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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: December 2019

12 - Intellectual Assessment

from Part II - Specific Clinical Assessment Methods

Summary

Intellectual assessment has a unique role in psychological assessment, as it has been front and center in public debate and policy. Measures of intelligence describe an individual’s cognitive abilities and are highly correlated with academic achievement, occupational success, health, and mortality. This chapter briefly describes the major theories of intelligence, the instruments currently used to assess intelligence, and issues surrounding the use and interpretation of intelligence measures. Guidance is provided on selecting an appropriate instrument for a particular client, with discussion of construct coverage, psychometric soundness, normative sample characteristics, and relations to other measures. Logistical issues such as administration time, material requirements, and usability are also discussed. In addition to selecting appropriate measures, examiners need to develop habits that facilitate the unbiased interpretation of results. An overview of multicultural issues is included to help guide awareness of sources of influence on test results and interpretation.

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