Skip to main content Accessibility help
Capitalism, Democracy, and Welfare
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 277
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This book, first published in 2005, builds on institutionalist theory in both economics and political science to offer a general political economy framework for the study of welfare capitalism. Based on the key idea that social protection in a modern economy, both inside and outside the state, can be understood as protection of specific investments in human capital, the book offers a systematic explanation of popular preferences for redistributive spending, the economic role of political parties and electoral systems, and labor market stratification (including gender inequality). Contrary to the popular idea that competition in the global economy undermines international differences in the level of social protection, the book argues that these differences are made possible by a high international division of labor. Such a division is what allows firms to specialize in production that requires an abundant supply of workers with specific skills, and hence high demand for protection.


'… a truly excellent book … provides a wealth of understanding … provides a useful degree of coherence and reality that enriches the theorizing.'

Source: SEER

'… a comprehensive perspective on the historical origins of the different welfare production regimes that came to define the post-war political economies of Europe, North America and Japan … sheds considerable light on the rapid and almost uninterrupted expansion of the welfare state since the 1950s … Students of development economics and others interested in the historical trajectory of the OECD economies will find this book rewarding.'

Source: Development Policy Review

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Acemoglu, Daron and Robinson, James. 2005. Political Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Achen, Chris. 2000. “Why Lagged Dependent Variables Can Suppress the Explanatory Power of Other Independent Variables.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Methodology Section of the American Political Association Meeting, UCLA, July 20–22
Adler, Michael and Lehmann, B.. 1983. “Deviations from Purchasing Power Parity in the Long Run.” Journal of Finance 38 (5): 1471–87
Aldrich, John. 1993. “Rational Choice and Turnout.” American Journal of Political Science 37: 246–78
Aldrich, John 1995. Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Alesina, Alberto and Perotti, Roberto. 1997. “The Welfare State and Competitiveness.” American Economic Review 87 (5): 921–39
Alesina, Alberto and Rodrik, Dani. 1994. “Distributive Politics and Economic Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 109: 465–90
Allsopp, Christopher. 1983. “Inflation,” in Boltho, Andrea (ed.): 72–103. The European Economy: Growth and Crisis. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Alt, James, Frieden, Jeffry, Gilligan, Michael J., Rodrik, Dani, and Rogowski, Ronald. 1996. “The Political Economy of International Trade – Enduring Puzzles and an Agenda for Inquiry.” Comparative Political Studies 29 (6): 689–717
Alt, James E., Carlsen, Fredrik, Heum, Per, and Johansen, Kåre. 1999. “Asset Specificity and the Political Behavior of Firms: Lobbying for Subsidies in Norway.” International Organization 53 (1): 99–116
Aoki, Masahiko. 1994. “The Japanese Firm as a System of Attributes,” in Aoki, Masahiko and Dore, Ronald (eds.), 11–40. The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength. Oxford: Clarendon
Appelbaum, Eileen and Schettkat, Ronald. 1994. “The End of Full Employment? On Economic Development in Industrialized Countries.” Intereconomics 29 (May/June): 122–30
Appelbaum, Eileen and Schettkat, Ronald 1995. “Employment and Productivity in Industrialized Countries.” International Labour Review 134 (4–5): 605–23
Bacon, Robert and Eltis, Walter. 1976. Britain's Economic Problem: Too Few Producers. London: Macmillan Press
Bade, Robin and Michael Parkin. 1982. “Central Bank Laws and Monetary Policy.” Mimeo, Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario
Balassa, Bela. 1964. “The Purchasing Power Parity Doctrine – A Reappraisal.” Journal of Political Economy 72 (6): 584–96
Baldwin, Peter. 1990. The Politics of Social Solidarity: Class Bases of the European Welfare State 1875–1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Barlett, Donald N. and Steele, James B. 1992. America: What Went Wrong?Kansas City, MO: Andrews and McMeel
Bates, Robert H., Brock, P., and Tiefenthaler, J.. 1991. “Risk and Trade Regimes – Another Exploration.” International Organization 45 (1): 1–18
Baumol, William J. 1967. “The Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth.” American Economic Review 57 (3): 415–26
Bawn, Kathleen. 1999. “Constructing ‘Us’”: Ideology, Coalition Politics, and False Consciousness.” American Journal of Political Science 43 (2): 303–34
Beck, Nathaniel. 1992. “Comparing Dynamic Specifications: The Case of Presidential Approval,” in Stimson, James (ed.), Political Analysis, pp. 51–87. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Beck, Nathaniel and Katz, Jonathan. 1995. “What to Do (and Not to Do) with Time-Series Cross-Section Data.” American Political Science Review 89 (September): 634–48
Beck, Nathaniel and Jonathan Katz 1996. “Nuisance vs. Substance: Specifying and Estimating Time-Series-Cross-Section Models,” in Freeman, John R. (ed.), Political Analysis, Vol. 6: 1–36. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Becker, Gary. 1964. Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press and the National Bureau of Economic Research
Becker, Uwe. 2001. “A ‘Dutch Model’: Employment Growth by Corporatist Consensus and Wage Restraint? A Critical Account of an Idyllic View.” New Political Economy 6 (1): 19–43
Bénabou, Roland. 1996. “Inequality and Growth.” National Bureau of Economic Research Macro Annual, 11: 11–74
