Skip to main content Accessibility help
The New Brain Sciences
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 13
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The last 20 years have seen an explosion of research and development in the neurosciences. Indeed, some have called this first decade of the 21st century 'the decade of the mind'. An all-encompassing term, the neurosciences cover such fields as biology, psychology, neurology, psychiatry and philosophy and include anatomy, physiology, molecular biology, genetics and behaviour. It is now a major industry with billions of dollars of funding invested from both public and private sectors. Huge progress has been made in our understanding of the brain and its functions. However, with progress comes controversy, responsibility and dilemma. The New Brain Sciences: Perils and Prospects examines the implications of recent discoveries in terms of our sense of individual responsibility and personhood. With contributing chapters from respected and influential names in neuroscience, law, psychology, philosophy and sociology, The New Brain Sciences should kick-start a discussion of where neuroscience is headed.


'One valuable message of The New Brain Sciences is that in trying to understand the neurosciences, it is unwise to ignore the social forces propelling them.'

Source: Financial Times Magazine

'… anyone interested in psychology, biology or neuroscience should take the time to read it, as it's one of the best overviews around.'

Source: Focus

'… beautifully presented and very well edited. Every chapter is clear and accessible to a general readership … The coverage of topics is broad with no obvious omissions … Every reader will come away from reading this book with questions of their own. A strength of this title is the insistence, shared by all the contributors, that the social sciences and the neurosciences need to learn from each other, and that each ethical question needs to be considered in its social context. It is a simply wonderful book, and deserves to be the paradigm for work in neuroethics over the next decade.'

Source: The Lancet

'… this book is rather reassuring. Overall, this volume does much to combat various kinds of bad reductionist thinking.'

Source: Nature

'The New Brain Sciences is a stimulating book for anyone interested in how neuroscience may change our view of ourselves and affect our free will. It is controversial but thoughtful and packed with interesting detail.'

