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3 - Guillaume Durand

(c. 1230–1296)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2019

Olivier Descamps
Affiliation:
Pantheon-Assas University, Paris
Rafael Domingo
Affiliation:
Emory University, Atlanta
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Summary

Guillaume Durand (c. 1230–1296) is known as the Speculator, from the title of the work – Speculum iudiciale – which earned him the reputation as one of the most authoritative jurists of the European Middle Ages. He is certainly to be considered one of the fathers of the science of European procedural law, but his intellectual figure was multifaceted, ranging from theology to liturgy and law. The chapter is mainly concerned with the Speculum iudiciale and aims to show that this work is not merely a treatise on procedural law, because the “mirror of procedure” is able to return the image of the deep roots of medieval Christian conceptions of law. In particular, the chapter explores the theme of due process and, in showing the relation of Durand’s thought with the medieval tradition of canon law and theology, highlights the influence that the ideas emerging in the medieval debate have had in the formation of the juridical culture of the Western world.
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Recommended Reading

Bertram, Martin. “Le commentaire de Guillaume Durand sur les constitutions du deuxième concile de Lyon.” In Gy, Guillaume Durand, evêque de Mende (v. 1230–1296). Canoniste, liturgiste et homme politique. Actes de la Table Ronde du C.N.R.S., Mende 24–27 mai 1990, 95–104.Google Scholar
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Diplovatatius, Thomas. Liber de claris iuris consultis. Pars Posterior, edited by Schultz, Fritz, Kantorowicz, Hermann, and Rabotti, Giuseppe (= Studia Gratiana 10), 174–83. Bononia: Institutum Gratianum, 1968.Google Scholar
Falletti, Louis. “Guillaume Durand, ou Durant, souvent appelé le Speculateur.” In Dictionnaire de Droit Canonique, edited by Raoul Naz, V, 1014–75. Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1953.Google Scholar
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Gy, Pierre-Marie. Guillaume Durand, evêque de Mende (v. 1230–1296). Canoniste, liturgiste et homme politique. Actes de la Table Ronde du C.N.R.S., Mende 24–27 mai 1990. Paris: Éditions du C.N.R.S., 1992.Google Scholar
Nörr, Knut W. “À propos du Speculum iudiciale de Guillaume Durand.” In Gy, Guillaume Durand, evêque de Mende (v. 1230–1296). Canoniste, liturgiste et homme politique. Actes de la Table Ronde du C.N.R.S., Mende 24–27 mai 1990, 63–71.Google Scholar
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Pasciuta, Beatrice. “Speculum iudiciale (A Mirror of Procedure) 1271–1276/1296, edn. pr. 1473, Guilelmus Durantis (Guillaume Durand/Durant; William Durand, the Elder) (1230/1232–1296).” In The Formation and Transmission of Western Legal Culture: 150 Books that Made the Law in the Age of Printing, edited by Dauchy, Serge, Martyn, Georges, Musson, Anthony, Pihlajamäki, Heikki, and Wijffels, Alain (Studies in the History of Law and Justice 7), 3740. Cham: Springer, 2016.Google Scholar
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Roumy, Franck. “Durand (Durant, Durandi) Guillaume, l’Ancien, dit le Speculator, né vers 1230 à Puymisson (Hérault), mort vers le 1er novembre 1296 à Rome.” In Dictionnaire historique des juristes français XIIe–XXe siècle, edited by Arabeyre, Patrick, Halpérin, Jean-Louis, and Krynen, Jacques, 381–83. Paris: PUF, 2015.Google Scholar
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Viejo-Ximénez, José Miguel. “Guillermo Durando.Juristas universales, I, edited by Domingo, Rafael, 472–74. Madrid, Barcelona: Marcial Pons, 2004.Google Scholar

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