Berton, Fabienne, Gerard Podevin, and Eric Verdier. 1991. “Continual Vocational Training in France: Review and Perspectives.” Training & Employment: French Dimensions 2 (winter). CEREQ (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur les Qualifications)
Blanchard, Olivier and Wolfers, Justin. 2000. “The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence.” Economic Journal 100: C1–33
Block, Fred. 1994. “The Roles of the State in the Economy,” in Semlser, Neil and Swedberg, Richard (eds.), The Handbook of Economic Sociology, pp. 691–710. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Boix, Carles. 1998. Political Parties, Growth and Equality. New York: Cambridge University Press
Boix, Carles 1999. “Setting the Rules of the Game: The Choice of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies.” American Political Science Review 93: 609–24
Bradley, David, Huber, Evelyne, Moller, Stephanie, Nielsen, François, and Stephens, John. 2003. “Distribution and Redistribution in Post-Industrial Democracies.” World Politics 55 (2): 193–228
Brady, David. 2003. “Rethinking the Sociological Measure of Poverty.” Social Forces 81 (3): 715–52
Breen, Richard and Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia. 2002. “Bayesian Learning and Gender Segregation.” Journal of Labor Economics 20 (4): 899–922
Broadway, Robin W. and Wildasin, David E.. 1989. “A Median Voter Model of Social Security.” International Economic Review 30 (2): 307–28
Brown, William. 1994. “Incomes Policy in Britain: Lessons from Experience,” in Dore, Ronald, Boyer, Robert, and Mars, Zoe (eds.), The Return to Incomes Policy: 31–46. London: Pinter Publishers
Browning, Edgar K. 1975. “Why the Social Insurance Budget is Too Large in a Democratic Society.” Economic Inquiry 13 (3): 373–88
Cameron, David. 1978. “The Expansion of the Public Economy: A Comparative Analysis.” American Political Science Review 72: 1243–61
Card, David and Freeman, Richard B., eds. 1993. Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States. National Bureau of Economic Research. Chicago: Chicago University Press
Carey, John M. and Shugart, M. S.. 1995. “Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: A Rank Ordering of Electoral FormulasElectoral Studies 14 (4): 417–39
Carlin, Wendy and David Soskice. 2000. “Modern Theories of Trade and the Political Economy of Macroeconomics.” Typescript, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung
Castles, Francis and Mair, Peter. 1984. “Left-Right Political Scales: Some ‘Expert’ Judgments.” European Journal of Political Research 12: 73–88
Chang, Mariko. 2000. “The Evolution of Sex Segregation Regimes.” American Journal of Sociology 105 (6): 1658–1701
Cooper, Russell W. 1999. Coordination Games: Complementarities and Macroeconomics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Cox, Gary. 1997. Making Votes Count. Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Crouch, Colin, Finegold, David, and Sako, Mari. 1999. Are Skills the Answer? The Political Economy of Skill Creation in Advanced Industrial Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Cukierman, Alex. 1992. Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, and Independence: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Cusack, Thomas. 1991. “The Changing Contours of Government.” WZB Discussion Paper
Cusack, Thomas. 1997. “Partisan Politics and Public Finance: Changes in Public Spending in the Industrialized Democracies, 1955–1989.” Public Choice 91: 375–95
Cusack, Thomas R. and Lutz Engelhardt. 2002. “The PGL File Collection: File Structures and Procedures.” Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung
Cusack, Thomas R. and Susanne Fuchs. 2002. “Documentation Notes for Parties, Governments, and Legislatures Data Set.” Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung
Daly, Mary. 1994. “A Matter of Dependency? The Gender Dimension of British Income-Maintenance Provision,” Sociology 28 (3): 779–97
Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening. Lønstatistikken. Copenhagen (various years)
Dertouzos, Michael L., Lester, Richard K., and Solow, Robert M.. 1989. Made in America: Regaining the Productive Edge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Dickson, Eric S. and Shepsle, Kenneth A.. 2001. “Working and Shirking: Equilibrium in Public-Goods Games with Overlapping Generations of Players.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 17 (2):285–318
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy.New York: Harper
Duch, R. M. and Taylor, M. A.. 1993. “Postmaterialism and the Economic Condition.” American Journal of Political Science 37 (3): 747–79
Due, Jesper and Madsen, Jørgen Steen. 1988. Når der Slås Søm i: Overenskomstforhandlinger og Organisationstruktur (Sealing the Deal: Wage Bargaining and Organizational Structure). Copenhagen: Juristog Økonomforbundets Forlag
Ebbinghaus, Bernhard and Visser, Jelle. 2000. Trade Unions in Western Europe since 1945. CD-ROM. London: Macmillan
Eichengreen, Barry. 1997. “Institutions and Economic Growth: Europe after World War II,” in Nicholas, Crafts and Toniolo, Gianni (eds.), Economic Growth in Europe since 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Eichengreen, Barry and Iversen, Torben. 1999. “Institutions and Economic Performance in the 20th Century: Evidence from the Labor Market.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 15 (4): 121–38
Elkin, Stephen L. 1985. “Pluralism in Its Place: State and Regime in Liberal Democracy,” in Roger Benjamin and Stephen L. Elkin (eds.), The Democratic State: 179–212. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas
Ellwood, David. 2000. “The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Social Policy Reforms on Work, Marriage, and Living Arrangements.” Paper presented at the Inequality Summer Institute, Kennedy School of Government, June 2000
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 1985. Politics against Markets. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta 1999a. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta 1999b. “Politics without Class; Postindustrial Cleavages in Europe and America,” in Herbert, Kitschelt, Peter, Lange, Gary, Marks, and Stephens, John (eds.), Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism: 293–345. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Estevez-Abe, Margarita. 1999a. “Welfare and Capitalism in Contemporary Japan.” Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation, Harvard University
Estevez-Abe, Margarita. 1999b. “Comparative Political Economy of Female Labor Force Participation.” Paper presented at the 95th American Political Science Association Meeting in Atlanta, September 1999
Estevez-Abe, Margarita. 2002. “Gendering Varieties of Capitalism.” Paper prepared for a conference on The Political Economy of Family and Work, Yale University, July
Estevez-Abe, Margarita, Torben Iversen, and David Soskice. 2001. “Social Protection and the Formation of Skills: A Reinterpretation of the Welfare State,” in Hall, Peter A. and Soskice, David (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage: 145–183. Oxford: Oxford University Press
European Commission. Various years. Employment in Europe. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
Falkner, Gerda and Talos, Emmerich. 1994. “The Role of the State within Social Policy.” In Wolfgang Muller and Vincent Wright (eds.), special issue, The State in Western Europe: Retreat or Redefinition? Western European Politics 17 (July): 53–76
Ferner, Anthony and Hyman, Richard, eds. 1992. Industrial Relations in the New Europe. Oxford: Blackwell
Finegold, David, Keith W. Brendley, Robert Lempert, Donald Henry, Peter Cannon, Brent Boultinghouse, and Max Nelson. 1994. The Decline of the U. S. Machine Tool Industry and Prospects for its Sustainable Recovery, Vol. 1, RAND, MR-479/1-OSTP
Finegold, David and Soskice, David. 1988. “The Failure of Training in Britain: Analysis and Prescription.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 4 (Autumn): 21–53
Flanagan, Robert J., Soskice, David W., and Ulman, Lloyd. 1983. Unionism, Economic Stabilization, and Incomes Policies: European Experience. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution
Frankel, Jeffrey A. and Rose, Andrew K.. 1996. “A Panel Project on Purchasing Power Parity: Mean Reversion within and between Countries.” Journal of International Economics 40 (1–2): 209–24
Franzese, Robert J. 1998. “Political Participation, Income Distribution, and Public Transfers in Developed Democracies.” Unpublished paper, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Franzese, Robert J. 2002. Macroeconomics of Developed Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Freeman, Richard B. and Lawrence Katz. 1994. “Rising Wage Inequality: The United States vs. Other Advanced Countries,” in Richard, Freeman (ed.), Working under Different Rules: 29–62. New York: Russell Sage Foundation
Frieden, Jeffry. 1991. “Invested Interests: The Politics of National Economic Policies in a World of Global Finance,” International Organization 45 (Autumn): 425–51
Ganzeboom, Harry B. G. and Treiman, Donald J.. 1996. “Internationally Comparable Measures of Occupational Status for the 1988 International Standard Classification of Occupations.” Social Science Research 25 (3): 201–39
Garrett, Geoffrey. 1993. “The Politics of Structural Change: Swedish Social Democracy and Thatcherism in Comparative Perspective.” Comparative Political Studies 25 (4): 521–47
Garrett, Geoffrey 1998. Partisan Politics in the Global Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Garrett, Geoffrey and Lange, Peter. 1985. “The Politics of Growth: Strategic Interaction and Economic Performance, 1974–1980.” Journal of Politics 47: 792–27
Glyn, Andrew and Stewart, Wood. 2000. “New Labour's Economic Policy: How Social-Democratic Is the Blair Government?” in Andrew Glyn (ed.), Economic Policy and Social Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Gordon, Robert J. 1987. “Productivity, Wages and Prices Inside and Outside of Manufacturing in the U.S., Japan, and Europe.” European Economic Review 31: 685–739
Gottschalk, Peter and T. M. Smeeding. 2000. “Empirical Evidence on Income Inequality in Industrialized Countries,” in , A. B. Atkinson and , F. Bourgignon (eds.), The Handbook of Income Distribution. London: North Holland Press
Goul-Andersen, Jørgen. 1989. “Social Klasse og Parti,” in Jørgen Elklit and Ole Tonsgaard (eds.), To Folketingsvalg: 176–207. Århus: Politica
Goul-Andersen, Jørgen 1992. “The Decline of Class Voting Revisited,” in Peter, Gundelach and Siune, Karen (eds), From Voters to Participants: 91–107. Copenhagen: Politica
Green-Pedersen, Christoffer, Kersbergen, Kees, and Hemerijck, Anton. 2001. “Neo-Liberalism, the ‘Third Way’ or What? Recent Social Democratic Welfare Policies in Denmark and the Netherlands.” Journal of European Public Policy 8 (April): 307–25
Grilli, Vittorio, Masciandaro, Donato, and Tabellini, Guido. 1991. “Political and Monetary Institutions and Public Financial Policies in the Industrial Countries.” Economic Policy 13 (October): 341–92
Grossman, Gene M. and Helpman, Elhanan. 1998. “Intergenerational Redistribution with Short-Lived Governments.” Economic Journal 108 (September): 1299–1329
Hacker, Jacob and Pierson, Paul. 2000. “Business Power and Social Policy: Employers and the Formation of the American Welfare State.” Politics and Society 30 (2): 277–325
Hall, Peter A. 1986. Governing the Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hall, Peter A. 1993. “Policy Paradigms, Social Learning and the State.” Comparative Politics 25 (3): 275–96
Hall, Peter A. and Franzese, Robert. 1998. “Central Bank Independence, Coordinated Wage-Bargaining, and European Monetary Union.” International Organization 52 (summer): 505–35
Hall, Peter A. and David Soskice. 2001. “An Introduction to Varieties of Capitalism,” in Hall, Peter A. and Soskice, David (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, pp. 1–68. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hemerijck, Anton, Brigitte Unger, and Jelle Visser. 2000. “How Small Countries Negotiate Change: Twenty-Five Years of Policy Adjustment in Austria, the Netherlands, and Belgium” in Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien A. (eds.), Welfare and Work in the Open Economy: Diverse Response to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries, vol 2, pp. 175–263. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Heston, Alan, Robert Summers, and Bettina Aten. 2002. Penn World Table Version 6.1, Center for International Comparisions at the University of Pennsylvania (CICUP), October 2002
Hibbs, Douglas. 1977. “Political Parties and Macroeconomic Policy.” American Political Science Review, 71 (December): 1467–87
Hibbs, Douglas A. and Locking, Håkan. 2000. “Wage Dispersion and Productive Efficiency: Evidence for Sweden.” Journal of Labor Economics 18 (4): 755–82
Hoel, Michael. 1990. “Local Versus Central Wage Bargaining with Endogenous Investments.” Scandinavian Journal of Economics 92: 453–69
Hollingsworth, J. Rogers and Boyer, Robert, eds. 1997. Contemporary Capitalism: The Embeddedness of Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Honaker, James, Joseph, Anne, King, Gary, Scheve, Kenneth, and Singh, Naunihal. 1999. AMELIA: A Program for Missing Data. Department of Government, Harvard University. Free Software Program
Hu, Sheng Cheng. 1982. “Social Security, Majority-Voting Equilibrium and Dynamic Efficiency.” Intentional Economic Review 23: 269–87
Huber, Evelyn, Ragin, Charles, and Stephens, John. 1993. “Social Democracy, Christian Democracy, Constitutional Structure and the Welfare State.” American Journal of Sociology 99 (3): 711–49
Huber, Evelyn, Charles Ragin, and John Stephens 1997. Comparative Welfare States Data Set. Data set, Northwestern University and University of North Carolina
Evelyn, Huber, and Stephens, John D.. 2000. “Partisan Governance, Women's Employment, and the Social Democratic Service State.” American Sociological Review 65 (3): 323–342
Evelyn, Huber, and Stephens, John D. 2001. Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: Parties and Policies in Global Markets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Huber, John D. and Inglehart, Ronald. 1995. “Expert Interpretations of Party Space and Party Locations in 42 Societies.” Party Politics 1: 73–111
Ibsen, Flemming and Stamhus, Jørgen. 1993. Fra Central til Decentral Lønfastsættelse (From Centralized to Decentralized Wage Setting). Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag
ILO (International Labour Organization). Labour Statistics Database: Segregat. ILO 1998–2004.
ILO (International Labour Organization). 1999. “International Statistical Comparisons of Occupational and Social Structures: Problems, Possibilities and the Role of ISCO-88.” ILO background paper written by Eivind Hoffmann
IMF (International Monetary Fund). Various years. Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook.Washington, DC: IMF
IMF (International Monetary Fund). Various years. Government Finance Statistics Yearbook.Washington, DC: IMF
Immervoll, H., L. Mitton, C. O'Donoghue, and H. Sutherland. 1999. “Budgeting for Fairness?” Microsimulation Unit MU/RN/32 Cambridge, March
Income Data Services. 1996. Industrial Relations and Collective Bargaining. London: Institute of Personnel and Development
Inglehart, Donald. 1987. “Value Change in Industrial Society.” American Political Science Review 81: 1289–1303
Inglehart, Donald 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. 1997. Voter Turnout from 1945 to 1997: A Global Report on Political Participation. Stockholm: IDEA Information Services
ISSP (International Social Survey Program). 1993. International Social Survey Program: Role of Government II, 1990 [ICPSR computer file]. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung (producer) and Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributors)
ISSP 1999. International Social Survey Program: Role of Government III, 1996 [ICPSR computer file]. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung (producer) and Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributors)
ISSP 2000. International Social Survey Program: Work Orientations II, 1997 [ICPSR computer file]. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung (producer) and Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributors)
Iversen, Torben. 1996. “Power, Flexibility and the Breakdown of Centralized Wage Bargaining: The Cases of Denmark and Sweden in Comparative Perspective.” Comparative Politics 28: 399–436
Iversen, Torben 1999. Contested Economic Institutions: The Politics of Macroeconomics and Wage Bargaining in Advanced Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Iversen, Torben and Cusack, Thomas. 2000. “The Causes of Welfare State Expansion: Deindustrialization or Globalization?” World Politics 52 (April): 313–49
Iversen, Torben and Frances Rosenbluth. 2003. “The Political Economy of Gender: Explaining Cross-National Variation in Household Bargaining, Divorce, and the Gender Voting Gap.” Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 28–31, 2003
Iversen, Torben and David Soskice. 1999. “Monetary Integration, Partisanship, and Macroeconomic Policy.” Paper presented at the 95th American Political Association Meeting in Atlanta, September 2–5, 1999
Iversen, Torben and Soskice, David. 2001. “An Asset Theory of Social Policy Preferences.” American Political Science Review 95 (4): 875–93
Iversen, Torben 2002. “Political Parties and the Time Inconsistency Problem in Social Welfare Provision.” Paper presented at 2002 Annual Meeting of the Public Choice Society, San Diego
Iversen, Torben 2004. “Electoral Systems and the Politics of Coalitions: Why Some Democracies Redistribute More Than Others.” Paper presented at the Conference of Europeanists, Chicago
Iversen, Torben and Niels Thygesen. 1998. “Denmark: From External to Internal Adjustment,” in Erik, Jones, Frieden, Jeffry, and Francisco, Torres (eds.), Joining Europe's Monetary Club: The Challenge for Smaller Member States: 61–81. New York: St. Martin's Press
Iversen, Torben and Wren, Anne. 1998. “Equality, Employment, and Budgetary Restraint: The Trilemma of the Service Economy.” World Politics 50 (July): 507–46
Johansen, Hans Christian. 1987. The Danish Economy in the 20th Century. London: Croom Helm
Katzenstein, Peter. 1984. Corporatism and Change. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Katzenstein, Peter 1985. Small States in World Markets. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univer sity Press
King, Gary, Honaker, James, Joseph, Anne, and Scheve, Kenneth. 2001. “Analyzing Incomplete Political Science Data: An Alternative Algorithm for Multiple Imputation.” American Political Science Review 95 (1): 49–69
Kitschelt, Herbert. 1994. The Transformation of European Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Knudsen, Jette. 2000. “Liberalization of Services Trade.” Ph. D. Dissertation, Department of Political Science, MIT
Korpi, Walter. 1983. The Democratic Class Struggle. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul
Korpi, Walter 1989. “Power, Politics, and State Autonomy in the Development of Social Citizenship – Social Rights during Sickness in 18 OECD Countries Since 1930.” American Sociological Review 54 (3): 309–28
Korpi, Walter and Shalev, Michael. 1979. “Strikes, Industrial Relations, and Class Conflict in Capitalist Societies.” British Journal of Sociology 30 (2): 164–87
Kotlikoff, Laurence, Persson, Torsten, and Svensson, Lars E. O.. 1988. “Social Contracts as Assets: A Possible Solution to the Time-Consistency Problem.” American Economic Review 78 (4): 662–77
Kreps, David M. 1990. A Course in Microeconomic Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Krugman, Paul. 1978. “Purchasing Power Parity and Exchange Rates – Another Look at the Evidence.” Journal of International Economics 8 (3): 397–407
Krugman, Paul. 1996. Pop Internationalism. Cambridge: MIT Press
Laasko, Markku and Taagepera, Rein. 1979. “Effective Number of Parties: A Measure with Applications to Western Europe.” Comparative Political Studies 12 (3): 3–27
Lane, Christel. 1989. “From ‘Welfare Capitalism’ to ‘Market Capitalism’: A Comparative Review of Trends towards Employment Flexibility in the Labour Markets of Three Major European Societies.”Sociology 23 (4): 583–610
Lange, Peter and Garrett, Geoffrey. 1985. “The Politics of Growth: Strategic Interaction and Economic Performance, 1974–1980.” Journal of Politics 47: 792–82
Laver, Michael and Hunt, W. Ben. 1992. Policy and Party Competition. New York: Routledge
Leamer, Edward E. 1996. “A Trade Economists View of U.S. Wages and ‘Globalization.’” Paper presented at the Political Economy of European Integration Study Group Meeting, University of California at Berkeley, January 1996
Lehrer, Mark. 2000. “Macro-Varieties of Capitalism and Micro-Varieties of Strategic Management in European Airlines,” in Hall, Peter A. and Soskice, David (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, pp. 361–86. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Lijphart, Arend. 1994. Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945–90. New York: Oxford University Press
Lijphart, Arend 1997. “Unequal Participation: Democracy's Unresolved Dilemma.” American Political Science Review 91: 1–14
Lijphart, Arend 1999. Patterns of Democracy. Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Lindblom, Charles E. 1980. Politics and Markets: The World's Political Economic Systems. New York: HarperCollins
Lindert, Peter H. 1996. “What Limits Social Spending?” Explorations in Economic History 33 (1): 1–34
Lipset, Seymour M. and Stein Rokkan. 1967. “Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction,” in Lipset, and Rokkan, (eds.), Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives, pp. 1–64. New York: Free Press
Lothian, James R. and Taylor, Mark P.. 1996. “Real Exchange Rate Behavior: The Recent Float from the Perspective of the Past Two Centuries.” Journal of Political Economy 104 (3): 488–509
Luebbert, Gregory. 1991. Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy: Social Classes and the Political Origins of Regimes in Interwar Europe.Oxford: Oxford University Press
Mackie, Thomas T. and Rose, Richard. 1991. The International Almanac of Electoral History, 3rd edition. London: Macmillan
Madrick, Jeffrey G. 1995. The End of Affluence: The Causes and Consequences of America's Economic Dilemma. New York: Random House
Maier, Charles. 1987. In Search of Stability: Explorations in Historical Political Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Manow, Philip. 2001. “Comparative Institutional Advantages of Welfare State Regimes and New Coalitions in Welfare State Reforms,” in Paul Pierson (ed.), The New Politics of the Welfare State, pp. 146–64. New York: Oxford University Press
Manow, Philip. 2002. “Social Protection, Capitalist Production. The Bismarckian Welfare State and the German Political Economy from the 1880s to the 1990s.” Habilitation thesis, Department of Politics and Management, Konstanz University, Germany
Mares, Isabela, 1998. “Negotiated Risks: Employers' Role in Social Policy Development.” Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation, Harvard University
Mares, Isabela, 2001. “Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?” in Peter A. Hall and David Soskice, Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, pp. 184–212. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Mares, Isabela, 2003. The Politics of Social Risk: Business and Welfare State Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Marshall, Alfred. 1922. Principles of Economics, 4th edition. London: Macmillan
Martin, Cathie J. 1995. “Nature or Nurture? Sources of Firm Preference for National Health Reform.”American Political Science Review 89 (4): 898–913
Martin Cathie J. 2003. “Active Social Policy and the Sorcerer's Stone: Firms' Preferences and Welfare Regimes in Denmark and Britain.” Department of Government, Boston University
Meese, Richard and Rogoff, Kenneth. 1988. “Was it Real – The Exchange Rate Interest Differential Relation over the Modern Floating-Rate Period.” Journal of Finance 43 (4): 933–48
Melkas, Helinä and Anker, Richard. 1997. “Occupational Segregation by Sex in Nordic Countries: An Empirical Investigation.” International Labour Review 136 (3): 341–63
Meltzer, Allan H. and Richards, Scott F.. 1981. “A Rational Theory of the Size of Government.” Journal of Political Economy 89 (5): 914–27
Meulders, Daniele, Plasman, Olivier, and Plasman, Robert. 1994. Atypical Employment in the EC. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Company
Meyer, Bruce and Daniel Rosenbaum. 1999. “Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers.” Mimeo, Northwestern University
Moene, Karl Ove and Wallerstein, Michael. 2001. “Inequality, Social Insurance and Redistribution.”American Political Science Review 95 (4): 859–74
Muthoo, Abhinay. 1999. Bargaining Theory with Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Myles, John and Pierson, Paul. 1997. “Friedman's Revenge: The Reform of ‘Liberal’ Welfare States in Canada and the United States.” Politics and Society 25 (4): 443–72
Nannestad, Peter. 1991. Danish Design or British Disease? Danish Economic Crisis Policy 1974–79 in Comparative Perspective. Århus: ÅÅrhus University Press
North, Douglas. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Obstfeld, Maurice and Kenneth Rogoff. 2000. The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause? National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper, July
O'Connor, Julia, Orloff, Ann, and Shaver, Sheila. 1999. States, Markets, Families: Gender, Liberalism and Social Policy in Australia, Canada, Great Britain, and the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). Undated. Electronic Data Base on Wage Dispersion
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). Undated. Database on Unemployment Benefit Entitlements and Replacement Rates. Electronic datafile
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). Various years. Economic Outlook.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). Various years. Labour Force Statistics.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). National Accounts, Part II: Detailed Tables. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1991. OECD Employment Outlook.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1993. OECD Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1994a. OECD Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1994b. The OECD Jobs Study. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1995. “Income Distribution in OECD Countries: Evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study.” Social Policy Studies No. 18. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1996. International Sectoral Data Base.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1997a. “Economic Performance and the Structure of Collective Bargaining.” In OECD, OECD Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1997b. OECD Employment Outlook.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1998. OECD Employment Outlook.Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1999a. International Sectoral Data Base. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1999b. OECD Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 1999c. Industrial Structure Statistics, Vol. 1: Core Data. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 2000. OECD Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). 2002. Revenue Statistics 1965–2001. Paris: OECD
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-ordination and Development). and Statistics Canada. 2000. Literacy in the Information Age. Final Report of the International Adult Literacy Survey.Paris: OECD
Oh, Kevn-Yeob. 1996. “Purchasing Power Parity and Unit Root Tests Using Panel Data.” Journal of International Money and Finance 15 (3): 405–18
Orloff, Ann Shola. 1993. “Gender and the Social Rights of Citizenship: The Comparative Analysis of Gender Relations and Welfare States.” American Sociological Review 58: 303–28
Paemen, Hugo and Bensch, Alexandra. 1995. From the GATT to the WTO: The European Community in the Uruguay Round. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press
Papell, David H. 1997. “Cointegration and Exchange Rate Dynamics.” Journal of International Money and Finance 16 (3): 445–59
Penn World Tables. Global Development Finance and World Development Indicators.
Perotti, Roberto. 1996. “Growth, Income Distribution and Democracy: What the Data Say.” Journal of Economic Growth 1 (2): 149–87
Persson, Torsten and Tabellini, Guido. 1999. “The Size and Scope of Government: Comparative Politics with Rational Politicians.” European Economic Review 43: 699–735
Persson, Torsten and Tabellini, Guido 2000. Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Persson, Torsten and Tabellini, Guido 2003. The Economic Effects of Constitutions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Piersson, Paul. 1994. Dismantling the Welfare State? Reagan, Thatcher and the Politics of Retrenchment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Piersson, Paul. 1996. “The New Politics of the Welfare State.” World Politics 48 (2): 143–79
Piersson, Paul. 1998. “Irresistible Forces, Immovable Objects; Post-Industrial Welfare States Confront Permanent Austerity.” Journal of European Public Policy 5: 539–60
Piersson, Paul. 2000. “Three Worlds of Welfare State Research.” Comparative Political Studies 33 (6–7): 791–821
Piven, Frances Fox. 1991. Labor Parties in Postindustrial Societies. New York: Oxford University Press
Polanyi, Karl. 1944. The Great Transformation. New York: Rinehart & Co
Pontusson, Jonas. 2002. “Doubts about Varieties of Capitalism: Labor-Market and Welfare-State Dynamics in OECD Countries.” Mimeo, Department of Government, Cornell University
Pontusson, Jonas and Hyeok Yong Kwon. 2004. “Welfare Spending, Government Partisanship, and Varieties of Capitalism.” Prepared for delivery at the Conference of Europeanists, Chicago, IL, March 11–13, 2004
Pontusson, Jonas and Swenson, Peter. 1996. “Labor Markets, Production Strategies, and Wage Bargaining Institutions: The Swedish Employer Offensive in Comparative Perspective.” Comparative Political Studies 29 (April): 223–50
Porter, Michael E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press
Porter, Stacy. 2002. “Production Systems, Skill Equilibria, and Family Policy: Understanding Women's Employment in the Advanced Economies.” Honors Thesis, Harvard University
Powell, Bingham. 2002. “PR, the Median Voter, and Economic Policy: An Exploration.” Paper presented at the 2002 Meetings of the American Political Science Association, Boston
Przeworski, Adam. 1986. Capitalism and Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Przeworski, Adam. 2003. States and Markets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Quinn, Denis P. and Inclan, Carla. 1997. “The Origin of Financial Openness: A Study of Current and Capital Account Internationalization.” American Journal of Political Science 41 (3): 771–813
Rae, Douglas W. 1967. The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Rangel, Antonio. 2003. “Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: Why is Social Security Good for the Environment?” American Economic Review 93(3): 813–34
Reich, Robert B. 1983. The Next American Frontier. New York: Times Books
Rodrik, Dani. 1997. Has Globalization Gone Too Far? Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics
Rodrik, Dani. 1998. “Why Do More Open Economies Have Larger Governments,” Journal of Political Economy 106 (5) (October): 997–1032
Rogoff, Kenneth. 1996. “The Purchasing Power Parity Puzzle.” Journal of Economic Literature 34 (2): 647–68
Rogowski, Ronald and Andreas Kayser, Mark. 2002. “Majoritarian Electoral Systems and Consumer Power: Price-level Evidence from the OECD Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 46 (3): 526–39
Rokkan, Stein. 1970. Citizens, Elections, Parties. Approaches to the Comparative Study of the Processes of Development. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget
Rothstein, Bo. 1998. Just Institutions Matter. The Moral and Political Logic of the Universal Welfare State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Rowthorn, Robert. 1992. “Corporatism and Labour Market Performance,” in Jukka, Pekkarinen, Pohjola, Matti, and Bob, Rowthorn (eds.), Social Corporatism: A Superior Economic System?, pp. 44–81. Oxford: Clarendon Press
Rowthorn, Robert and Ramana Ramaswamy. 1997. “Deindustrialization: Causes and Implications.” International Monetary Fund, Working Paper 42
Rowthorn, Robert and Ramaswamy, Ramana. 1999. “Growth, Trade, and Deindustrialization,” International M]onetary Fund Staff Papers 46, no. 1 (March)
Rubery, Jill, Colette Fagan, and Friederike Maier. 1996. “Occupational Segregation, Discrimination and Equal Opportunity,” in Schmid, Gunther, O'Reilly, Jacqueline, and Schomann, Klaus (eds.), International Handbook of Labour Market Policy and Evaluation, pp. 431–61. Cheltenham, UK; Brookfield, US: Edward Elgar
Rueda, David and Pontusson, Jonas. 2000. “Wage Inequality and Varieties of Capitalism.” World Politics 52 (3): 350–83
Ruggie, John G. 1983. “International Regimes, Transactions and Change. Embedded Liberalism in the Post-War Economic Order,” in Krasner, Stephen D. (ed.), International Regimes: 195–231. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Saeger, Steven S. 1996. “Globalization and Economic Structure in the OECD.” Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Harvard University
Saeger, Steven S. 1997. “Globalization and Deindustrialization: Myth and Reality in the OECD.” Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 133 (4): 579–608
Salverda, Wiemer. 1996. “Is the Dutch Economy Really Short of Low-Paid Jobs?” in C. H. A. Verhaar (ed.), On the Challenges of Unemployment in a Regional Europe, pp. 221–40. Aldershot: Avebury
Samuelson, Paul. 1964. “Theoretical Notes on Trade Problems.” Review of Economics and Statistics 46 (2): 145–54
Scharpf, Fritz W. 1991. Crisis and Choice in European Social Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Scharpf, Fritz W. 2000. “Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Constraints, Challenges and Vulnerabilities.” Paper presented at the 96th American Political Association Meeting in Washington, DC, August 31–September 3, 2000
Scheuer, Steen. 1992. “Denmark: Return to Decentralization,” in Anthony Ferner and Richard, Hyman (eds.), Industrial Relations in the New Europe: 298–322. Oxford: Basil Blackwell
Scheve, Kenneth F. and Slaughter, Matthew J.. 2001. “What Determines Individual Trade-Policy Preferences?” Journal of International Economics 54 (2): 267–92
Schlesinger, James. 1984. “On the Theory of Party Organization.” Journal of Politics, 46: 369–400
Schmitter, Philippe. 1979. “Modes of Interest Intermediation and Models of Societal Change,” in Philippe, Schmitter and Lehmbruch, Gerhard (eds.), Trends toward Corporatist Intermediation, pp. 43–94. Beve rly Hills, CA: Sage
Schwartz, Herman. 1994. “Small States in Big Trouble: State Reorganization in Australia, Denmark, New Zealand, and Sweden in the 1980s.” World Politics 46 (July): 527–55
Schwartz, Herman. 2001. “Round of the Usual Suspects! Globalization, Domestic Politics, and Welfare State Change,” in Paul, Pierson (ed.), The New Politics of the Welfare State, pp.17–44. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Siaroff, Alan. 1999. “Corporatism in Twenty-Four Industrial Democracies: Meaning and Measurement.” European Journal of Political Research 36: 175–205
Sinn, Hans-Werner. 1995. “A Theory of the Welfare State.” Scandinavian Journal of Economics 97 (4): 495–526
Soskice, David. 1990. “Wage Determination: The Changing Role of Institutions in Advanced Industrialized Countries.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 6 (4): 36–61
Soskice, David. 1999. “Divergent Production Regimes: Coordinated and Uncoordinated Market Economies in the 1980s and 1990s,” in Herbert, Kitschelt, Lange, Peter, Marks, Gary, and Stepehens, John D. (eds.), Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, pp. 101–34. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Soskice, David. 2000. “Macroeconomic Analysis and the Political Economy of Unemployment,” in Torben, Iversen, Pontusson, Jonas, and David, Soskice (eds.), Unions, Employers and Central Banks: Macroeconomic Coordination and Institutional Change in Social Market Economies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Stephens, John D. 1979. The Transition from Capitalism to Socialism. London: Macmillan
Streeck, Wolfgang. 1991. “On the Institutional Conditions of Diversified Quality Production,” in Egon, Matzner and Streeck, Wolfgang (eds.), Beyond Keynesianism, pp. 21–61. Aldershot: Edward Elgar
Streeck, Wolfgang. 1992. Social Institutions and Economic Performance: Studies of Industrial Relations in Advanced Capitalist Economies. London: Sage Publications
Streeck, Wolfgang. 1997. “German Capitalism: Does It Exist? Can It Survive?” in Colin, Crouch and Streeck, Wolfgang (eds.), Political Economy of Modern Capitalism: Mapping Convergence and Diversity: 33–54. London: Sage
Swenson, Peter. 1989. Fair Shares: Unions, Pay, and Politics in Sweden and West Germany. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Swenson, Peter. 1991a. “Bringing Capital Back in, or Social Democracy Reconsidered: Employer Power, Cross-Class Alliances, and Centralization of Industrial Relations in Denmark and Sweden.” World Politics 43 (4): 513–45
Swenson, Peter. 1991b. “Labor and the Limits of the Welfare State. The Politics of Intraclass Conflict and Cross-Class Alliances in Sweden and West-GermanyComparative Politics 23 (4): 379–99
Swenson, Peter. 1997. “Arranged Alliance: Business Interests in the New Deal.” Politics and Society 25 (1): 66–116
Swenson, Peter. 2002. Employers against Markets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Tabellini, Guido. 2000. “Constitutional Determinants of Government Spending.” Mimeo, IGIER and Department of Economics, Bocconi University
Thelen, Kathleen and Kume, Ikuo. 1999. “The Effects of Globalization on Labor Revisited: Lessons from Germany and Japan.” Politics and Society 27 (4): 477–505
Toniolo, Gianni. 1996. “Europe's Golden Age (1950–73): A Long-Run Perspective,” Tawney Memorial Lecture Delivered to the Annual Meetings of the Royal Economic Society
Torfing, Jacob. 1999. “Workfare with Welfare: Recent Reforms of the Danish Welfare State.” Journal of European Social Policy 9 (1): 5–28
Undy, Roger. 1999. “New Labour's ‘Industrial Relations Settlement’: The Third Way?” British Journal of Industrial Relations 37 (2): 315–36
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). 1999. UNESCO Statistical Yearbook. New York: UNESCO
U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. Current Population Survey.
Van Ark, Bart. 1996. “Sectoral Growth Accounting and Structural Change in Post-War Europe,” in Ark, Bart and Crafts, Nicholas (eds.), Quantitative Aspects of Post-War European Economic Growth, pp. 84–164. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Visser, Jelle. 1989. European Trade Unions in Figures. Deventer, Netherlands: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers
Visser, Jelle. 1996. “Unionization Trends Revisited.” Mimeo, University of Amsterdam
Visser, Jelle and Anton Hemerijck. 1997. A Dutch Miracle. Job Growth Welfare Reform and Corporatism in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
Vogel, Steven K. 1996. Freer Markets, More Rules: Regulatory Reform in Advanced Industrialized Countries. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Wallerstein, Michael. 1999. “Wage-Setting Institutions and Pay Inequality in Advanced Industrial Societies.” American Journal of Political Science 43 (3): 649–80
Williamson, Oliver E. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism: Firms, Markets, Relational Contracting. New York: Free Press
Windolf, Paul. 1989. “Productivity Coalitions and the Future of European Corporatism.” Industrial Relations 28 (1): 1–20
Wittman, Donald. 1973. “Parties as Utility Maximizers.” American Political Science Review 67 (2): 490–8
Wolff, E. N. 1998. “Recent Trends in the Size Distribution of Household Wealth.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 12 (3): 131–50
Wood, Andrian. 1994. North-South Trade, Employment and Inequality: Changing Fortunes in a Skill-Driven World. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Wood, Stewart. 1997. “Capitalist Constitutions: Supply-Side Reforms in Britain and West Germany, 1960–1990.” Dissertation, Department of Government, Harvard University
Wren, Anne. 2000. “Distributional Tradeoffs and Partisan Politics in the Postindustrial Economy.” Dissertation, Department of Government, Harvard University
Wren, Anne. (1) “The Challenge of De-Industrialization: Divergent Ideological Responses to Welfare State Reform” in Bernhard, Ebbinghaus and Manow, Philip (eds.), Comparing Welfare Capitalism: Social Policy and Political Economy in Europe, Japan and the USA: 239–269. New York and London: Routledge
Wu, Yangru. 1996. “Are Real Exchange Rates Nonstationary? Evidence from a Panel-Data Test.” Journal of Money Credit and Banking 28 (1): 54–63
Zysman, John. 1983. Governments, Markets, and Growth: Financial Systems and the Politics of Industrial Change. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Zysman, John and Cohen, Stephen S.. 1987. Manufacturing Matters: The Myth of the Post-Industrial Economy. New York: Basic Books.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.