Source: Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


  • Conclusion
    pp 265-275
    • By Dai Rees, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Medicine, a Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of Academia Europea, Barbro Westerholm, Professor of Drug Epidemiology Karolinska Institute, Director General of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare; Member of Parliament (Liberal Party) and Chairman of the Parliamentary Committtee on Research Ethics; President Swedish Association of Senior Citizens
Abbott, A. (2001). Into the mind of a killer. Nature, 410, 296–8
American Psychiatric Association (1968). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington, DC: APA.
American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edn. Washington, DC: APA.
American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. Washington, DC: APA.
Anderson, S. W., Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Tranel, D. and Damasio, A. R. (1999). Impairment of social and moral behaviour related to early damage in human prefrontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 1032–7
Argyle, M. (1975). Bodily Communication. London: Methuen
Ayer, A. J. (1954). Freedom and necessity. In G. Watson, ed., Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 15–35
Baddeley, A. (2000). The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory?Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 417–23
Baldwin, S. (2000) (with Paul Cooper). Head to head: AD/HD. The Psychologist, 13, 623–5
Barkley, R. (1990). AD/HD: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Guilford
Barkley, R. (1997). AD/HD and the Nature of Self Control. New York: Guilford
Bateson, P. and Martin, P. (2000). Design for a Life: How Behaviour Develops. London: Vintage
Benjamin, J., Li, L., Patterson, C., et al. (1996). Population and familial association between the D4 dopamine receptor gene and measures of novelty seeking. Nature Genetics, 12, 81–4
Bickerton, D. (1990). Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Bjorklund, A. and Lindvall, O. (2000). Cell replacement therapies for central nervous system disorders. Nature Neuroscience, 3, 537–44
Bjorklund, A., Sanchez-Pernaute, R., Chung, S., et al. (2002). Embryonic stem cells develop into functional dopaminergic neurons after transplantation in a Parkinson rat model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 19, 2344–9
Blakemore, C. (1988). The Mind Machine. London: BBC Books
Blank, R. H. (1999). Brain Policy: How the New Neurosciences Will Change Our Lives and Our Politics. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press
Boer, G. J. (2000). The network of European CNS transplantation and restoration (NECTAR): an introduction on the occasion of its tenth meeting. Cell Transplantation, 9, 133–7
Borlongan, C. V., Tajima, Y., Trojanowski, J. Q., Lee, V. M.-Y. and Sanberg, P. R. (1998). Transplantation of cryopreserved human embryonal carcinoma-derived neurons (NT2N cells) promote functional recovery in ischaemic rats. Experimental Neurology, 149, 310–21
British Psychological Society (2000). AD/HD: Guidelines and Principles for Successful Multi-Agency Working. Leicester: BPS.
Brunner, H. H., Nelen, M., Breakfield, X. O., Rogers, H. H. and Oost, B. A. (1993). Abnormal behaviour associated with a point mutation in the structural gene for monoamine oxidase A. Science, 262, 578–80
Burt, T., Lisanby, S. H. and Sackeim, H. A. (2002). Neuropsychiatric applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation: a meta analysis. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 5, 73–103
Cane, P. (2002). Responsibility in Law and Morality. Oxford: Hart Publishing
Caspi, A., McClay, J., Moffitt, T. al. (2002). Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children, Science, 297, 851–4
Chadwick, D. J. and Goode, J. A. (eds.) (2000). Neural Transplantation in Neurodegenerative Disease: Current Status and New Directions, Novartis Foundation Symposium no. 231. Chichester: John Wiley
Chalmers, D. (1995). Facing up to the problem of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3, 200–19
Chizh, B. A., Headley, P. M. and Tzschentke, T. M. (2001). NMDA receptor antagonists as analgesics: focus on the NR2B subtype. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 22, 636–42
Clarke, A. (1995). Population screening for genetic susceptibility to disease. British Medical Journal, 311, 35–8
Clarke, A. (1997a). The genetic dissection of multifactorial disease. In P. S. Harper and A. Clarke, eds., Genetics, Society and Clinical Practice. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publications, pp. 93–106
Clarke, A. (1997b). Limits to genetic research? Human diversity, intelligence and race. In P. S. Harper and A. Clarke, eds., Genetics, Society and Clinical Practice. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publications, pp. 207–18
Cooper, P. and Shea, T. (1999). AD/HD from the inside: an empirical study of young people's perceptions of the experience of AD/HD. In P. Cooper and K. Bilton, eds., AD/HD: Research, Practice and Opinion. London: Whurr, pp. 223–45
Cornwell, J. (1996). The Power to Harm. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Crick, F. (1994). The Astonishing Hypothesis, New York: Simon and Schuster
Criminal Statistics (2001). London: Home Office
Dabbs, J., Carr, T., Frady, R. and Riad, J. (1995). Testosterone, crime and misbehaviour among 692 male prison inmates. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 62–70
Dabbs, J., Riad, J. and Chance, S. (2001). Testosterone and ruthless homicide. Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 599–603
Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1988). Homicide. New York: Aldine de Gruyter
Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes' Error. New York: Grosset
Damasio, A. R. (1999). The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. New York: Harcourt Brace
Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Wert, G. and Mummery, C. (2003). Human embryonic stem cells: research, ethics and policy. Human Reproduction, 18, 672–82
Deacon, T. (1996). The Symbolic Species. New York: Norton
Dennett, D. C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. Boston, MA: Little, Brown
Department of Health (2000). Stem Cell Research: Medical Progress with Responsibility. London: Department of Health. Available at
Detweiler, R., Hicks, M. and Hicks, A. (1999). A multimodal approach to the assessment of ADHD. In P. Cooper and K. Bilton, eds., AD/HD: Research, Practice and Opinion. London: Whurr, pp. 43–59
Dipple, K. M. and McCabe, E. R. B. (2000). Phenotypes of patients with ‘simple’ Mendelian disorders are complex traits: thresholds, modifiers and systems dynamics (Invited Editorial). American Journal of Human Genetics, 66, 1729–35
Dobash, R., Dobash, R., Cavanagh, K. and Lewis, R. (2002). Homicide in Britain: Risk Factors, Situational Contexts and Lethal Intentions. Swindon: Economic and Social Research Council
Draaisma, D. (2000). Metaphors of Memory: A History of Ideas about the Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Dudai, Y. (2002). Memory from A to Z: Keywords, Concepts and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Dunnett, S. B. and Bjorklund, A. (eds.) (2000). Functional Neural Transplantation, vol. 2, Novel Cell Therapies for CNS Disorders, Progress in Brain Research no. 127. Amsterdam: Elsevier
Dutton, D. (2002). The neurobiology of abandonment homicide. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 7, 407–21
Ebstein, R. P., Novick, O., Umansky, R., et al. (1996). Dopamine D4 (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of novelty seeking. Nature Genetics, 12, 78–80
Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. (1989). Human Ethology. New York: Aldine de Gruyter
European Science Foundation (2003). Science Policy Publications. Available at
Fanon, F. (1967). The Wretched of the Earth. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Fausto-Sterling, A. (2001). Beyond difference: feminism and evolutionary psychology. In H. Rose and S. Rose, eds., Alas Poor Darwin: Arguments against Evolutionary Psychology. London: Vintage, pp. 174–89
Feinberg, J. (1984–8). The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, 4 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Feuerstein, G. and Kollek, R. (1999). Flexibilisierung der Moral: Zum Verhältnis von biotechnischen Innovationen und ethischen Normen. In C. Honnegger, S. Hradil and F. Traxle, eds., Grenzenlose Gesellschaft? Opladen: Leske und Budrich, pp. 559–74
Filley, C. M., Kelly, J. P. and Price, B. H. (2001). Violence and the brain: an urgent need for research. Scientist, 15, 30–9
Finnegan, J.-A. (1998). Study of behavioural phenotypes: goals and methodological considerations. American Journal of Medical Genetics (Neuropsychiatric Genetics), 81, 148–55
Flanagan, O. and Rorty, A. O. (1993). Identity, Character and Morality: Essays in Moral Psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Fodor, J. (1998). The trouble with psychological Darwinism. London Review of Books, 20, 2
Frankfurt, H. (1971). Freedom of the will and the concept of a person. Journal of Philosophy, ⅼⅹⅷ, 1, 5–20
Freed, C. R., Greene, P. E., Breeze, R. E., et al. (2001). Transplantation of dopamine neurons for severe Parkinson's disease. New England Journal of Medicine, 344, 701–9
Freeman, W. J. (1999). How Brains Make Up their Minds. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson
Frith, U. (1992). Cognitive development and cognitive deficit. The Psychologist, 5, 13–19
Gelerenter, J., Kranzler, H., Coccaro, E., et al. (1997). D4 dopamine-receptor (DRD4) alleles and novelty seeking in substance-dependent, personality-disorder, and control subjects. American Journal of Human Genetics, 61, 1144–52
Gibson-Kline, J. (1996). Adolescence: From Crisis to Coping. Oxford: Butterworth
Glenmullen, J. (2000). Prozac Backlash. New York: Simon and Schuster
Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional Intelligence. London: Bloomsbury
Gould, S. J. (1984). The Mismeasure of Man. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Grafman, J. and Wassermann, E. (1999). Transcranial magnetic stimulation can measure and modulate learning and memory. Neuropsychologia, 37, 159–67
Gray, J. A., Hodges, H. and Sinden, J. D. (1999). Prospects for the clinical application of neural transplantation with the use of conditionally immortalized neuroepithelial stem cells. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B, 354, 1407–21
Gray, J. A., Grigoryan, G., Virley, D., et al. (2000). Conditionally immortalized multipotential and multifunctional neural stem cell lines as an approach to clinical transplantation. Cell Transplantation, 9, 153–68
Greenfield, S. (1997). The Human Brain: A Guided Tour. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson
Greenhill, L. (1998). Childhood ADHD: pharmacological treatments. In P. Nathan and M. Gorman, eds., A Guide to Treatments that Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 42–64
Guardian (2001). PC kills wife and sons with hammer. Tania Branigan, August 30
Guardian (2002). Man jailed for ‘forgotten’ murder of wife. Rebecca Allison, July 24
Harper, P. S. (1997). Genetic research and ‘IQ’. In P. S. Harper and A. Clarke, eds., Genetics, Society and Clinical Practice. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publications, pp. 201–5
Harper, P. S. and Clarke, A. (eds.) (1997). Genetics, Society and Clinical Practice. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publications
Hart, H. L. A. (1963). Law, Liberty, and Morality. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Hart, H. L. A. (1968). Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Healy, D. (1991). The marketing of 5HT: anxiety or depression?British Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 737–42
Healy, D. (1998). The Antidepressant Era. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Healy, D. (2002). The Creation of Psychopharmacology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Healy, D. (2003a). Let Them Eat Prozac. Toronto: Lorimer
Healy, D. (2003b). Lines of evidence on the risks of suicide with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 72, 71–9
Hodges, H., Sowinski, P., Virley, D., et al. (2000). Functional reconstruction of the hippocampus: fetal versus conditionally immortal neuroepithelial stem cell grafts. In D. J. Chadwick and J. A. Goode, eds., Neural Transplantation in Neurodegenerative Disease: Current Status and New Directions. Chichester: John Wiley, pp. 53–69
Hodgson, D. (1991). Mind Matters. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Horder, J. (1992). Provocation and Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hume, D. (1748). An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, ed. T. Beauchamp (1999). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Humphrey, N. (1983). Consciousness Regained: Chapters in the Development of Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Jacobs, P., Bruton, M., Melville, M. M., Brittan, R. P. and McClermont, W. F. (1965). Aggressive behaviour, subnormality, and the XYY male. Nature, 208, 1351–2
Jeannerod, M. (1994). The representing brain: neural correlates of motor intention and imagery. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 17, 187–245
Johnson, S. (1751). The Need for General Knowledge. In D. Greene, ed. (2000), Samuel Johnson: The Major Works. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Karmiloff, K. and Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2001). Pathways to Language: From Fetus to Adolescent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Kelly, L. (1988). Surviving Sexual Violence. Oxford: Polity
Kircher, T. T. J., Senior, C., Phillips, M. al. (2001). Recognizing one's own face. Cognition, 78, B1–B15
Kosslyn, S. M. (1992). Cognitive neurosciences and the human self. In A. Harrington, ed., So Human a Brain: Knowledge and Values in the Neurosciences. Basel: Birkhäuser, pp. 37–56
Kripke, S. (1980). Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Kulwicki, A. (2002). The practice of honour crimes: a glimpse of DV in the Arab World. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 23, 77–85
Lane, H. (1984). When the Mind Hears. New York: Random House
LeDoux, J. E. (1996). The Emotional Brain. New York: Simon and Schuster
Lees, S. (1997). Ruling Passions: Sexual Violence. Reputation and the Law. Buckingham: Open University Press
Liberman, A. M., Cooper, F. S., Shankweiler, D. P. and Studder-Kennedy, M. (1967). Preception of the speech code. Psychological Reviews, 7, 431–61
Lindvall, O. (2000). Neural transplantation in Parkinson's disease. In D. J. Chadwick and J. A. Goode, eds., Neural Transplantation in Neurodegenerative Disease: Current Status and New Directions. Chichester: John Wiley, pp. 110–128
Lindvall, O. and Hagell, P. (2000). Clinical observations after neural transplantation in Parkinson's disease. In S. B. Dunnett and A. Bjorklund, eds., Functional Neural Transplantation, vol. 2, Novel Cell Therapies for CNS Disorders. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 299–320
Lodge, D. (2002). Consciousness and the Novel. London: Secker and Warburg
Lukács, G. S. (1971). History and Class Consciousness. London: Merlin
Mackay, R. D. (1996). Mental Condition Defences and the Criminal Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Marr, D. (1982). Vision. San Francisco: Freeman
McAuley, F. (1993). Insanity, Psychiatry and Criminal Responsibility. Dublin: Round Hall
Mednick, S., Gabrielli, W. and Hutchings, B. (2003). Genetic factors in the etiology of criminal behavior. In E. McLaughlin, J. Muncie and G. Hughes, eds., Criminological Perspectives: Essential Readings, 2nd edn. London: Open University/Sage, pp. 77–90
Midgley, M. (1995). Reductive megalomania. In J. Cornwell, ed., Nature's Imagination: The Frontiers of Scientific Vision. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 133–147
Midgley, M. (1996). One world, but a big one. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3, 500–14
Midgley, M. (2001). Science and Poetry. London: Routledge
Moir, A. and Jessel, D. (1995). A Mind to Crime. London: Michael Joseph
Mouzos, J. (1999). Femicide: The Killing of Women in Australia 1989–1998. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2000). Guidance on the Use of Methylphenidate for ADHD. London: NICE.
Nuffield Council on Bioethics (2002). Genetics and Human Behaviour: The Ethical Context. London: Nuffield Council on Bioethics
Paradis, K., Langford, G., Long, Z., et al. (1999). Search for cross-species transmission of porcine endogenous retrovirus in patients treated with living pig tissue. Science, 285, 1236–41
Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct. New York: HarperCollins
Pinker, S. (1997). How the Mind Works. New York: Norton
Plomin, R. (2001). The genetics of g in human and mouse. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2, 136–41
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C., McClearn, G. E. and Rutter, M. (1997). Behavioral Genetics. New York: Freeman
Plomin, R., Asbury, K. and Dunn, J. (2001). Why are children in the same family so different? Nonshared environment a decade later. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 46, 225–33
Premack, D. (1986). Gavagai. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Pritchard, C. and Stroud, J. (2002). A reply to Helen Barnes' comment on child homicide. British Journal of Social Work, 32, 369–73
R. v. Falconer (1990) 171 CLR 30
R. v. Parks (1992) 2 SCR 871
R. v. Quick (1973) 1 QB 910, [1973] 3 All ER 347
R. v. Stone (1999) 2 SCR 290
Radford, J. and Russell, D. (1992). Femicide: The Politics of Woman Killing. Buckingham: Open University Press
Rampton, S. and Stauber, J. (2001). Trust Us, We're Experts! New York: Tarcher-Putnam
Reznek, L. (1998). Evil or Ill: Justifying the Insanity Defence. London: Routledge
Richardson, A. (1969). Mental Imagery. New York: Springer
Rose, H. (1994). Love, Power and Knowledge: Towards a Feminist Transformation of the Sciences. Cambridge: Polity
Rose, H. and Rose, S. (eds.) (2000). Alas Poor Darwin: Arguments against Evolutionary Psychology. London: Jonathan Cape
Rose, S. P. R. (1997). Lifelines. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Rose, S. P. R. (2000). The future of the brain. Biologist, 47, 96–9
Rose, S. P. R. (2003). How to (or not to) communicate science. Biochemical Society Transactions, 31, 307–12
Rutter, M. (1996). Stress research: accomplishments and the tasks ahead. In R. Haggerty, L. Sherrod, N. Garmezy and M. Rutter, eds., Stress, Risk and Resilience in Children and Adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 354–85
Rutter, M. (2001). Child psychiatry in the era following sequencing the genome. In F. Levy and D. Hay, eds., Attention, Genes and ADHD. Hove: Brunner-Routledge, pp. 225–48
Schweinhart, L. J., Barnes, H. V. and Weikart, D. P. (1993). Significant Benefits. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press
Scoville, W. B. (1954). The limbic lobe in man. Journal of Neurosurgery, 11, 64–6
Scoville, W. B. and Milner, B. (1957). Loss of recent memory after bilateral hippocampal lesions. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 20, 11–21
Segal, L. (2003). Explaining male violence. In E. McLaughlin, J. Muncie and G. Hughes, eds., Criminological Perspectives: Essential Readings, 2nd edn. London: Open University/Sage, pp. 211–26
Shapiro, C. and McCall Smith, A. (1997). Forensic Aspects of Sleep. Chichester: John Wiley
Sheahan, D. (2000). Angles on panic. In D. Healy, ed., The Psychopharmacologists, vol. 3. London: Arnold, pp. 479–504
Slee, R. (1995). Changing Theories and Practices of Discipline. London: Falmer
Sokal, A. and Bricmont, J. (1999). Intellectual Impostures. London: Profile
Stanley, L. (1992). The Auto/Biographical I: The Theory and Practice of Feminist Auto/Biography. Manchester: Manchester University Press
Star, S. L. (1992). The skin, the skull and the self: towards a sociology of the brain. In A. Harrington, ed., So Human a Brain: Knowledge and Values in the Neurosciences. Basel: Birkhäuser, pp. 204–28
Stocker, M. (1999). Responsibility and the abuse excuse. In E. F. Paul, F. Miller and J. Paul, eds., Responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 175–200
Sutherland, S. (1992). Irrationality: The Enemy Within. London: Constable
Switzky, H., Greenspan, S. and Granfield, J. (1996). Adaptive behavior, everyday intelligence and the constitutive definition of mental retardation. Advances in Special Education, 10, 1–24
Tang, Y.-P., Shimizu, E., Dube, G. R., et al. (1999). Genetic enhancement of learning and memory in mice. Science, 401, 63–9
Tannock, R. (1998). AD/HD: advances in cognitive, neurobiological and genetic research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 65–99
Thornhill, R. and Palmer, C. (2000a). Why men rape. The Sciences, Jan/Feb, 30–6
Thornhill, R. and Palmer, C. (2000b). A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Tur, R. H. S. (1993). Subjectivism and objectivism: towards synthesis. In S. Shute, J. Gardner and J. Horder, eds., Action and Value in the Criminal Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 213–37
Turner, G. (1996). Intelligence and the X chromosome. Lancet, 347, 1814–15
Laan, L. J. W., Onions, D. E., Hering, B. J., et al. (2000). Infection by porcine endogenous retrovirus after islet xenotransplantation in SCID mice. Nature, 407, 90–4
Inwagen, P. (1975). The incompatibility of free will and determinism. Philosophical Studies, 27, 185–9. (Reprinted in Watson (1982), pp. 46–58.)
Vastag, B. (2001). Many say adult stem cell reports overplayed. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286, 293
Veizovic, T., Beech, J. S., Stroemer, R. P., Watson, W. P. and Hodges, H. (2001). Resolution of stroke deficits following contralateral grafts of conditionally immortal neuroepithelial stem cells. Stroke, 32, 1012–19
Vieraitis, L. and Williams, M. (2002). Assessing the impact of gender inequality on female homicide victimisation across US cities. Violence against Women, 8, 35–63
Walker, L. (1984). The Battered Woman Syndrome. New York: Springer
Wasserman, D. (2001). Genetic predispositions to violent and antisocial behaviour: responsibility, character, and identity. In D. Wasserman and R. Wachbroit, eds., Genetics and Criminal Behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 303–27
Wei, F., Wang, G.-D., Kerchner, G. A., et al. (2001). Genetic enhancement of inflammatory pain by forebrain NR2B overexpression. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 164–9
Wilson, M. and Daly, M. (1999). Lethal and non-lethal violence against wives and the evolutionary psychology of male sexual proprietariness. In Dobash, R. and Dobash, R., eds., Rethinking Violence against Women. London: Sage, pp. 199–230
World Health Organisation (1990). International Classification of Diseases, 10th edn. Geneva: WHO.
Yoshikawa, H. (1995). Long-term effects of early childhood programs on social outcomes and delinquency. The Future of Children: Long-Term Outcomes of Early Childhood Programs, 5, 51–75
Ziman, J. (1978). Reliable Knowledge: An Exploration of the Grounds for Belief in Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed