Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-jp8mt Total loading time: 0.697 Render date: 2022-12-04T13:09:17.990Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Chapter 2 - English in the German-Speaking World: An Inevitable Presence

from I - The Status of English

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 November 2019

Raymond Hickey
Universität Duisburg–Essen
Get access


History has seen a long succession of world languages – Chinese, Ancient Greek, Arabic and the major languages of European colonial expansion, to name but a few. The power and reach of these world languages waxed and waned, but only one of them, namely English, has risen to the position of a truly global lingua franca. This unipolar linguistic world system, with English at its centre, is a historically new phenomenon, and it is very recent, dating back no further than the middle of the twentieth century and completely undisputed only since the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s and early 1990s, when English made significant advances in China, Russia and the Soviet Union’s other successor states in Europe and Asia (Northrup 2013).

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Alim, H. Samy. 2015. ‘Hip hop nation language: Localization and globalization’. In Lanehart, Sonja L. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of African American Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 850–63. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199795390.013.49.Google Scholar
Ammon, Ulrich. 2006. ‘The status and function of English in Germany’. Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 53: 2733.Google Scholar
Berns, Margie. 1988. ‘The cultural and linguistic context of English in West Germany’. World Englishes 7: 3749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bohmann, Axel. 2010. ‘“Red mal deutsch, Hundesohn, ich halt nicht viel vom Spitten”: Cultural pressures and the language of German hip hop’. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 58: 203–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carstensen, Broder and Busse, Ulrich. 2011. Anglizismen-Wörterbuch: der Einfluß des Englischen auf den deutschen Wortschatz nach 1945. 3 vols. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
de Swaan, Abram. 2002. The World Language System: A Political Sociology and Political Economy of Language. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
de Swaan, Abram. 2010. ‘Language systems’. In Coupland, Nikolas (ed.), The Handbook of Language and Globalization. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 5676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichinger, Ludwig. 2014. ‘Die deutsche Sprache in einer post-eurozentrischen multipolaren Welt’. In Ammon, Ulrich, Mattheier, Klaus Jürgen and Nelde, Peter H. (eds), Die Einstellungen und die Politik der nationalen Sprachinstitute in Europa zu Englisch als europäische Lingua franca / European National Language Institutions’ Attitudes and Politics Towards English as the European Lingua Franca / Positions et stratégies des institutions nationales en Europe face à la question de l’anglais comme lingua franca européenne. Sociolinguistica 28. Berlin/München/Boston: de Gruyter. 5368.Google Scholar
Görlach, Manfred. 2001. A Dictionary of European Anglicisms: A Usage Dictionary of Anglicisms in Sixteen European Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Görlach, Manfred. 2002. English Words Abroad: Methodological Problems of a Contrastive Dictionary of Anglicisms. Amsterdam: Benjamins.Google Scholar
Göttert, Karl-Heinz. 2013. Abschied von Mutter Sprache: Deutsch in Zeiten der Globalisierung. Frankfurt: Fischer.Google Scholar
Gundermann, Susanne. 2014. English-Medium Instruction: Modelling the Role of the Native Speaker in a Lingua Franca Context. PhD thesis, University of Freiburg. Freiburg: Universitätsbibliothek. Scholar
Gürtler, Katherine and Kronewald, Elke. 2015. ‘Internationalization and English-medium instruction in German higher education’. In Dimova, Slobodanka, Hultgren, Anna Kristina and Jensen, Christian (eds), English-Medium Instruction in European Higher Education. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 89114.Google Scholar
Hilgendorf, Suzanne K. 2007. ‘English in Germany: Contact, spread, and attitudes’. World Englishes 26: 131–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilgendorf, Suzanne K. 2010. ‘English and the global market: The language’s impact in the German business domain’. In Kelly-Holmes, Helen and Mautner, Gerlinde (eds), Language and the Market. London: Palgrave-Macmillan. 6880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilgendorf, Suzanne K. 2013. ‘Transnational media and the use of English: The case of cinema and motion picture titling practices in Germany’. In Ammon, Ulrich, Darquennes, Jeroen and Wright, Sue (eds), Neue Medienpraktiken: Die sprachliche Dimension / New Media Practices: The Language Dimension / Nouvelles pratiques de média: La Dimension linguistique. Sociolinguistica 27. Berlin: de Gruyter. 167–86.Google Scholar
Hilgendorf, Suzanne K. and Erling, Elizabeth J.. 2006. ‘Language policies in the context of German higher education’. Language Policy 5: 267–93.Google Scholar
Jacquemet, Marco. 2015. ‘Language in the age of globalization’. In Nancy Bonvillain (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology. London/New York: Routledge. 327–47.
Kachru, Braj B. 1985. ‘Standards, codification, and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the Outer Circle’. In Quirk, Randolph and Widdowson, Henry (eds), English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literatures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1130.Google Scholar
Kachru, Braj B. 1992. ‘World Englishes: Approaches, issues and resources’. Language Teaching 25: 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kautzsch, Alexander. 2014. ‘English in Germany: Spreading bilingualism, retreating exonormative orientation and incipient nativization?’ In Buschfeld, Sarah, Hoffmann, Thomas, Huber, Magnus and Kautzsch, Alexander (eds), The Evolution of Englishes: The Dynamic Model and Beyond. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 203–27.Google Scholar
Mair, Christian. 2013. ‘The World System of Englishes: Accounting for the transnational importance of mobile and mediated vernaculars’. English World-Wide 34: 253–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mair, Christian. 2018. ‘Stabilising domains of English-language use in Germany: Global English in a non-colonial languagescape’. In Deshors, Sandra (ed.), Modelling World Englishes. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 4576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, Walter. 1989. Schrödinger: Life and Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Northrup, David. 2013. How English Became the Global Language. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Osterhammel, Jürgen and Petersson, Niels P.. 2012. Geschichte der Globalisierung: Dimensionen, Prozesse, Epochen. Fifth edition. Munich: Beck.Google Scholar
Rivarol, Antoine de. 1784. Sur l’universalité de la langue française: discours qui a remporté le prix de l’académie de Berlin. Paris.Google Scholar
Schleich, Wolfgang P. 2009. ‘Quantenoptik’. In von Humboldt-Stiftung, Alexander (ed.), Publikationsverhalten in unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen: Beiträge zur Beurteilung von Forschungsleistungen. Bonn: Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung. 8892.Google Scholar
Schneider, Edgar W. 2007. Postcolonial English: Varieties around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spitzmüller, Jürgen. 2005. Metasprachdiskurse: Einstellungen zu Anglizismen und ihre wissenschaftliche Rezeption. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trabant, Jürgen. 2000. ‘Umzug ins Englische: Über die Globalisierung des Englischen in den Wissenschaften’. Philologie im Netz 13: 108–25.Google Scholar
Tsunoda, Minoru. 1993. ‘Les langues de publications scientifiques au 20e siècle’. In Crochetière, André, et al. (eds), Actes du XVe Congres de Linguistes. Vol. IV. Québec: Presses Universitaires Laval Sainte-Foy. 43–6.Google Scholar
Wierzbicka, Anna. 2013. Imprisoned in English: The Hazards of English as a Default Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats