Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-mp689 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-23T06:18:14.531Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2009

Robert Drewett
University of Durham
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Abbott, J., Conway, S., Etherington, C., et al. (2000). Perceived body image and eating behavior in young adults with cystic fibrosis and their healthy peers. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 501–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abbott, R. D., White, L. R., Ross, G. W., et al. (1998). Height as a marker of childhood development and late-life cognitive function: the Honolulu-Asia aging study. Pediatrics, 102, 602–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
ACC/SCN (2000). Fourth Report on the World Nutrition Situation. ACC/SCN in collaboration with IFPRI. Geneva: ACC/SCN.
Adamson, A., Rugg-Gunn, A., Butler, T., Appleton, D. & Hackett, A. (1992). Nutritional intake, height and weight of 11–12-year-old Northumbrian children in 1990 compared with information obtained in 1980. British Journal of Nutrition, 68, 543–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Addessi, E., Galloway, A. T., Visalberghi, E. & Birch, L. L. (2005). Specific social influences on the acceptance of novel foods in 2–5-year-old children. Appetite, 45, 264–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Agran, P. F., Anderson, C., Winn, D., et al. (2005). Rates of pediatric injuries by 3-month intervals for children 0 to 3 years of age. Pediatrics, 111, 683–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Agras, S., Hammer, L. & McNicholas, F. (1999). A prospective study of the influence of eating-disordered mothers on their children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 25, 253–62.3.0.CO;2-Z>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Agras, W. S., Kraemer, H. C., Berkowitz, R. I., et al. (1987). Does a vigorous feeding style influence early development of adiposity?Journal of Pediatrics, 110, 799–804.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Bell, S. M. & Stayton, D. J. (1974). Infant–mother attachment and social development: socialisation as a product of social responsiveness to signals. In Richards, M. (ed.), The Integration of a Child into a Social World (pp. 99–135). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E. & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of Attachment: Assessed in the Strange Situation and at Home. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Ainsworth, M. D. S. & Wittig, B. A. (1969). Attachment and exploratory behavior of one year olds in a strange situation. In Foss, B. (ed.), Determinants of Infant Behavior, vol. IV (pp. 113–36). New York: Barnes & Noble.Google Scholar
Algarin, C., Peirano, P., Garrido, M., Pizarro, F. & Lozoff, B. (2003). Iron deficiency in infancy: long-lasting effects on auditory and visual system functioning. Pediatric Research, 53, 1–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Allison, D. B. (ed.) (1995). Handbook of Asssessment Methods for Eating Behaviors and Weight-related Problems: Measures, Theory, and Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Allison, D. B., Kaprio, J., Korkeila, M., Koshenvuo, M. & Neale, M. C. (1996). The heritability of body mass index among an international sample of monozygotic twins reared apart. International Journal of Obesity, 20, 501–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Allison, D. B., Paultre, F., Heymsfield, S. B. & Pi-Sunyer, F. X. (1995). Is the intra-uterine period really a critical period for the development of adiposity?International Journal of Obesity, 19, 397–402.Google ScholarPubMed
Almroth, S. G. (1978). Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 31, 1154–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Altemeier, W. O., Connor, S., Sherrod, K. & Vietze, P. (1985). Prospective study of antecedents for nonorganic failure to thrive. Journal of Pediatrics, 106, 360–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Amatayakul, K., Vutyavanich, T., Tanthayaphinant, O., et al. (1987). Serum prolactin and cortisol levels after suckling for varying periods of time and the effect of a nipple shield. Acta Obstetrica Gynecologia Scandinavica, 66, 47–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Andersen, R. E., Crespo, C. J., Bartlett, S. J., Cheskin, L. J. & Pratt, M. (1998). Relationship of physical activity and television watching with body weight and level of fatness among children: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Journal of the American Medical Association, 279, 938–42.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Anderson, J. W., Johnstone, B. M. & Remley, D. T. (1999). Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70, 525–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Andreson, G. V., Birch, L. L. & Johnson, P. A. (1990). The scapegoat effect on food aversions after chemotherapy. Cancer, 66, 1649–53.3.0.CO;2-7>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Angelsen, N. K., Vik, T., Jacobsen, G. & Bakketeig, L. S. (2001). Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 85, 183–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anliker, J. A., Laus, M. J., Samonds, K. W. & Beal, V. A. (1990). Parental messages and the nutritional awareness of preschool children. Journal of Nutrition Education, 22, 24–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anoop, S., Saravanan, B., Joseph, A., Cherian, A. & Jacob, K. S. (2004). Maternal depression and low maternal intelligence as risk factors for malnutrition in children: a community based case-control study from South India. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, 325–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
APA (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd. edn). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
APA(1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Armstrong, J. A., Reilly, J. J. & Child Health Information Team (2003). Breast-feeding and lowering the risk of childhood obesity. Lancet, 359, 2003–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ashraf, R. N., Jalil, F., Aperia, A. & Lindblad, B. S. (1993). Additional water is not needed for healthy breast-fed babies in a hot climate. Acta Paediatrica, 82, 1007–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Attie, I. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1989). Development of eating problems in adolescent girls: a longitudinal study. Developmental Psychology, 25, 70–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Auckett, M. A., Parks, Y. A., Scott, P. H. & Wharton, B. A. (1986). Treatment with iron increases weight gain and psychomotor development. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 61, 849–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Auestad, N., Halter, R., Hall, R. T., et al. (2005). Growth and development in term infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: a double-masked, randomized, parallel, prospective, multivariate study. Pediatrics, 108, 327–81.Google Scholar
Auestad, N., Montalto, M. B., Hall, R. T., et al. (1997). Visual acuity, erythrocyte fatty acid composition, and growth in term infants fed formulas with long chain polyunsaturated (LCP) fatty acids for one year. Pediatric Research, 41, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Austin, S. B., Field, A. E., Wiecha, J., Peterson, K. E. & Gortmaker, S. L. (2005). The impact of a school-based obesity prevention trial on disordered weight-control behaviors in early adolescent girls. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 159, 225–30.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aylward, G. P., Pfeiffer, S. I., Wright, A. & Verhulst, S. J. (1989). Outcome studies of low birth weight infants studied in the last decade: a metaanalysis. Journal of Pediatrics, 115, 515–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baddeley, A., Gardner, J. M. & Grantham-McGregor, S. (1995). Cross-cultural cognition: developing tests for developing countries. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 9, S173–S195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandini, L. G., Schoeller, D. A., Cyr, H. N. & Dietz, W. H. (1990). Validity of reported energy intake in obese and nonobese adolescents. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52, 421–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barker, D. J. P. (1991). The foetal and infant origins of inequalities in health in Britain. Journal of Public Health Medicine, 13, 64–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Barker, D. J. P.(ed.). (1992). Fetal and Infant Origins of Adult Disease. London: British Medical Journal.Google Scholar
Barker, D. J. P.(1994). Mothers, Babies, and Disease in Later Life. London: BMJ Publishing Group.Google Scholar
Barker, D. J. P., Hales, C. N., Fall, C. H. D., et al. (1993). Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia (syndrome X): relation to fetal growth. Diabetologia, 36, 62–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barker, D. J. P. & Osmond, C. (1986). Infant mortality, childhood nutrition, and ischaemic heart disease. Lancet, 1, 1077–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barker, D. J. P., Osmond, C., Rodin, I., Fall, C. H. D. & Winter, P. D. (1995). Low weight gain in infancy and suicide in adult life. British Medical Journal, 311, 1203.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barker, D. J. P., Winter, P. D., Osmond, C., Margetts, B. & Simmonds, S. J. (1989). Weight in infancy and death from ischaemic heart disease. Lancet, II, 578–80.Google Scholar
Barker, M., Robinson, S., Wilman, C. & Barker, D. J. P. (2000). Behaviour, body composition and diet in adolescent girls. Appetite, 35, 161–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barkham, P. (2005). Pandas at risk in bamboo crisis. Guardian, 29 March, p. 3.Google Scholar
Barr, R. G. (1990). The early crying paradox: a modest proposal. Human Nature, 1, 355–89.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barr, R. G., Hanley, J., Paterson, D. K. & Wooldridge, J. (1984). Breath hydrogen excretion in normal newborn infants in reponse to usual feeding patterns: evidence for ‘functional lactase insufficiency’ beyond the first month of life. Journal of Pediatrics, 104, 527–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barr, R. G., Pantel, M. A., Young, S. N., et al. (1999). The response of crying newborns to sucrose: is it a ‘sweetness’ effect?Physiology and Behavior, 66, 409–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Basch, C. E., Zybert, P. & Shea, S. (1994). 5-A-DAY: dietary behavior and the fruit and vegetable intake of Latino children. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 814–18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Batchelor, J. & Kerslake, A. (1990). Failure to Find Failure to Thrive: The Case for Improving Screening, Prevention and Treatment in Primary Care. London: Whiting and Birch.Google Scholar
Batchelor, J. A. (1996). Has recognition of failure to thrive changed?Child: Care Health and Development, 22, 235–40.Google ScholarPubMed
Bateson, P. (1979). How do sensitive periods arise and what are they for?Animal Behaviour, 27, 470–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baughcum, A. E., Powers, S. W., Johnson, S. B., et al. (2001). Maternal feeding practices and beliefs and their relationships to overweight in early childhood. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 22, 391–408.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bayley, N. (1969). Bayley Scales of Infant Development. New York: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
Bayley, N.(1993). Bayley Scales of Infant Development (2nd edn). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
Baylis, P. H. & Thompson, C. J. (1988). Osmoregulation of vasopressin secretion and thirst in health and disease. Clinical Endocrinology, 29, 549–76.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beauchamp, G. K. & Cowart, B. J. (1985). Congenital and experiential factors in the development of human flavour preferences. Appetite, 6, 357–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beauchamp, G. K., Cowart, B. J. & Moran, M. (1986). Developmental changes in salt acceptability in human infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 19, 17–25.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beauchamp, G. K. & Moran, M. (1984). Acceptance of sweet and salty tastes in 2-year-old children. Appetite, 5, 291–305.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Becker, A. E., Burwell, R. A., Gilman, S. E., Herzog, D. B. & Hamburg, P. (2002). Eating behaviours and attitudes following prolonged exposure to television among ethnic Fijian girls. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 509–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bekhof, J., Sprouson, F. J., Crone, M. R., et al. (2003). Influence of knowledge of the disease on metabolic control in phenylketonuria. European Journal of Pediatrics, 162, 440–2.Google ScholarPubMed
Benoit, D., Zeanah, C. H. & Barton, M. L. (1989). Maternal attachment disturbances in failure to thrive. Infant Mental Health Journal, 10, 185–202.3.0.CO;2-0>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bentley, M. E., Stallings, R. Y., Fukumoto, M. & Elder, J. A. (1991). Maternal feeding behavior and child acceptance of food during diarrhea, convalescence, and health in the Central Sierra of Peru. American Journal of Public Health, 81, 43–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berenson, G. S., Srinivasan, S. R., Hunter, S. M., et al. (1989). Risk factors in early life as predictors of adult heart disease: the Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Medical Sciences, 298, 141–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berg, A. & Bracken, M. (1992). Measuring gestational age: an uncertain proposition. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 99, 280–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernstein, I. L. (1978). Learned taste aversions in children receiving chemotherapy. Science, 200, 1302–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berwick, D. M., Levy, J. C. & Kleinerman, R. (1982). Failure to thrive: diagnostic yield of hospitalisation. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 57, 347–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Best, J. A., Flay, B. R., Towson, S. M. J., et al. (1984). Smoking prevention and the concept of risk. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 257–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beumont, P., Al-Alami, M. & Touyz, S. (1988). Relevance of a standard measurement of undernutrition to the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa: use of Quetelet's body mass index (BMI). International Journal of Eating Disorders, 7, 399–405.3.0.CO;2-R>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhutta, A. T., Cleves, M. A., Casey, P. H., Cradock, M. M. & Anand, K. J. S. (2002). Cognitive and behavioral outcome of school-aged children who were born preterm: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288, 728–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bickel, H. (1996). The first treatment of phenylketonuria. European Journal of Pediatrics, 155, S2–S3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bingham, S. A. (1987). The dietary assessment of individuals; methods, accuracy, new techniques and recommendations. Nutrition Abstract and Reviews (Series A), 57, 705–42.Google Scholar
Birch, H. G. & Tizard, J. (1967). The dietary treatment of phenylketonuria: not proven?Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 9, 9–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L., Gunder, L., Grimm-Thomas, K. & Laing, D. G. (1998). Infants' consumption of a new food enhances acceptance of similar foods. Appetite, 30, 283–95.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L. (1979a). Dimensions of preschool children's food preferences. Journal of Nutrition Education, 11, 77–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birch, L. L.(1979b). Preschool children's food preferences and consumption patterns. Journal of Nutrition Education, 11, 189–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birch, L. L. & Deysher, M. (1986). Caloric compensation and sensory specific satiety: evidence for self regulation of food intake by young children. Appetite, 7, 323–31.Google ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L. & Fisher, M. S. (1995). Appetite and eating behaviour in children. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 42, 931–53.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L., Fisher, J. O., Grimm-Thomas, K., et al. (2001). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness. Appetite, 36, 201–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birch, L. L. & Fisher, J. O. (2000). Mothers' child-feeding practices influence daughters' eating and weight. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, 1054–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birch, L. L., Johnson, S. L., Andresen, G., Peters, J. C. & Schulte, M. C. (1991). The variability of young children's energy intake. New England Journal of Medicine, 324, 232–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L. & Marlin, D. W. (1982). I don't like it; I never tried it: effects of exposure on two-year-old children's food preferences. Appetite, 3, 353–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L., McPhee, L., Steinberg, L. & Sullivan, S. (1990). Conditioned flavor preferences in young children. Physiology and Behavior, 47, 501–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, L. L., McPhee, L. S., Shoba, B. C., Pirok, E. & Steinberg, L. (1987). What kind of exposure reduces children's food neophobia?Appetite, 9, 171–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bishop, N., King, F. J. & Lucas, A. (1990). Linear growth in the early neonatal period. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 65, 707–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Black, A. E., Cole, T. J., Wiles, S. & White, F. (1983). Daily variation in food intake of infants from 2 to 18 months. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition, 37A, 448–58.Google Scholar
Black, A. E., Coward, W. A., Cole, T. J. & Prentice, A. M. (1996). Human energy expenditure in affluent societies: an analysis of 574 doubly-labelled water measurements. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50, 72–92.Google ScholarPubMed
Black, A. E., Prentice, A. M., Goldberg, G. R., et al. (1993). Measurements of total energy expenditure provide insights into the validity of dietary measurements of energy intake. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 93, 572–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Black, M., Hutcheson, J., Dubowitz, H. & Berenson-Howard, J. (1994). Parenting style and developmental status among children with nonorganic failure to thrive. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 19, 689–707.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Black, R. E., Brown, K. H. & Becker, S. (1984). Effects of diarrhea associated with specific enteropathogens on the growth of children in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Pediatrics, 73, 799–805.Google ScholarPubMed
Black, R. E., Brown, K. H., Becker, S., Alim, A. R. M. A. & Merson, M. H. (1982). Contamination of weaning foods and transmission of enterotoxigenic Eschericia coli diarrhoea in children in rural Bangladesh. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 76, 259–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Black, R. E., Williams, S. M., Jones, I. E. & Goulding, A. (2002). Children who avoid drinking cow milk have low dietary calcium intakes and poor bone health. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, 675–80.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blair, C., Freeman, C. & Cull, A. (1995). The families of anorexia nervosa and cystic fibrosis patients. Psychological Medicine, 25, 985–93.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blair, P. S., Drewett, R. F., Emmett, P. M., Ness, A., Emond, A. M. & ALSPAC study team (2004). Family, socioeconomic and prenatal factors associated with failure to thrive in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blass, E. M. & Hoffmeyer, L. B. (1991). Sucrose as an analgesic for newborn infants. Pediatrics, 87, 215–18.Google ScholarPubMed
Blurton Jones, N. (1972). Comparative aspects of mother–child contact. In Jones, N. Blurton (ed.), Ethological Studies of Child Behaviour (pp. 305–28). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Boddy, J., Skuse, D. & Andrews, B. (2000). The developmental sequelae of nonorganic failure to thrive. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 1003–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bohler, E. & Bergstrom, S. (1996). Frequent diarrhoeas in early childhood have sustained effects on the height, weight and head circumference of children in East Bhutan. Acta Paediatrica, 85, 26–30.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boomsma, D. I., Beijsterveldt, C. E., Rietveld, M. J., Bartels, M. & Baal, G. C. (2001). Genetics mediates relation of birth weight to childhood IQ. British Medical Journal, 323, 1426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Booth, D. A. (1972). Conditioned satiety in the rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 81, 457–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Booth, D. A., Lee, M. & McAleavey, C. (1976). Acquired sensory control of satiation in man. British Journal of Psychology, 67, 137–47.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Booth, D. A., Mather, P. & Fuller, J. (1982). Starch content of ordinary foods associatively conditions human appetite and satiation, indexed by intake and eating pleasantness of starch-paired flavours. Appetite, 3, 163–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Börjeson, M. (1976). The aetiology of obesity in children: a study of 101 twin pairs. Acta Paediatric Scandinavica, 65, 279–87.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bornstein, M. H., Slater, A., Brown, E., Roberts, E. & Barrett, J. (1997). Stability of mental development from infancy to later childhood: three ‘waves’ of research. In Bremner, G., Slater, A. & Butterworth, G. (eds.), Infant Development: Recent Advances (pp. 191–215). Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Boskind-Lodahl, M. (1976). Cinderella's stepsisters: a feminist perspective on anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 2, 342–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bouchard, C. & Pérusse, L. (1993). Genetics of obesity. Annual Review of Nutrition, 13, 337–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bouchard, C., Pérusse, L., Leblanc, C., Tremblay, A. & Theriault, G. (1988). Inheritance of the amount and distribution of human body fat. International Journal of Obesity, 12, 205–15.Google ScholarPubMed
Bowman, R. L. & DeLucia, J. L. (1992). Accuracy of self-reported weight: a meta-analysis. Behavior Therapy, 23, 637–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boynton-Jarrett, R., Thomas, T. N., Peterson, K. E., et al. (2003). Impact of television viewing patterns on fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents. Pediatrics, 112, 1321–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bracewell, M. & Marlow, N. (2002). Patterns of motor disability in very preterm children. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 8, 241–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Braddon, F. E. M., Rodgers, B., Wadsworth, M. E. J. & Davies, J. M. C. (1986). Onset of obesity in a 36 year birth cohort study. British Medical Journal, 292, 299–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brinch, M., Isager, T. & Tolstrup, K. (1988). Anorexia nervosa and motherhood: reproduction pattern and mothering behaviour of 50 women. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 77, 611–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broberg, D. J. & Bernstein, I. L. (1987). Candy as a scapegoat in the prevention of food aversions in children receiving chemotherapy. Cancer, 60, 2344–7.3.0.CO;2-8>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broman, S. H., Nichols, P. L. & Kennedy, W. A. (1975). Preschool IQ: Prenatal and Early Developmental Correlates. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Brook, G. C. D., Huntley, R. M. C. & Slack, J. (1975). Influence of hereditary and environment in determination of skinfold thicknesses in children. British Medical Journal, 2, 719–812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brooks-Gunn, J., Attie, I., Burrow, C., Rosso, J. T. & Warren, M. P. (1989). The impact of puberty on body and eating concerns in athletic and nonathletic contexts. Journal of Early Adolescence, 9, 269–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brooks-Gunn, J., McCarton, C. M., Casey, P. H., et al. (1994). Early intervention in low-birth-weight premature infants: results through age 5 years from the Infant Health and Development Program. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272, 1257–62.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, A. S., Susser, E. S., Lin, S. P., Neugebauer, R. & Gorman, J. M. (1995). Increased risk of affective disorders in males after second trimester prenatal exposure to the Dutch hunger winter of 1944–45. British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 601–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, A. S., Os, J., Driessens, C., Hoek, H. W. & Susser, E. S. (2000). Further evidence of relation between prenatal famine and major affective disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 190–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, K. (1991). The importance of dietary quality versus dietary quantity for weanlings in less developed countries: a framework for discussion. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 13, 86–94.Google Scholar
Brown, K. H., Peerson, J. M., Lopez de Romana, G., Creed de Kanashiro, H. & Black, R. E. (1995). Validity and epidemiology of reported poor appetite among Peruvian infants from a low-income, periurban community. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61, 26–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, K. H., Stallings, R. Y., Creed de Kanashiro, H., Lopez de Ramana, G. & Black, R. E. (1990). Effects of common illnesses on infants' energy intakes from breast milk and other foods during longitudinal community-based studies in Huascar (Lima), Peru. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52, 1005–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, R. T., Davis, P. C., Lambert, R., et al. (2000). Neurocognitive functioning and magnetic resonance imaging in children with sickle cell disease. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 25, 503–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bulik, C. M., Sullivan, P. F., Fear, J. L. & Joyce, P. R. (1997). Eating disorders and antecedent anxiety disorders: a controlled study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 101–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bundred, P., Kitchener, D. & Buchan, I. (2001). Prevalence of overweight and obese children between 1989 and 1998: population based series of cross sectional studies. British Medical Journal, 322, 326–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burgard, P. (2000). Development of intelligence in early treated phenylketonuria. European Journal of Pediatrics, 159, S74–S79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Butte, N. (2001). The role of breastfeeding in obesity. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 48, 189–98.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Butte, N. F. (1996). Energy requirements of infants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50 Suppl 1, S24–S36.Google ScholarPubMed
Butte, N. F., Wong, W. W., Klein, P. D. & Garza, C. (1991). Measurement of milk intake: tracer-to-infant deuterium dilution method. British Journal of Nutrition, 65, 3–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Butterworth, G. & Hopkins, B. (1988). Hand-mouth co-ordination in the new-born baby. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 6, 303–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cachelin, F. M. & Maher, B. A. (1998). Is amenorrhea a critical criterion for anorexia nervosa?Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 44, 435–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cadogan, J., Eastell, R., Jones, N. & Barker, M. E. (1997). Milk intake and bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls: randomised, controlled intervention trial. British Medical Journal, 315, 1255–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Calam, R. & Waller, G. (1998). Are eating and psychosocial characteristics in early teenage years useful predictors of eating characteristics in early adulthood? A 7-year longitudinal study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 24, 351–62.3.0.CO;2-1>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cameron, N., Petifor, J., Wet, T. & Norris, S. (2003). The relationship of rapid weight gain in infancy to obesity and skeletal maturity in childhood. Obesity Research, 11, 457–60.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Campbell, F. A., Pungello, E. P., Miller-Johnson, S., Burchinal, M. & Ramey, C. T. (2001). The development of cognitive and academic abilities: growth curves from an early childhood educational experiment. Developmental Psychology, 37, 231–42.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Campfield, L. A. (1997). Metabolic and hormonal control of food intake: highlights of the last 25 years – 1972–1997. Appetite, 29, 135–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campfield, L. A., Smith, F. J., Rosenbaum, M. & Hirsch, J. (1996). Human eating: evidence for a physiological basis using a modified paradigm. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 20, 133–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Canfield, R. L., Henderson, C. R., Cory-Schlecta, D. A., et al. (2003). Intellectual impairment in children with blood lead concentrations below 10 µg per deciliter. New England Journal of Medicine, 348, 500–2.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Capute, A. F., Shapiro, B. K., Palmer, F. B., Ross, A. & Wachtel, R. C. (1985). Normal gross motor development: the influence of race, sex and socioeconomic status. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 27, 635–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, S. E., Werkman, S. H., Peeples, J. M. & Wilson, W. M. (1994). Long-chain fatty acids and early visual and cognitive development of preterm infants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48, S27–S30.Google ScholarPubMed
Carlson, S. E., Werkman, S. H. & Tolley, E. A. (1996). Effect of long-chain n-3 fatty acid supplementation on visual acuity and growth of preterm infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63, 687–97.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carper, J. L., Fisher, J. O. & Birch, L. L. (2000). Young girls' emerging dietary restraint and disinhibition are related to parental control in child feeding. Appetite, 35, 121–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carruth, B. R. & Skinner, J. D. (2000). Revisiting the picky eater phenomenon: neophobic behaviors of young children. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 19, 771–80.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carruth, B. R., Skinner, J., Houck, K., et al. (1998). The phenomenon of the ‘picky eater’: a behavioral marker in eating patterns of toddlers. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 17, 180–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carruth, B. R., Ziegler, P. J., Gordon, A. & Barr, S. I. (2004). Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers' decisions about offering a new food. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104, S57–S64.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Casaer, P., Daniels, H., Devlieger, H., Cock, P. & Eggermont, E. (1982). Feeding behaviour in preterm neonates. Early Human Development, 7, 331–46.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Casey, P. H. (1999). Diagnostic coding of children with failure to thrive. In Kessler, D. & Dawson, P. (eds.), Failure to Thrive and Paediatric Undernutrition (pp. 281–6). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Casey, P. H., Kraemer, H. C., Bernbaum, J., Yogman, M. W. & Sells, J. C. (1991). Growth status and growth rates of a varied sample of low birthweight, preterm infants: a longitudinal cohort from birth to three years of age. Journal of Pediatrics, 119, 599–605.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cass, H., Price, K., Reilly, S., Wisbeach, A. & McConachie, H. (1999). A model for the assessment and management of children with multiple disabilities. Child: Care, Health and Development, 25, 191–211.Google ScholarPubMed
Cattarin, J. A. & Thompson, J. K. (1994). A three-year longitudinal study of body image, eating disturbance, and general functioning in adolescent females. Eating Disorders: Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 2, 114–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cauffman, E. & Steinberg, L. (1996). Interactive effects of menarchial status and dating on dieting and disordered eating in adolescent girls. Developmental Psychology, 32, 631–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cavadini, C. C., Siega-Riz, A. M. & Popkin, B. M. (2000). US adolescent food intake trends from 1965 to 1996. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 83, 18–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ceesay, S., Prentice, A. M., Cole, T. J., et al. (1997). Effects on birth weight and perinatal mortality of maternal dietary supplements in rural Gambia: 5 year randomised trial. British Medical Journal, 315, 786–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chagnon, Y. C., Pérusse, L. & Bouchard, C. (1998). The human obesity gene map: the 1997 update. Obesity Research, 6, 76–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Champagne, C. M., Baker, N. B., DeLany, J. P., Harsha, D. W. & Bray, G. A. (1998). Assessment of energy intake underreporting by doubly labelled water and observations on reported nutrient intakes in children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 98, 426–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charney, E., Chamblee Goodman, H., McBride, M., Lyon, B. & Pratt, R. (1976). Childhood antecedents of adult obesity: do chubby infants become obese adults?New England Journal of Medicine, 295, 6–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chatoor, I., Ganiban, J., Colin, V., Plummer, N. & Harmon, R. (1998). Attachment and feeding problems: a reexamination of nonorganic failure to thrive and attachment insecurity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1217–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chavéz, A. & Martinez, C. (1975). Nutrition and development of children from poor rural areas. V. Nutrition and behavioural development. Nutrition Reports International, 11, 477–89.Google Scholar
Cheung, Y. B., Khoo, K. S., Karlberg, J. & Machin, D. (2002). Association between psychological symptoms in adults and growth in early life: longitudinal follow up study. British Medical Journal, 325, 749–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clandinin, M. T., Aerde, J. E., Merkel, K. L., et al. (2005). Growth and development of preterm infants fed infant formulas containing docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid. Journal of Pediatrics, 146, 461–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clarke, A. M. & Clarke, A. D. B. (2000). Early Experience and the Life Path. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd.Google Scholar
Clément, K., Vaisse, C., Lahlou, N., et al. (1998). A mutation in the human leptin receptor gene causes obesity and pituitary dysfunction. Nature, 392, 398–401.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cockburn, F. (1994). Neonatal brain and dietary lipids. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 70, F1–F2.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cohen, R., Brown, K. H., Canahuati, J., Rivers, L. L. & Dewey, K. G. (1994). Effects of age of introduction of complementary foods on infant breast milk intake, total energy intake, and growth: a randomised intervention study in the Honduras. Lancet, 344, 288–93.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, T. J. (1989). Relating growth rate to environmental factors: methodological problems in the study of growth–infection interaction. Acta Paediatrica Supplement, 350, 12–20.Google Scholar
Cole, T. J.(1990). The LMS method for constructing normalised growth standards. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 44, 45–60.Google Scholar
Cole, T. J.(1993). The use and construction of anthropometric growth reference standards. Nutrition Research Reviews, 6, 19–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, T. J.(1994). Do growth chart centiles need a face lift?British Medical Journal, 308, 641–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, T. J.(1995). Conditional reference charts to assess weight gain in British infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 73, 8–16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, T. J.(1996). Growth monitoring with the British 1990 growth reference. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 76, 47–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, T. J.(1998). Presenting information on growth distance and conditional velocity in one chart: practical issues of chart design. Statistics in Medicine, 17, 2697–707.3.0.CO;2-O>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cole, T. J.(2004). Children grow and horses race: is the adiposity rebound a critical period for later obesity?BMC Pediatrics 4–6 doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-4-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, T. J., Bellizzi, M. C., Flegal, K. M. & Dietz, W. H. (2000). Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. British Medical Journal, 320, 1240–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Collins, M. E. (1991). Body figure perceptions and preferences among preadolescent children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 199–208.3.0.CO;2-D>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colom, R., Lluis-Font, J. M. & Andrés-Pueyo, A. (2004). The generational intelligence gains are caused by decreasing variance in the lower half of the distribution: supporting evidence for the nutrition hypothesis. Intelligence, 33, 83–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connolly, K. & Dalgleish, M. (1989). The emergence of a tool-using skill in infancy. Developmental Psychology, 25, 894–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connors, M. E. & Morse, W. (1993). Sexual abuse and eating disorders: a review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 1–11.3.0.CO;2-P>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Considine, R. V., Sinha, M. K., Heiman, M. L., et al. (1996). Serum immunoreactive-leptin concentrations in normal-weight and obese humans. New England Journal of Medicine, 334, 292–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Conti, J., Abraham, S. & Taylor, A. (1998). Eating behavior and pregnancy outcome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 44, 465–77.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooke, L., Wardle, J. & Gibson, E. L. (2003). Relationship between parental reports of food neophobia and everyday food consumption in 2–6-year-old children. Appetite, 41, 205–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooke, R. W. I., Lucas, A., Yudkin, P. L. N. & Pryse-Davies, J. (1977). Head circumference as an index of brain weight in the fetus and newborn. Early Human Development, 1, 145–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coolber, J. & Benoit, D. (1999). Failure to thrive: risk for clinical disturbance of attachment?Infant Mental Health Journal, 20, 87–104.3.0.CO;2-M>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooley, E. & Toray, T. (2001). Body image and personality predictors of eating disorder symptoms during the college years. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 30, 28–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooper, Z. & Fairburn, C. G. (1987). The Eating Disorder Examination: a semistructured interview for the assessment of the specific psychopathology of eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 1–8.3.0.CO;2-9>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corbett, S. S. & Drewett, R. F. (2004). To what extent is failure to thrive in infancy associated with poorer cognitive development? A review and meta-analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 641–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Corral, E. (2004). Erevigio Corral. Observer Magazine, 10 December, pp. 6–7.Google Scholar
Coward, W. A., Sawyer, M. B., Whitehead, R. G., Prentice, A. M. & Evans, J. (1979). New method for measuring milk intakes in breast-fed babies. Lancet, 2, 13–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Craft, S., Schatz, J., Glauser, T. A., Lee, B. & DeBaun, M. R. (1993). Neuropsychological effects of stroke in children with sickle cell anemia. Journal of Pediatrics, 123, 712–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Craft, S., Schatz, J., Glauser, T. A., Lee, B. & DeBaun, M.(1994). The effects of bifrontal stroke during childhood on visual attention: evidence from children with sickle cell anemia. Developmental Neuropsychology, 10, 285–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crystal, S. R. (1995). Morning sickness: impact on offspring salt preference. Appetite, 25, 231–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crystal, S. R. & Bernstein, I. L. (1998). Infant salt preference and mother's morning sickness. Appetite, 30, 297–307.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Curtis, V. (2003). Talking dirty: how to save a million lives. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 13, S73–S79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curtis, V., Aunger, R. & Rabie, T. (2004). Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B (Supplement), 271, S131–S133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curtis, V. & Biran, A. (2001). Dirt, disgust, and disease. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 44, 17–31.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dahl, M., Eklund, G. & Sundelin, C. (1986). Early feeding problems in an affluent society II. Determinants. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 75, 380–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahl, M. & Kristiansson, B. (1987). Early feeding problems in an affluent society IV. Impact on growth up to two years of age. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 76, 881–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahl, M., Rydell, A.-M. & Sundelin, C. (1994). Children with early refusal to eat: follow-up during primary school. Acta Paediatrica, 83, 54–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dahl, M. & Sundelin, C. (1992). Feeding problems in an affluent society: follow-up at four years of age in children with early refusal to eat. Acta Paediatrica, 81, 575–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daley, T. C., Whaley, S. E., Sigman, M. D., Espinosa, M. P. & Neumann, C. (2003). IQ on the rise: the Flynn effect in rural Kenyan children. Psychological Science, 14, 215–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Daly, S. E. J., Owens, R. A. & Hartmann, P. E. (1993). The short-term synthesis and infant-regulated removal of milk in lactating women. Experimental Physiology, 78, 209–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dancyger, I. F. & Garfinkel, P. E. (1995). The relationship of partial syndrome eating disorders to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 25, 1019–25.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, D. P. (1979). Is inadequate breast-feeding an important cause of failure to thrive?Lancet, 1, 541–2.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, P. S. W., Coward, W. A., Gregory, J., White, A. & Mills, A. (1994). Total energy expenditure and energy intake in the pre-school child: a comparison. British Journal of Nutrition, 72, 13–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davies, S. W., Wells, J. C. K., Fieldhouse, C. A., Day, M. E. & Lucas, A. (1995). Parental body composition and infant energy expenditure. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61, 1026–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davis, C., Durnin, J. V. G., Maire, A. & Dionne, M. (1993). Body composition correlates of weight dissatisfaction and dietary restraint in young women. Appetite, 20, 197–207.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davis, C. E., Hunsberger, S., Murray, D. M., et al. (1999). Design and statistical analysis for the Pathways study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69 Suppl, 760S–3S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davison, K. K., Markey, C. N. & Birch, L. L. (2000). Etiology of body dissatisfaction and weight concerns among 5-year-old girls. Appetite, 35, 143–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Davison, K. K., Susman, E. J. & Birch, L. L. (2003). Percent body fat at age 5 predicts earlier pubertal development among girls at age 9. Pediatrics, 111, 815–21.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bruin, N. C., Degenhart, H. J., Gal, S., et al. (1998). Energy utilization and growth in breast-fed and formula-fed infants measured prospectively during the first year of life. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67, 885–96.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Onis, M. & Blössner, M. (2000). Prevalence and trends of overweight among preschool children in developing countries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72, 1032–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Onis, M., Frongillo, E. A. & Blössner, M. (2000). Is malnutrition declining? An analysis of changes in levels of child malnutrition since 1980. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 78, 1222–33.Google ScholarPubMed
Wolff, M. S. & IJzendoorn, M. H. (1997). Sensitivity and attachment: A meta-analysis on parental antecedents of infant attachment. Child Development, 68, 571–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deep, A., Nagy, L., Weltzin, T., Rao, R. & Kaye, W. (1995). Premorbid onset of psychopathology in long-term recovered anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 17, 291–7.Google ScholarPubMed
DeFries, J. C., Plomin, R. & LaBuda, M. C. (1987). Genetic stability of cognitive development from childhood to adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 23, 4–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Delparigi, A., Tschöp, M., Heiman, M. L., et al. (2002). High circulating ghrelin: a potential cause for hyperphagia and obesity in Prader-Willi Syndrome. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 87, 5461–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
DeMaeyer, E. & Adiels-Tegman, M. (1985). The prevalence of anaemia in the world. World Health Organisation Statistical Quarterly, 38, 302–12.Google Scholar
Dennison, B. A., Erb, T. A. & Jenkins, P. L. (2002). Television viewing and television in bedroom associated with overweight risk among low-income preschool children. Pediatrics, 109, 1028–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Desor, J. A., Maller, O. & Andrews, K. (1975). Ingestive response of human newborns to salty, sour, and bitter stimuli. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 89, 966–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Desor, J. A., Maller, O. & Turner, R. E. (1973). Taste in acceptance of sugars by human newborns. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 84, 496–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Devlin, B., Daniels, M. & Roeder, K. (1997). The heritability of IQ. Nature, 388, 468–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dewey, K. G. (2003). Is breastfeeding protective against childhood obesity?Journal of Human Lactation, 19, 9–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dewey, K. G., Cohen, R. J., Brown, K. H. & Rivera, L. L. (1999). Age of introduction of complementary foods and growth of term, low-birthweight, breast-fed infants: a randomised intervention study in Honduras. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69, 679–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dewey, K. G., Heinig, M. J., Nommsen, L. A. & Lönnerdal, B. (1991). Maternal versus infant factors related to breast milk intake and residual milk volume: the DARLING study. Pediatrics, 87, 829–37.Google ScholarPubMed
Dewey, K. G. & Lönnerdal, B. (1986). Infant self-regulation of breast milk intake. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 75, 893–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dewey, K. G., Nommsen-Rivers, L. A., Heinig, M. J. & Cohen, R. J. (2003). Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excessive neonatal weight loss. Pediatrics, 112, 607–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diamond, A. & Herzberg, C. (1996). Impaired sensitivity to visual contrast in children treated early and continuously for phenylketonuria. Brain, 119, 523–38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Diamond, A., Prevor, M. B., Callender, G. & Druin, D. (1997). Prefrontal cortex cognitive deficits in children treated early and continuously for PKU. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 62 (4, Serial No 252).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dickerson, J. W. T., Merat, A. & Yusuf, H. K. M. (1982). Effects of malnutrition on brain growth and development. In Dickerson, J. W. T. & McGurk, H. (eds.), Brain and Behavioural Development (pp. 73–108). London: Surrey University Press.Google Scholar
Dietz, W. H. (1997). Periods of risk in childhood for the development of adult obesity: what do we need to learn?Journal of Nutrition, 127, 1884S–6S.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dietz, W. H.(1998). Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics, 101, 518–25.Google ScholarPubMed
Dietz, W. H.(2000). ‘Adiposity rebound’: reality or epiphenomenon?Lancet, 356, 2027–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dietz, W. H. & Gortmaker, S. L. (1985). Do we fatten our children at the television set? Obesity and television viewing in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 75, 807–12.Google ScholarPubMed
Dobson, J. C., Kushida, E., Williamson, M. & Friedman, E. G. (1976). Intellectual performance of 36 phenylketonuria patients and their nonaffected siblings. Pediatrics, 58, 53–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Donnelly, J. E., Jacobsen, D. J., Whatley, J. E., et al. (1996). Nutrition and physical activity program to attenuate obesity and promote physical and metabolic fitness in elementary school children. Obesity Research, 4, 229–43.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dorosty, A. R., Emmett, P. M., Cowin, I. S., Reilly, J. J. & the ALSPAC study team (2000). Factors associated with early adiposity rebound. Pediatrics, 105, 1115–18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dowdney, L., Skuse, D., Heptinstall, E., Puckering, C. & Zur-Szpiro, S. (1987). Growth retardation and development delay amongst inner-city children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 28, 529–41.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R., Amatayakul, K., Wongsawasdii, A., et al. (1993). Nursing frequency and the energy intake from breast milk and supplementary food in a rural Thai population: a longitudinal study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 47, 880–91.Google Scholar
Drewett, R., Wright, P. & Young, B. (1998). From feeds to meals: the development of hunger and food intake in infants and young children. In Niven, C. & Walker, A. (eds.), Current Issues in Infancy and Parenthood (pp. 204–17). Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.Google Scholar
Drewett, R. F. (1978). The development of motivational systems. Progress in Brain Research, 48, 407–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R. F., Amatayakul, A., Baum, J. D., et al. (1989a). Nursing patterns and milk intake in Sanpatong. In Hall, E. V. & Everaerd, W. (eds.), The Free Woman: Women's Health in the 1990s (pp. 359–66). Carnforth: The Parthenon Publishing Group.Google Scholar
Drewett, R. F., Blair, P., Emmett, P. & Emond, A. (2004). Failure to thrive in the term and preterm infants of mothers depressed in the postnatal period: a population-based birth cohort study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 359–66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R. F., Corbett, S. S. & Wright, C. M. (1999). Cognitive and educational attainment at school age of children who failed to thrive in infancy: a population based study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 551–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drewett, R. F., Corbett, S. S. & Wright, C. M.(2006). Physical and emotional development, appetite and body image in adolescents who failed to thrive as infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 524–31.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R. F., Kasese-Hara, M. & Wright, C. (2002). Feeding behaviour in young children who fail to thrive. Appetite, 40, 55–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drewett, R. F. & Woolridge, M. (1979). Sucking patterns of human babies on the breast. Early Human Development, 3, 315–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R. F. & Woolridge, M.(1981). Milk taken by human babies from the first and second breast. Physiology and Behavior, 26, 327–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drewett, R. F., Woolridge, M. W., Jackson, D. A., et al. (1989b). Relationships between nursing patterns, supplementary food intake and breast-milk intake in a rural Thai population. Early Human Development, 20, 13–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drotar, D. (1990). Sampling issues in research with nonorganic failure-to-thrive children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 15, 255–72.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Drotar, D., Eckerle, D., Satola, J., Pallotta, J. & Wyatt, B. (1990). Maternal interactional behavior with nonorganic failure-to-thrive infants: a case comparison study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 14, 41–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Duke, R. E., Bryson, S., Hammer, L. D. & Agras, W. S. (2004). The relationship between parental factors at infancy and parent-reported control over children's eating at age 7. Appetite, 43, 247–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eaton-Evans, J. & Dugdale, A. E. (1988). Sleep patterns of infants in the first year of life. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 63, 647–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ehara, H., Ohno, K. & Takeshita, K. (1993). Growth and developmental patterns in Prader-Willi syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 37, 479–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ellaway, A., Macintyre, S. & Bonnefoy, X. (2005). Graffiti, greenery and obesity in adults: secondary analysis of European cross sectional survey. British Medical Journal, 331, 611–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Emler, N. (2001). Self-esteem: The Causes and Consequences of Low Self-worth. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
Emond, A. M., Hawkins, N., Pennock, C., Golding, J. & the ALSPAC Children in Focus Team (1996). Haemoglobin and ferritin concentrations in infants at 8 months of age. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 74, 36–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Engle, P. & Zeitlen, M. (1996). Active feeding behaviour compensates for low interest in food among young Nicaraguan children. Journal of Nutrition, 126, 1808–16.Google ScholarPubMed
Epstein, L. H., Valoski, A., Wing, R. R. & McCurley, J. (1990). Ten-year follow-up of behavioral, family-based treatment for obese children. Journal of the American Medical Association, 264, 2519–23.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epstein, L. H., Valoski, A., Wing,, R. R. & McCurley, J.(1994). Ten-year outcomes of behavioural family-based treatments for childhood obesity. Health Psychology, 13, 373–83.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epstein, L. H., Wing, R. R., Koeske, R., Andrasik, F. & Ossip, D. J. (1981). Child and parent weight loss in family-based behavioral modification programs. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49, 674–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epstein, L. H., Wing, R. R., Koeske, R. & Valoski, A. (1987). Long-term effects of family-based treatment of childhood obesity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 91–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ericksson, J. G., Forsén, T., Tuomilehto, J., Osmond, C. & Barker, D. J. P. (2001). Early growth and coronary heart disease in later life: longitudinal study. British Medical Journal, 322, 949–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, K., Evans, R. & Simmer, K. (1995). Effect of the method of breast feeding on breast engorgement, mastitis and infantile colic. Acta Paediatrica, 84, 849–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Everill, J. & Waller, G. (1995). Reported sexual abuse and eating psychopathology: a review of the evidence for a causal link. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 1–11.3.0.CO;2-I>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fairburn, C., Cooper, Z., Doll, H. & Welch, S. (1999). Risk factors for anorexia nervosa. Three integrated case-control comparisons. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 468–76.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fairburn, C. G., Cooper, Z., Doll, H. A., Norman, P. & O'Connor, M. (2000). The natural course of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder in young women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 659–65.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fairburn, C. G., Doll, H. A., Welch, S. L., et al. (1998). Risk factors for binge eating disorder: a community based, case-control study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 425–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Faith, M., Scanlon, K., Birch, L., Francis, L. & Sherry, B. (2004). Parent–child feeding strategies and their relationships to child eating and weight status. Obesity Research, 12, 1711–22.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Faith, M. S., Berman, N., Heo, M., et al. (2001). Effects of contingent television on physical activity and television viewing in older children. Pediatrics, 107, 1043–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Falgiglia, G. A., Couch, S. C., Gribble, L. S., Pabst, S. M. & Frank, R. (2000). Food neophobia in childhood affects dietary variety. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 100, 1474–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fallon, A. E. & Rozin, P. (1985). Sex differences in perceptions of desirable body shape. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 94, 102–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fallon, A. E., Rozin, P. & Pliner, P. (1984). The child's conception of food: the development of food rejections, with special reference to disgust and contamination sensitivity. Child Development, 55, 566–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Farooqi, I. S., Jebb, S. A., Langmack, G., et al. (1999). Brief report: effects of recombinant leptin therapy in a child with congenital leptin deficiency. New England Journal of Medicine, 341, 879–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farooqi, I. S., Keogh, J. M., Yeo, G. S. H., et al. (2003). Clinical spectrum of obesity and mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene. New England Journal of Medicine, 348, 1085–95.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Farooqi, I. S. & O'Rahilly, S. O. (2005). Monogenic obesity in humans. Annual Review of Medicine, 56, 443–58.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Farquarson, J., Cockburn, F., Patrick, W. A., Jamieson, E. C. & Logan, R. W. (1992). Infant cerebral cortex phospholipid fatty-acid composition and diet. Lancet, 340, 810–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feachem, R. G. & Koblinsky, M. A. (1984). Interventions for the control of diarrhoeal diseases among young children: promotion of breast-feeding. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 62, 271–91.Google ScholarPubMed
Feher, S. D. K., Berger, L. R., Johnson, J. D. & Wilde, J. B. (1989). Increasing breast milk production for premature infants with a relaxation/imagery audiotape. Journal of Pediatrics, 83, 57–60.Google ScholarPubMed
Felt, B. T. & Lozoff, B. (1996). Brain iron and behavior of rats are not normalised by treatment of iron deficiency anemia during early development. Journal of Nutrition, 126, 693–701.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, J. & Lynskey, M. T. (1996). Childhood sexual abuse and psychiatric disorder in young adulthood: II. Psychiatric outcome of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1365–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J. & Ridder, E. M. (2005). Show me the child at seven II: childhood intelligence and later outcomes in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 850–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J. & Shannon, F. T. (1980). Length and weight gain in the first three months of life. Human Biology, 52, 169–80.Google ScholarPubMed
Fergusson, D. M., Lynskey, M. T. & Horwood, J. (1996). Childhood sexual abuse and psychiatric disorder in young adulthood: I. Prevalence of sexual abuse and factors associated with sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1355–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fewtrell, M. S., Morley, R., Abbott, R. A., et al. (2002). Double-blind, randomised trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in formula fed to preterm infants. Pediatrics, 110, 73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Field, A. E., Camargo, C. A., Taylor, C. B., Berkey, C. S. & Colditz, G. A. (1999). Relation of peer and media influences to the development of purging behaviors among preadolescent and adolescent girls. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 1184–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Finberg, L., Kiley, J. & Luttrell, C. N. (1963). Mass accidental salt poisoning in infancy. Journal of the American Medical Association, 184, 187–224.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fischhoff, J., Whitten, C. F. & Pettit, M. G. (1971). A psychiatric study of mothers of infants with growth failure secondary to maternal deprivation. Journal of Pediatrics, 79, 209–15.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fisher, J. O. & Birch, L. L. (2002). Eating in the absence of hunger and overweight in girls from 5 to 7 years of age. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76, 226–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, J. O., Mitchell, D. C., Smiciklas-Wright, H. & Birch, L. L. (2000). Maternal milk consumption predicts the tradeoff between milk and soft drinks in young girls' diet. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 246–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, M., Golden, N. H., Katzman, D. K., et al. (1995). Eating disorders in adolescents: a background paper. Journal of Adolescent Health, 16, 420–37.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flay, B. R., Koepke, D., Thompson, S. J., et al. (1989). Six-year follow-up of the first Waterloo school smoking prevention trial. American Journal of Public Health, 79, 1371–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flay, B. R., Ryan, K. B., Best, J. A., et al. (1985). Are social-psychological smoking prevention programs effective? The Waterloo study. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 8, 37–59.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flynn, J. R. (1987). Massive IQ gains in 14 nations: what IQ tests really measure. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 171–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flynn, J. R.(1998). IQ gains over time: toward finding the causes. In Neisser, U. (ed.), The Rising Curve: Long-term Gains in IQ and Related Measures (pp. 25–66). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flynn, J. R.(1999). Searching for justice: the discovery of IQ gains over time. American Psychologist, 54, 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foerster, S. B., Kizer, K. W., Disorgra, L. K., et al. (1995). California's ‘5 a day – for better health!’ campaign: an innovative population based effort to effect large-scale dietary change. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 11, 124–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fombonne, E. (1996). Is bulimia nervosa increasing in frequency?International Journal of Eating Disorders, 19, 287–96.3.0.CO;2-I>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J., Filer, L. J., Thomas, L. N., Anderson, T. A. & Nelson, S. E. (1975). Influence of formula concentration on caloric intake and growth of normal infants. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 64, 172–81.Google ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J., Filer, L. J., Thomas, L. N., Rogers, R. R. & Proksch, A. M. (1969). Relationship between formula concentration and rate of growth of normal infants. Journal of Nutrition, 98, 241–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J., Haschke, F., Ziegler, E. E. & Nelson, S. E. (1982). Body composition of reference children from birth to age 10 years. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 35, 1169–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J. & Nelson, S. E. (2002). Body composition of the male and female reference infants. Annual Review of Nutrition, 22, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J., Owen, G. M. & Thomas, L. N. (1964). Milk or formula volume ingested by infants fed ad libitum. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 108, 601–4.Google ScholarPubMed
Fomon, S. J., Thomas, L. N., Filer, L. J., Anderson, T. A. & Nelson, S. E. (1976). Influence of fat and carbohydrate content of diet on food intake and growth of male infants. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 65, 136–44.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Forsyth, B. W. C. (1989). Colic and the effect of changing formulas: a double-blind, multiple cross-over study. Pediatrics, 115, 521–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fowler, M. D., Johnson, M. P. & Atkinson, S. S. (1985). School achievement and absence in children with chronic health disease. Journal of Pediatrics, 106, 683–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frank, D. A. & Zeisel, S. H. (1988). Failure to thrive. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 35, 1187–206.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frankenburg, W. & Dodds, J. (1967). The Denver Developmental Screening Tests. Journal of Pediatrics, 71, 181–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freedman, D. S., Khan, L. K., Serdula, M. K., et al. (2005). The relation of childhood BMI to adult adiposity: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics, 115, 22–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Freedman, D. S., Srinivasan, S. R., Valdez, R. A., Williamson, D. F. & Berenson, G. S. (1997). Secular increases in relative weight and adiposity among children over two decades: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics, 99, 420–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Freeman, J., Cole, T., Chinn, S., et al. (1995). Cross sectional stature and weight reference curves for the UK, 1990. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 73, 17–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
French, S. A., Hannan, P. J. & Story, M. (2004). School soft drink intervention study: too good to be true?British Medical Journal, 329, E315–E316 doi: 10.1136/bmj.329.7462.E315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
French, S. A., Perry, C. L., Leon, G. R. & Fulkerson, J. A. (1996). Self-esteem and change in body mass index over 3 years in a cohort of adolescents. Obesity Research, 4, 27–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
French, S. A., Story, M., Downes, B., Resnick, M. D. & Blum, R. W. (1995). Frequent dieting among adolescents: psychosocial and health behavior correlates. American Journal of Public Health, 85, 695–701.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Friedman, J. M. (1997). Leptin, leptin receptors and the control of body weight. European Journal of Medical Research, 2, 7–13.Google ScholarPubMed
Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart, C. & Rosenblate, R. (1990). The dimensions of perfectionism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 145, 449–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gale, C. R. & Martyn, C. N. (1996). Breastfeeding, dummy use and intelligence. Lancet, 347, 1072–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gale, C. R., Walton, S. & Martyn, C. N. (2003). Foetal and postnatal head growth and risk of cognitive decline in old age. Brain, 126, 2273–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Galloway, A. T., Lee, Y. & Birch, L. L. (2003). Predictors and consequences of food neophobia and pickiness in young girls. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 103, 692–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ganchrow, J. R. & Mennella, J. A. (2003). The ontogeny of human flavor perception. In Doty, R. L. (ed.), Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation (pp. 823–46). New York: Marcel Dekker.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garcia, S. E., Kaiser, L. L. & Dewey, K. G. (1990a). The relationship of eating frequency and caloric density to energy intake among rural Mexican preschool children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 44, 381–7.Google Scholar
Garcia, S. E., Kaiser, L. L. & Dewey, K. G.(1990b). Self-regulation of food intake among rural Mexican preschool children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 44, 371–80.Google Scholar
Gard, M. C. E. & Freeman, C. P. (1996). The dismantling of a myth: a review of eating disorders and socioeconomic status. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 20, 1–12.3.0.CO;2-M>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gardner, J. M. M., Grantham-McGregor, S. M., Chang, S. M., Himes, J. H. & Powell, C. A. (1995). Activity and behavioral development in stunted and nonstunted children and response to nutritional supplementation. Child Development, 66, 1785–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gardner, R. M., Stark, K., Friedman, B. N. & Jackson, N. A. (2000). Predictors of eating disorder scores in children aged 6 through 14: a longitudinal study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 49, 199–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gardosi, J. O. (2005). Prematurity and fetal growth restriction. Early Human Development, 81, 43–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garfinkel, P. E., Kennedy, S. H. & Kaplan, A. S. (1995). Views on classification and diagnosis of eating disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 445–56.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garner, D. M. (1991). Eating Disorder Inventory-2: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
Garner, D. M. & Garfinkel, P. E. (1979). The Eating Attitudes Test: an index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 9, 273–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garner, D. M., Olmsted, M. P., Bohr, Y. & Garfinkel, P. E. (1982). The Eating Attitudes Test: psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychological Medicine, 12, 871–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Garner, D. M., Olmsted, M. P. & Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 15–34.3.0.CO;2-6>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Geleijnse, J. M., Hofman, A., Witteman, J. C. M., et al. (1996). Long-term effects of neonatal sodium restriction on blood pressure. Hypertension, 29, 913–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, E. L. & Wardle, J. (2003). Energy density predicts preferences for fruit and vegetables in 4-year-old children. Appetite, 41, 97–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gibson, E. L., Wardle, J. & Watts, C. J. (1998). Fruit and vegetable consumption, nutritional knowledge and beliefs in mothers and children. Appetite, 31, 205–28.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Giglio, L., Cnadusso, M., Orazio, C., Mastella, G. & Faraguna, D. (1997). Failure to thrive: the earliest feature of cystic fibrosis in infants diagnosed by neonatal screening. Acta Paediatrica, 86, 1162–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gillman, M. W., Rifas-Shiman, S. I., Camargo, C. A. J., et al. (2001). Risk of overweight among adolescents who were breastfed as infants. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 2461–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gilmour, J. & Skuse, D. (2003). Children with Prader-Willi syndrome and primary obesity: a comparison of appetite and psychosocial profiles. In Eiholzer, U., l'Allemand, D. & Zipf, W. B. (eds.), Prader-Willi Syndrome as a Model for Obesity (pp. 156–65). Basel: Karger.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilmour, J., Skuse, D. & Pembrey, M. (2001). Hyperphagic short stature and Prader-Willi syndrome: a comparison of behavioural phenotypes, genotypes and indices of stress. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 129–37.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gisel, E. G. (1991). Effect of food texture on the development of chewing of children between six months and two years of age. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 33, 69–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gisel, E. G. & Patrick, J. (1988). Identification of childen with cerebral palsy unable to maintain a normal nutritional state. Lancet, 1, 283–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaser, H. H., Heagarty, M. C., Bullard, D. M. & Pivchick, E. C. (1968). Physical and psychological development of children with early failure to thrive. Journal of Pediatrics, 73, 690–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Golden, M. H. N. (1991). The nature of nutritional deficiency in relation to growth failure and poverty. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica Supplement, 374, 95–110.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Golden, M. H. N.(1995). Specific deficiencies versus growth failure: Type 1 and Type 2 nutrients. SCN News, 12, 10–14.Google Scholar
Golding, J., Emmett, P. M. & Rogers, I. S. (1997). Gastroenteritis, diarrhoea and breast feeding. Early Human Development, 49 Suppl, S83–S103.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Golding, J., Rogers, I. S. & Emmett, P. M. (1997). Association between breast feeding, child development and behaviour. Early Human Development, 49 Suppl, S175–S184.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goldstein, H. & Peckham, C. (1976). Birthweight, gestation, neonatal mortality and child development. In Roberts, D. & Thompson, A. (eds.), The Biology of Human Fetal Growth (pp. 81–102). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
Goran, M. I., Carpenter, W. H., McGloin, A., et al. (1995). Energy expenditure in children of lean and obese parents. American Journal of Physiology, 268 (Endocrinology and Metabolism 31), E917–E924.Google ScholarPubMed
Goran, M. I., Shewchuk, R., Gower, B. A., et al. (1998). Longitudinal changes in fatness in white children: no effect of childhood energy expenditure. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67, 309–433.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gordon, A. H. & Jameson, Corcoran J. (1979). Infant–mother attachment in patients with nonorganic failure to thrive syndrome. Journal of the American Academic of Child Psychiatry, 18, 251–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gordon, R. (2000). Eating Disorders: Anatomy of a Social Epidemic (2nd edn). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Gortmaker, S. L., Peterson, K., Wiccha, J., et al. (1999). Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Developmental Medicine, 153, 409–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gorwood, P., Kipman, A. & Foulon, C. (2003). The human genetics of anorexia nervosa. European Journal of Pharmacology, 480, 163–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goulding, A., Rockell, J. E. P., Black, R. E., et al. (2004). Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104, 250–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Graber, J. A., Lewinsohn, P. M., Seeley, J. R. & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1997). Is psychopathology associated with the timing of pubertal development?Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 1768–76.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grantham-McGregor, S. & Ani, C. (2001). A review of studies on the effect of iron deficiency on cognitive development in children. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 649S–668S.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grantham-McGregor, S., Stewart, M. & Powell, C. (1991). Behaviour of severely malnourished children in a Jamaican hospital. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 33, 706–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grantham-McGregor, S., Walker, S. P., Chang, S. M. & Powell, C. A. (1997). The effects of early childhood supplementation with and without stimulation on later development in stunted Jamaican children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66, 247–53.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grantham-McGregor, S. M., Lira, P. I. C., Ashworth, A., Morris, S. S. & Assunçao, A. M. S. (1998). The development of low birth weight term infants and the effects of the environment in Northeast Brazil. Journal of Pediatrics, 132, 661–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grantham-McGregor, S. M., Powell, C. A., Walker, S. P. & Himes, J. H. (1991). Nutritional supplementation, psychosocial stimulation, and mental development of stunted children: the Jamaican study. Lancet, 338, 1–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Graves, A. B., Mortimer, J. A., Larson, E. B., et al. (1996). Head circumference as a measure of cognitive reserve: association with severity of impairment in Alzheimer's disease. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 86–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Greeves, L. G., Patterson, C. C., Carson, D. J., et al. (2000). Effect of genotype on changes in intelligence quotient after dietary relaxation in phenylketonuria. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 82, 216–21.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Griffiths, P. (2000). Neuropsychological approaches to treatment policy issues in phenylketonuria. European Journal of Pediatrics, 159 [Suppl 2], S82–S86.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gringras, P. & Chen, W. (2001). Mechanisms for differences in monozygotic twins. Early Human Development, 64, 105–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groetz, L. M., Levine, M. P. & Murnen, S. K. (2002). The effects of experimental presentation of thin media images on body dissatisfaction: a meta-analytic review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 31, 1–16.Google Scholar
Groner, J. A., Holzman, N. A., Charney, E. & Mellitts, D. E. (1986). A randomized trial of oral iron on tests of short-term memory and attention span in young pregnant women. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 7, 44–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grudnik, J. L. & Kranzler, J. H. (2001). Meta-analysis of the relationship between intelligence and inspection time. Intelligence, 29, 523–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guillaume, M. & Lissau, I. (2002). Epidemiology. In Burniat, W., Cole, T. J., Lissau, I. & Poskitt, E. M. E. (eds.), Child and Adolescent Obesity (pp. 28–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gunnarsdottir, I. & Thorsdottir, I. (2003). Relationship between growth and feeding in infancy and body mass index at the age of 6 years. International Journal of Obesity, 27, 1523–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gunnell, D., Magnusson, P. K. E. & Rasmussen, F. (2005). Low intelligence test scores in 18 year old men and risk of suicide: cohort study. British Medical Journal, 330, 167–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gunther, M. (1945). Sore nipples: cause and prevention. Lancet, 2, 590–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gustafson, G. E., Woods, R. & Green, J. A. (2000). Can we hear the causes of infants' crying? In Barr, R., Hopkins, B. & Green, J. (eds.), Crying as a Sign, a Symptom, and a Signal (pp. 8–22). London: MacKeith Press.Google Scholar
Habbick, B. F. & Gerrard, J. W. (1984). Failure to thrive in the contented breast-fed baby. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 131, 765–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Habicht, J. P., DaVanzo, J. & Butz, W. P. (1988). Mother's milk and sewage: their interactive effects on infant mortality. American Academy of Pediatrics, 81, 456–61.Google ScholarPubMed
Habicht, J. P., Martorell, R., Yarbrough, C., Malina, R. M. & Klein, R. E. (1974). Height and weight standards for preschool children. How relevant are ethnic differences in growth potential?Lancet, 2, 611–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, W. G. & Williams, C. L. (1983). Suckling isn't feeding is it? A search for developmental continuities. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 13, 219–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Halmi, K. A., Sunday, S. R., Strober, M., et al. (2000). Perfectionism in anorexia nervosa: variation by clinical subtype, obsessionality and pathological eating behaviour. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1799–805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hambidge, K. M. (1986). Zinc deficiency in the weanling – how important?Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 323, 52–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hamill, P. V. V., Drizd, T. A., Johnson, C. L., et al. (1979). Physical growth: National Center for Health Statistics percentiles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 32, 607–29.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hamlyn, B., Brooker, S., Oleinikova, K. & Wands, S. (2002). Infant Feeding 2000. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
Hanson, R., Smith, J. A. & Hume, W. (1985). Achievements of infants in items of the Griffiths scales: 1980 compared to 1950. Child: Care, Health and Development, 11, 91–104.Google ScholarPubMed
Haouari, N., Wood, C., Griffiths, G. & Levene, M. (1995). The analgesic effect of sucrose in full term infants: a randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 310, 1498–500.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harris, G. (1988). Determinants of the introduction of solid food. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 6, 241–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, G., Blissett, J. & Johnson, R. (2000). Food refusal associated with illness. Child Psychology and Psychiatry Reviews, 5, 48–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, G. & Booth, D. A. (1987). Infants' preference for salt in food: its dependence upon recent dietary experience. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 5, 97–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, G., Thomas, A. & Booth, D. A. (1990). Development of salt taste in infancy. Developmental Psychology, 26, 534–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harrison, K. (2000a). Television viewing, fat stereotyping, body shape standards, and eating disorder symptomatology in grade school children. Communication Research, 27, 617–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harrison, K.(2000b). The body electric: thin-ideal media and eating disorders in adolescence. Journal of Communication, 50, 119–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harter, S. (1982). The perceived competance scale for children. Child Development, 53, 87–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harvey, D., Prince, J., Bunton, J., Parkinson, C. & Campbell, S. (1982). Abilities of children who were small-for-gestational-age babies. Pediatrics, 69, 296–300.Google ScholarPubMed
Hastings, G., Stead, M., McDermott, L., et al. (2003). Review of Research on the Effects of Food Promotion to Children. Centre for Social Marketing, University of Strathclyde.Google Scholar
Hawdon, J. M., Beauregard, N., Slattery, J. & Kennedy, G. (2000). Identification of neonates at risk of developing feeding problems in infancy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 42, 235–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Healy, M. J. R. (1978). Notes on the statistics of growth standards. Annals of Human Biology, 1, 41–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hebebrand, J. & Remschmidt, H. (1995). Anorexia nervosa viewed as an extreme weight condition: genetic implications. Human Genetics, 95, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Helps, S., Fuggle, P., Udwin, O. & Dick, M. (2003). Psychosocial and neurocognitive aspects of sickle cell disease. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 8, 11–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heptinstall, E., Puckering, C., Skuse, D., et al. (1987). Nutrition and mealtime behaviour in families of growth-retarded children. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition, 41A, 390–402.Google Scholar
Herzog, D. B. & Delinsky, S. S. (2001). Classification of the eating disorders. In Striegel-Moore, R. & Smolak, L. (eds.), Eating Disorders: Innovative Directions in Research and Practice (pp. 31–50). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heyman, M. B., Vichinsky, E., Katz, R., et al. (1985). Growth retardation in sickle-cell disease treated by nutritional support. Lancet, 1, 903–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hill, A., Draper, E. & Stack, J. (1994). A weight on children's minds: body shape dissatisfactions at 9-years old. International Journal of Obesity, 18, 383–9.Google ScholarPubMed
Hill, A. J., Oliver, S. & Rogers, P. J. (1992). Eating in the adult world: the rise of dieting in childhood and adolescence. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 95–105.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hill, A. J. & Robinson, A. (1991). Dieting concerns have a functional effect on the behaviour of nine-year-old girls. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 30, 265–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hillervik-Lindquist, C. (1991). Studies on perceived breast milk insufficiency. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 376, 8–27.Google ScholarPubMed
Hillervik-Lindquist, C., Hofvander, Y. & Sjölin, S. (1991). Studies on perceived breast-milk insufficiency 111: consequences for breastmilk consumption and growth. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 80, 297–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Himms-Hagen, J. (1995a). Does thermoregulatory feeding occur in newborn infants? A novel view of the role of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in control of food intake. Obesity Research, 3, 361–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Himms-Hagen, J.(1995b). Role of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in control of thermoregulatory feeding in rats: a new hypothesis that links thermostatic and glucostatic hypotheses for control of food intake. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Society and Medicine, 208, 159–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holland, A., Treasure, J., Coskeran, P., et al. (1993). Measurement of excessive appetite and metabolic changes in Prader-Willi syndrome. International Journal of Obesity, 17, 527–32.Google ScholarPubMed
Holland, A. J., Treasure, J., Coskeran, P. & Dallow, J. (1995). Characteristics of the eating disorder in Prader-Willi syndrome: implications for treatment. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 39, 373–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holland, B., Welch, A. A., Unwin, I. D., et al. (1991). McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods (5th revised and extended edn). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.Google Scholar
Horne, P. J., Lowe, C. F., Bowdery, M. & Egerton, C. (1998). The way to healthy eating for children. British Food Journal, 100, 133–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horne, P. J., Lowe, C. F., Fleming, P. F. J. & Dowey, A. J. (1995). An effective procedure for changing food preferences in 5–7-year-old children. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 54, 441–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Howard, R. W. (2005). Objective evidence of rising population ability: a detailed examination of longitudinal chess data. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 347–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howie, P. W., Forsyth, J. S., Ogston, S. A., Clark, A. & Florey, C. D. (1990). Protective effect of breast-feeding against infection. British Medical Journal, 300, 11–16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hsu, L. K. G. (1997). Can dieting cause an eating disorder?Psychological Medicine, 27, 509–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hughes, J. M., Li, L., Chinn, S. & Rona, R. J. (1997). Trends in growth in England and Scotland, 1972 to 1994. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 76, 182–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hursti, U. K. & Sjödén, P. (1997). Food and general neophobia and their relationship with self-reported food choice: familial resemblance in Swedish families with children of ages 7–17 years. Appetite, 29, 89–103.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huttenlocher, P. R. (1999). Synaptogenesis in the human cerebral cortex and the concept of critical periods. In Fox, N., Leavitt, L. & Warhol, J. (eds.), The Role of Experience in Infant Development (pp. 15–28). New York: Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies Ltd.Google Scholar
Hytten, F. A. (1954). Clinical and chemical studies of human lactation II. Variations in major constituents during a feeding. British Medical Journal, 1, 176–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hytten, F. E. (1959). Differences in yield and composition between first and second lactations. British Journal of Nutrition, 18, xxi–xxii.Google Scholar
Idjradinata, P. & Pollitt, E. (1993). Reversal of developmental delays in iron-deficient anaemic infants treated with iron. Lancet, 341, 1–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Irving, L. M. & Neumark-Szainer, D. (2002). Integrating the prevention of eating disorders and obesity: feasible or futile?Preventive Medicine, 34, 299–309.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Iwaniec, D. & Herbert, M. (1982). The assessment and treatment of children who fail to thrive. Social Work Today, 13, 8–12.Google Scholar
Iwaniec, D., Herbert, M. & McNeish, A. S. (1985). Social work with failure-to-thrive children and their families. Part I. British Journal of Social Work, 15, 243–59.Google Scholar
Jacobi, C., Agras, W. S., Bryson, S. & Hammer, L. D. (2003). Behavioral validation, precursors, and concomitants of picky eating in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 76–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jain, A., Sherman, S. N., Chamberlin, L. A., et al. (2005). Why don't low-income mothers worry about their preschoolers being overweight?Pediatrics, 107, 1138–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
James, J., Thomas, P., Cavan, D. & Kerr, D. (2004). Preventing childhood obesity by reducing the consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomised trial. British Medical Journal, 328, 1237–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
James, W. H. (1982). The IQ advantage of the heavier twin. British Journal of Psychology, 73, 513–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Janovský, M., Martínek, J. & Stanincová, V. (1967). The distribution of sodium, chloride and fluid in the body of young infants with increased intake of NaCl. Biologia Neonatorium, 11, 261–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jefferis, B. J. M. H., Power, C. & Hertzman, C. (2002). Birth weight, childhood socioeconomic environment, and cognitive development in the 1958 British birth cohort study. British Medical Journal, 325, 305–10.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jeffrey, A. N., Voss, L. D., Metcalf, B. S., Alba, S. & Wilkin, T. J. (2005). Parents' awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross-sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird21). British Medical Journal, 330, 23–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, J., Cohen, P., Kasen, S. & Brook, J. S. (2002). Childhood adversities associated with risk for eating disorders or weight problems during adolescence or early adulthood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 394–400.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, S. L. (2000). Improving preschoolers' self-regulation of energy intake. Pediatrics, 106, 1429–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, S. L. & Birch, L. L. (1994). Parents' and children's adiposity and eating style. Pediatrics, 94, 653–61.Google ScholarPubMed
Johnson, S. L., McPhee, L. & Birch, L. L. (1991). Conditioned preferences: young children prefer flavors associated with high dietary fat. Physiology and Behavior, 50, 1245–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jotangia, D., Moody, A., Stamatakis, E. & Wardle, H. (2005). Obesity Among Children under 11. National Centre for Social Research, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the Royal Free and University College Medical School.
Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S. & Snidman, N. (1988). Biological bases of childhood shyness. Science, 240, 167–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kaplan, K. & Wadden, T. (1986). Childhood obesity and self-esteem. Journal of Pediatrics, 109, 367–70.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karlberg, J. (1987). On the modelling of human growth. Statistics in Medicine, 6, 185–92.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karlberg, J.(1989). A biologically-oriented mathematical model (ICP) for human growth. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica Supplement, 350, 70–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karlberg, J. & Albertsson-Wikland, K. (1995). Growth in full-term small-for-gestational-age infants: from birth to final height. Pediatric Research, 38, 733–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karwautz, A., Rabe-Hesheth, X. H., Zhao, J., et al. (2001). Individual-specific risk factors for anorexia nervosa: a pilot study using a discordant sister-pair design. Psychological Medicine, 31, 317–29.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kasese-Hara, M., Wright, C. & Drewett, R. F. (2002). Energy compensation in young children who fail to thrive. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 449–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kearney, P. J., Malone, A. J., Hayes, T., Cole, M. & Hyland, M. (1998). A trial of lactase in the management of infant colic. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 11, 281–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keim, N. L., Stern, J. S. & Havel, P. J. (1998). Relation between circulating leptin concentrations and appetite during a prolonged, moderate energy deficit in women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68, 794–801.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kelleher, K. J., Casey, P. H., Bradley, R., et al. (1993). Risk factors and outcomes for failure to thrive in low birth weight preterm infants. Pediatrics, 91, 941–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Kerwin, M. E. (1999). Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: severe feeding problems. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 24, 193–214.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kessler, D. B. (1999). Failure to thrive and pediatric undernutrition: historical and theoretical context. In Kessler, D. B. and Dawson, P. (eds.), Failure to Thrive and Pediatric Undernutrition: A Transdisciplinary Approach (pp. 3–17). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Kessler, D. B. & Dawson, P. (1999). Failure to Thrive and Pediatric Undernutrition: A Transdisciplinary Approach. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Kessler, R. C., McGonagle, K. A., Zhao, S., et al. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 8–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Key, T. J. A., Thorogood, M., Appleby, P. & Burr, M. L. (1996). Dietary habits and mortality in 11000 vegetarians and health conscious people: results of a 17 year follow-up. British Medical Journal, 313, 775–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Khan, M. U. & Ahmad, K. (1986). Withdrawal of food during diarrhoea: major mechanism of malnutrition following diarrhoea in Bangladesh children. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 32, 57–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klesges, R. C., Haddock, C. K., Stein, R. J., et al. (1992). Relationship between psychosocial functioning and body fat in preschool children: a longitudinal investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 793–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Klump, K. L., Kaye, W. H. & Strober, M. (2001). The evolving genetic foundations of eating disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24, 215–25.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Knight, S., Singhal, A., Thomas, P. & Serjeant, G. (1995). Factors associated with lowered intelligence in homozygous sickle cell disease. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 73, 316–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Knobloch, H., Pasamanick, B. & Sherard, E. S. (1966). A developmental screening inventory for infants. Pediatrics, 38, 1095–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Koch, R., Azen, C., Friedman, E. G. & Williamson, M. L. (1984). Paired comparisons between early treated PKU children and their matched sibling controls on intelligence and school achievement test results at eight years of age. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 7, 86–90.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Koenen, K. C., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Taylor, A. & Purcell, S. (2003). Domestic violence is associated with environmental suppression of IQ in young children. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 297–311.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Koeppen-Schomerus, G., Wardle, J. & Plomin, R. (2001). A genetic analysis of weight and overweight in 4-year-old twin pairs. International Journal of Obesity, 25, 838–44.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kolb, B. (1999). Neuroanatomy and development overview. In Fox, N., Leavitt, L. & Warhol, J. (eds.), The Roles of Early Experience in Infant Development (pp. 5–14). New York: Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies.Google Scholar
Konner, M. & Worthman, C. (1980). Nursing frequency, gonadal function, and birth spacing among!Kung hunter-gatherers. Science, 207, 788–91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kopp, C. B. & McCall, R. B. (1982). Predicting later mental performance for normal, at-risk, and handicapped infants. In Baltes, P. & Brim, O. G. J. (eds.), Life-span Development and Behavior, vol. IV (pp. 33–61). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Korndörfer, S. R., Lucas, A. R., Suman, V. R., et al. (2003). Long-term survival of patients with anorexia nervosa: a population-based study in Rochester, Minn. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 78, 278–84.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kostanski, M. & Gullone, E. (1998). Adolescent body image dissatisfaction: relationships with self-esteem, anxiety and depression controlling for body mass. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 255–62.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kotelchuck, M. (1980). Non-organic failure to thrive: the status of interactional and environmental etiological theories. Advances in Behavioral Pediatrics, 1, 29–51.Google Scholar
Kotelchuck, M. & Newberger, E. H. (1983). Failure to thrive: a controlled study of familial characteristics. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 22, 322–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kotler, L. A., Cohen, P., Davies, M., Pine, D. S. & Walsh, B. T. (2001). Longitudinal relationships between childhood, adolescent, and adult eating disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1434–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kraemer, H. C., Berkowitz, R. I. & Hammer, D. L. (1990). Methodological difficulties in studies of obesity: I. Measurement issues. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 112–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kramer, M. S. (1987). Determinants of low birth weight: methodological assessment and meta-analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 65, 663–737.Google ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S.(1993). Effects of energy and protein intakes on pregnancy outcome: an overview of the research evidence from controlled clinical trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, 627–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S., Barr, R. G., Leduc, D. G., Biosjoly, C. & Pless, I. B. (1983). Maternal psychological determinants of infant obesity. Journal of Chronic Disease, 36, 329–35.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S., Barr, R. G., Leduc, D. G., et al. (1985). Determinants of weight and adiposity in the first year of life. Journal of Pediatrics, 106, 10–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S., Chalmers, B., Hodnet, E. D., et al. (2001). Promotion of breast-feeding intervention trial (PROBIT). Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 413–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kramer, M. S., Guo, T., Platt, R. W., et al. (2002). Breastfeeding and infant growth: biology or bias?Pediatrics, 110, 343–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S. & Kakuma, R. (2002). The Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breast-feeding: A Systematic Review. Geneva: World Health Organisation.Google Scholar
Kramer, M. S., McClean, F. H., Boyd, M. E. & Usher, R. H. (1988). The validity of gestational age estimation by menstrual dating in term, preterm, and postterm gestations. Journal of the American Medical Association, 260, 3306–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kramer, M. S., Platt, R., Yang, H., McNemara, H. & Usher, R. H. (1999). Are all growth-restricted newborns created equal(ly)?Pediatrics, 103, 599–602.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Krebs, N. F., Hambridge, K. M. & Walravens, P. A. (1984). Increased food intake of young children receiving a zinc supplement. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 138, 270–3.Google ScholarPubMed
Krebs-Smith, S. M., Cook, A., Subar, A., et al. (1996). Fruit and vegetable intakes of children and adolescents in the United States. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 150, 81–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Krebs-Smith, S. M., Heimendiner, J., Patterson, B. H., et al. (1995). Psychosocial factors associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. American Journal of Health Promotion, 10, 98–104.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kron, R. E., Johannes, I. & Goddard, K. E. (1968). Consistent individual differences in the nutritive sucking behavior of the human newborn. Psychosomatic Medicine, 30, 151–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kumar, V., Clements, C., Marwah, K. & Diwedi, P. (1985). Beliefs and therapeutic preferences of mothers in management of acute diarrhoeal disease in children. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 31, 109–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kurlak, L. O. & Stephenson, T. J. (1999). Plausible explanations for effects of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) on neonates. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 80, F148–F154.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lachenmeyer, J. R. & Davidovicz, H. (1987). Failure to thrive: A critical review. In Lahey, B. B. & Kasdin, A. E. (eds.), Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, vol. X (pp. 335–58). New York and London: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laessle, R. G., Tuschl, R. J., Kotthaus, B. C. & Pirke, K. M. (1989). Behavioral and biological correlates of dietary restraint in normal life. Appetite, 12, 83–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Laitinen, S., Rasanen, L., Viikari, J. & Akerblom, H. K. (1995). Diet of Finnish children in relation to the family's socio-economic status. Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, 23, 88–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lansdown, R. G., Goldstein, H., Shah, P. M., et al. (1996). Culturally appropriate measures for monitoring child development at family and community level: a WHO collaborative study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 74, 283–90.Google ScholarPubMed
Launer, L. J., Forman, M. R., Hundt, G. L., et al. (1992). Maternal recall of infant feeding events is accurate. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 46, 203–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lawrence, M., Lawrence, F., Durnin, J. V. G. A. & Whitehead, R. G. (1991). A comparison of physical activity in Gambian and UK children aged 6–18 months. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 45, 243–52.Google ScholarPubMed
Lazarus, R., Baur, L., Webb, K. & Blyth, F. (1996). Adiposity and body mass indices in children: Benn's index and other weight for height indices as measures of relative adiposity. International Journal of Obesity, 20, 406–12.Google ScholarPubMed
Lee, K. (1994). The crying of Korean infants and related factors. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 36, 601–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lee, S., Chiu, H. F. K. & Chen, C. (1989). Anorexia nervosa in Hong Kong: why not more in Chinese?British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 683–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, S., Ho, T. P. & Hsu, L. K. G. (1993). Fat phobic and non-fat phobic anorexia nervosa: a comparative study of 70 Chinese patients in Hong Kong. Psychological Medicine, 23, 999–1017.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leshem, M. (1998). Salt preference in adolescence is predicted by common prenatal and infantile mineralofluid loss. Physiology and Behaviour, 63, 699–704.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lester, B. M., LaGasse, L. L. & Selfer, R. (1998). Cocaine exposure and children: the meaning of subtle effects. Science, 282, 633–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Levitsky, D. A. & Barnes, R. H. (1972). Nutritional and environmental interactions in the behavioral development of the rat: long-term effects. Science, 176, 68–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lew, A. R. & Butterworth, G. (1995). The effects of hunger on hand–mouth co-ordination in newborn infants. Developmental Psychology, 31, 456–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindberg, L., Bohlin, G. & Hagekull, B. (1991). Early feeding problems in a normal population. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 395–405.3.0.CO;2-A>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linden, W. (1981). Exposure treatments for focal phobias. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 769–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lissa-Lund-Sørensen, I. & Sørensen, T. I. A. (1992). Prospective study of the influence of social factors in childhood on overweight in young adulthood. International Journal of Obesity, 16, 169–75.Google Scholar
Liu, J., Raine, A., Venables, P. H., Dalais, C. & Mednick, S. A. (2003). Malnutrition at age 3 years and lower cognitive ability at age 11 years: independence from psychosocial adversity. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 593–600.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liu, J., Raine, A., Venables, P. H. & Mednick, S. A. (2004). Malnutrition at age 3 years and externalising behavior problems at ages 8, 11, and 17 years. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 2005–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lohman, T. G., Going, S., Stewart, D., et al. (2001). The effect of Pathways obesity prevention study on body composition in American children. FASEB, A1093.Google Scholar
Looker, A. C., Daliman, P. R., Carroll, M. D., Gunter, E. W. & Johnson, C. L. (1997). Prevalence of iron deficiency in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, 973–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lothe, L., Ivarsson, S. A., Ekman, R. & Lindberg, T. (1990). Motilin and infantile colic. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 79, 410–16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lothe, L. & Lindberg, T. (1989). Cow's milk whey protein elicits symptoms of infantile colic in colicky formula-fed infants: a double-blind crossover study. Journal of Pediatrics, 83, 262–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Lozoff, B., Andraca, L., Walter, T. & Pino, P. (1997). Does preventing iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) improve developmental test scores?Pediatric Research, A 39, 136A.Google Scholar
Lozoff, B., Jimenez, E., Hagen, J., Mollen, E. & Wolf, A. W. (2000). Poorer behavioral and developmental outcome more than 10 years after treatment for iron deficiency in infancy. Pediatrics, 105, 51–62.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lozoff, B., Jimenez, E. & Wolf, A. W. (1991). Long-term developmental outcome of infants with iron deficiency. New England Journal of Medicine, 325, 687–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lozoff, B., Klein, N. K., Nelson, E. C., et al. (1998). Behavior of infants with iron-deficiency anemia. Child Development, 69, 24–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lozoff, B., Klein, N. K. & Prabucki, K. M. (1986). Iron-deficient anemic infants at play. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 7, 152–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lozoff, B. G., Wolf, A. W., McClish, D. K., et al. (1987). Iron deficiency anemia and iron therapy: effects on infant developmental test performance. Pediatrics, 79, 981–95.Google ScholarPubMed
Lubrano-Berthelier, C., Stunff, C., Bougnères, P. & Vaisse, C. (2004). A homozygous null mutation delineates the role of the melanocortin-4 receptor in humans. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 89, 2028–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A., Fewtrell, M. S., Morley, R., et al. (1996). Randomized outcome trial of human milk fortification and developmental outcome in preterm infants. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64, 142–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A., Gore, S. M., Cole, T. J., et al. (1986). Multicentre trial on feeding low birthweight infants: effects of diet on early growth. Archive of Disease in Childhood, 61, 849–57.Google Scholar
Lucas, A., Morley, R. & Cole, T. J. (1998). Randomised trial of early diet in preterm babies and later intelligence quotient. British Medical Journal, 317, 1481–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A., Morley, R., Cole, T. J., et al. (1989). Early diet in preterm babies and developmental status in infancy. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 64, 1570–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A., Morley, R., Cole, T. J., et al. (1990). Early diet in preterm babies and developmental status at 18 months. Lancet, 335, 1477–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A., Stafford, M., Morley, R., et al. (1999). Efficacy and safety of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant-formula milk: a randomised trial. Lancet, 354, 1948–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A. & James-Roberts, St I. (1998). Crying, fussing and colic behaviour in breast- and bottle-fed infants. Early Human Development, 53, 9–18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lucas, A. R., Beard, C. M., O'Fallon, W. M. & Kurland, L. T. (1991). 50-year trends in the incidence of anorexia nervosa in Rochester, Minn.: a population-based study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 917–22.Google ScholarPubMed
Lucassen, P. L. B. J., Assendelft, W. J. J., Eijk, J. T. M., et al. (2005). Systematic review of the occurrence of infantile colic in the community. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 84, 398–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luciana, M., Sullivan, J. & Nelson, C. A. (2001). Associations between phenylalanine-to-tyrosin ratios and performances on tests of neuropsychological function in adolescents treated early and continuously for phenylketonuria. Child Development, 72, 1637–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lundgren, E. M., Cnattingius, S., Jonsson, B. & Tuvemo, T. (2001). Intellectual and psychological performance in males born small for gestational age with and without catch-up growth. Pediatric Research, 50, 91–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lynn, R. (1990). The role of nutrition in secular increases in intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 273–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lynn, R. & Hampson, S. (1986). The rise of national intelligence: evidence from Britain, Japan and the USA. Personality and Individual Differences, 7, 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lynn, R. & Harland, P. (1998). A positive effect of iron supplementation on the IQs of iron deficient children. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 883–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacDonald, A. (2000). Diet and compliance in phenylketonuria. European Journal of Pediatrics, 159 [Suppl 2], S136–S141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
MacDonald, A., Harris, G., Rylance, G., Asplin, D. & Booth, I. W. (1997). Abnormal feeding behaviours in phenylketonuria. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 10, 163–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacDonald, A., Holden, C. & Harris, G. (1991). Nutritional strategies in cystic fibrosis: current issues. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 84, 28–35.Google ScholarPubMed
Maes, H., Neale, M. & Eaves, L. (1997). Genetic and environmental factors in relative body weight and human adiposity. Behaviour Genetics, 27, 325–51.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Makrides, M., Newman, M., Simmer, K., Pater, J. & Gibson, R. (1995). Are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids essential nutrients in infancy?Lancet, 345, 1463–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Maloney, M. J., McGuire, J. B. & Daniels, S. R. (1988). Reliability testing of a children's version of the Eating Attitude Test. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 541–3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marchi, M. & Cohen, P. (1990). Early childhood eating behaviors and adolescent eating disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 112–17.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marlier, L. & Schaal, B. (2005). Human newborns prefer human mik: conspecific milk odor is attractive without postnatal experience. Child Development, 76, 155–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, S., Housely, K., McKoy, H., et al. (1988). Self-esteem of adolescent girls as related to weight. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 67, 119–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martínez-González, M. A., Gual, P., Lahortiga, F., et al. (2003). Parental factors, mass media influences, and the onset of eating disorders in a prospective population-based cohort. Pediatrics, 111, 315–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martorell, R. (1998). Nutrition and the worldwide rise in IQ scores. In Neisser, U. (ed.), The Rising Curve: Long-term Gains in IQ and Related Measures (pp. 183–206). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mathisen, B., Skuse, D., Wolke, D. & Reilly, S. (1989). Oral-motor dysfunction and failure to thrive among inner-city infants. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 31, 293–302.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mathisen, B., Worrall, L., Masel, J., Wall, C. & Shepherd, R. W. (1999). Feeding problems in infants with gastro-oesophageal disease: a controlled study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 35, 163–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Matte, T., Bresnahan, M., Begg, M. & Susser, E. (2001). Influence of variation in birth weight within normal range and within sibships on IQ at age 7 years: cohort study. British Medical Journal, 323, 310–14.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Matthiesen, A.-S., Ransjö-Arvidson, A.-B., Nissen, E. & Uvnäs-Moberg, K. (2001). Postpartum maternal oxytocin release by newborns: effects of infant hand massage and sucking. Birth, 28, 13–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mayor, S. (2004). Report warns of continuing violations of code on breast milk substitute marketing. British Medical Journal, 328, 1218.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCall, R. B. (1977). Childhood IQs as predictors of adult educational and occupational status. Science, 197, 482–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCall, R. B. & Carriger, M. S. (1993). A meta-analysis of infant habituation and recognition memory performance as predictors of later IQ. Child Development, 64, 57–79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCann, J. B., Stein, A., Fairburn, C. G. & Dunger, D. B. (1994). Eating habits and attitudes of mothers of children with non-organic failure to thrive. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 70, 234–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCarthy, H. D., Ellis, S. M. & Cole, T. J. (2003). Central overweight and obesity in British youth aged 11–16 years: cross sectional surveys of waist circumference. British Medical Journal, 326, 624–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCoy, R., Kadowaki, C., Wilks, S., Engstrom, J. & Meier, P. (1988). Nursing management of breast feeding for preterm infants. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 2, 42–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar