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6 - Research on school bullying in mainland China

from Part I - Social awareness and research on bullying and cyberbullying

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 April 2016

Peter K. Smith
Affiliation:
Goldsmiths, University of London
Keumjoo Kwak
Affiliation:
Seoul National University
Yuichi Toda
Affiliation:
Osaka Kyoiku University, Japan
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Summary

Although the problem of bullying/victimization among children in Chinese schools has been a major concern for the government and the public, scientific research on school bullying in mainland China only has a very brief history. This chapter starts by considering the etymological research of Qifu, the term nearest to western bullying. A review is then presented of the characteristics of school bullying and victimization in Mainland China, starting with prevalence, age differences, types of bullying and victimization, gender differences, and some other characteristics. There is a section on children’s attitudes against bullying, considering here gender, grade and role differences, and dimensions of attitudes against bullying (feelings and action). A following section is on the socio-ecology of bullies and victims, considering individual characteristics (personality, social behaviour, academic functioning), the peer context (peer status, friendship), family context, school context (teachers, class norms, school climate). A following section is on adjustment of bullies and victims. The chapter concludes with consideration of bullying or Qifu and Chinese culture.
Type
Chapter
Information
School Bullying in Different Cultures
Eastern and Western Perspectives
, pp. 113 - 132
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

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