At the end of May 1922 Sir Malcolm and Alexandra Hailey arrived in London for a three-month leave, his first trip home since before the war. Apart from visiting family and fishing he had interviews with the king, the Prince of Wales, and the prime minister, David Lloyd George. He also wrote an article on Indian affairs, published anonymously in Round Table.
Since 1895, his first year in India, Hailey began the article, there had been four intense political spasms: the first, centered in the Deccan, ending in the conviction of B. G. Tilak for sedition in 1897; the second, also focused in the west, with a secondary wave in the Punjab, terminating in Tilak's second imprisonment in 1907; third, the long conflict over the partition of Bengal; and last, Gandhi's recently concluded noncooperation campaign. Each convulsion had similar features: “its intensity, its revolutionary, not to say its anarchical character; the suddenness with which it has subsided – at all events temporarily – as soon as the principal protagonist or protagonists were deprived of the power to lead the agitation; and the almost baffling apathy of the reaction period.”
Thus did Indian political history repeat itself. Readers would find it hard to identify the country of the summer of 1922 with the scene even as recently as the previous February.