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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: November 2019

7 - Philosophy of Action

from Section One - Language, Mind, Epistemology


The philosophical study of human action begins with Plato and Aristotle. Their influence in late antiquity and the Middle Ages yielded sophisticated theories of action and motivation, notably in the works of Augustine and Aquinas.1 But the ideas that were dominant in 1945 have their roots in the early modern period, when advances in physics and mathematics reshaped philosophy.

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