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Chapter 12 - Anticonvulsants for Mental Disorders: Valproate, Lamotrigine, Carbamazepine and Oxcarbazepine

from Part 2 - Psychopharmacology of the Main Psychotropic Drug Groups

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 May 2020

Peter M. Haddad
Affiliation:
Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar
David J. Nutt
Affiliation:
Centre for Neuropsychopharmacology, Division of Psychiatry, Department of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London
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Summary

Several anticonvulsants are licensed and used in the treatment of bipolar disorder. However, anticonvulsant activity does not automatically confer benefits for mood disorders on a drug. The anticonvulsant drugs with the strongest evidence for effectiveness in bipolar disorder are valproate, lamotrigine and carbamazepine. Furthermore, the relative effectiveness of these drugs for the different phases of bipolar illness (mania or depression, and acute or maintenance treatment) differs, and none of them has a pattern of effectiveness across the three phases equivalent to lithium. This chapter will describe the basic and clinical psychopharmacology for each of these drugs in turn, as it relates to their use and effectiveness in mental disorders.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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