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The Middle East in International Relations
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Book description

The international relations of the Middle East have long been dominated by uncertainty and conflict. External intervention, interstate war, political upheaval and interethnic violence are compounded by the vagaries of oil prices and the claims of military, nationalist and religious movements. The purpose of this book is to set this region and its conflicts in context, providing on the one hand a historical introduction to its character and problems, and on the other a reasoned analysis of its politics. In an engagement with both the study of the Middle East and the theoretical analysis of international relations, the author, who is one of the best known and most authoritative scholars writing on the region today, offers a compelling and original interpretation. Written in a clear, accessible and interactive style, the book is designed for students, policymakers, and the general reader.

Reviews

‘A masterly survey by a scholar with a long and unusually rich personal experience of the region.‘

E. Roger Owen - Harvard University

'Mr Halliday offers an authoritative analysis of the armed conflict, social upheaval and political economics that formed the background to the attack on America in 2001 and the invasion of Iraq nearly two years later.'

Source: The Economist

‘A most worthwhile study that should become compulsory reading for all students of the Middle East.‘

Source: Contemporary Review

'The Middle East in International Relations may well be regarded as his chef d'oeuvre, bringing together as it does not only the borad range of his earlier writings on the area but also a formidable array of other contributions.'

Source: Asian Affairs

'Firstly, Halliday arouses curiosity when he compares political theories to mushrooms: Some are eatable, some enjoyable and a third category is simply poisonous …Halliday explains particularly convincingly the reasons for the fast and thorough adoption of the exogenous ideology of nationalism in the Arabic region. … The real value of the chapter lies in the question that Halliday poses about which movements/phenomena/factors are international (inter-state) and which are truly trans-national. He answers this question in an extraordinarily conclusive way using the five case studies of nationalist movements, … a well thought through appendix of maps, charts, diagrams, and statistic information … The exquisitely comprehensive selection of sources by itself would justify the 'subsequent use'. This publication, therefore, belongs in every serious Near East library'

Henner Fuertig

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Contents

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International Relations theory and the Middle East
al-Azmeh, Aziz, Muslim Kingship: Power and the Sacred in Muslim, Christian and Pagan Politics, London: I. B. Tauris, 1997
Barnett, Michael, Dialogues in Arab Politics: Negotiations in Regional Order, New York: Columbia University Press, 1998
Bill, James, ‘The Study of Middle East Politics 1946–1996’, Middle East Journal, vol. 50, no. 4, 1996
Brown, L. Carl, International Politics and the Middle East: Old Rules, Dangerous Game, London: I. B. Tauris, 1984
Gerges, Fawaz, The Superpowers and the Middle East: Regional and International Politics 1955–1967, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994
Hinnebusch, Raymond and Ehteshami, Anoushiravan, The Foreign Policies of Middle Eastern States, London: Lynne Rienner, 2002
Ismael, Tareq, ed., The International Relations of the Middle East, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000
Jabar, Faleh, The Shi'ite movement in Iraq, London: Sagi, 2003
Korany, Bahgat and Dessouki, Ali E. Hillal, eds., The Foreign Policies of Arab States: the Challenge of Change, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984
Matthews, Ken, The Gulf Conflict and International Relations, London: Routledge, 1993
Tibi, Bassam, Conflict and War in the Middle East, 1967–91: From Interstate War to New Security, Second edition, London: Macmillan, 1998
Walt, Stephen, The Origin of Alliances, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1987.
The making of foreign policy: states and societies
Anderson, Lisa, The State and Social Transformation in Tunisia and Libya 1930–1980, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986
Asad, Talal and Owen, Roger, eds., Sociology of Developing Societies: the Middle East, London: Macmillan, 1983
Ayubi, Nazih, Over-stating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East, London: I. B. Tauris, 1995
Ayubi, Shaheen, Nasser and Sadat: Decision-making and Foreign Policy (1970–1972), Lanham: University Press of America, 1994
Barakat, Halim, The Arab World: Society, Culture and State, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993
Bill, James and Leiden, Carl, The Middle East: Politics and Power, Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1974
Bill, James and Springborg, Robert, Politics in the Middle East, fourth edition, New York: HarperCollins, 1994
Brecher, Michael, Decisions in Israel's Foreign Policy, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975
Bromley, Simon, Rethinking Middle East Politics: State Formation and Development, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994
Buchta, Wilfried, Who Rules Iran? The Structure of Power in the Islamic Republic, Washington, D.C.: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2000
Cooper, Mark, The Transformation of Egypt, London: Croom Helm, 1983
Gause, Gregory, Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States, New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1994
Hale, William, Turkish Foreign Policy 1774–2000, London: Frank Cass, 2000
Halliday, Fred and Alavi, Hamza, eds., State and Ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan, London: Macmillan, 1988
Heller, Mark, Continuity and Change in Israeli Security Policy, London: International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), 2000
Hudson, Michael, Arab Politics: the Search for Legitimacy, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977
Kedourie, Elie, Politics in the Middle East, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992
al-Khalil, Samir, The Republic of Fear: the Politics of Modern Iraq, London: Radius/Hutchinson, 1989
Kienle, Eberhard, A Grand Delusion: Democracy and Economic Reform in Egypt, London: I. B. Tauris, 2001
Korany, Baghat and Dessouki, Ali E. Hillal, eds., The Foreign Policies of Arab States, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1984
Liebman, Charles and Don-Yehiya, Eliezer, Religion and Politics in Israel, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984
Lochery, Neil, The Difficult Road to Peace: Netanyahu, Israel and the Middle East Peace Process, Reading: Ithaca Press, 1999
Luciani, Giacomo, ed., The Arab State, London: Routledge, 1990
Milton-Edwards, Beverly, Contemporary Politics in the Middle East, Oxford: Polity Press, 1999
Owen, Roger, State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East, second edition, London: Routledge, 2001
Palestinian Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA), The Foreign Policies of Arab States, Jerusalem: PASSIA, 1997
Salamé, Ghassan, ed., Democracy without Democrats? The Renewal of Politics in the Muslim World, London: I. B. Tauris, 1994
Sharabi, Hisham, Neo-Patriarchy: a Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988
Spiegel, Steven, The Other Arab–Israeli Dispute: Making America's Middle East Policy from Truman to Reagan, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985
The modern Middle East: state formation and world war
Abrahamian, Ervand, Iran Between Two Revolutions, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982
Antonius, George, The Arab Awakening: the Story of the Arab National Movement, first published 1938; reprinted Capricorn, 1965
Aroian, Lois and Mitchell, R. P., The Modern Middle East and North Africa, London: Macmillan, 1984
Berkes, Niyazi, The Development of Secularism in Turkey, Toronto: McGill University Press, 1964
Cleveland, William, A History of the Modern Middle East, second edition, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000
Cobban, Helena, The Making of Modern Lebanon, London: Hutchinson, 1985
Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples, London: Faber and Faber, 1991
Keddie, Nikki, Roots of Revolution: an Interpretive History of Modern Iran, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981
Kedourie, Elie, England and the Middle East: the Destruction of the Ottoman Empire, 1914–1921, London: Bowes and Bowes, 1956
Lenczowski, George, The Middle East in World Affairs, fourth edition, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980
Lewis, Bernard, The Arabs in History, sixth edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993
Lewis, Bernard, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961
Lewis, Bernard, ‘The Impact of the French Revolution on Turkey’, Journal of World History, vol. 1, 1953
Lewis, Bernard, The Middle East: 2000 Years of History from the Rise of Christianity to the Present Day, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1995
Lucas, Noah, The Modern History of Israel, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1974
Lustick, Ian, Unsettled States, Disputed Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank–Gaza, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993.
al-Naqeeb, Khaldoun, Society and State in the Arab Gulf area Arabian Peninsula, London: Routledge, 1990
Ovendale, Ritchie, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, second edition, London: Longman, 1998
Pipes, Daniel, Greater Syria: the History of an Ambition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990
Salibi, Kamal, A House of Many Mansions: the History of Lebanon Reconsidered, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989
Schulze, Reinhard, A Modern History of the Islamic World, London: I. B. Tauris, 2000
Stein, L., The Balfour Declaration, London: Vallentine, Mitchell, 1961
Sykes, Christopher, Crossroads to Israel, London: Collins, 1965
Tibi, Bassam, Arab Nationalism: a Critical Enquiry, edited and translated by Marion Farouk-Sluglett and Peter Sluglett, London: Macmillan 1990
Tibi, Bassam, Die Verschwörung: Das Trauma arabischer Politik, second edition, Frankfurt: DTB Verlag, 1994
Tripp, Charles, A History of Iraq, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000
Charles Tripp and Roger Owen, eds., Egypt under Mubarak, London: Routledge, 1989
Vatikiotis, P., The Modern History of Egypt, London: Weidenfeld, 1969
Yapp, Malcolm, The Near East since the First World War, London: Longman, 1991
The Cold War: global conflict, regional upheavals
Bill, James, The Eagle and the Lion: the Tragedy of American–Iranian Relations, London: Yale University Press, 1988
Cottam, Richard, Iran and the United States: a Cold War Case Study, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988
Ehteshami, Anoushivaran and Hinnebusch, Raymond, Syria and Iran, London: Routledge, 1997
Fisk, Robert, Pity the Nation: the Abduction of Lebanon, London: Atheneum, 1990
Gendzier, Irene, Notes from the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon and the Middle East, 1945–1958, New York: Columbia University Press, 1997
Goode, James, The United States and Iran: In the Shadow of Musaddiq, London: Macmillan, 1997
Heikal, Mohamed, The Autumn of Fury: the Assassination of Sadat, London: Deutsch, 1983
Heikal, Mohamed, The Sphinx and the Commissar: the Rise and Fall of Soviet Influence in the Middle East, London: André Deutsch, 1978
Hirst, David, Sadat, London: Faber and Faber, 1983
Keddie, Nikki and Gasiorowski, Mark, eds., Neither East nor West: Iran, the Soviet Union, and the United States, London: Yale University Press, 1990
Kerr, Malcolm, The Arab Cold War, third edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971
Kuniholm, Bruce, The Origins of the Cold War in the Near East, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980
Louis, W. R. and Owen, R. eds., A Revolutionary Year: the Middle East in 1958, London: I. B. Tauris, 2002
Quandt, William, Decade of Decisions: American Policy Toward the Arab–Israeli Conflict, 1967–1976, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977
Rathmell, Andrew, Secret War in the Middle East: the Covert Struggle for Syria, 1949–1961, London: I. B. Tauris, 1995
Rubin, Barry, The Great Powers in the Middle East, 1941–1947, London: Frank Cass, 1981
Rubin, Barry, Paved with Good Intentions: Iran and the American Experience, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980
Sayigh, Yezid and Shlaim, Avi, eds., The Cold War and the Middle East, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997
Schulze, Kirsten, Israel's Covert Diplomacy in Lebanon, London: Macmillan, 1998
Seale, Patrick, The Struggle for Syria, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965
Taylor, Alan, The Superpowers and the Middle East, Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1991
Wehling, Fred, Irresolute Princes: Kremlin Decision-making in Middle East Crises, 1967–1973, New York: St Martin's Press, 1997.
After the Cold War: the maturing of the Greater West Asian Crisis
Cockburn, Andrew and Cockburn, Patrick, Out of the Ashes: the Resurrection of Saddam Hussein, London: Verso, 2000
Dalacoura, Katerina, Engagement or Coercion? Weighing Western Human Rights Policies towards Turkey, Iran and Egypt, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2004
Dwyer, Kevin, Arab Voices: the Human Rights Debate in the Middle East, London: Routledge, 1991
Freedman, Robert, ed., The Middle East and the Peace Process: the Impact of the Oslo Accords, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1998
Fuller, Graham, Turkey's New Geopolitics: From the Balkans to Western China, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993
Graham-Brown, Sarah, Sanctioning Saddam: the Politics of Intervention in Iraq, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999
Guazzone, Laura, The Middle East in Global Change: the Politics and Economics of Interdependence versus Fragmentation, London: Macmillan, 1997
Hudson, Michael, ed., Middle East Dilemmas: the Politics and Economics of Arab Integration, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999
Junemann, Annette, ed., Euro-Mediterranean Relations after September 11, London: Frank Cass, 2003
Kepel, Gilles, Jihad: the Trail of Political Islam, London: I. B. Tauris, 2002
Litwak, Robert, Rogue States and US Foreign Policy: Containment after the Cold War, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2000
Marr, Phoebe and Lewis, William, eds., Riding the Tiger: the Middle East Challenge after the Cold War, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993
Mayer, Ann Elizabeth, Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999
Niblock, Tim, ‘Pariah States’ and Sanctions in the Middle East: Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner, 2001
Nizameddin, Talal, Russia and the Middle East: Towards a New Foreign Policy, London: C. J. Hurst, 1999
Roberson, Barbara A., ed., The Middle East and Europe: the Power Deficit, London: Routledge, 1998
Ruthven, Malise, A Fury for God: the Islamist Attack on America, London: Granta, 2002
Sifry, Micah and Cerf, Christopher, The Gulf War Reader: History, Documents, Opinions, New York: Times Books, 1991
Military conflict: war, revolt, strategic rivalry
Abdel-Malek, Anouar, Egypt: Military Society, New York: Random House, 1968
Aburish, Saïd K., Saddam Hussein: the Politics of Revenge, London: Bloomsbury, 2000
Baram, Amatzia and Rubin, Barry, eds., Iraq's Road to War, London: Macmillan, 1994
Barnett, Michael, Confronting the Costs of War: Military Power, State, and Society in Egypt and Israel, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992
Chubin, Shahram and Tripp, Charles, Iran and Iraq at War, London: I. B. Tauris, 1988
Feldman, Shai, Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control in the Middle East, London: MIT Press, 1997
Freedman, Lawrence and Karsh, Efraim, The Gulf Conflict 1990–1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order, London: Faber and Faber, 1993
Heikal, Mohamed, The Road to Ramadan, London: Collins, 1975
Karpat, Kemal, Turkish Foreign Policy: Recent Developments, Madison: Wisconsin University Press, 1996
Leitenberg, Milton and Sheffer, Gabriel, Great Power Intervention in the Middle East, Oxford: Pergamon, 1979
Mohamedou, Mohammad-Mahmoud, Iraq and the Second Gulf War: State Building and Regime Security, San Francisco: Austin and Winfield, 1998
Sadowski, Yahya, Scuds or Butter? The Political Economy of Arms Control in the Middle East, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1993
Sayigh, Yezid, Armed Struggle and the Search for a State: the Palestinian National Movement, 1949–1993, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997
Shlaim, Avi, Collusion across the Jordan: King Abdullah, the Zionist Movement and the Partition of Palestine, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988
Modern ideologies: political and religious
Abrahamian, Ervand, Khomeinism, London: I. B. Tauris, 1993
Ajami, Fuad, The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice since 1967, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981
Ajami, Fuad, The Dream Palace of the Arabs: a Generation's Odyssey, New York: Pantheon, 1998
Akhavi, Shahrough, Religion and Politics in Iran, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1981
Avineri, Shlomo, The Making of Modern Zionism: the Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982
Boroujerdi, Mehrzad, Iranian Intellectuals and the West: the Tormented Triumph of Nativism, Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996
Brumberg, Daniel, Reinventing Khomeini: the Struggle for Reform in Iran, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001
Christison, Kathleen, Perceptions of Palestine: Their Influence on US Middle East Policy, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999
Cottam, Richard, Nationalism in Iran, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1964
Cruise O'Brien, Conor, The Siege: the Saga of Israel and Zionism, London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1986
Dawisha, Adeed, Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002
Dawisha, Adeed, Islam in Foreign Policy, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs and Cambridge University Press, 1983
Elon, Amos, The Israelis, Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1981
Gershoni, Israel and Jankowski, James, eds., Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East, New York: Columbia University Press, 1997
Gilsenan, Michael, Recognizing Islam, London: Croom Helm, 1982
Haim, Sylvia, ed., Arab Nationalism: an Anthology, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964
Halliday, Fred, Islam and the Myth of Confrontation, London: I. B. Tauris, 1996
Halliday, Fred, Nation and Religion in the Middle East, London: Saqi, 2000
Halliday, Fred, Revolution and Foreign Policy: the Case of South Yemen, 1967–1987, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
Hourani, Albert, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798–1939, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967
Husain, Mir Zohair, Global Islamic Politics, New York: HarperCollins, 1995
Jankowski, James and Gershoni, Israel, eds., Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East, New York: Columbia University Press, 1997
Keddie, Nikki, Iran and the Muslim World: Resistance and Revolution, London: Macmillan, 1995
Kepel, Gilles, Muslim Extremism in Egypt: the Prophet and the Pharoah, London: Zed Books, 1985
Kepel, Gilles, The Revenge of God: the Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in the Modern World, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994
Khalidi, Rashid, Palestinian Identity: the Construction of Modern National Consciousness, New York: Columbia University Press, 1997
Khalidi, Rashid, Lisa Anderson, Muhammad Muslih and Reeva S. Simon, eds., The Origins of Arab Nationalism, New York: Columbia University Press, 1991
Kienle, Eberhard, Ba'th versus Ba'th: the Conflict between Syria and Iraq, 1958–1989, London: I. B. Tauris, 1990
Kishtainy, Khalid, Arab Political Humour, London: Quartet, 1983
Laqueur, Walter, A History of Zionism: From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972
Levy, Reuben, The Sociology of Islam, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965
Moin, Baqer, Khomeini, Sign of God, London: I. B. Tauris, 1993
Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power: the Politics of Islam, London: Faber and Faber, 1982
Piscatori, James, ed., Islamic Fundamentalism and the Gulf Crisis, Chicago: The Fundamentalism Project, University of Chicago Press, 1991
Ramazani, R. K., Revolutionary Iran: Challenge and Response in the Middle East, second edition, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988
Rodinson, Maxime, Marxism and the Muslim World, London: Zed Books, 1979
Roy, Olivier, The Failure of Political Islam, London: I. B. Tauris, 1994
Ruthven, Malise, Islam in the World, second edition, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000
Suleiman, Yasir, The Arabic Language and National Identity, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2003
Tibi, Bassam, Arab Nationalism: a Critical Enquiry, third edition, London: Macmillan, 1990
Tibi, Bassam, The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997
Zubaida, Sami, Islam, the People and the State, London: Routledge, 1993
Challenges to the state: transnational movements
Abdelnasser, Walid, The Islamic Movement in Egypt: Perceptions of International Relations, 1967–1981, London: Kegan Paul International, 1994
Abdo, Geneive, No God But God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000
Abrahamian, Ervand, The Iranian Mojahidin, London: I. B. Tauris, 1989
Abu-Amr, Ziad, Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza: Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Jihad, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994
Ayubi, Nazih, Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World, London: Routledge, 1991
Batatu, Hanna, The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978
Behrooz, Maziar, Rebels with a Cause: the Failure of the Left in Iran, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999
Beinin, Joel, Was the Red Flag Flying There?: Marxist Politics and the Arab–Israeli Conflict in Egypt and Israel, 1948–1965, London: I. B. Tauris, 1990
Beinin, Joel and Lockman, Zachary, Workers on the Nile, 1882–1954, London: I. B. Tauris, 1988
Chaliand, Gerard, The Kurdish Tragedy, London: Zed Books, 1994
Chaliand, Gerard and Ternon, Yves, The Armenians: From Genocide to Resistance, London: Zed Books, 1980
Cole, Juan and Keddie, Nikki, eds., Shi'ism and Social Protest, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986
Dalacoura, Katerina, Islam, Liberalism and Human Rights, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999
Do leu Pinto, Maria, Political Islam and the United States, Reading: Ithaca Press, 1999
Eickleman, Dale and Piscatori, James, Muslim Politics, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996
Enayat, Hamid, Modern Islamic Thought, London: Macmillan, 1982
Esposito, John, ed., The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact, Miami: Florida International University Press, 1990
Fandy, Mamoun, Saudi Arabia and the Politics of Dissent, London: Macmillan, 1999
Fuller, Graham and Francke, Rend, The Arab Shi'a: the Forgotten Muslims, London: Macmillan, 2000
Gerges, Fawaz, America and Political Islam: Clash of Cultures or Clash of Interests?, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999
Hafez, Mohammed, Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World, Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner, 2003
Halliday, Fred, Arabia without Sultans, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974; reprinted London: Saqi, 2001
Hourani, Albert, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961
Khamsin, ed., Forbidden Agendas: Intolerance and Defiance in the Middle East, London: Saqi, 1984
Laqueur, Walter, Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1956
Lockman, Zachary, Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906–1948, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996
Lockman, Zachary and Beinin, Joel, Intifadha: the Palestinian Uprising against Israeli Occupation, London: I. B. Tauris, 1990
Lustick, Ian, For the Land and the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel, New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1988
Norton, Augustus Richard and Greenberg, Martin, eds., The International Relations of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1989
Rodinson, Maxime, Cult, Ghetto and State, London: Zed Books, 1983
Rubin, Barry, The Transformation of Palestinian Politics: From Revolution to State-Building, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999
Schulze, Kirsten, Martin Stokes and Colm Campbel, Nationalism, Minorities and Diasporas: Identities and Rights in the Middle East, London: I. B. Tauris, 1996
Tawil, Raymonda Hawa, My Home, My Prison, London: Zed Books, 1983
Vali, Abbas, Modernity and the Stateless: the Kurdish Question in Iran, London: I. B. Tauris, 2000
el-Wazir, Hanan, ‘De la révolution à la construction d'un état: le Mouvement de Libération Nationale de la Palestine (le Fatah) et l'Autorité National Palestinienne, Ph. D. thesis, Department of Political Sciences, University of Geneva, 2000
Yamani, Mai, Changed Identities: the Challenge of the New Generation in Saudi Arabia, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2000
International political economy: regional and global
Allan, Tony, The Middle East Water Question: Hydropolitics and the Global Economy, London: I. B. Tauris, 2001
Amin, Galal, Whatever Happened to the Egyptians? Change in Egyptian Society from 1959 to the Present, Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 2000
Amuzegar, Jahangir, Managing the Oil Wealth: OPEC's Windfalls and Pitfalls, London: I. B. Tauris, 1999
Ayubi, Nazih, ed., Distant Neighbours: the Political Economy of Relations between Europe and the Middle East/North Africa, Reading: Ithaca Press, 1995
Beblawi, Hazem, and Luciani, Giacomo, eds., The Rentier State, London: Croom Helm, 1987
Birks, J. S. and Sinclair, C. A., Arab Manpower: the Crisis of Development, London: Croom Helm, 1980
Hakimian, Hassan and Moshaver, Ziba, eds., The State and Global Change: the Political Economy of Transition in the Middle East and North Africa, London: Curzon Press, 2000
Henry, Clement M. and Springborg, Robert, Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001
Issawi, Charles, An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa, New York: Columbia University Press, 1982
Karl, Terry Lynn, The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Boom and Petrostates, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997
Kerr, Malcolm and el-Yassin, Sayed, eds., Rich and Poor in the Middle East, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1982
Keyder, Caglar, State and Class in Turkey: a Study in Capitalist Development, London: Verso, 1987
Kubursi, Afif, Oil, Industrialization and Development in the Arab Gulf States, London: Croom Helm, 1984
Niblock, Tim and Murphy, Emma, eds., Economic and Political Liberalization in the Middle East, London: British Academic Press, 1993
Owen, Roger and Pamuk, Sevket, A History of Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century, London: I. B. Tauris, 1998
Richards, Alan and Waterbury, John, A Political Economy of the Middle East, second edition, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998
Rodinson, Maxime, Islam and Capitalism, London: Allen Lane, 1974
Rumaihi, Muhammad, Beyond Oil: Unity and Development in the Gulf. London: Saqi, 1986
Stork, Joe, Middle East Oil and the Energy Crisis, New York: Monthly Review, 1975
Vandewalle, Dirk, Libya since Independence: Oil and State-building London: I. B. Tauris, 1998
Waterbury, John, The Egypt of Nasser and Sadat: the Political Economy of Two Regimes, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983
Wilson, Rodney, Economic Development in the Middle East, London: Routledge, 1995
The Middle East in international perspective
Arab Human Development Report 2002, Geneva and New York: UNDP, 2002, http://www.undp.org/rbas/ahdr
Cammack, Paul, Pool, David and Tordoff, William, Third World Politics: a Comparative Introduction, London: Macmillan, 1988
Dodge, Toby and Higgott, Richard, Globalization and the Middle East: Islam, Economy, Society and Politics, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2002
Halliday, Fred, The World at 2000, London: Palgrave, 2000
Khalidi, Rashid, Resurrecting Empire. Western Footprints and America's Perilous Path in the Middle East, London: I. B. Tauris, 2004
Roberts, John, Visions and Mirages: the Middle East in a New Era, Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1995

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