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Section 1 - Scientific Basis of Contraception and Family Planning

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 March 2022

Johannes Bitzer
University Women’s Hospital, Basel
Tahir A. Mahmood
Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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Further Reading

Critchley, HOD, Maybin, JA, Armstrong, GM, Williams, ARW (2020) Physiology of the Endometrium and Regulation of Menstruation. Physiol Rev. 1; 100(3):11491179.Google ScholarPubMed
Jane, J (2018) ‘Physiology of menstruation’ in Inherited Bleeding Disorders in Women, London, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp 2944.Google Scholar
Hall, JE (2019) ‘Neuroendocrine control of the menstrual cycle’ in Yen & Jaffe’s Reproductive Endocrinology, 8th Ed, Philadelphia, Elsevier. pp 149–66.Google Scholar
Strauss, JF III (2019) ‘Neuroendocrine control of the menstrual cycle’ in Yen & Jaffe’s Reproductive Endocrinology, 8th Ed, Philadelphia, Elsevier. pp 167205.Google Scholar
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2015) Committee Opinion: ‘Menstruation in girls and adolescents: using the menstrual cycle as a vital sign’ in: Clinical Guidance, ACOG no. 651.Google Scholar
Thiyagarajan, DK, Basit, H, Jeanmonod, R (2020) Physiology, Menstrual Cycle in StatPearls (Internet). Treasure Island (FL), StatPearls Publishing. PMID: 29763196.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare. UK Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use. London: FSRH; 2016.Google Scholar
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (Update). NICE CG30. Manchester: NICE; 2014.Google Scholar
Cooper, M, Cameron, S. Postpartum contraception. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2018;20:159166.Google Scholar
Bhathena, RK, Guillebaud, J. Postcoital contraception. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2011;13: 2934.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Johnson, M. H. Essential Reproduction, 8th Ed, Wiley Blackwell, 2018.Google Scholar
Heffner, L J. and Schust, D. J.. The Reproductive System at a Glance, 4th Ed, John Wiley, 2014.Google Scholar
Silverthorn, D. U. Human Physiology: An Integrated Approach. 7th Ed, International Edition, Pearson, 2016.Google Scholar
De Jonge, C J. and Barratt, C. L. R.. ‘The Sperm Cell: Production, Maturation, Fertilization, Regeneration.The Sperm Cell: Production, Maturation, Fertilization, Regeneration, Cambridge University Press, 2017. doi:10.1017/9781316411124.Google Scholar
McLachlan, R. I., and Royce, P.. ‘The Medical Consequences of Vasectomy.Current Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 6, no.2, Churchill Livingstone, 1996. pp. 107–10, doi:10.1016/S0957-5847(96)80025-4.Google Scholar
Xiang, Yu, et al. ‘Long-Term Effect of Vasectomy on Spermatogenesis in Men: A Morphometric Study.Asian Journal of Andrology, vol. 15, no.3, Wolters Kluwer Medknow, May 2013. pp.434–36. doi:10.1038/aja.2012.154.Google ScholarPubMed

Further Reading

Swerdloff, RS, Campfield, RA, Palacios, A, McClure, RD: Suppression of human spermatogenesis by depot androgen: potential for male contraception, J Steroid Biochem, 1979 Jul;11(1B):663-70.Google ScholarPubMed
McLachlan, RI, McDonald, J, Rushford, D, et al: Efficacy and acceptability of testosterone implants, alone or in combination with a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor, for male hormonal contraception, Contraception, 2000 Aug;62(2):73–8.Google ScholarPubMed
Nieschlag, E, Zitzmann, M, Kamischke, A: Use of progestins in male contraception, Steroids, 2003 Nov;68(10–13):965–72.Google ScholarPubMed
Liu, PY, Swerdloff, RS, Anawalt, BD, Anderson, RA: Determinants of the rate and extent of spermatogenic suppression during hormonal male contraception: an integrated analysis, Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2008 May;93(5):1774–83.Google ScholarPubMed
Wang, C, corresponding author Festin, MPR, and Swerdloff, RS: Male hormonal contraception: where are we now? Curr Obstet Gynecol Rep. 2016; 5: 3847.Google ScholarPubMed

Further Reading

World Health Organization: Ensuring Human Rights in the Provision of Contraceptive Information and Services Guidance and Recommendations World Health Organization. 2014. Scholar
Dehlendorf, C, Krajewski, C and Borrero, S: Contraceptive counseling: best practices to ensure quality communication and enable effective contraceptive use. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2014. Dec. 57(4):659–73.Google ScholarPubMed
Stiggelbouta, AM, Pietersea, AH, De Haesb, JCJM: Shared decision making: concepts, evidence, and practice. Patient Education and Counseling. 2015. 98:1172–9.Google Scholar
Dehlendorf, C, Fox, E, Sobel, L, Borrero, S: Patient-centered contraceptive counseling: evidence to inform practice. Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports. 2016 Mar. 5(1):5563.Google Scholar
Rollnick, R, Butler, CC, McCambridge, J, Kinnersley, P, Elwyn, G, Resnicow, K: Consultations about changing behaviour.BMJ. 2005;331:961–3.Google ScholarPubMed
World Health Organization: Medical Eligibility Criteria (5th Ed) 2015. Scholar
Petersen, R et al: Applying motivational interviewing to contraceptive counseling: ESP for clinicians. Contraception. 2004. 69:213–17.Google ScholarPubMed
O’Connor, AM, Légaré, L, Stacey, D: Risk communication in practice: the contribution of decision aids. BMJ. 2003 Sep. 327(7417):736–40.Google ScholarPubMed
Dehlendorf, C, Levy, K, Kelley, A, et al: Women’s preferences for contraceptive counseling and decision making. Contraception. 2013 Aug. 88(2):250–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Bitzer, J, Marin, V, Lira, J: Contraceptive counselling and care: a personalized interactive approach. The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care. 2018. 22:6, 418–23.Google Scholar
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. US Department of Health and Human Services. Providing Quality Family Planning Services. Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and Reports, April 25, 2014. Vol. 63 No. 4.Google Scholar

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