), pp. 93–112
Bavant, B., ‘Le Duché byzantin de Rome: origine, durée et extension géographique’, in Mélanges de l’école française de Rome: Moyen-Age, Temps modernes, 91/1 (1979), 41–88
Becher, M., Eid und Herrschaft: Untersuchungen zum Herrscherethos Karls des Grossen (Sigmaringen, 1993)
Becher, M., Rex, Dux und Gens: Untersuchungen zu Enstehung des sächischen Herzogtums im 9. und 10. Jahrhundert (Husum, 1996)
Becher, M.,‘ Drogo und die Königserhebung Pippins’, Francia: Forschungen zur westeuropäischen Geschichte 13 (1989), 131–51
Becher, M.,‘ Non enim habent regem idem Antiqui Saxones …: Verfassung und Ethnogenese in Sachsen während des 8. Jahrhunderts’, in H.-J. Häßler (ed.), Sachsen und Franken in Westfalen. 799 Kunst und Kultur der Karolingereit, Studien zur Sachsenforschung 12 (Paderborn, 1999), pp. 1–31
Becher, M.,‘ Eine verschleierte Krise: die Nachfolge Karl Martells 741 und die Anfänge der karolingischen Hofgeschichtsschreibung’, in J. Laudage (ed.), Von Fakten und Fiktionen: Mittelalterliche Geschichtsdarstellungen und ihre kritische Aufarbeitung (Cologne, Weimar and Vienna, 2003), pp. 95–133
Becher, M. and Y. Hen (eds.), Wilhelm Levison (1876–1947): Ein jüdisches Forscherleben zwischen wissenschaftlicher Anerkennung und politischem Exil, Bonner Historische Forschungen 63 (Siegburg, 2010)
Becher, M. and J. Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel von 751: Vorgeschichte, Legitimationsstagegien und Erinnerung (Münster, 2004)
Becker, A. H., ‘The dynamic reception of Theodore of Mopsuestia in the sixth century: Greek, Syriac, and Latin’, in S. F. Johnson (ed.), Greek Literature in Late Antiquity: Dynamics, Didacticism, Classicism (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 29–48
Becker, C.Fides’, in T. Klauser (ed.), Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum, vol. VII (Stuttgart, 1969), pp. 801–39
Becker, G., Catalogi Bibliothecarum Antiqui (Hildesheim, 1973)
Becker, J., ‘Präsenz, Normierung und Transfer von Wissen. Lorsch als “patrische” Zentralbibliothek’, in Becker, Licht and Weinfurter (eds.), Karolingische Klöster
Becker, J., T. Licht and S. Weinfurter (eds.), Karolingische Klöster. Wissenstransfer und kulturelle Innovation (Berlin, New York, forthcoming)
Behrwald, R. and C. Witschel (eds.), Rom in der Spätantike: Historische Erinnerung im Städtischen Raum, Heidelberger Althistorische Beitrag und Epigraphische Studien 51 (Stuttgart, 2012)
Berarducci, S. C., ‘L’esegesi della rinascita carolingia’, in G. Cremascoli and C. Leonardi (eds.), La Bibbia nel Medioevo (Bologna, 1996)
Berger, A., ‘Legitimation und Legenden. Konstantin der Große und sein Bild in Byzanz’, in A. Goltz and H. Schlange-Schöningen (eds.), Konstantin der Große: Das Bild des Kaisers im Wandel der Zeiten (Cologne, Weimar and Vienna, 2008), pp. 5–22
Bertolini, O.,‘Il primo “periurium” di Astolfo verso la chiesa di Roma, 752–753’, in Miscellanea Giovanni Mercati, 5 Studi e Testi 125 (Vatican City, 1946), pp. 161–205
Beumann, H., ‘Die Hagiographie “bewältigt”: Unterwerfung und Christianisierung der Sachsen durch Karl den Grossen’, in Christianizzazione ed organizzazione ecclesiastica delle campagne nell’alto medioevo, Settimane 28 (Spoleto, 1982), pp. 129–63
Bhabha, H., The Location of Culture (London, 2004)
Bienert, W. A., ‘Die “Instituta Regularia” des Junilius (Junillus) Africanus: Ein nestorianisches Kompendium der Bibelwissenschaft im Abendland’, in M. Tamcke, W. Schwaigert and E. Schlarb (eds.), Syrisches Christentum weltweit: Studien zur Syrischen Kirchengeschichte. Festschrift für Prof. W. Hage, Studien zur orientalischen Kirchengeschichte 1 (Münster, 1995), pp. 307–24
Bird, H. W., Eutropius: The ‘Breviarium ab urbe condita’ of Eutropius, the right honourable Secretary of State for General Petitions: dedicated to Lord Valens, Gothicus Maximus and Perpetual Emperor, Translated Texts for Historians 14 (Liverpool, 1993)
Bischoff, B., Die Abtei Lorsch im Spiegel ihrer Handschriften (Lorsch, 1989)
Bischoff, B., Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen), Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Herausgabe der Mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz (Wiesbaden, 2004)
Bischoff, B., Mittelalterliche Studien: Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte, 3 vols. (Stuttgart, 1966–1981)
Bischoff, B., Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken in der Karolingerzeit, vol. I: Die bayrischen Diözesen, 3rd edn (Wiesbaden, 1974)
Bischoff, B., Die südostdeutschen Schreibschulen und Bibliotheken in der Karolingerzeit, vol. II: Die vorwiegend österreichischen Diözesen (Wiesbaden, 1980)
Bischoff, B.,‘ Italienische Handschriften des neunten bis elften Jahrhunderts in frühmittelalterichen Bibliotheken ausserhalb Italiens’, in C. Questa and R. Raffaelli (eds.), Il libro e il testo: Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Urbino 20–23 Settembre 1982 (Urbino, 1984), pp. 169–94
Bischoff, B.,‘ Das Thema des Poeta Saxo’, in Bischoff, Mittelalterliche Studien, vol. III, pp. 253–59
Bischoff, B.,‘ Wendepunkte in der Geschichte der lateinischen Exegese im Frühmittelalter’, Sacris Erudiri 6 (1954), 189–279; reprinted in Bischoff, Mittelalterliche Studien, vol. I, pp. 205–73
Bischoff, B., and M. Lapidge, Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 10 (Cambridge, 1994)
Bjornlie, M. S., Politics and Tradition between Rome, Ravenna and Constantinople: A Study of Cassiodorus and the Variae, 527–554 (Cambridge, 2013)
Bjornlie, M. S.,‘ The Variae of Cassiodorus Senator and the circumstances of political survival, ca. 540–545’, unpublished doctoral thesis, Princeton University, 2006
Blaauw, S. de, Cultus et decor: liturgia e architettura nella Roma tardoantica e medievale: Basilica Salvatoris, Sanctae Mariae, Sancti Petri, Studi e testi 355–56 (Vatican, 1994)
Blaauw, S. de,‘ Il culto di Sant’Ambrogio e l’altare della Basilica Ambrosiana a Milano’, in F. Ricciardelli (ed.), I luoghi del sacro. Il sacro e la città fra medioevo ed età moderna (Florence, 2008), pp. 43–62
Blaise, A., Dictionnaire latin-français des auteurs chrétiens (Turnhout, 1954)
Blattmann, M., ‘“Ein Unglück für sein Volk”: Der Zusammenhang zwischen Fehlverhalten des Königs und Volkswohl in Quellen des 7.-12. Jahrhunderts’, FrSt 30 (1996), 80–102
Blumenkranz, B., ‘Perfidia’, in Blumenkranz (ed.), Juifs et Chrétiens, patristique et Moyen Âge: Collected Essays (London, 1977), pp. 157–70
Blumenthal, U.-R. (ed.), Carolingian Essays: Andrew W. Mellon Lectures in Early Christian Studies (Washington, DC, 1983)
Bobrycki, S., ‘Nigellus, Ausulus: self-promotion, self-suppression and Carolingian ideology in the poetry of Ermold’, in Corradini, Gillis, McKitterick and Van Renswoude (eds.), Ego Trouble, pp. 161–73
Bolgia, C., R. McKitterick and J. Osborne (eds.), Rome across Time and Space c. 500–c. 1400: Cultural Transmission and Exchange of Ideas (Cambridge, 2011)
Bonhoeffer, D., Act and Being: Transcendental Philosophy and Ontology in Systematic Theology, trans. H.-R. Reuter (Minneapolis, 2009)
Booker, C. M., Past Convictions: The Penance of Louis de Pious and the Decline of the Carolingians (Philadelphia, 2009)
Borgolte, M., Petrusnachfolge und Kaiserimitation: die Grablegen der Päpste, ihre Genese und Traditionsbildung, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte 95 (Göttingen, 1989)
Boshof, E., Ludwig der Fromme: Gestalten des Mittelalters und der Renaissance (Darmstadt, 1996)
Bougard, F., ‘Composition, diffusion et reception des parties tardives du Liber pontificalis (VIIIe–IXe siècles)’, in Bougard and Sot (eds.), Liber, Gesta, Histoire, pp. 127–52
Bougard, F.,‘ La Prosopopée au service de la politique pontificale: genèse et postérité de la lettre de saint Pierre aux Francs (Codex Carolinus, 10)’, in RHEF 98 (2012), 249–84
Bougard, F. and M. Sot (eds.), Liber, Gesta, histoire: Écrire l’histoire des évêques et des papes de l’Antiquité au XXIe siècle (Turnhout, 2009)
Bourdieu, P., ‘Ökonomisches Kapital, kulturelles Kapital, soziales Kapital’, in R. Kreckel (ed.), Soziale Ungleichheiten, soziale Welt, Sonderband 2 (Göttingen, 1983), pp. 183–98
Bourgain, P. and M. Heinzelmann, ‘L’Œuvre de Grégoire de Tours: la diffusion des manuscrits’, in N. Gauthier and H. Galinié (eds.), Grégoire de Tours et l’espace gaulois (Tours, 1997), pp. 273–317
Brandes, W., ‘“Juristische” Krisenbewältigung im 7. Jahrhundert? Die Prozesse gegen Papst Martin I. und Maximos Homologetes’, in L. Burgmann (ed.), Fontes Minores X, Forschungen zur Byzantinischen Rechtsgeschichte 22 (1998), pp. 141–212
Brogiolo, G. P. and G. Cantino Wataghin (eds), Sepolture tra IV e VIII secolo (Mantua, 1998)
Brooks, N., Bede and the English (Jarrow, 1999)
Brown, G., ‘Introduction: the Carolingian Renaissance’, in McKitterick (ed.), Carolingian Culture, pp. 1–51
Brown, P., The Rise of Western Christendom: Triumph and Diversity AD 200–1000, 2nd edn (Cambridge, MA, 2003)
Brown, P., Through the Eye of a Needle: Wealth and Transformation of the Roman World, 350–650 (Princeton, 2012)
Brown, T. S., Gentlemen and Officers: Imperial Administration and Aristocratic Power in Byzantine Italy, AD 554–800 (Hertford, 1984)
Brown, W.Unjust Seizure: Conflict, Interest, and Authority in an Early Medieval Society (Ithaca and London, 2001)
Brubaker, L., and J. Haldon, Byzantium in the Iconoclast Era, c. 680–850: A History (Cambridge, 2011)
Bruckner, A., Scriptoria Medii Aevi Helvetica, vol. II: Schreibschulen der Diözese Konstanz, St. Gallen I (Geneva, 1936)
Bruns, P., ‘Bemerkungen zur biblischen Isagogik des Iunilius Africanus’, in L’esegesi dei Padri Latini: dalle origini a Gregorio Magno. XXVIII Incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana, Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 68 (Rome, 2000), vol. I, pp. 391–408
Bruns, P.,‘ Zwischen Rom und Byzanz: die Haltung des Facundus von Hermiane und der nordafrikanischen Kirche während des Drei-Kapitel-Streites (553)’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 106 (1995), 151–78
Buc, P., The Dangers of Ritual: Between Early Medieval Texts and Social Scientific Theory (Princeton, 2002)
Buck, T. M., Admonitio und Praedicatio: zur religiös-pastoralen Dimension von Kapitularien ud kapitulariennahen Texten (507–814), Freiburger Beiträge zur Mittelalterlichen Geschichte 9 (Frankfurt am Main, 1997)
Burgess, R. W., Studies in Eusebian and post-Eusebian Chronography, Historia Einzelschriften 135, 2 vols. (Stuttgart, 1999)
Burgess, R. W.,‘ Jerome explained: an introduction to his Chronicle and a guide to its use’, Ancient History Bulletin 16 (2002), 1–32
Burgess, R. W. and M. Kulikowski, Mosaics of Time: The Latin Chronicle Traditions from the First Century BC to the Sixth Century AD, vol. i: A Historical Introduction to the Chronicle Genre from its Origins to the High Middle Ages, Studies in the Early Middle Ages 33 (Turnhout, 2013)
Burke, P., Cultural Hybridity (Cambridge, 2009)
Cain, A., The Letters of Jerome: Asceticism, Biblical Exegesis, and the Construction of Christian Authority in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2009)
Cameron, A., Procopius and the Sixth Century, The Transformation of the Classical Heritage 10 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1985)
Cancik, H. (ed.), Der Neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike, 16 vols. (Stuttgart, 1996 – 2003)
Capponi, C. (ed.), L’Altare d’Oro di Sant’Ambrogio (Milan, 1996)
Cappuyns, M. J., ‘L’Auteur de la Regula Magistri: Cassiodore’, Recherches de Theologie Ancienne et Médiévale 15 (1948), 209–68
Chadwick, H., ‘Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Rome: the problems of the memoria apostolorum ad catacumbas, JTS n.s. 8 (1957), 31–52
Chazelle, C. and B. van Name Edwards (eds.), The Study of the Bible in the Carolingian Era (Turnhout, 2003)
Chiesa, P. (ed.), Paolo Diacono: uno scrittore fra tradizione longobarda e rinnovamento carolingio (Udine, 2000)
Chiesa, P.Caratteristiche della trasmissione dell’ “Historia Langobardorum”’, in Paolo Diacono e il Friuli altomedievale (saec. VI–X). Atti del XIV Congresso internazionale di studi sull’Alto medioevo (Spoleto, 2001), pp. 45–66
Clanchy, M. T., From Memory to Written Record: England 1066–1307, 2nd edn (London, 1993)
Classen, P., Karl der Große, das Papsttum und Byzanz: die Begründung des karolingischen Kaisertums (Sigmaringen, 1988)
Claussen, M. A., The Reform of the Frankish Church: Chrodegang of Metz and the‘regula canonicorum’ in the eighth century (Cambridge, 2004)
Clay, J.-H., In the Shadow of Death: Saint Boniface and the Conversion of Hessia, 721–754 (Turnhout, 2010)
Coates-Stephens, R., ‘The walls of Aurelian’, in Behrwald and Witschel (eds), Rome in der Spätantike, pp. 83–110
Coates-Stephens, R.,‘ The water supply of Rome from late antiquity to the early Middle Ages’, Acta ad Archaeologicam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia 17 (2003), 165–86
Collins, R., Die Fredegar-Chroniken, MGH Studien und Texte 44 (Hanover, 2007)
Collins, R.,‘ Charlemagne’s imperial coronation and the Annals of Lorsch’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 52–70
Collins, R.,‘ Fredegar’, in P. J. Geary (ed.), Authors of the Middle Ages, vol. IV, nos. 12–13 (Aldershot, 1996), pp. 73–138
Collins, R.,‘ Pippin III as mayor of the palace: the evidence’, in Becher and Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel, pp. 75–91
Collins, R.,‘ The “Reviser” revisited: another look at the alternative version of the Annales Regni Francorum, in A. C. Murray (ed.), After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Essays presented to Walter Goffart (Toronto, 1998), pp. 191–213
Connell-Szasz, M., ‘Introduction’, in Connell-Szasz (ed.) Between Indian and White Worlds: The Cultural Broker (Norman, OK, 1994), pp. 3–20
Constable, G., Culture and Spirituality in Medieval Europe (Aldershot, 1996)
Constable, G. and M. Rouche (eds.), Auctoritas: Mélanges offerts au professeur Olivier Guillot, Cultures et Civilisations Médiévales 33 (Paris, 2006)
Contreni, J. J.Carolingian biblical culture’, in G. van Riel, C. Steel and J. McEvoy (eds.), Johannes Scottus Eriugena: The Bible and Hermeneutics (Leuven, 1996), pp. 1–23
Contreni, J. J.The patristic legacy to c. 1000’, in R. Marsden and E. Ann Matter (eds.), The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. II: From 600 to 1450 (Cambridge, 2012), pp. 505–35
Cooper, K., ‘The martyr, the matrona and the bishop: the matron Lucina and the politics of martyr cult in fifth- and sixth-century Rome’, EME 8 (1999), 297–318
Cornford, B. D. P., ‘The idea of the Roman past in early medieval Italy: Paul the Deacon’s Historia Romana’, unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Cambridge, 2002
Cornford, B. D. P.,‘ Paul the Deacon’s understanding of identity, his attitude to Barbarians, and his “strategies of distinction” in the Historia Romana, in R. Corradini, R. Meens, C. Pössel and P. Shaw (eds.), Texts and Identities in the Early Middle Ages, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 12 (Vienna, 2006), pp. 47–60
Corradini, R., ‘Lorsch’, in Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde 18 (Berlin, New York, 2001) pp. 608–11
Corradini, R., M. Diesenberger and M. Niederkorn-Bruck (eds.), Zwischen Niederschrift und Wiederschrift. Frühmittelalterliche Hagiographie und Historiographie im Spannungsfeld von Kompendienüberlieferung und Editionstechnik, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 18 (Vienna, 2010)
Corradini, R., M. Diesenberger and H. Reimitz (eds.), The Construction of Communities in the Early Middle Ages: Texts, Resources, and Artefacts, The Transformation of the Roman World 12 (Leiden, 2003)
Corradini, R., M. Gillis, R. McKitterick and I. van Renswoude (eds.), Ego Trouble: Authors and their Identities in the Early Middle Ages, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mitttelalters 15 (Vienna, 2010)
Costambeys, M., ‘The culture and practice of burial in and around Rome in the sixth century’, in F. Guidobaldi and A. Guidobaldi (eds), Ecclesiae urbis: Atti del Congresso internazionale di studi sulle chiese di Roma (IV–X secolo), Roma, 4–10 settembre 2000, Studi di antichità cristiana 59 (Vatican City, 2002), pp. 721–7
Costambeys, M.,‘ The transmission of tradition: Gregorian influence and innovation in eighth-century Italian monasticism’ in Y. Hen and M. Innes (eds.), The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 78–101
Courcelle, P., Late Latin Writers and their Greek Sources (Harvard, 1969)
Courcelle, P., Recherches sur saint Ambroise. ‘Vies’ anciennes, culture, iconographie (Paris, 1973)
Cowdrey, H. E. J., Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085 (Oxford, 1998)
Cowdrey, H. E. J.,‘ Bede and the “English People”’, Journal of Religious History 11 (1981), 501–23
Croke, B.Count Marcellinus and his Chronicle (Oxford, 2001)
Cubitt, C. (ed.), Court Culture in the Early Middle Ages: The Proceedings of the First Alcuin Conference, Studies in the Early Middle Ages 3 (2003)
Cubitt, C.The Lateran Council of 649 as an ecumenical council’, in R. Pryce and M. Whitby (eds.). Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400–700, Translated Texts for Historians, Contexts 1 (Liverpool, 2009), pp. 133–47
Cupperi, W., ‘“Regia purpureo marmore crusta tegit”: il sarcofago reimpiegato per la sepoltura di Sant’Ambrogio e la tradizione dell’antico nella Basilica Ambrosiana a Milano’, in W. Cupperi (ed.), Senso delle rovine e riuso dell’antico (Pisa, 2004), pp. 141–75
Cuppo, L., ‘The other “Book of Pontiffs”: a view from Lombard Italy (Ms. BAV, Vat. Lat. 1348)’, in S. J. B. Barnish, L. Cracco Ruggini, L. Cuppo, R. Marchese and M. Breu (eds.), Vivarium in Context (Vicenza, 2008), pp. 55–77
Curta, F., The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region c. 500–700 (Cambridge, 2001)
Curta, F.,‘ Slavs in Fredegar and Paul the Deacon: medieval gens or ‘Scourge of God’?’, EME 6 (1997), 141–67
Davis, R., The Book of Pontiffs: The Ancient Biographies of the First Ninety Roman Bishops to AD 715, 3rd edn (Liverpool, 2010)
Davis, R, The Lives of the Eighth-Century Popes, 2nd edn (Liverpool, 2007)
Deér, J., ‘Zum Patricius-Romanorum-Titel Karls des Großen’, in AHP 3 (1965), 31–86; reprinted in G. Wolf (ed.), Zum Kaisertum Karls des Großen: Beiträge und Aufsätze (Darmstadt, 1972), pp. 240–308
DeGregorio, S., Bede: On Ezra and Nehemiah, Translated Texts for Historians 47 (Liverpool, 2006)
DeGregorio, S.,‘ Bede and the Old Testament’, in DeGregorio (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bede (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 127–41
Delogu, P., ‘Il passaggio dall’antichità al medioevo’, in Storia di Roma dall’antichità a oggi, vol. II: A. Vauchez (ed.) Roma medievale (Rome/Bari, 2001), pp. 3–40
Dempsey, G. T., ‘Aldhelm of Malmesbury and the Paris Psalter: a note on the survival of Antiochene exegesis’, JTS 38 (1987), 368–86
Depreux, P., Prosopographie de l’entourage de Louis le Pieux (781–840), Instrumenta 1 (Sigmaringen, 1997)
Depreux, P.,‘ L’Actualité de Fréculf de Lisieux: à propos de l’édition critique de son oeuvre’, Tabularia: Sources écrites de la Normandie médiévale 4 (2004), 53–60
Depreux, P.,‘ La Pietas comme principe de gouvernement d’après le Poème sur Louis le Pieux d’Ermold le Noir’, in J. Hill and M. Swan (eds.), The Community, the Family and the Saint: Patterns of Power in Early Medieval Europe (Turnhout, 1998), pp. 201–24
Depreux, P., S. Lebecq, M. Perrin and O. Szerwiniack (eds.), Hraban Maur et son temps, Collection Haut Moyen Âge 9 (Turnhout, 2010)
Derrida, J., Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression (Chicago, 1996)
Détrez, C., ‘Le Capital culturel’, Idées 142 (2005), 6–13
Deventer, M. W. A. van, ‘Rome: city of memories: “Erinnerungskultur” in late antique Rome ca. 300–ca. 700 AD’, unpublished MA thesis, University of Leiden, 2009
Devreesse, R., Essai sur Théodore de Mopsuestia, Studi e Testi 141 (Vatican City, 1948)
Dey, H. W., The Aurelian Wall and the Refashioning of Imperial Rome AD 271–855 (Cambridge, 2011)
Diesenberger, M., Sermones: Predigt und Politik im frühmittelalterlichen Bayern (forthcoming)
Diesenberger, M.‘ Hair, sacrality and symbolic capital in the Frankish kingdoms’, in Corradini, Diesenberger and Reimitz (eds.), The Construction of Communities, pp. 173–212
Dijk, S. J. P. van, ‘The urban and papal rites in seventh- and eighth-century Rome’, Sacris Erudiri 12 (1961), 469–76
Doren, J. van, ‘Paulus Orosius and Paulus Diaconus: the use of the Historiarum libri septem adversum paganos in the Historia Romana’, unpublished MA thesis, University of Utrecht, 2012
Drecoll, V., ‘Kommentierte Analyse zu Liberatus’ Breviarium 1–7’, Zeitschrift fur Antikes Christentum 14 (2010), 9–30
Drijvers, J. W. and A. A. MacDonald (eds.), Centres of Learning in Pre-Modern Europe and the Near East (Leiden, 1995)
Duboisson, M., ‘GRAECVS, GRAECVLVS, GRAECARI: l’emploi péjoratif du nom des Grecs en latin’, in S. Said (ed.), Ἑλλενισμος. Quelques jalons pour une histoire de l’identité grecque. Actes du Colloque de Strasbourg, 25–27 octobre 1989 (Leiden, New York, Copenhagen and Cologne, 1991), pp. 315–35
Dubreucq, A., ‘Les Peintures murales du palais carolingien d’Ingelheim et l’idéologie impériale carolingienne’, Hortus Artium Medievalium 16 (2010), 27–38
Dupreucq, A.,‘ Poésie d’éloge et image de l’empereur à l’époque carolingienne: l’exemple d’Ermold le Noir’, Hortus Artium Medievalium 8 (2002), 193–208
Dutton, P., Carolingian Civilization: A Reader (Peterborough, Ontario, 1993)
Dutton, P., Charlemagne’s Mustache and Other Cultural Clusters of a Dark Age (New York, 2004)
Duval, Y.-M., ‘L’Éloge de Théodose dans la Cité de Dieu (V, 26, 1). Sa place, son sens et ses sources’, Recherches Augustiniennes 4 (1966), 135–79
Dyer, J., ‘Roman processions of the Major Litany (litaniae maiores) from the sixth to the twelfth century’, in Ó Carragáin and Neuman de Vegvar (eds), Roma felix, 113–38
Edwards, M., Constantine and Christendom: The Oration to the Saints; The Greek and Latin Accounts of The discovery of the Cross; The Edict of Constantine to Pope Silvester, Translated Texts for Historians 39 (Liverpool, 2003)
Edwards, M.,‘ The first council of Nicaea’, in M. M. Mitchell and F. M. Young (eds.), The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. I: Origins to Constantine (Cambridge, 2006), pp. 552–67
Esders, S., ‘“Avenger of all perjury” in Constantinople, Ravenna, and Merovingian Metz. St Polyeuctus, Sigibert I, and the division of Charibert’s kingdom in 568’, in A. Fischer and I. N. Wood (eds.), Western Perspectives on the Mediterranean: Cultural Transfer in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, 400–800 AD (Bangor, forthcoming)
Esders, S.,‘ Herakleios, Dagobert und die “beschnittenen Völker”: Die Umwälzungen des Mittelmeerraums im 7. Jahrhundert in der Chronik des sog. Fredegar’, in A. Goltz, H. Leppin and H. Schlange-Schöningen (eds.), Jenseits der Grenzen. Beiträge zur spätantiken und frühmittelalterlichen Geschichtsschreibung (Berlin, New York, 2009), pp. 239–311
Esders, S.,‘ Treueidleistung und Rechtsveränderung im frühen Mittelalter’, in S. Esders and C. Reinle (eds.), Rechtsveränderung im politischen und sozialen Kontext mittelalterlicher Rechtsvielfalt (Münster, 2005), pp. 25–61
Ewig, E., Spätantikes und Fränkisches Gallien: Gesammelte Schriften (1952–1973), 2 vols., ed. H. Atsma (Munich, 1976–9)
Ewig, E.,‘ L’Aquitaine et les pays Rhénans au haut moyen âge’, in Ewig, Spätantikes, vol. I, pp. 553–72
Ewig, E.,‘ Das Bild Constantins des Großen in den ersten Jahrhunderts des abendländischen Mittelalters’, HJb 75 (1956), 1–46; reprinted in Ewig, Spätantikes, vol. I, pp. 72–113
Ewig, E.,‘ Milo et eiusmodi similes’ in E. Ewig (ed.), Sankt Bonifatius. Gedenkgabe zum zwölfhundertsten Todestag (Fulda, 1954), pp. 412–40; reprinted in Ewig, Spätantikes, vol. II, pp. 189–219
Faivre d’Arcier, L., Histoire et géographie d’un mythe. La circulation des manuscrits du ‘De excidio Troiae’ de Darès le Phrygien (Paris, 2006)
Fentress, E., ‘The sixth-century abbey’, in E. Fentress, C. Goodson, P. Laird and S. Leone (eds.), Walls and Memory: The Abbey of San Sebastiano, Alatri (Lazio) from Late Roman Monastery to Renaissance Villa and Beyond (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 33–70
Fentress, J., and C. Wickham, Social Memory (Oxford, 1992)
Ferrari, M., ‘Manoscritti e cultura’, in Milano e i Milanesi prima del Mille (VIII–X secolo), Atti dei Congressi 10 (Spoleto, 1986), pp. 241–76
Fichtenau, H., ‘Vom Ansehen des Papsttums im zehnten Jahrhundert’, in H. Mordek (ed.), Aus Kirche und Reich: Studien zu Theologie, Politik und Recht im Mittelalter. Festschrift für Friedrich Kempf (Sigmaringen, 1983), pp. 117–24
Firey, A., ‘Codices and contexts: the many destinies of the Capitula Angilramni and the challenges of editing small canon law collections’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 125 (2008), 288–312
Firey, A.,‘ Mutating monsters: approaches to “living texts” of the Carolingian era’, Digital Proceedings of the Lawrence J. Schoenberg Symposium on Manuscript Studies in the Digital Age 2(1) (2012), 1–14
Flechner, R., ‘An insular tradition of ecclesiastical law: fifth to eighth century’, in J. Graham-Campbell and M. Ryan (eds.), Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations before the Vikings, Proceedings of the British Academy 157 (Oxford, 2009), pp. 23–46
Flechner, R.,‘ Libelli et commentarii aliorum: the Hibernensis and the Breton Bishops’, in K. Ritari and A. Bergholm (eds.), Approaches to Religion and Mythology in Celtic Studies (Newcastle 2008), pp. 100–19
Flechner, R.,‘ The problem of originality in early medieval canon law: legislating by means of contradictions in the Collectio Hibernensis’, Viator 43 (2012), 29–47
Fleckenstein, J., Die Hofkapelle der deutschen Könige, Part 1: Grundlegung: Die karolingische Hofkapelle (Stuttgart, 1959)
Fotheringham, J. K. (ed.), The Bodleian Manuscript of Jerome’s Version of the Chronicle of Eusebius, reproduced in Collotype (Oxford, 1905)
Foucault, M., ‘What is an Author?’, in P. Rabinow (ed.), The Foucault Reader (London, 1991), pp. 101–120
Fouracre, P. J., The Age of Charles Martel (Harlow, 2000)
Fouracre, P. J.,‘ The long shadow of the Merovingians’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 5–21
Fouracre, P. J., and R. A. Gerberding, Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640–720 (Manchester, 1996)
Fournier, P., ‘De l’influence de la collection irlandaise sur la formation des collections canoniques’, Nouvelle revue historique de droit français et étranger 23 (1899), 27–78
Fraenkel, E., ‘Zur Geschichte des Wortes Fides’, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, n.f. 71 (1916), 187–99
Fraesdorff, D., Der barbarische Norden: Vorstellungen und Fremdheitskategorien bei Rimbert, Thietmar von Merseburg, Adam von Bremen und Helmold von Bosa (Berlin, 2005)
Fraesdorff, D.,‘ The power of imagination: the Christianitas and the pagan north during conversion to Christianity’, The Medieval History Journal 5 (2002), 309–32
Freund, S., Von den Agilolfingern zu den Karolingern: Bayerns Bischöfe zwischen Kirchenorganisation und Karolingischer Reform (700–847), Schriftenreihe zur Bayerischen Landesgeschichte 144 (Munich, 2004)
Freyburger, G., Fides: Étude sémantique et religieuse depuis les origines jusqu’à l’époque augustéenne (Paris, 1986)
Fried, J., Canossa. Entlarvung einer Legende. Eine Streitschrift (Berlin, 2012)
Fried, J., ‘Donation of Constantine’ and ‘Constitutum Constantini’: The Misinterpretation of a Fiction and its Original Meaning. With a contribution by W. Brandes, ‘The Satraps of Constantine’ (Berlin, 2007)
Fried, J., Der Schleier der Erinnerung: Grundzüge einer historischen Memorik (Munich, 2004)
Fried, J.,‘ Gens und regnum: Wahrnehmungs- und Deutungskategorien politischen Wandels im früheren Mittelalter. Bemerkungen zur doppelten Theoriebindung des Historikers’, in J. Miethke and K. Schreiner (eds.), Sozialer Wandel im Mittelalter. Wahrnehmungsformen, Erklärungsmuster, Regelungsmechanismen (Sigmaringen, 1994), pp. 73–104
Fuhrmann, H., ‘Einleitung’, in Furhmann (ed.), Das Constitutum Constantini (Konstantinische Schenkung): Textausgabe, MGH Fontes 10 (Hanover, 1968), pp. 7–47
Ganshof, F. L. (ed.), The Carolingians and the Frankish Monarchy: Studies in Carolingian History (London, 1971)
Ganshof, F. L.‘ Einhard: biographer of Charlemagne’, in Ganshof (ed.), Carolingians, pp. 1–16
Ganshof, F. L.L’Historiographie dans la monarchie franque sous les Merovingiens et les Carolingiens’, in La storiografia altomedievale, Settimane 17 (Spoleto, 1970), pp. 631–85
Gantner, C., Freunde Roms und Völker der Finsternis: Die Konstruktion von Anderen im päpstlichen Rom des 8. und 9. Jahrhunderts (Vienna, Cologne and Weimar, 2014)
Gantner, C.,‘ Hoffnung in der Apokalypse? Die Ismaeliten in den älteren lateinischen Fassungen der Revelationes des Pseudo-Methodius’, in V. Wieser, C. Zolles, M. Zolles, L. Schlöndorff and C. Feik (eds.), Abendländische Apokalyptik: Kompendium zur Genealogie der Endzeit in der europäischen Kultur (Berlin, 2013), pp. 521–48
Gantner, C.,‘ The label “Greeks” in the papal diplomatic repertoire in the eighth century’, in Pohl and Heydemann (eds.), Strategies of Identification, pp. 303–49
Gantner, C.,‘ The Lombard recension of the Liber pontificalis, in F. Lo Monaco and F. Mores (eds.), Da vescovi di Roma a papi: L’invenzione del Liber Pontificalis, Rivista di storia del Cristianesimo 10,1 (2013), 65–114
Gantner, C.,‘ New visions of community in ninth-century Rome: the impact of the Saracen threat on papal thought’, in Pohl, Gantner and Payne (eds.), Visions of Community, pp. 403–21
Gantner, C.,‘ Die Päpste und ihre “Griechen” im Rom des 8. Jahrhunderts: Eigene, Andere und Fremde’, in A. Pülz (ed.), Das Eigene und das Fremde: Tagung des Zentrums Archäologie und Altertumswissenschaften der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Origines, Schriften des Zentrums Archäologie und Altertumswissenschaften 4 (Vienna, forthcoming)
Gantner, C.,‘ Studien zur handschriftlichen Überlieferung des Liber Pontificalis am Beispiel der so genannten Langobardischen Rezension’, unpublished MA thesis, University of Vienna, 2009
Ganz, D., Corbie in the Carolingian Renaissance (Sigmaringen, 1990)
Ganz, D.,‘ Einhard’s Charlemagne: the characterization of greatness’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 38–51
Ganz, D.,‘ The Epitaphium Arsenii and opposition to Louis the Pious’, in Godman and Collins (eds.), Charlemagne’s Heir, pp. 537–50
Ganz, D.,‘ Theology and the organisation of thought’, in R. McKitterick (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. II: c. 700–c. 900 (Cambridge, 1995), pp. 758–85
Garipzanov, I. H., The Symbolic Language of Authority in the Carolingian World (c. 751–877) (Leiden, 2008)
Garipzanov, I. H.,‘ Christianity and paganism in Adam of Bremen’s Narrative’, in I. H. Garipzanov (ed.) Historical Narratives and Christian Identity on a European Periphery: Early History Writing in Northern, East-Central, and Eastern Europe (c. 1070–1200) (Turnhout, 2011), pp. 13–29
Garipzanov, I. H., P. J. Geary and P. Urbańczyk (eds.), Franks, Northmen and Slavs: Identities and State Formation in Early Medieval Europe (Turnhout, 2008)
GarrisonM., ‘The Franks as the New Israel? Education for an identity from Pippin to Charlemagne’, in Hen and Innes (eds.), Uses of the Past, pp. 114–61
GarrisonM.,‘ The social world of Alcuin: nicknames at York and at the Carolingian court’, in L. Houwen and A. McDonald (eds.), Alcuin of York: Scholar at the Carolingian Court, Mediaevalia Groningana 22 (Groningen, 1998), pp. 59–79
GavinelliS., ‘Il gallo di Ramperto: potere, simboli e scrittura a Brescia nel secolo IX’, in F. Forner, C. M. Monti and P. G. Schmidt (eds.), Margarita Amicorum: Studi di cultura per i 65 anni di Agostino Sottili (Milan, 2005), vol. I, pp. 401–27
GavinelliS.,‘ Irlandesi, libri biblici e il monastero di S. Ambrogio’, in Il Monastero di S. Ambrogio nel Medioevo. Convegno di studi nel XII centenario, 784–1984 (Milan, 1988), pp. 350–60
Geary, P. J., Aristocracy in Provence: The Rhône Basin at the Dawn of the Carolingian Age (Stuttgart, 1985)
Geary, P. J., Phantoms of Remembrance: Memory and Oblivion at the end of the First Millennium (Princeton, 1994)
Geary, P. J., and G. Klaniczay (eds.), Manufacturing Middle Ages: Entangled History of Medievalism in Nineteenth-Century Europe (Leiden/Boston, 2013)
Geertman, H., ‘La genesi del Liber pontificalis romano: un processo di organizzazione della memoria’, in Bougard and Sot (eds.), Liber, Gesta, histoire, pp. 37–107
Geertz, C., ‘The Javanese Kijaji: the changing role of a cultural broker’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 2 (1960), 228–49
Geltner, G., ‘Detrusio: penal cloistering in the Middle Ages’, RB 118 (2008), 89–108
Gerberding, R. A., The Rise of the Carolingians and the ‘Liber Historiae Francorum’ (Oxford, 1987)
Gerberding, R. A.,‘ Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale Latin 7906. An unnoticed very early fragment of the Liber Historiae Francorum’, Traditio, 43 (1987), 381–6
Geuenich, D., and O. G. Oexle (eds.), Memoria in der Gesellschaft des Mittelalters, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte 111 (Göttingen, 1994)
Gneuss, H., ‘A grammarian’s Greek–Latin glossary in Anglo-Saxon England’, in M. Godden, D. Gray and T. Hoad (eds.), From Anglo-Saxon to Early Middle English: Studies Presented to E. G. Stanley (Oxford, 1994), pp. 60–86; repr. in H. Gneuss, Language and History in Early England, Collected Studies Series (Aldershot, 1996)
Godman, P. and R. Collins (eds.), Charlemagne’s Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814–840) (Oxford, 1990)
Godman, P., J. Jarnut and P. Johanek (eds.), Am Vorabend der Kaiserkrönung: Das Epos Karolus Magnus et Leo papa und der Papstbesuch in Paderborn 799 (Berlin, 2002)
Goetz, H.-W., Die Geschichtstheologie des Orosius (Darmstadt, 1980)
Goetz, H.-W.,‘ Constructing the past: religious dimensions and historical consciousness in Adam of Bremen’s Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum, in L. B. Mortensen (ed.), The Making of Christian Myths in the Periphery of Latin Christendom (c. 1000–1300) (Copenhagen, 2006), pp. 17–52
Goetz, H.-W.,‘ Gens, kings and kingdoms: the Franks’, in H-W. Goetz, J. Jarnut and W. Pohl (eds.), Regna et Gentes: The Relationship between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World (Leiden, 2003), pp. 307–44
Goetz, H.-W.,‘ Staatlichkeit, Herrschaftsordnung und Lehnswesen im Ostfränkischen Reich als Forschungsprobleme’, in Il feudalesimo nell’alto medioevo, Settimane 47 (Spoleto, 2000), pp. 85–147
Goffart, W., The Narrators of Barbarian History (AD 550–800): Jordanes, Gregory of Tours, Bede, and Paul the Deacon (Princeton, 1988)
Goldschmidt, E., Medieval Texts and their First Appearance in Print (London, 1943)
González-Salinero, R., ‘Catholic anti-Judaism in Visigothic Spain’, in A. Ferreiro (ed.), The Visigoths: Studies in Culture and Society (Leiden, 1999), pp. 123–50
Goodson, C. J., The Rome of Pope Paschal I: Papal Power, Urban Renovation, Church Rebuilding and Relic Translation 817–824, (Cambridge, 2010)
Goodson, C. J.,‘ Building for bodies: the architecture of saint veneration in early medieval Rome’, in Ó Carragáin and Neuman de Vegvar (eds.), Roma felix, pp. 51–80
Goodson, C. J., and J. L. Nelson, ‘Review article: the Roman contexts of the “Donation of Constantine”’, EME 18 (2010), 446–67
Goody, J., The Power of the Written Tradition (Washington, DC, 2000)
Goosmann, F. C. W., ‘The long-haired kings of the Franks: “like so many Samsons?”’, EME 20 (2012), 233–59
Gorman, M. M., Biblical Commentaries from the Early Middle Ages, Millennio Medievale 32, Reprints 4 (Florence, 2002)
Gorman, M. M.,‘ The encyclopedic commentary on Genesis prepared for Charlemagne by Wigbod’, Recherches Augustiniennes 17 (1982), 173–201; repr. in Gorman, Biblical Commentaries, pp. 1–29
Gorman, M. M.,‘ Wigbod and biblical studies under Charlemagne’, RB 107 (1997), 40–76; repr. in Gorman, Biblical Commentaries, pp. 200–76
Gottfried, S., ‘Fides (Recht)’, in H. Cancik (ed.), Der neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike, vol. IV (Stuttgart, 1998), pp. 507–9
Grafton, A., Joseph Scaliger: A Study in the History of Classical Scholarship, vol. II: Historical Chronology (Oxford, 1993)
Graham-Campbell, J. and M. Ryan (eds.), Anglo-Saxon/Irish relations before the Vikings, Proceedings of the British Academy 157 (Oxford, 2009)
Graus, F., ‘Die Ohnmacht der Wissenschaft gegenüber Geschichtsmythen’, in F. Graus, Ausgewählte Aufsätze (1959–1989), ed. H.-J. Gilomen, P. Moraw and R. C. Schwinges (Stuttgart, 2002), pp. 50–64
Gregorovius, F., Geschichte der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter, vol. I: Vom V. bis zum XVI. Jahrhundert, 2nd edn (Stuttgart, 1869)
Grig, L., ‘Deconstructing the symbolic city: Jerome as guide to late antique Rome’, Papers of the British School at Rome 80 (2012), 125–44
Grig, L. and G. Kelly (eds.), Two Romes: Rome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2012)
Grocock, C. and I. Wood (eds.), The Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford, 2013)
Grondeux, A., ‘Le Liber glossarum (VIIIe siècle): prolégomènes à une nouvelle édition’, Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi 69 (2011), 23–51
Gruen, E. S., Rethinking the Other in Antiquity (Princeton and Oxford, 2011)
Guenée, B., Histoire et culture historique dans l’Occident medieval (Paris, 1980)
Hack, A. T., Codex Carolinus: Päpstliche epistolographie im 8. Jahrhundert, Päpste und Papsttum 35 (Stuttgart, 2006–2007)
Haelewyck, J.-C., ‘L’Apport des Instituta de Junillus Africanus à la question du canon scripturaire de la tradition syriaque (Ancien Testament)’, in F. Briquel Chatonnet (ed.), Sur les pas des Araméens chrétiens: mélanges offerts à Alain Desreumaux, Cahiers d’Études Syriaques 1 (Paris, 2010), pp. 25–34
Hahn, C., ‘Narrative on the Golden Altar of Sant’Ambrogio in Milan: presentation and reception’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 53 (1999), 167–87
Hahn, H., Jahrbücher des fränkischen Reichs, 741–752 (Berlin, 1863)
Halbwachs, M., Les Cadres sociaux de la mémoire (Paris, 1925)
Halbwachs, M., La Mémoire collective (Paris, 1939)
Halphen, L., Études critiques sur l’histoire de Charlemagne (Paris, 1921)
Halporn, J. W. and M. Vessey, Cassiodorus: ‘Institutions of Divine and Secular Learning’ and ‘On the Soul’, Translated Texts for Historians 42 (Liverpool, 2004)
Halsall, G., Settlement and Social Organization: The Merovingian Region of Metz (Cambridge, 1995)
Hammer, C. I.From ‘Ducatus’ to ‘Regnum’: Ruling Bavaria under the Merovingians and Early Carolingians (Brepols, 2007)
Hammer, C. I.“Pipinus rex”: Pippin’s plot of 792 and Bavaria’, Traditio 63 (2008), pp. 235–76
Hammond Bammel, C., Das neue Rufinfragment in irischer Schrift und die Überlieferung der Rufin’schen Übersetzung der Kirchengechichte Eusebs’ in R. Gryson (ed.), Philologia Sacra. Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J. Frede und Walter Thiele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, 2 vols. (Freiburg, 1993), vol. II, pp. 483–513
Hammond Bammel, C.,‘ Products of fifth-century scriptoria preserving conventions used by Rufinus of Aquileia I’, JTS 29 (1978), 366–91
Hammond Bammel, C.,‘ Products of fifth-century scriptoria preserving conventions used by Rufinus of Aquileia III: nomina sacra’, JTS 30 (1979), 430–62
Hammond Bammel, C.,‘ Products of fifth-century scriptoria preserving conventions used by Rufinus of Aquileia: script’, JTS 35 (1984), 347–93
Häring, N. M., ‘Angilram’, in Lexikon des Mittelalters (Munich, Zurich, 1980), vol. I, col. 635
Harris, W. (ed.), The Transformations of Urbs Roma in Late Antiquity, Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series 33 (Portsmouth, RI, 1999)
Hartmann, F., Hadrian I (772–795): Frühmittelalterliches Adelspapsttum und die Lösung Roms vom byzantinischen Kaiser, Päpste und Papsttum 34 (Stuttgart, 2006)
Hartog, F., Régimes d’historicité: présentisme et expériences du temps (Paris, 2002)
Hartwig, H., Widukind in Geschichte und Sage (Bielefeld, 1951)
Häse, A., Mittelalterliche Bücherverzeichnisse aus Kloster Lorsch: Einleitung, Edition und Kommentar, Beiträge zum Buch- und Bibliothekswesen 42 (Wiesbaden, 2002)
Haselbach, I., Aufstieg und Herrschaft der Karolinger in der Darstellung der sogenannten Annales Mettenses priores: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der politischen ideen im Reich Karls des Großen (Lübeck and Hamburg, 1970)
Heidecker, K., The Divorce of Lothar II: Christian Marriage and Political Power in the Carolingian World (Ithaca, NY, 2010)
Heidecker, K., Kerk, huwelijk en politieke macht: De zaak Lotharius II, 855–869 (Amsterdam, 1997)
Heidrich, I., ‘Synode und Hoftag in Düren im August 747’, DA 50 (1994), 415–40
Heil, Uta, ‘Liberatus von Karthago und die “Drei Kapitel”: Anmerkungen zum Breviarium Causae Nestorianorum et Eutychianorum 8–10’, Zeitschrift für Antikes Christentum 14 (2010), 31–59
Heinemann, O. von, Die Handschriften der herzoglichen Bibliothek zu Wolfenbüttel. Erste Abtheilung: Die Helmstedter Handschriften (Wolfenbüttel, 1884)
Heinzelmann, M., Gregory of Tours: History and Society in the Sixth Century, trans. C. Caroll (Cambridge, 2001)
Helbig, H., ‘Fideles dei et regis: Zur Bedeutungsentwicklung von Glaube und Treue im hohen Mittelalter’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 33 (1951), 275–306
Hellmann, M., ‘Die Auszeichnung der Textstruktur in einer biographischen Sammeledition der Karolingerzeit am Beispiel des “Weissenburger Martinellus”’, in D. Walz (ed.), Scripturus vitam: Lateinische Biographie von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart. Festgabe für Walter Berschin zum 65. Geburtstag. (Heidelberg, 2002), pp. 243–62
Hen, Y., ‘Charlemagne’s jihad’, Viator 37 (2006), 33–51
Hen, Y.,‘ The Christianisation of kingship’, in Becher and Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel, pp. 163–78
Hen, Y.,‘ Wilhelm Levison’s Willibrord and Echternach’, in Becher and Hen (eds.), Wilhelm Levison, pp. 187–98
Hen, Y. and M. Innes (eds.), The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2000)
Herrin, J., The Formation of Christendom (Princeton, 1987)
Herrin, J.,‘ The Quinisext Council (692) as continuation of Chalcedon’, in R. Pryce and M. Whitby (eds.), Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400–700, Translated Texts for Historians, Contexts 1 (Liverpool, 2009), pp. 148–68
Higham, N. J., (Re-)Reading Bede: The ‘Ecclesiastical History’ in Context (London, 2006)
Hill, J., ‘Carolingian perspectives on the authority of Bede’, in S. DeGregorio (ed.), Innovation and Tradition in the Writings of the Venerable Bede (Morgantown, WV, 2006), pp. 227–49
Hills, C., Origins of the English (London, 2003)
Hinderaker, E., ‘Translation and cultural brokerage’, in P. J. Deloria and N. Salisbury (eds.), A Companion to American Indian History (Malden, MA and Oxford 2002), pp. 357–75
Hoffmann, H., Untersuchungen zur karolingischen Annalistik (Bonn, 1958)
Holder, A., Die Handschriften der Badischen Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe, V. Die Reichenauer Handschriften, I: Die Pergamenthandschriften (Leipzig, 1906; repr. Wiesbaden, 1970)
Honoré, T., Tribonian (London, 1978)
Humfress, C., ‘Law and legal practice in the age of Justinian’, in Maas (ed.), Cambridge Companion, pp. 161–84
Humphries, M., ‘From emperor to pope? Ceremonial space and authority at Rome from Constantine to Gregory the Great’, in K. Cooper and J. Hillner (eds.), Religion, Dynasty and Patronage in Early Christian Rome, 300–900 (Cambridge, 2007), pp. 21–58
Humphries, M.,‘ Rufinus’s Eusebius: Translation, continuation, and edition in the Latin ecclesiastical history’, Journal of Early Christian Studies 16.2 (2008)
Hunter Blair, P., ‘The Northumbrians and their southern frontier’, Archaeologia Aeliana, 4th series 26 (1948), 98–126; reprinted in Hunter Blair, Anglo-Saxon Northumbria (London, 1984)
Inglebert, H., Les Romains chrétiens face à l’histoire de Rome: histoire, christianisme et romanités en occident dans l’antiquité tardive (IIIe–Ve siècles) (Paris, 1996), 217–80
Innes, M., State and Society in the Early Middle Ages: The Middle Rhine Valley, 400–1000 (Cambridge, 2000)
Innes, M.,‘ “Immune from Heresy”: defining the boundaries of Carolingian Christianity’, in P. Fouracre and D. Ganz (eds.), Frankland: The Franks and the World of the Early Middle Ages (Manchester, 2008), pp. 101–25
Innes, M.,‘ A place of discipline: Carolingian courts and aristocratic youths’, in Cubitt (ed.), Court Culture, pp. 59–76
Isaac, B., The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity (Princeton, 2004)
Izzi, L., ‘Representing Rome: the influence of Rome on aspects of the public arts of early Anglo-Saxon England (c. 600–800)’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of York, 2010
Jacob, W., Die handschriftliche Überlieferung des sogennanten Historia Ecclesiastica Tripartita des Epiphanius-Cassiodors, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 59 (Berlin, 1954)
Janson, H., ‘Adam of Bremen and the conversion of Scandinavia’, in G. Armstrong (ed.) Christianizing Peoples and Converting Individuals (Turnhout, 2000) pp. 83–8
Janson, H., Templum noblissimum: Adam av Bremen, Uppsalatmplet och konfliktlinjerna I Europa kring år 1075 (Göteborg, 1998)
Jarnut, J., ‘Alemannien zur Zeit der Doppelherrschaft der Hausmeier Karlmann und Pippin’, in R. Schieffer (ed.), Beiträge zur Geschichte des Regnum Francorum: Referate beim Wissenschaftlichen Colloquium zum 75. Geburtstag von Eugen Ewig (Sigmaringen, 1990), pp. 57–66
JarnutJ., ‘Chlodwig und Chlothar: Anmerkungen zu den Namen zweier Söhne Karls des Großen’, Francia 12 (1985), pp. 645–51
JarnutJ.,‘ Kaiser Ludwig der Fromme und König Bernhard von Italien: der Versuch einer Rehabilitierung’, SM 30 (1989), 637–48
Jarnut, J., U. Nonn and M. Richter (eds.), Karl Martell in seiner Zeit, Beihefte der Francia 37 (Sigmaringen, 1994)
Johanek, P., ‘Der Ausbau der sächsischen Kirchenorganisation’, in Stiegmann and Wemhof (eds.), 799: Kunst und Kultur, vol. II, pp. 494–506
Johnson, E. N., ‘Adalbert of Hamburg-Bremen: a politician of the eleventh century.’ Speculum 9 (1934), 147–79
Jones, C. A., ‘The sermons attributed to Candidus Wizo’, in K. O’BrienO’Keeffe and A. Orchard (eds.), Latin Learning and English Lore: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Literature for Michael Lapidge, Toronto Old English series (Toronto, 2005), vol. I, pp. 260–83
Jones, L. W., ‘Further notes concerning Cassiodorus on medieval culture’, Speculum 22 (1947), 254–6
Jones, L. W.,‘ The influence of Cassiodorus on medieval culture’, Speculum 20 (1945), 433–42
Jong, M. B. de, Epitaph for an Era: Paschasius Radbertus and his Lament for Wala (Cambridge, forthcoming)
Jong, M. B. de, In Samuel’s Image: Child Oblation in the Early Medieval West, Studies in Intellectual History 12 (Leiden, 1996)
Jong, M. B. de, The Penitential State: Authority and Atonement in the Age of Louis the Pious, 814–840 (Cambridge, 2009)
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Becoming Jeremiah: Paschasius Radbertus on Wala, himself and others’, in Corradini, Gillis, McKitterick and Van Renswoude (eds.), Ego Trouble, pp. 185–96
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Bonifatius: een Angelsaksische priester-monnik en het Frankische hof’, Millennium: Tijdschrift voor Middeleeuwse studies 19 (2005), 5–23
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Carolingian monasticism: the power of prayer’, in McKitterick (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, pp. 622–53
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Charlemagne’s church’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 103–35
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Ecclesia and the early medieval polity’, in Airlie, Pohl and Reimitz (eds.), Staat, pp. 113–32
Jong, M. B. de,‘ The empire as ecclesia: Hrabanus Maurus and biblical historia for rulers’, in Hen and Innes (eds.), Uses of the Past, pp. 191–226
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Exegesis for an empress’, in E. Cohen and M. de Jong (eds.), Medieval Transformations: Texts, Power and Gifts in Context (Leiden, 2001), pp. 69–100
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Familiarity lost: on the context of the second book of the Epitaphium Arsenii’, in M. Gravel and S. Kaschke (eds.), Politische Theologie und Geschichte unter Ludwig dem Frommen/Histoire et théologie politiques sous Louis le Pieux, (Ostfildern, forthcoming)
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Het woord en het zwaard: Aan de grenzen van het vroegmiddeleeuwse christendom’, Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 118 (2005), 464–82
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Hraban as mediator: De honore parentum (autumn, 834)’, in L. Jégou, S. Joye, T. Lienhard and J. Schneider (eds.), Faire lien: mélanges en l’honneur de Régine Le Jan (Paris, 2015 (February))
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Monastic prisoners or opting out? Political coercion and honour in the Frankish kingdoms’ in Theuws, de Jong and van Rhijn (eds.), Topographies of Power, pp. 291–328
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Old law and new-found power: Hrabanus Maurus and the Old Testament’, in J. W. Drijvers and A. A. MacDonald (eds.), Centres of Learning in Pre-Modern Europe and the Near East (Leiden, 1995), pp. 161–76
Jong, M. B. de,‘ Sacrum palatium et ecclesia: l’autorité religieuse royale sous les Carolingiens (790–840)’, Annales ESC 58 (2003), 1243–70
Jong, M. B. de,‘ The state of the church: ecclesia and early medieval state formation’, in W. Pohl and V. Wieser (eds.), Der frühmittelalterliche Staat: Europäische Perspektiven (Vienna, 2009), pp. 241–54
Jong, M. B. de,‘ What was public about public justice? Paenitentia publica and justice in the Carolingian world’, in La giustizia nell’alto medioevo, secoli IX–XI, Settimane 42 (Spoleto, 1997), pp. 863–904
Kahl, H.-D., ‘Karl der Große und die Sachsen: Stufe und Motive einer historischen “Eskalation”’, in H. Ludat and R. Christoph Schwinges (eds.), Politik, Gesellschaft, Geschichtsschreibung: Giessener Festgabe für František Graus zum 60. Geburtstag (Cologne, 1982), pp. 49–130
Karst, J. (ed.), Die Chronik: aus dem armenischen übersetzt mit textkritischem Commentar (Leipzig, 1911)
Kaschke, S., Die karolingischen Reichsteilungen bis 831: Herrschaftspraxis und Normvorstellungen in zeitgenössischer Sicht (Hamburg, 2006)
Kaschke, S.,‘ Sachsen, Franken und die Nachfolgeregelung Ludwigs des Deutschen: unus cum eis populus efficerentur, Niedersächsisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte 79 (2007), 147–86
Kasten, B., Königssöhne und Königsherrschaft: Untersuchungen zur Teilhabe am Reich in der Merowinger- und Karolingerreich, MGH Schriften 44 (Hanover, 1997)
Kehr, P. F., ‘Über die Chronologie der Briefe Pauls I. im codex Carolinus’, Nachrichten von der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Philologisch-Historische Klasse 2 (1896), 103–57
Kelly, C., ‘Past imperfect: the formation of Christian identity in late antiquity’, in T. Minamikawa (ed.), Material Culture, Mentality and Historical Identity in the Ancient World: Understanding the Celts, Greeks, Romans and the Modern Europeans (Kyoto, 2004), pp. 55–64
Kelly, C.,‘ The shape of the past: Eusebius of Caesarea and Old Testament history’, in C. Kelly, R. Flower and M. Williams (eds.), Unclassical Traditions, vol. I: Alternatives to the Classical Past in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 13–27
Kelly, J. N. D., Jerome: His Life, Writings, and Controversies (Oxford, 1975)
Kempshall, M., Rhetoric and the Writing of History, 400–1500 (Manchester and New York, 2011)
Kendall, C. B., Bede On Genesis (Liverpool, 2008)
Kershaw, P. J. E., Peaceful Kings: Peace, Power, and the Early Medieval Political Imagination (Oxford, 2011)
Kéry, L., Canonical Collections of the Early Middle Ages (ca. 400–1140): A Bibliographical Guide to the Manuscripts and Literature, History of Medieval Canon Law 1 (Washington, DC, 1999)
Kihn, H., Theodor von Mopsuestia und Junilius Africanus als Exegeten: Nebst einer kritischen Textausgabe von des letzteren Instituta regularia divinae legis (Freiburg, 1880)
King, P. D.Charlemagne: Translated Sources (Kendal, 1987)
Klingshirn, W. E., Caesarius of Arles: The Making of a Christian Community in Late Antique Gaul (Cambridge, 1994)
Knaepen, A., ‘L’Histoire greco-romain dans les sources litteraires latines de la premier moitie du IXe siècle: quelques conclusions provisoires’, Revue Belge de philologie et d’histoire 79 (2001), 341–72
Knibbs, E., Ansgar, Rimbert and the Forged Origins of Hamburg-Bremen (Aldershot, 2011)
Knoebel, T. L. (trans.), Isidore of Seville: De ecclesiasticis officiis, Ancient Christian Writers 61 (Mahwah, NJ, 2008)
Kölzer, T., ‘Die letzten Merowingerkönige: rois fainéants?’, in Becher and Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel, pp. 33–60
Krautheimer, R., Corpus basilicarum Christianarum Romae: le basiliche cristiane antiche di Roma (sec. IV–IX) = The Early Christian Basilicas of Rome (IV–IX cent.), 5 vols. (Vatican, 1937–77)
Krautheimer, R., Rome: Profile of a City 312–1308 (Princeton, 1980)
Kretschmer, M. T., Rewriting Roman History in the Middle Ages: The ‘Historia Romana’ and the Manuscript Bamberg, Hist 3 (Leiden, 2007)
Kreutz, B. M., Before the Normans: Southern Italy in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries (Philadelphia, 1991)
Krüger, K. H., ‘Königskonversionen im 8. Jahrhundert’, FrSt 7 (1973), 169–222
Kurze, F., ‘Über die karolingischen Reichsannalen von 741–829 und ihre Überarbeitung, I: Die handschriftliche Überlieferung’, NA 19 (1894), 295–329
La Rocca, C., Pacifico di Verona: Il passato carolingio nella costruzione della memoria urbana, con una nota di St. Zamponi, Nuovi Studi Storici 31 (Roma, 1995)
Laistner, M. L. W., ‘Antiochene exegesis in Western Europe during the Middle Ages’, The Harvard Theological Review 40 (1947), 19–31
Laistner, M. L. W.,‘ The value and influence of Cassiodorus’ Ecclesiastical History’, The Harvard Theological Review 41 (1948), 51–67; repr. in M. L. W. Laistner, The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages: Selected Essays by M. L. W. Laistner, ed. C. G. Starr (New York, 1972), pp. 22–39
Lambert, C., ‘Le sepolture in urbe nella norma e nella prassi (tarda antichità – alto medioevo)’, in L. Paroli (ed.), L’Italia centro-settentrionale in età longobarda (Florence, 1997), pp. 285–93
Lampen, A.,‘Sachsenkriege, sächsischer Widerstand und Kooperation’, in Stiegmann and Wemhof (eds.), 799: Kunst und Kultur, vol. I, pp. 264–72
Lapidge, M., The Anglo-Saxon Library (Oxford, 2006)
Lapidge, M.,‘ Rufinus at the school of Canterbury’ in P. Lardet (ed.), La tradition vive: mélanges d’histoire des textes en honneur de Louis Holtz, Bibliologia 20 (Turnhout, 2003), pp. 119–29
Lauwers, M., ‘Le Glaive et la parole: Charlemagne, Alcuin et le modèle du rex praedicator. Notes d’ecclésiologie carolingienne’ in P. Depreux and B. Judic (eds.), Alcuin de York à Tours: écriture, pouvoir et réseaux dans l’Europe du haut moyen âge (Rennes, 2004), pp. 221–44
Le Goff, J., Les Intellectuels au Moyen Âge (Paris, 1957)
Le Jan, R., ‘Dhuoda ou l’opportunité du discours féminin’, in C. La Rocca (ed.), Agire da donna: modelli e pratiche di rappresentazione (secoli VI–X), Collection Haut Moyen Âge 3 (Turnhout, 2007), pp.109–28
Le Jan, R.‘ Die Sakralität der Merowinger oder: Mehrdeutigkeiten der Geschichtsschreibung’, in Airlie, Pohl and Reimitz (eds.), Staat, pp. 73–92
Lebecq, S., ‘Le baptême manqué du roi Radbod’, in O. Redon and B. Rosenberger (eds.), Les Assises du pouvoir: temps médiévaux, territoires africains (St-Denis, 1994), pp. 141–50
Leppin, H., Theodosius der Große: Auf dem Weg zum christlichen Imperium (Darmstadt, 2003)
Lesieur, L., Devenir fou pour être sage: construction d’une raison chrétienne à l’aube de la réforme grégorienne (Turnhout, 2003)
Levison, W., England and the Continent in the Eighth Century (Oxford, 1946)
Levison, W.Metz und Südfrankreich im frühen Mittelalter’ in Levison (ed.), Aus rheinischer und fränkischer Frühzeit (Düsseldorf, 1947), pp. 139–63
Lewis, C. S., The Discarded Image (Cambridge, 1964, repr. 2009)
Leyser, C., ‘“A church in the house of the saints”: property and power in the Passion of John and Paul’, in K. Cooper and J. Hillner (eds), Religion, Dynasty and Patronage in Early Christian Rome, 300–900 (Cambridge, 2007), pp. 140–62
Leyser, C.,‘ Long-haired kings and short-haired nuns: writing on the body in Caesarius of Arles’, Studia patristica 24 (1993), 143–50
Liebeschuetz, J. H. W. G., Ambrose of Milan: Political Letters and Speeches, Translated Texts for Historians 43 (Liverpool, 2005)
Lindsay, W. M., Ancient Lore in Medieval Latin Glossaries (St Andrews, 1921)
Lintzel, M., Ausgewählte Schriften, 2 vols. (Berlin, 1961)
Lipps, J., C. Machado and P. von Rummel (eds.), The Sack of Rome in 410 AD: The Event, its Context and its Impact (Wiesbaden, 2013)
Liverani, P. (ed.), Laterano 1, Scavi sotto la Basilica di S. Giovanni in Laterano I materiali, Monumenta Sanctae Sedis 1 (Vatican, 1998)
Liverani, P.‘ St Peter’s and the city of Rome between late antiquity and the early Middle Ages’, in McKitterick, Osborne, Richardson and Story (eds.), Old St Peter’s, pp. 25–38
Liverani, P., G. Spinola and P. Zander, The Vatican Necropoles: Rome’s City of the Dead (Turnhout, 2010)
Lobrichon, G., La Bible au Moyen Âge (Paris, 2003)
Lockett, L., Anglo-Saxon Psychologies in the Vernacular and Latin Traditions, Toronto Anglo-Saxon Series (Toronto 2011)
Lo Monaco, F. and F. Mores (eds.), Da vescovi di Roma a Papi l’invenzione del ‘Liber pontificalis’, Rivista di Storia del cristianesimo 10 (2013)
Lošek, F., ‘Ethnische und politische Terminologie bei Iordanes und Einhard’, in H. Wolfram and W. Pohl (eds.), Typen der Ethnogenese unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Bayern: Berichte des Symposions der Kommission für Frühmittelalterforschung, 27. bis 30. Oktober 1986, Stift Zwettl, Niederösterreich (Vienna, 1990), vol. I, pp. 147–52
Lössl, J., ‘Review: Exegesis and Empire in the Early Byzantine Mediterranean, by Michael Maas’, JTS 56 (2005), 236–8
Lowe, E. A., Codices latini antiquiores: A Palaeographical Guide to Latin Manuscripts Prior to the Ninth Century, 11 vols. plus supplement (Oxford, 1935–71)
Löwe, H. (ed.), Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter: Vorzeit und Karolinger, 6 vols. (Weimar, 1952–1990)
Löwe, H.Von Theoderich dem Großen zu Karl dem Großen: Das Werden des Abendlandes im Geschichtsbild des frühen Mittelalters’, DA 9 (1952), 353–401
Lozovsky, N., The Earth is our Book: Geographical Knowledge in the Latin West ca. 400–1000 (Ann Arbor, 2000)
Maas, M. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian (Cambridge, 2005)
Maas, M.Exegesis and Empire in the Early Byzantine Mediterranean: Junillus Africanus and the ‘Instituta Regularia Divinae Legis’, Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 17 (Tübingen, 2003)
Maas, M.John Lydus and the Roman Past: Antiquarianism and Politics in the Age of Justinian (London, 1992)
Maas, M.‘ Roman questions, Byzantine answers: contours of the age of Justinian’, in Maas (ed.), Cambridge Companion, pp. 3–27
Maassen, F., Geschichte der Quellen und Literatur des kanonischen Rechtes (Graz, 1870)
Machado, C., ‘Between memory and oblivion: the end of the Roman domus’, in Behrwald and Witschel (eds), Rom in der Spätantike, pp. 111–38
Machado, C.,‘ Roman aristocrats and the Christianisation of Rome’, in P. Brown and R. Lizzi Testa (eds.), Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire: The Breaking of a Dialogue, Christianity and History 9 (Berlin, 2011), 493–516
MacLean, S., History and Politics in Late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe: The ‘Chronicle’ of Regino of Prüm and Adalbert of Magdenburg (Manchester and New York, 2005)
MacMillan, M., The Uses and Abuses of History (London, 2008)
Manguel, A., A History of Reading (London, 1997)
Manitius, M., Handschriften antiker Authoren in mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskatalogen, Beiheft zum Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 67 (Leipzig, 1935)
Markus, R. A., Bede and the Tradition of Ecclesiastical History (Jarrow, 1975)
Marotta Mannino, B., ‘Gli Instituta di Giunilio: alcuni aspetti esegetici’, Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi 8 (1991), 405–19
Marsden, R. and E. Ann Matter (eds.), The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol II: from 600 to 1450 (Cambridge, 2012)
Masai, F., ‘Cassiodore peut-il être l’auteur de la Regula Magistri?Scriptorium 2 (1948), 292–96
Maskarinec, M., ‘Who were the Romans? Shifting scripts of romanness in early medieval Italy’, in Pohl and Heydemann (eds.), Post-Roman Transitions, pp. 297–363
Matter, E. Ann, ‘The Lamentations commentaries of Hrabanus Maurus and Paschasius Radbertus’, Traditio 38 (1982), 137–63
Mauskopf Deliyannis, D., ‘A biblical model for serial biography: the Books of Kings and the Roman Liber Pontificalis, Revue Bénédictine 107 (1997), 15–23
Mayeski, M., Dhuoda: Ninth-Century Mother and Theologian (Chicago, 1995)
Mazza, M., ‘La Historia tripartita di Flavio Magno Aurelio Cassiodoro senatore: metodi e scopo’, in S. Leanza (ed.), Flavio Magno Aurelio Cassiodoro. Atti della settimana di Studi (Cosenza-Squillace, 19–24 settembre 1983) (Catanzaro, 1984), pp. 210–44
McClure, J., ‘Bede’s Old Testament kings’, in P. Wormald (ed.), Ideal and Reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford, 1983), pp. 76–98
McCormick, M., ‘Charlemagne and the Mediterranean world: communications, Arab coins and commerce at the time of the Paderborn meeting’, in Godman, Jarnut and Johanek (eds.), Am Vorabend der Kaiserkrönung, pp. 193–218
McCormick, M.,‘ Pippin III, the embassy of Caliph al Mansur, and the Mediterranean world’, in Becher and Jarnut (eds.), Der Dynastiewechsel, pp. 221–41
McCormick, M.,‘ Textes, images et iconoclasme dans la cadre des relations entre Byzance et l’occident Carolingien’, in Testo e imagine nell’alto medioevo, Settimane 41 (Spoleto, 1994), pp. 95–162
McEvoy, M., Child Emperor Rule in the Late Roman West, AD 367–455 (Oxford, 2013)
McEvoy, M.,‘ Rome and the transformation of the imperial office in the late fourth–mid-fifth centuries’, Papers of the British School at Rome 78 (2010), 151–92
McKitterick, R., Books, Scribes and Learning in the Frankish Kingdoms, Sixth to Ninth Centuries, Variorum Collected Studies Series (Aldershot, 1994)
McKitterick, R.,(ed.), Carolingian Culture: Emulation and Innovation (Cambridge, 1994)
McKitterick, R., The Carolingians and the Written Word (Cambridge, 1989)
McKitterick, R., Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (Cambridge, 2008)
McKitterick, R., The Frankish Church and the Carolingian Reforms, 789–895 (London, 1977)
McKitterick, R., History and Memory in the Carolingian World (Cambridge, 2004)
McKitterick, R., (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. II: c. 700–c. 900 (Cambridge, 1995)
McKitterick, R., Perceptions of the Past in the Early Middle Ages (Notre Dame, IN, 2006)
McKitterick, R., (ed.), The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1990)
McKitterick, R.,‘ Carolingian historiography’, in Becher and Hen (eds.), Wilhelm Levison, pp. 93–112
McKitterick, R.,‘ The church’, in T. Reuter (ed.), The New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. III: c. 900–c. 1024 (Cambridge, 1999), pp. 130–62
McKitterick, R.,‘ Constructing the past in the early Middle Ages: the case of the Royal Frankish Annals’, TRHS Sixth Series 7 (1997), 101–29
McKitterick, R.,‘ Glossaries and other innovations in Carolingian book production’, in E. Kwakkel, R. McKitterick and R. Thomson, Turning over a New Leaf: Change and Development in the Medieval Book (Leiden, 2012), pp. 35–79
McKitterick, R.,‘ History, law and communication with the past in the Carolingian period’, Comunicare e significare nell’alto medioevo, Settimane 52 (Spoleto, 2005), 941–80
McKitterick, R.,‘ Narrative strategies in the Liber pontificalis: the case of St Paul, doctor mundi, doctor gentium, and San Paolo fuori le mura’, in F. Lo Monaco and F. Mores (eds.), Da vescovi di Roma a papi: l’invenzione del ‘Liber Pontificalis’, Rivista di storia del Cristianesimo 10 (2013), pp. 115–30
McKitterick, R.,‘ Nuns’ scriptoria in England and Francia in the eighth century’, Francia, 19, 1 (1992), 1–35
McKitterick, R.,‘ La Place du Liber pontificalis dans les genres historiographiques du haut Moyen Âge’, in Bougard and Sot (eds.), Liber, Gesta, histoire, pp. 23–35
McKitterick, R.,‘ Paul the Deacon and the Franks’, EME 8 (1999), 319–39
McKitterick, R.,‘ The representation of Old Saint Peter’s basilica in the Liber pontificalis’, in McKitterick, Osborne, Richardson and Story (eds.), Old St Peter’s, pp. 95–118
McKitterick, R.,‘ Roman texts and Roman history in the early Middle Ages’, in Bolgia, McKitterick and Osborne (eds.), Rome across Time and Space, pp. 19–34
McKitterick, R.,‘ Rome and the popes in the construction of institutional history and identity in the early Middle Ages: the case of Leiden Universiteitsbibliotheek Scaliger MS 49’, in V. L. Garver and O. M. Phelan (eds.), Rome and Religion in the Early Middle Ages: Studies in Honor of Thomas F. X. Noble (Aldershot, 2014), pp. 207–34
McKitterick, R.,‘ Texts, authority and the history of the Church’, in McKitterick (ed.), History and Memory, pp. 218–44
McKitterick, R.,‘ World history in a Carolingian manuscript: Scaliger MS 14 = Wereldgeschiedenis in een karolingisch handschrift: Scaliger MS 14’, Leiden University Library Special Collections, Snapshot 67, online:
McKitterick, R., J. Osborne, C. Richardson and J. Story (eds.), Old St Peter’s in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2013)
McLaughlin, M., Sex, Gender, and Episcopal Authority in an Age of Reform, 1000–1122 (Cambridge, 2010)
McLaughlin, M.,‘ Gender paradox and the otherness of God’, Gender and History 1 (1991), 147–59
McLynn, N. B., Ambrose of Milan: Church and Court in a Christian Capital (London, 1994)
McLynn, N. B., Theodosius: The Empire at Bay (London, 1994)
McNamara, M., ‘Plan and source analysis of Das Bibelwerk, Old Testament’, in Ní Chatháin and Richter (eds.), Irland, pp. 84–112
Meeder, S., ‘The spread and reception of Hiberno-Latin scholarship on the Continent in the eighth and ninth centuries’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cambridge, 2010
Meeder, S.,‘ Text and identities in the Synodus II S. Patricii’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 98 (2012), 19–45
Meens, R., ‘Opkomst en ondergang van de Karolingers: De kroniek van Regino van Prüm’, Millennium: Tijdschrift voor Middeleeuwse studies 24 (2010), 3–18
Meens, R.,‘ Politics, mirrors of princes and the Bible: sins, kings and the well-being of the realm’, EME 7 (1998), 345–57
Meens, R.,‘ The uses of the Old Testament in early medieval canon law: the Collectio Vetus Gallica and the Collectio Hibernensis’, in Hen and Innes (eds.), Uses of the Past, pp. 67–77
Ménager, C., ‘Écrire l’histoire de Constantin à l’époque carolingienne: valeur historique de la Vita Helenae d’Alamanne d’Hautevilliers’, in M. Coumert (ed.), Rerum Gestarum Scriptor: Histoire et Historiographie au Moyen Âge. Mélanges Michel Sot (Paris, 2012), pp. 303–12
Merrils, A. H., History and Geography in Late Antiquity (Cambridge, 2005)
Meyvaert, P., ‘The date of Bede’s In Ezram and his image of Ezra in the Codex Amiatinus, Speculum 80 (2005), 1087–1133
Michels, H., ‘Patricius, Patrikios, I. Westen’, in Lexikon des Mittelalters (Munich and Zurich, 1993), vol. VI, pp. 1789–90
Mitchell, K. and I. Wood (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours (Leiden, 2002)
Mohrmann, C., ‘Regula Magistri: à propos de l’edition diplomatique des mss lat. 12205 et 12634 de Paris’, Vigiliae Christianae 8 (1954), 239–51
Mommsen, T., ‘Prooemium’, in Mommsen (ed.), Iordanis Romana et Getica, MGH AA 5.1 (Munich, 1982), pp. v–lxiii
Mordek, H., Kirchenrecht und Reform im Frankenreich: Die Collectio Vetus Gallica, die ölteste systematische Kanonessammlung des fränkischen Gallien. Studien und Edition, Beiträge zur Geschichte und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters 1 (Berlin and New York, 1975)
Mordek, H.,‘ Die Hedenen als Politische Kraft im Austrasischen Frankenreich’, in Jarnut, Nonn and Richter (eds.), Karl Martell, pp. 343–66
Morrison, K. F., ‘Unum ex multis: Hincmar of Rheims’ medical and aesthetic rationales for unification’, in Nascita dell’Europa ed Europa Carolingian: un’equazione da verificare (Spoleto, 1981), vol. II, pp. 583–712
Mortensen, L. B., ‘The diffusion of Roman histories in the Middle Ages: a list of Orosius, Eutropius, Paulus Diaconus, and Landolfus Sagax Manuscripts’, Filologia Mediolatina 6–7(1999–2000), 101–200
Mortensen, L. B.,‘ Impero romano, Historia romana e Historia Langobardorum’, in Chiesa (ed.), Paolo Diacono, pp. 355–66
Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds, 1990)
Murray, A. C.Post vocantur Merohingii: Fredegar, Merovech, and “Sacral Kingship”’, in Murray (ed.), After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History: Essays Presented to Walter Goffart (Toronto, 1998), pp. 121–53
Myres, J. N. L., ‘The Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes’, Proceedings of the British Academy 56 (1970), 145–74
Namer, G., ‘Le Contretemps démocratique chez Halbwachs’, in H. Krapoth and D. Laborde (eds.), Erinnerung und Gesellschaft: Jahrbuch für Sozialgeschichte (Wiesbaden, 1995), pp. 55–64
Natale, A. R., ‘Influenze merovingiche e studi calligrafici nello scriptorium di Bobbio (secc. VII–IX)’, in Miscellanea Giovanni Galbiati, Fontes Ambrosiani 25–7 (Milan, 1951), vol. II, pp. 209–52
Nelson, J. L., Charles the Bald (London, 1992)
Nelson, J. L., Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others (Aldershot, 2007)
Nelson, J. L., The Frankish World, 750–900 (London, 1996)
Nelson, J. L., Opposition to Charlemagne (London, 2009)
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Aachen as a place of power’, in Theuws, de Jong and van Rhijn (eds.), Topographies of Power, pp. 217–42
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Charlemagne – pater optimus?’, in Godman, Jarnut and Johanek (eds.), Am Vorabend der Kaiserkrönung, pp. 269–81
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Dhuoda’, in Wormald and Nelson (eds.), Lay Intellectuals, pp. 106–20
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Dhuoda on dreams’, in C. Leyser and L. Smith (eds.), Motherhood, Religion and Society in Medieval Europe, 400–1400: Essays presented to Henrietta Leyser (Aldershot, 2011), pp. 41–52
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Frankish identity in Charlemagne’s empire’, in Garipzanov, Geary and Urbańczyk (eds.), Franks, pp. 71–83
Nelson, J. L.,‘ History-writing at the courts of Louis the Pious and Charles the Bald’, in Scharer and Scheibelreiter (eds.), Historiographie, pp. 435–42
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Kingship and empire in the Carolingian world’, in McKitterick (ed.), Carolingian Culture, pp. 52–87
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Kingship and royal government’, in McKitterick (ed.), New Cambridge Medieval History, vol. II, pp. 383–430
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Literacy in Carolingian government’, in McKitterick (ed.), Uses of Literacy, pp. 258–96
Nelson, J. L.,‘ The Merovingian church in Carolingian retrospective’, in Mitchell and Wood (eds.), The World of Gregory of Tours, pp. 241–59
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Public histories and private history in the work of Nithard’, Speculum 60 (1985), 251–93
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Translating images of authority: the Christian Roman emperors in the Carolingian world’, in Nelson, The Frankish World, 750–900, pp. 89–98
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Was Charlemagne’s court a courtly society?’, in Cubitt (ed.), Court Culture, pp. 39–57
Nelson, J. L.,‘ Why are there so many different accounts of Charlemagne’s imperial coronation?’, in Nelson, Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power, ch. 12
Ní Chatháin, P. and M. Richter (eds.), Irland und die Christenheit: Bibelstudien und Mission/Ireland and Christendom: The Bible and the Missions (Stuttgart, 1987)
Noble, T. F. X., Charlemagne and Louis the Pious: The Lives by Einhard, Notker, Ermoldus, Thegan, and the Astronomer (University Park, PA, 2009)
Noble, T. F. X., Images, Iconoclasm and the Carolingians (Philadelphia, 2009)
Noble, T. F. X., The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680–825 (Philadelphia, 1984)
Noble, T. F. X.,‘ Secular sanctity: forging an ethos for the Carolingian nobility’, in Wormald and Nelson (eds.), Lay Intellectuals, pp. 8–36
Noble, T. F. X.,‘ The revolt of King Bernard of Italy in 817: its causes and consequences’, SM 15 (1974), 315–26
Noble, T. F. X. and T. Head (eds.), Soldiers of Christ: Saints and Saints’ Lives from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Philadelphia, 1995)
Nora, P. (ed.), Les Lieux de mémoire (Paris, 1984–1992), English trans. Rethinking France: les lieux de mémoire, 4 vols. (Chicago, 1999–2010)
Nora, P.General introduction: between memory and history’, in L. D. Kritzman (ed.), Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past (New York, 1996), pp. 1–23
Nörr, D., Die Fides im römischen Völkerrecht (Heidelberg, 1991)
Norton, P., Episcopal Elections 250–600: Hierarchy and Popular Will in Late Antiquity (Oxford, 2007)
Nowak, J., Untersuchungen zum Gebrauch der Begriffe populus, gens und natio bei Adam von Bremen und Helmold von Bosau (Münster, 1971)
Nuffelen, P. van, Orosius and the Rhetoric of History (Oxford, 2012)
Ó Carragáin, E. and C. Neuman de Vegvar (eds.), Roma felix: Formation and Reflections of Medieval Rome (Aldershot, 2007)
Odegaard, C. E., Vassi and fideles in the Carolingian Empire (Cambridge, MA, 1945)
Odegaard, C. E.,‘ Carolingian oaths of fidelity’, Speculum 16 (1941), 284–96
O’Donnell, J. J., Cassiodorus (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1979)
O’Donnell, J. J.,‘ Liberius the Patrician’, Traditio 37 (1981), 31–72
Oexle, O. G., ‘Die Karolinger und die Stadt des heiligen Arnulf’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien 1 (1967), 250–364
Orton, F., I. Wood and C. Lees, Fragments of History: Rethinking the Ruthwell and Bewcastle Monuments (Manchester, 2007)
Osborne, J., ‘Death and burial in sixth-century Rome’, Classical Views 28, n.s. 3 (1984), 291–9
Otto, R., The Idea of the Holy, trans. J. W. Harvey (London, 1924)
Palmer, J. T., Anglo-Saxons in a Frankish World, 690–900 (Turnhout, 2009)
Palmer, J. T.,‘ Defining paganism in the Carolingian world’, EME 15 (2007), 402–25
Papadoyannakis, Y., ‘Instruction by question and answer: the case of late antique and Byzantine “Erotapokriseis”’, in S. F. Johnson (ed.), Greek Literature in Late Antiquity: Dynamism, Didacticism, Classicism (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 91–105
Paredi, A., Vita e meriti di S. Ambrogio: Testo inedito del secolo nono illustrato con le miniature del salterio di Arnolfo (Milan, 1964)
Parroni, P., ‘Surviving sources of the classical geographers through late antiquity and the medieval period’, Artic 37 (1984), 352–8
Patzold, S., Episcopus: Wissen über Bischöfe im Frankenreich des späten 8. bis frühen 10. Jahrhundert Mittelalter-Forschungen 25 (Ostfildern, 2008)
Patzold, S.,‘ “Einheit” versus “Fraktionierung”: zur symbolischen und institutionellen Integration des Frankenreichs im 8./9. Jahrhundert’, in Pohl, Gantner and Payne (eds.), Visions of Community, pp. 375–90
Patzold, S.,‘ Frieds Canossa. Anmerkungen zu einem Experiment’, geschichte für heute, 6 (2013), 5–39
Pelliccioni, G., Le nuove scoperte sulle origini del Battistero Lateranense, Memorie della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia 12.1 (Vatican, 1973)
Perron, A., ‘The face of the “pagan”: portraits of religious deviance on the medieval periphery’, The Journal of the Historical Society 9 (2009) 467–92
Peter, H., Die geschichtliche Literatur über die römische Kaiserzeit bis Theodosius und ihre Quellen, 2 vols. (Leipzig, 1897)
Peters, E., The Shadow King: Rex Inutilis in Medieval Law and Literature, 751–1327 (New Haven, 1970)
Petrucci, A., ‘Il codice n. 490 della biblioteca capitolare di Lucca: un problema di storia della cultura medievale ancora da risolvere’, Actum Luce 2 (1973), 159–75
Petrucci, A. and C. Romeo, Scriptores in urbibus: alfabetismo e cultura scritta nell’Italia altomedievale (Bologna, 1992)
Phang, S. E., Roman Military Service: Ideologies of Discipline in the Late Republic and Early Principate (Cambridge, 2008)
Picard, J.-C., ‘Étude sur l’emplacement des tombes des papes du IIIe au Xe siècle’, Mélanges d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de l’École Française de Rome 81 (1969), 746–55
Pietri, C., Roma christiana: recherches sur l’Église de Rome, son organisation, sa politique, son idéologie de Miltiade à Sixte III (311–440), Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome 224 (Rome, 1976)
Pietri, C.Régions ecclésiastiques et paroisses romaines’, in Actes de XIe congrès international d’archéologie chrétienne (Rome, 1989), pp. 1035–62
Pietri, C.Le Temps de la semaine à Rome et dans l’Italie chrétienne (IV–VI s.)’, in Pietri (ed.), Le Temps chrétienne de la fin de l’Antiquité au moyen age (III–XIII siècles). Actes du colloque, 9–12 Mars, 1981, Paris (Paris, 1984), pp. 63–98
Pietri, C. and L. Pietri, Prosopographie chrétienne du Bas-Empire 2. Prosopographie de l’Italie chrétienne (313–604), École française de Rome (Paris, 1982)
Pilsworth, C., ‘Vile scraps: “booklet” style manuscript and the transmission and use of Italian martyr narratives in early medieval Europe’, in R. Corradini, M. Diesenberger and M. Niederkorn-Bruck (eds.), Zwischen Niederschrift und Wiederschrift: Hagiographie und Historiographie im Spannungsfeld zwischen Kompendienüberlieferung und Editionstechnik (Vienna, 2010), pp. 175–96
Pohl, W., (ed.), Kingdoms of the Empire: The Integration of Barbarians in Late Antiquity (Leiden, New York, Cologne, 1997)
Pohl, W., Werkstätte der Erinnerung: Montecassino und die langobardische Vergangenheit, MIÖG, suppl. vol. 39 (Vienna, 2001)
Pohl, W.,‘ Ethnic names and identities in the British Isles: a comparative perspective’, in J. Hines (ed.), The Anglo-Saxons from the Migration Period to the Eighth Century (Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 7–32
Pohl, W.,‘ Heresy in Secundus and Paul the Deacon’, in C. Chazelle and C. Cubitt (eds.), The Crisis of the Oikoumene: The Three Chapters and the Failed Quest for Unity in the Sixth-Century Mediterranean (Turnhout, 2007), pp. 243–64
Pohl, W.,‘ History in fragments: Montecassino’s politics of memory’, Early Medieval Europe 10.3 (2001), pp. 343–74
Pohl, W.,‘ Introduction: Christian and barbarian identities in the early medieval West’, in Pohl and Heydemann (eds.), Post-Roman Transitions, pp. 1–46
Pohl, W.,‘ Introduction: ethnicity, religion and empire’, in Pohl, Gantner and Payne (eds.), Visions of Community, pp. 1–23
Pohl, W.,‘ Introduction: strategies of identification: a methodological profile’, in Pohl and Heydemann (eds.), Strategies of Identification, pp. 1–64
Pohl, W.,‘ Die Langobarden in Pannonien und Justinians Gotenkrieg’, in D. Bialeková and J. Zabojník (eds.), Ethnische und kulturelle Verhältnisse an der mittleren Donau im 6.–11. Jahrhundert (Bratislava, 1996), pp. 27–36
Pohl, W.,‘ Paolo Diacono e la costruzione dell’identità longobarda’, in Chiesa (ed.), Paolo Diacono, pp. 413–26
Pohl, W.,‘ Paul the Deacon – between Sacci and Marsuppia’, in Corradini, Gillis, McKitterick and Van Renswoude (eds.), Ego Trouble, pp. 111–24
Pohl, W.,‘ Paulus Diaconus’, in Reallexikon für Germanische Altertumskunde, 2nd edn (Berlin, 1968–2008), vol. XXII, pp. 527–32
Pohl, W.,‘ Paulus Diaconus und die Historia Langobardorum: Text und Tradition’, in Scharer and Scheibelreiter (eds.), Historiographie, pp. 375–405
Pohl, W., C. Gantner and R. Payne (eds.), Visions of Community in the Post-Roman World: The West, Byzantium and the Islamic World, 300–1000 (Farnham, 2012)
Pohl, W. and G. Heydemann (eds.), Post-Roman Transitions: Christian and Barbarian Identities in the Early Medieval West, Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 14 (Turnhout 2013)
Pohl, W. and G. Heydemann (eds.), Strategies of Identification: Ethnicity and Religion in Early Medieval Europe, Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages 13 (Turnhout, 2013)
Pohl, W. and V. Wieser (eds.), Der frühmittelalterliche Staat: Europäische Perspektiven, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 16 (Vienna, 2009)
Poulin, J.-C., ‘Les libelli dans l’édition hagiographique avant le XIIe siècle’, in M. Heinzelmann (ed.), Livrets, collections et textes: études sur la tradition hagiographique latine (Ostfildern, 2006)
Prescendi, F., ‘Fides (Religion)’, in Cancik (ed.), Der Neue Pauly, vol. IV, pp. 506–7
Prinz, F., Frühes Mönchtum im Frankenreich: Kultur und Gesellschaft in Gallien, den Rheinlanden und Bayern am Beispiel der monastischen Entwicklung (4. bis 8. Jahrhundert) (Vienna, 1965)
Raaijmakers, J. E., The Making of the Monastic Community of Fulda, c. 744–900 (Cambridge, 2012)
Raban, J., Soft City (Glasgow, 1974)
Rabe, S. A., Faith, Art, and Politics at Saint-Riquier: The Symbolic Vision of Angilbert (Philadelphia, PA, 1995)
Rankin, S., ‘Terribilis est locus iste: the Pantheon in 609’, in M. Carruthers (ed.), Rhetoric Beyond Words: Delight and Persuasion in the Arts of the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2010), 281–310
Rapp, C., ‘Literary culture under Justinian’, in Maas (ed.), Cambridge Companion, pp. 376–97
Rebenich, S., Theodor Mommsen und Adolf Harnack: Wissenschaft und Politik im Berlin des ausgehenden 19. Jahrhunderts (Berlin, 1997)
Rebillard, E., The Care of the Dead in Late Antiquity (Ithaca, NY, and London, 2009)
Reekmans, L., ‘L’Implantation monumentale chrétienne dans le paysage urbain de Rome de 300 à 850’, in Actes du XIe Congrès internationale d’archéologie chrétienne (Rome, 1989), vol. II, pp. 861–915
Reimitz, H., History, Frankish Identity and the Rise of Western Ethnicity, 550–850 (Cambridge, 2014)
Reimitz, H.,‘ The art of truth: historiography and identity in the Frankish world’, in R. Corradini, R. Meens, C. Pössel and P. Shaw (eds.), Texts and Identities in the Early Middle Ages, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 12 (Vienna, 2006), pp. 87–104
Reimitz, H.,‘ Cultural brokers of a common past: history, identity and ethnicity in Merovingian historiography’, in Pohl and Heydemann (eds.), Strategies of Identification, pp. 257–301
Reimitz, H.,‘ Ein fränkisches Geschichtsbuch aus St. Amand. Der Cvp 473’ in C. Egger and H. Weigl (eds.), Text – Schrift – Codex: Quellenkundliche Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, MIÖG, suppl. vol. 35 (Vienna, 2000), pp. 34–90
Reimitz, H.,‘ Ein karolinigisches Geschichtsbuch aus St. Amand: Der Codex Vindobonensis palat. 473’, in C. Egger and H. Weigl (eds.), Text – Schrift – Codex: Quellenkundliche Arbeiten aus dem Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung (Munich, 2000), pp. 34–90
Reimitz, H.,‘ The historian as cultural broker in the late and post-Roman West’, in A. Fischer and I. Wood (eds.), Western Perspectives on the Mediterranean: Cultural Transfer in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, 400–800 AD (London, 2014), pp. 77–101
Reimitz, H.,‘ Nomen Francorum obscuratum: Zur Krise der fränkischen Identität zwischen der kurzen und langen Geschichte der Anaales regni Francorum’, in M. Becher and S. Dick (eds.), Völker, Reiche und Namen im frühen Mittelalter (Paderborn, 2014), pp. 279–96
Reimitz, H.,‘ Omnes Franci: identifications and identities of the early medieval Franks’, in Garipzanov, Geary and Urbańczyk (eds.), Franks, pp. 51–68
Reimitz, H.,‘ The providential past: visions of Frankish identity in the early medieval history of Gregory of Tours’ Historiae (sixth–ninth century)’, in Pohl, Gantner and Payne (eds.), Visions of Community, pp. 109–35
Reimitz, H.,‘ Social networks and identities in Frankish historiography: new aspects of the textual history of Gregory of Tours’ Historiae’ in Reimitz, Corradini and Diesenberger (eds.), The Construction of Communities in the early Middle Ages, pp. 229–68
Reimitz, H., and B. Zeller (eds.), Vergangenheit und Vergegenwärtigung: frühes Mittelalter und europäische Erinnerungskultur, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 14 (Vienna, 2009)
Renswoude, I. van, Licence to Speak: The Rhetoric of Free Speech in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, forthcoming)
Renswoude, I. van,‘ Licence to speak: the rhetoric of free speech in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Utrecht, 2011
Reuter, T., Germany in the early Middle Ages c. 800–1056 (London, 1991)
Reuter, T.,‘ Charlemagne and the world beyond the Rhine’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 183–94
Reynolds, L. D. (ed.), Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics (Oxford, 1983)
Reynolds, R. E., ‘Unity and diversity in Carolingian canon law collections: the case of the Collectio Hibernensis and its derivatives’, in U.-R. Blumenthal (ed.), Carolingian Essays: Andrew W. Mellon Lectures in Early Christian Studies (Washington, DC, 1983), pp. 99–135
Reza, Y., Le Dieu du Carnage (Paris, 2007)
Riché, P., Education and Culture in the Barbarian West, Sixth through Eighth Centuries (Columbia, SC, 1976)
Riché, P.,‘ Les centres de culture en Neustrie de 650 à 850’, in H. Atsma (ed.), La Neustrie: les pays au nord de la Loire de 650 à 850. Colloque historique international (Sigmaringen, 1989), pp. 297–305
Richter, M., ‘Bede’s Angli: Angles or English?’, Peritia 3 (1984), 99–114
Riesenberger, D., ‘Zur Geschichte des Hausmeiers Karlmann’, Westfälische Zeitschrift: Zeitschrift für vaterländische Geschichte und Altertumskunde 120 (1970), 271–85
Rigney, A., ‘Plenitude, scarcity and the circulation of cultural memory’, Journal of European Studies 35 (2005), 11–28
Ritari, K. and A. Bergholm (eds.), Approaches to Religion and Mythology in Celtic Studies (Newcastle 2008)
Roberts, M., ‘Rome personified, Rome epitomized: representations of Rome in the poetry of the early fifth century’, American Journal of Philology 122 (2001), 533–66
Robinson, I. S., Henry IV of Germany, 1056–1106 (Cambridge, 1999)
Rodenberg, C., Pippin, Karlmann und Papst Stephan II, Historische Studien 152 (Berlin, 1923)
Rosé, I., ‘Le Roi Josias dans l’ecclésiologie politique du haut Moyen Âge’, Mélanges de l’École française de Rome 115.2 (2003), 683–709
Rosenwein, B., Negotiating Space: Power, Restraint and Privileges of Immunity in Early Medieval Europe (Ithaca, NY, 1999)
Rouche, M., ‘L’Aquitaine, des Wisigoths aux Arabes, 418–781: naissance d’une région (Paris, 1979)
Rüpke, J., Fasti Sacerdotum: A Prosopography of Pagan, Jewish and Christian Religious Officials in the City of Rome, 300 BC to AD 499 (Oxford, 2008)
Saghy, M., ‘Scinditur in partes populus: Pope Damasus and the martyrs of Rome’, EME 9 (2000), 273–88
Said, E. W., Orientalism (London, 1978)
Salzman, M., On Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Urban Life in Late Antiquity (Berkeley, 1990)
Salzman, M.,‘ The Christianization of sacred time and sacred space’, in Harris (ed.), Transformations, pp. 123–34
Sansterre, J.-M., Les Moines grecs et orientaux à Rome aux époques byzantine et carolingienne (milieu du VIe s.–fin du IXe s.), Académie royale de Belgique, Mémoires de la classe des lettres, Collection in-8o, 2e série 66 (Brussels, 1983)
Savigni, R., ‘Storia universale e storia ecclesiastica nel Chronicon di Frechulfo de Lisieux’, SM 28 (1987), 155–92
Saxer, V., ‘La chiesa di Roma dal V al X secolo: amministrazione centrale e organizzazione territoriale’, in Roma nell’alto medioevo, Settimane 48 (Spoleto, 2001), pp. 493–632
Saxer, V.,‘ Petronilla’, in Lexikon des Mittelalters, vol. VI (Munich, Zurich, 1993), pp. 1951–2
Scarfe Beckett, K., Anglo-Saxon Perceptions of the Islamic World (Cambridge, 2003)
Schaller, D., ‘Der Dichter des “Carmen de conversione Saxonum”’, in Schaller (ed.), Studien zur lateinischen Dichtung des Frühmittelalters (Stuttgart, 1995), pp. 313–31
Scharer, A. and G. Scheibelreiter (eds.), Historiographie im frühen Mittelalter, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Österreichischen Geschichtsforschung 32 (Vienna and Munich, 1994)
Schelle, B., ‘Frechulf von Lisieux: Untersuchungen zu Leben und Werk’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Munich, 1952
Schiaparelli, L., Il codice 490 della Biblioteca capitolare di Lucca e la scuola scrittoria Lucchese (sec. VIII–IX): contributi allo studio della minuscola precarolina in Italia, Studi e testi 36 (Rome, 1924)
Schmid, K. and J. Wollasch (eds.), Memoria: Der geschichtliche Zeugniswert des liturgischen Gedenkens im Mittelalter, Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften 48 (Munich, 1984)
Scholten, D., ‘The history of a Historia: manuscript transmission of the Historia Ecclesiastica Tripartita by Epiphanius-Cassiodorus’, unpublished MA thesis, University of Utrecht, 2010
Scholz, B., with B. Rogers, Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard’s Histories (Ann Arbor, 1970)
Scholz, S., Politik – Selbstverständnis – Selbstdarstellung: Die Päpste in karolingischer und ottonischer Zeit (Stuttgart, 2006)
Schöne, A., Die Weltchronik des Eusebius in ihrer Bearbeitung durch Hieronymus (Berlin, 1900)
Scior, V., Das Eigene und das Fremde: Identität und Fremdheit in den Chroniken Adams von Bremen, Helmolds von Bosau und Arnolds von Lübeck (Berlin, 2002)
Seckel, E., ‘Benedictus Levita decurtatus et excerptus: eine Studie zu den Handschriften der falschen Kapitularien’, in A. F. Stölzel (ed.), Festschrift für Heinrich Brunner zum fünfzigjährigen Doktorjubiläum (Munich and Leipzig, 1914), pp. 377–464
Semmler, J., ‘Die Geschichte der Abtei Lorsch von der Gründung bis zum Ende der Salierzeit 764 bis 1125’, in F.Knöpp (ed.), Die Reichsabtei Lorsch. Festschrift zum Gedenken an ihre Stiftung 764 (Darmstadt, 1973), pp. 75–173
Sessa, K., The Formation of Papal Authority in Late Antique Italy: Roman Bishops and the Domestic Sphere (Cambridge, 2012)
Shuler, E., ‘The Saxons within Carolingian Christendom: post-conquest identity in the Translationes of Vitus, Pusinna and Liborius’, Journal of Medieval History 36 (2010), 39–54
Siegmund, A., Die Überlieferung der Griechischen und Christlichen Literatur in die Lateinscihe Kirche bis zum 12 jh. (Munich, 1949)
Sims-Williams, P., ‘The settlement of England in Bede and the Chronicle’, Anglo-Saxon England 12 (1983), 1–41
Simson, B. E. von, ‘Der Poeta Saxo und der angebliche Friedensschluß Karls des Großen mit den Sachsen’, NA 32 (1907), 27–50
Smith, J. M. H., ‘Old saints, new cults: Roman relics in Carolingian Francia’, in Smith (ed.), Early Medieval Rome and the Christian West: Essays in Honour of Donald A. Bullough (Leiden, 2000), pp. 317–39
Sot, M., La Mémoire de l’antiquité (IVe–XIe siècles) (Paris, 2000)
Sotinel, C., ‘Emperors and popes in the sixth century’, in Maas (ed.), Cambridge Companion, pp. 267–90
Springer, M., Die Sachsen (Stuttgart, 2004)
Squatriti, P., Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy AD 400–1000 (Cambridge, 1998)
Stancliffe, C., Bede and the Britons (Whithorn, 2007)
Stancliffe, C., Bede, Wilfrid and the Irish (Jarrow, 2004)
Stancliffe, C.,‘ Columbanus and the Gallic bishops’, in G. Constable and M. Rouche (eds.), Auctoritas: mélanges offerts au professeur Olivier Guillot, Cultures et Civilisations Médiévales 33 (Paris, 2006), pp. 205–15
Stancliffe, C.,‘ Kings who opted out: ideal and reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon society’ in C. P. Wormald, D. A. Bullough and R. Collins (eds.), Studies presented to J. M. Wallace-Hadrill (Oxford, 1983), pp. 154–76
Starks, J. H., ‘Fides Aeneia: the transference of Punic stereotypes in the Aeneid’, Classical Journal 94 (1999), 255–83
Staubach, N., Rex Christianus: Hofkultur und Herrschaftspropaganda im Reich Karls des Kahlen, 2 vols. (Cologne, Weimar and Vienna, 1993)
StaubachN.,‘ Christiana tempora: Augustin und das Ende der alten Geschichte in der Weltchronik Frechulfs von Lisieux’, FrSt 29 (1995), 167–206
Stiegmann, C. and M. Wemhof (eds.), 799: Kunst und Kultur der Karolingerzeit. Karl der Groβe und Papst Leo III. in Paderborn, 2 vols. (Paderborn, 1999)
Stock, B., Listening for the Text: On the Uses of the Past (Philadelphia, 1996)
Stone, R., Morality and Masculinity in the Carolingian Empire (Cambridge, 2012)
Story, J. (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005)
Story, J.‘ Charlemagne and the Anglo-Saxons’, in Story (ed.), Charlemagne, pp. 195–210
Tajfel, H. (ed.), Differentiation between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psych-ology of Intergroup Relations (London, 1978)
Tengström, E., Die Protokollierung der Collatio Carthaginensis: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der römischen Kurzschrift nebst einem Exkurs über das Wort Scheda (schedula) (Göteborg, 1962), pp. 35–49
Thacker, A. T., ‘Bede, the Britons and the Book of Samuel’, in S. Baxter, C. Karkov, J. L. Nelson and D. Pelteret (eds.), Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald (Farnham, 2009), pp. 129–47
Thacker, A. T.,‘ Rome of the martyrs: saints, cults and relics, fourth to seventh centuries’, in Ó Carragáin and Neuman de Vegvar (eds.), Roma felix, pp. 13–51
Thélamon, F., Païens et chrétiens au IVe siècle: l’apport de l’ ‘Histoire ecclésiastique’ de Rufin d’Aquilée (Paris, 1981)
Theuerkauf, G., ‘Die Hamburgische Kirchengeschichte Adams von Bremen: über Gesellschaftsformen und Weltbilder im 11. Jahrhundert’, in D. Berg and H.-W. Goetz (eds.), Historiographia Mediaevalis: Studien zur Geschichtsschreibung und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters (Darmstadt, 1988), pp. 118–37
Theuws, F. C. W. J., M. B. de Jong and C. van Rhijn (eds.), Topographies of Power in the Early Middle Ages, The Transformation of the Roman World 6 (Leiden, 2003)
Thiebaux, M. (ed.), Dhuoda, Handbook for her Warrior Son: ‘Liber Manualis’ (Cambridge, 1998)
Thiel, J. H., ‘Roman war guilt’, in E. Gruen (ed.), Imperialism in the Roman Republic (New York, 1970), pp. 22–30
Thier, A., ‘Dynamische Schriftlichkeit: zur Normbildung in den vorgratianischen Kanonessammlungen’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 124 (2007), 1–33
Tinic, S., ‘Walking a tightrope: the global cultural economy of Canadian television’, in B. Beatty, D. Briton, G. Filex and R. Sullivan (eds.), How Canadians Communicate, vol. III: Contexts of Canadian Popular Culture (Edmonton, 2010), pp. 95–115
Tomea, P., Tradizione apostolica e coscienza cittadina a Milano nel Medioevo (Milan, 1993)
TomeaP.,‘ Ambrogio e i suoi fratelli: note di agiografia milanese altomedievale’, Filologia mediolatina 5 (1998), 149–232
Tosh, J., The Pursuit of History: Aims, Methods and New Directions in the Study of Modern History (London, 2010)
Traube, L., Vorlesungen und Abhandlungen (Munich, 1909–20)
Troncarelli, F., Vivarium: i libri, il destino (Turnhout, 1992)
Tschan, F. J. and T. Reuter, The History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen (Chichester, 2002)
Tugène, G., ‘“L’Histoire ecclésiastique” du peuple anglais: réflexions sur le particularisme et l’universalisme chez Bède’, Recherches Augustiniennes 17 (1982), 129–72
Ullmann, W., The Growth of Papal Government in the Middle Ages (London, 1955)
Unfer Verre, G. E., ‘Ancora sul 490. Precisazioni e problemi aperti’, in F. Lo Monaco and F. Mores (eds.), Da vescovi di Roma a papi: l’invenzione del ‘Liber Pontificalis’, Rivista di storia del Cristianesimo 10 (2013), pp. 49–64
Verri, C., ‘Il libro primo dell’Epitaphium Arsenii di Pascasio Radberto’, Bulletino dell’Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo 103 (2001–2), 33–131
Vessey, M., ‘Reinventing history: Jerome’s Chronicle and the writing of the post-Roman West’, in S. McGill, C. Sogno and E. Watts (eds.), From the Tetrarchs to the Theodosians: Later Roman History and Culture 284–450 CE, Yale Classical Studies 34 (Cambridge, 2010), pp. 265–89
Veyne, P., L’Inventaire des différences: leçon inaugurale au Collège de France (Paris, 1976)
Villa, C., ‘Lay and ecclesiastical culture’, in C. La Rocca (ed.), Italy in the Early Middle Ages, 476–1000, The Short Oxford History of Italy (Oxford, 2002), pp. 189–204
Vyver, A. van de, ‘Cassiodorus et son oeuvre’, Speculum 2 (1931), 244–92
Waldherr, G. H., ‘Punica fides: das Bild der Karthager in Rom’, Gymnasium 107 (2000), 193–222
Walker, H. E., ‘Bede and the Gewissae: the political evolution of the heptarchy and its nomenclature’, Cambridge Historical Journal 12 (1956), 174–86
Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., Bede’s ‘Ecclesiastical History of the English People’: A Historical Commentary (Oxford, 1988)
Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., Early Germanic Kingship in England and on the Continent (Oxford, 1971)
Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., The Frankish Church (Oxford, 1983)
Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., ‘Review of A. H. M. Jones, The Later Roman Empire (1964)’, English Historical Review 80 (1965), 785–90
Wallis, F. (ed.), Bede: The Reckoning of Time (Liverpool, 1999)
Wallraff, M., ‘Das Konzil von Chalkedon in der Darstellung des Liberatus von Karthago (Breviarium 11–14)’, Zeitschrift für antikes Christentum 14 (2010), 60–73
Ward, E., ‘Agobard of Lyons and Paschasius Radbertus as critics of the Empress Judith’, in W. J. Sheils and D. Wood (eds.), Women in the Church (Oxford 1990), pp. 15–25
WardE.,‘ Caesar’s wife: the career of the Empress Judith, 819–829’, in Godman and Collins (eds.), Charlemagne’s Heir, pp. 205–77
Warland, R., ‘The concept of Rome in Late Antiquity reflected in the mosaics of the triumphal arch of S. Maria Maggiore in Rome’, Acta ad Archaeologicam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia 17 (2003), 127–41
Wattenbach, W., W. Levison and H. Löwe, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter: Vorzeit und Karolinger, vol. II (Weimar, 1953)
Weijers, O., ‘Some notes on “fides” and related words in medieval Latin’, Archivum latinitatis medii aevi 40 (1977), 77–102
Weinfurter, S., The Salian Century: Main Currents in an Age of Transition, trans. B. Bowlus (Philadelphia, 1999)
Weinreich, L., Wala: Graf, Mönch und Rebell: Die Biographie eines Karolingers Historische Studien 386 (Lübeck, 1963)
Werner, K. F., ‘Das Geburtsdatum Karls des Grossen’, Francia: Forschungen zur westeuropäischen Geschichte 1 (1973), 115–57
Werner, K. F.,‘ Hludovicus Augustus: gouverner l’empire chrétien: idées et réalités’, in Godman and Collins (eds.), Charlemagne’s Heir, pp. 3–123
Werner, M., Der Lütticher Raum in frühkarolingischer Zeit: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte einer karolingischen Stammlandschaft, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts fuer Geschichte 62 (Goettingen, 1980)
Whitby, M., ‘Imperial Christian historiography’, in A. Feldherr and G. Hardy (eds.), The Oxford History of Historical Writing, vol. I: Beginnings to AD 600 (Oxford, 2011), pp. 346–70
Wickham, C., Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400–800 (Oxford, 2005)
Williams, M. H., The Monk and the Book: Jerome and the Making of Christian Scholarship (Chicago, 2006)
Wilmart, A., Codices Reginenses Latini, Cataloghi della Biblioteca Vaticana e dell’Archivio Segreto (Vatican, 1937)
Winroth, A., The Conversion of Scandinavia: Vikings, Merchants and Missionaries in the Remaking of Northern Europe (New Haven, 2012)
Winterbottom, M., ‘The transmission of Cicero’s De Officiis’, The Classical Quarterly, n.s. 43 (1993), 215–42
Wirbelauer, E., Zwei Päpste in Rom: Der Konflikt zwischen Laurentius und Symmachus (498–514): Studien und Texte, Quellen und Forschungen zur antiken Welt 16 (Munich, 1993)
Wolf, E. R., Europe and the People without History (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1982)
Wolf, E. R.,‘ Aspects of group relations in a complex society: Mexico’, American Anthropologist, n.s. 58 (1956), 1065–78
Wolf, G. G., ‘Grifos Erbe, die Einsetzung König Childerichs III und der Kampf um die Macht: Zugleich Bemerkungen zur karolingischen “Hofhistorio-grafie”’, AfD 38 (1992), 1–16
Wolf, G. G.,‘ Mögliche Gründe für Karlmanns d. Ä. Resignation 747: ein kanonistischer Versuch’, ZRG Kan. Abt. 78 (1992), 517–31
Wolf, G. G.,‘ Die Peripetie des Bonifatius Wirksamkeit und die Resignation Karlmanns d. Ä. 745/47’, AfD 45 (1999), 1–5
Wolfram, H., Intitulatio, vols I and II, MIÖG, suppl. vols. 21, 24 (Graz, Vienna and Cologne, 1967–73)
Wolfram, H., Das Reich und die Germanen: Zwischen Antike und Mittelalter, 4th edn (Berlin, 1998)
Wolfram, H.,‘ Constantin der Große als Vorbild des Herrschers des hochmittelalterlichen Reiches’, MIÖG 68 (1960), 226–43
Wolfram, H.,‘ How many peoples are (in) a people?’, in Pohl, Gantner and Payne (eds.), Visions of Community, pp. 101–8
Wood, I. N., The Merovingian Kingdoms 450–751 (London, 1994)
Wood, I., The Missionary Life: Saints and the Evangelisation of Europe, 400–1050 (London, 2001)
Wood, I.,‘ An absence of saints? The evidence for the Christianisation of Saxony’, in Godman, Jarnut and Johanek (eds.), Am Vorabend der Kaiserkrönung, pp. 335–52
Wood, I.,‘ Before and after the migration to Britain’, in J. Hines (ed.), The Anglo-Saxons from the Migration Period to the Eighth Century (Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 41–54
Wood, I.,‘ Beyond satraps and ostriches: political and social structures of the Saxons in the early Carolingian period’, in D. H. Green and F. Siegmund (eds.), The Continental Saxons from the Migration Period to the Tenth Century: An Ethnographic Perspective (San Marino, 2003), pp. 271–86
Wood, I.,‘ Chains of chronicles: the example of London, British library ms. add. 16974’ in R. Corradini, M. Diesenberger and M. Niederkorn-Bruck (eds.), Zwischen Niederschrift und Wiederschrift: Frühmittelalterliche Hagiographie und Historiographie im Spannungsfeld von Kompendienüberlieferung und Editionstechnik, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters 18 (Vienna, 2010), pp. 67–78
Wood, I.,‘ Genealogy defined by women: the case of the Pippinids’, in L. Brubaker and J. M. H. Smith (eds.), Gender in the Early Medieval World: East and West, 300–900 (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 234–56
Wood, I.,‘ Pagan religions and superstitions east of the Rhine from the fifth to the ninth century’, in G. Ausenda (ed.), After Empire: Towards an Ethnology of Europe’s Barbarians (Woodbridge, 1995), pp. 253–79
Wood, I.,‘ Pagans and holy men 600–800’, in Ní Chatháin and Richter (eds.), Irland, pp. 347–61
Wood, I.,‘ Saint-Wandrille and its hagiography’, in I. Wood and G. A. Loud (eds.), Church and Chronicle in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to John Taylor (London, 1991), pp. 1–14
Wood, J., The Politics of Identity in Visigothic Spain: Religion and Power in the Histories of Isidore of Seville, Brill’s Series on the Early Middle Ages 21 (Leiden, 2012)
Wormald, P., ‘Bede, the Bretwaldas, and the origins of the gens Anglorum’, in Wormald (ed.), Ideal and Reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford, 1983), pp. 99–129
Wormald, P. and J. L. Nelson (eds.), Lay Intellectuals in the Carolingian World (Cambridge, 2007)
Young, M. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. I: